Innovation, ICT and Open Data in new 2014-2020 EU Cohesion Policy
Innovation, ICT and Open Data inthe new 2014-2020 EU Cohesion Policy Luigi Reggi Department for Cohesion Ministry of Economic Development, Italy “ONE” Project Conference, Turin - May 30, 2012
Agenda• New EU multiannual budget• New rules of 2014-2020 programming period• New role for Innovation and ICT• Open Data for transparency and effectiveness 2
Towards a new cohesion policyA long process… 5th Reporton Economic, Social and Agreement Territorial Proposals on MFF and Cohesion & for Cohesion adoption of public Policy new legislativeconsultation 2014-2020 package Nov. June Oct. March 2012 – 2013 2014 2010 2011 2011 2012 Proposal by the Common Entry into Commission for Strategic force and a Multiannual Framework adoption of Financial programmes Framework (MFF) 3
EU regional context GDP/capita* Average 2006 ‒ 2007 ‒ 2008 < 50 75-90 100-125*index EU27=100 50-75 90-100 > 125 Source: European Commission
EU Commission: “Ambitious but realistic” reform of the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2014-2020 (June 2011)Source: European Commission
Simulation: eligible regions < 75 % of EU average 75-90 % > 90 % GDP/capita* *index EU27=1003 categoriesof regions Less developed regions Transition regions More developed regionsSource: European Commission
A less obvious concentration More resources to developed regions Less developed regions/MS Transition regions More developed regions 100 500Cohesion Fund¹ 68.7 15,8Less developed regions 162.6 90 % 450Transition regions 38.9 80 11,6 400 %More developed regions 53.1 70 350 307.1European Territorial 11.7Cooperation 60 300Outermost regions and 0.9 50 250sparsely populated areas 40 68,7 200Total 336.0 % 72,4 30 150 20 100 10 50 119,2 0 0 Budget allocation Population covered ¹ €10 billion from the Cohesion Fund will be allocated to the Connecting Europe Facility (in %) (in millions)Source: European Commission
What’s new in 2014-2020 Cohesion PolicyCommon Strategic Partnership Operational Framework Contract Programmes• Comprehensive investment strategy: aligned with Europe 2020 objectives• Coherence with National Reform Programmes• Coordination: cohesion policy, rural development, maritime & fisheries funds• Objectives and indicators to measure progress towards Europe 2020 targets• Reinforcement of administrative capacity, cutting red tape (for final beneficiaries)• Ex-ante conditionalties• Macro-economic conditionality 8
Thematic objectives1. Research & innovation2. Information and communication technologies (ICT)3. Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs)4. Shift towards a low-carbon economy5. Climate change adaptation & risk prevention and management6. Environmental protection & resource efficiency7. Sustainable transport & removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures8. Employment & supporting labour mobility9. Social inclusion & combating poverty10. Education, skills & lifelong learning11. Institutional capacity building & efficient public administrations 9
Thematic concentration Ongoing negotiation process under Danish Presidency Concentration of ERDF investmentsEnergy efficiency & Research & innovation +renewable energy Information Society* Competitiveness of SMEs 6% 60% 20% 44% More developed & Less developed regions transitional regions Flexibility – different regions have different needs Special arrangements for ex-convergence regions 10 * Negotiation in progress!!
Thematic concentration: the case of Italy (simulation based on existing allocation of resources) 12,000 52,8% 10,000 45,5% 8,000 28,3% 6,000 22,4% 4,000 11,8% 8,4% 9,7% 2,000 6,7% 7,7% 8,1% 0 R&D Innovation SMEs ICT low-carbon Other 2007-2013 4,716 1,399 1,618 2,485 10,808 2014-2020 5,949 1,766 2,041 1,702 9,570 11Source: Ministry of Economic Development – Department Cohesion, Italy
Key Actions from proposed Common Strategic Framework: Research & Innovation• Innovation in enterprises • dissemination & adoption of new technologies, in particular Key Enabling Technologies (through technology transfer, cooperation with research and education actors)• Capacity-building for R&I excellence and technological change • research infrastructures, facilities and competence centers, science parks• Capacity-building for economic exploitation of new ideas from R&I • clusters, cooperative partnership between research, education and innovation actors • Fields: services, cultural and creative industries, social innovation, public procurement of innovationGENERAL PRINCIPLES:Differentiated actions depending on the type of region 12Complementarity with Horizon 2020
Key Actions from proposed Common Strategic Framework: ICT• Roll-out of open, affordable and future-proof Next Generation Access (NGA) Infrastructure in under-served areas• eGovernment applications and take-up, eInclusion• ICT applications to meet great societal challenges such as eHealth, ageing population, reducing carbon emissions, resource- efficiency, education, smart cities, etc.GENERAL PRINCIPLES:Investment in infrastructures in areas where market fails to deliverSupport should be provided through financial instrumentsEnsure high level of competitionComplementarity with European Social Fund for eSkills, eAccessibility 13
Ex-ante conditionalities: Research & InnovationA national or regional research and innovationstrategy for smart specialisation is in placethat:• is based on a SWOT analysis to concentrate Against the resources on a limited set of research and “fractal effect” innovation priorities;• outlines measures to stimulate private RTD "the same from investment; near as from far"• contains a monitoring and review system.A Member State has adopted a framework outliningavailable budgetary resources for research andinnovation;A Member State has adopted a multi-annual planfor budgeting and prioritization of investmentslinked to EU priorities (European Strategy Forum on 14Research Infrastructures -ESFRI).
Ex-ante conditionalities: Digital growthA strategy for digital growth within the national or regionalinnovation strategy for smart specialisation is in place thatcontains:• budgeting and prioritisation of actions consistent with the Scoreboard of the Digital Agenda for Europe;• an analyses of balancing support for demand and supply of information and communication technologies (ICT)• measurable targets for outcomes of interventions• assessment of needs to reinforce ICT capacity-building.A national Next-Generation Access (NGA) Plan isin place that contains:• a plan of infrastructure investments through demand aggregation and a mapping of infrastructure and services, regularly updated;• sustainable investment models that enhance competition and provide access to open, affordable, quality and future proof infrastructure and services;• measures to stimulate private investment. 15
Towards an open, transparent,result-driven policy Direct “control” by: Citizen, Data journalists, civil society, etc.
Open data for transparency and policy effectiveness New rules within the Information & Publicity Chapter FORMAT: XML, CSV ACCESSIBILITY: data accessible from a national portal CONTENT: • Beneficiary name (only legal entities; no natural persons shall be named) • Operation name • Operation summary • Operation start date • Operation end date (expected date for physical completion or full implementation of the operation) • Total eligible expenditure allocated to the operation • EU co-financing rate (as per priority axis) • Operation postcode • Country • Name of category of intervention for the operation • Date of last update of the list of operations 17
Open data for transparency and policy effectiveness Level of compliance to 2014-2020 rules on data publication of current Operational Programmes 18Source: L. Reggi, The transparency on the beneficiaries of Structural Funds in Europe and Italy, DPS-UVAL 2012
Word cloud ofThank you! 2014-2020 General Regulation Proposal@luigireggi firstname.lastname@example.org