Innovation, ICT and Open Data in new 2014-2020 EU Cohesion Policy


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Innovation, ICT and Open Data in new 2014-2020 EU Cohesion Policy

  1. 1.   Innovation, ICT and Open Data inthe new 2014-2020 EU Cohesion Policy   Luigi Reggi Department for Cohesion Ministry of Economic Development, Italy “ONE” Project Conference, Turin - May 30, 2012
  2. 2. Agenda•  New EU multiannual budget•  New rules of 2014-2020 programming period•  New role for Innovation and ICT•  Open Data for transparency and effectiveness 2
  3. 3. Towards a new cohesion policyA long process… 5th Reporton Economic, Social and Agreement Territorial Proposals on MFF and Cohesion & for Cohesion adoption of public Policy new legislativeconsultation 2014-2020 package Nov. June Oct. March 2012 – 2013 2014 2010 2011 2011 2012 Proposal by the Common Entry into Commission for Strategic force and a Multiannual Framework adoption of Financial programmes Framework (MFF) 3
  4. 4. EU regional context GDP/capita* Average 2006 ‒ 2007 ‒ 2008 < 50 75-90 100-125*index EU27=100 50-75 90-100 > 125 Source: European Commission
  5. 5. EU Commission: “Ambitious but realistic” reform of the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2014-2020 (June 2011)Source: European Commission
  6. 6. Simulation: eligible regions < 75 % of EU average 75-90 % > 90 % GDP/capita* *index EU27=1003 categoriesof regions Less developed regions Transition regions More developed regionsSource: European Commission
  7. 7. A less obvious concentration More resources to developed regions Less developed regions/MS Transition regions More developed regions 100 500Cohesion Fund¹ 68.7 15,8Less developed regions 162.6 90 % 450Transition regions 38.9 80 11,6 400 %More developed regions 53.1 70 350 307.1European Territorial 11.7Cooperation 60 300Outermost regions and 0.9 50 250sparsely populated areas 40 68,7 200Total 336.0 % 72,4 30 150 20 100 10 50 119,2 0 0 Budget allocation Population covered ¹ €10 billion from the Cohesion Fund will be allocated to the Connecting Europe Facility (in %) (in millions)Source: European Commission
  8. 8. What’s new in 2014-2020 Cohesion PolicyCommon Strategic Partnership Operational Framework Contract Programmes•  Comprehensive investment strategy: aligned with Europe 2020 objectives•  Coherence with National Reform Programmes•  Coordination: cohesion policy, rural development, maritime & fisheries funds•  Objectives and indicators to measure progress towards Europe 2020 targets•  Reinforcement of administrative capacity, cutting red tape (for final beneficiaries)•  Ex-ante conditionalties•  Macro-economic conditionality 8
  9. 9. Thematic objectives1.  Research & innovation2.  Information and communication technologies (ICT)3.  Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs)4.  Shift towards a low-carbon economy5.  Climate change adaptation & risk prevention and management6.  Environmental protection & resource efficiency7.  Sustainable transport & removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures8.  Employment & supporting labour mobility9.  Social inclusion & combating poverty10.  Education, skills & lifelong learning11.  Institutional capacity building & efficient public administrations 9
  10. 10. Thematic concentration Ongoing negotiation process under Danish Presidency Concentration of ERDF investmentsEnergy efficiency & Research & innovation +renewable energy Information Society* Competitiveness of SMEs 6% 60% 20% 44% More developed & Less developed regions transitional regions Flexibility – different regions have different needs Special arrangements for ex-convergence regions 10 * Negotiation in progress!!
  11. 11. Thematic concentration: the case of Italy (simulation based on existing allocation of resources) 12,000 52,8% 10,000 45,5% 8,000 28,3% 6,000 22,4% 4,000 11,8% 8,4% 9,7% 2,000 6,7% 7,7% 8,1% 0 R&D Innovation SMEs ICT low-carbon Other 2007-2013 4,716 1,399 1,618 2,485 10,808 2014-2020 5,949 1,766 2,041 1,702 9,570 11Source: Ministry of Economic Development – Department Cohesion, Italy
  12. 12. Key Actions from proposed Common Strategic Framework: Research & Innovation•  Innovation in enterprises •  dissemination & adoption of new technologies, in particular Key Enabling Technologies (through technology transfer, cooperation with research and education actors)•  Capacity-building for R&I excellence and technological change •  research infrastructures, facilities and competence centers, science parks•  Capacity-building for economic exploitation of new ideas from R&I •  clusters, cooperative partnership between research, education and innovation actors •  Fields: services, cultural and creative industries, social innovation, public procurement of innovationGENERAL PRINCIPLES:Differentiated actions depending on the type of region 12Complementarity with Horizon 2020
  13. 13. Key Actions from proposed Common Strategic Framework: ICT•  Roll-out of open, affordable and future-proof Next Generation Access (NGA) Infrastructure in under-served areas•  eGovernment applications and take-up, eInclusion•  ICT applications to meet great societal challenges such as eHealth, ageing population, reducing carbon emissions, resource- efficiency, education, smart cities, etc.GENERAL PRINCIPLES:Investment in infrastructures in areas where market fails to deliverSupport should be provided through financial instrumentsEnsure high level of competitionComplementarity with European Social Fund for eSkills, eAccessibility 13
  14. 14. Ex-ante conditionalities: Research & InnovationA national or regional research and innovationstrategy for smart specialisation is in placethat:•  is based on a SWOT analysis to concentrate Against the resources on a limited set of research and “fractal effect” innovation priorities;•  outlines measures to stimulate private RTD "the same from investment; near as from far"•  contains a monitoring and review system.A Member State has adopted a framework outliningavailable budgetary resources for research andinnovation;A Member State has adopted a multi-annual planfor budgeting and prioritization of investmentslinked to EU priorities (European Strategy Forum on 14Research Infrastructures -ESFRI).
  15. 15. Ex-ante conditionalities: Digital growthA strategy for digital growth within the national or regionalinnovation strategy for smart specialisation is in place thatcontains:•  budgeting and prioritisation of actions consistent with the Scoreboard of the Digital Agenda for Europe;•  an analyses of balancing support for demand and supply of information and communication technologies (ICT)•  measurable targets for outcomes of interventions•  assessment of needs to reinforce ICT capacity-building.A national Next-Generation Access (NGA) Plan isin place that contains:•  a plan of infrastructure investments through demand aggregation and a mapping of infrastructure and services, regularly updated;•  sustainable investment models that enhance competition and provide access to open, affordable, quality and future proof infrastructure and services;•  measures to stimulate private investment. 15
  16. 16. Towards an open, transparent,result-driven policy Direct “control” by: Citizen, Data journalists, civil society, etc.
  17. 17. Open data for transparency and policy effectiveness New rules within the Information & Publicity Chapter FORMAT: XML, CSV ACCESSIBILITY: data accessible from a national portal CONTENT: •  Beneficiary name (only legal entities; no natural persons shall be named) •  Operation name •  Operation summary •  Operation start date •  Operation end date (expected date for physical completion or full implementation of the operation) •  Total eligible expenditure allocated to the operation •  EU co-financing rate (as per priority axis) •  Operation postcode •  Country •  Name of category of intervention for the operation •  Date of last update of the list of operations 17
  18. 18. Open data for transparency and policy effectiveness Level of compliance to 2014-2020 rules on data publication of current Operational Programmes 18Source: L. Reggi, The transparency on the beneficiaries of Structural Funds in Europe and Italy, DPS-UVAL 2012
  19. 19. Word cloud ofThank you! 2014-2020 General Regulation Proposal@luigireggi