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Muscular system
 

Muscular system

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DUEŇAS, ANGELICA

DUEŇAS, ANGELICA
SANTOS, FATIMA
PEREZ, REISS

BSMT 3KL

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    Muscular system Muscular system Presentation Transcript

    • Muscles are very important partof our body. Without musclesthe body will lose its ability tomove and carry out variousactions. In fact, without thehuman muscular system, weprobably wont be able tosurvive.
    • DISEASE OF MUSCULAR SYSTEMMuscular DystrophyThis is a genetic disease is a group of inheritedmuscle disease that causes damage to musclefibers. The symptoms of muscular dystrophydisease include weakness, loss of mobility andlack of coordination. The most common diseasesclassified as muscular dystrophy are Duchenne,Becker, limb girdle, congenital,facioscapulohumeral, myotonic, oculopharyngeal,distal, and Emery-Dreifuss. The basic fact aboutmuscular dystrophy is that there is no specificcure for muscular dystrophy. You can read moreabout muscular dystrophy life expectancy.
    • Cerebral PalsyCerebral Palsy is one of the muscular systemdiseases where a persons posture, balanceand motor functions are affected. Braindamage during or before child birth causesloss of muscle tone, causing problemscarrying out physical tasks in children. It isone of the most common congenitaldisorders. You can read more on symptoms ofcerebral palsy and go into the details oftreatment for cerebral palsy.
    • Fibrodysplasia Ossificans ProgressivaThis is a very rare congenital disorder thatcauses the soft tissues to become hard likebones permanently. This causes the muscles,tendons, ligaments as well as other connectivetissues to grow bones between the joints. Thus,leading to permanent restriction of movement.There is no effective Fibrodysplasia OssificansProgressiva (FOP) treatment and pain iscontrolled using medications.
    • DermatomyositisThe inflammatory myopathy that leads to chronicmuscle and skin inflammation is calleddermatomyositis. This is an progressiveautoimmune disease of the connective tissues thatcauses muscle weakness. The dermatomyositissymptoms include muscle pain, hardendedcalcium deposits under the skin, gastrointestinalulcers, intestinal perforations, lung problems, fever,fatigue and weight loss. It leads to a red or violetcolored skin rash on the face, hands, knees, chestand back. There is no cure for this progressivemuscle weakness but can be controlled usingcorticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs.
    • Compartment SyndromeChronic compartment syndrome that is causedby compression of the blood vessels, nervesand muscles within a closed area of the body.This causes tissue death due to lack of oxygen.The compartment syndrome symptoms includesevere muscle pain, feeling of tightness inmuscles, parathesis, paralysis, etc. Treatmentinvolves immediate surgical treatment, calledfasicotomy. This helps in relieving the pressureon the muscles and helping them becomenormal again.
    • Myasthenia GravisMyasthenia gravis is a chronic autoimmunedisease characterized by muscle weakness andfatigue. There is a breakdown of theneuromuscular junction and thus, brain losescontrol over these muscles. The myastheniagravis symptoms and signs include droopingeyelids, difficulty swallowing, muscle fatigue,breathing difficulty, inability to control facialexpressions, etc. Medications and surgicalintervention are a part of myasthenia gravistreatment.
    • Amyotrophic Lateral SclerosisAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a seriousneurodegenerative disease. Thisdisease is also known as the LouGehrigs disease. In this disease, themotor neurons destroy that leads to lossof control over voluntary musclemovement. The early symptoms of ALSinclude difficulty to swallow, breath andspeak. Paralysis is an advanced LouGehrigs disease symptom.
    • Mitochondrial MyopathiesMitochondrial myopathies is a conditionwhere the mitochondria, the powerhouse ofcells, is damaged. The symptoms of thisneuromuscular disease include muscleweakness, heart rhythm abnomalities,deafness, blindness and heart failure. Insome cases, it leads to seizures, dementia,drooping eyelids and vomiting. Othersymptoms include breathing difficulty,nausea and headache.
    • RhabdomyolysisRhabdomyolysis is a condition where there israpid skeletal muscle destruction. This causesthe muscle fibers to breakdown into myoglobinthat is released into the urine. This leads tokidney failure as myoglobin is dangerous tothe kidney. Rhabdomyolysis symptoms includemuscle weakness, stiffness, and pain. Ifdetected early, there is a possibility ofrhabdomyolysis treatment. Treatment includesuse of intravenous fluid, dialysis as well ashemofiltration in severe cases.
    • Myofascial Pain SyndromeMyofascial pain syndrome is a chronicmuscle pain disorder. It is characterized byaches, pain and burning sensation aroundsensitive points of the muscles called thetrigger points. One may also feel jointstiffness, area of tension like a knot andsleep problems due to severe pain. Use ofcorticosteroids, botulism toxin injections,massage therapy and physical therapy helpin management of myofacial painsyndrome.
    • A new gene mutation that causes musculardystrophy has been identified by Universityof Iowa researchers thanks to a stronginternational collaboration and a singlepatient with mild muscle disease and severecognitive impairment.Read more: New Form of MuscularDystrophy Identifiedhttp://www.medindia.net/news/New-Form-of-Muscular-Dystrophy-Identified-82128-1.htm#ixzz1SdelMK9Qhttp://www.medindia.net/news/New-Form-of-Muscular-Dystrophy-Identified-82128-1.htm