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Sentence structure review
 

Sentence structure review

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    Sentence structure review Sentence structure review Presentation Transcript

    • Sentence Structure Review
    • Do you know nouns?
      • Noun = a word that names a person, place, or thing
      • Noun = can be detected with 5 senses
      • Person Place Thing
      • teacher school pencil
      • boy house dog
      • doctor hospital medicine
    • Do you know verbs?
      • Verb = a word that names an action or state of being
      • Action State of Being
      • write am
      • draw is
      • read are
      • run was
      • sing were
    • Do you know adjectives?
      • Adjective = a word that describes (gives more information about) a noun
      • serious humorous resourceful
      • caring generous self-confident
      • creative independent studious
      • intelligent friendly hard-working
      • responsible helpful happy
      • calm gentle neat
      • cooperative ambitious curious
      • determined energetic thoughtful
    • Do you know adverbs?
      • Adverb = a word or phrase that gives more information about the verb
      • Adverbs Adverb Phrases
      • (how or how often?) (when or where?)
      • slowly to the store
      • calmly after school
      • really during tutorials
      • always for an hour
      • fast in May
    • Do you know subjects?
      • Subject = part of a sentence that tells who or what the sentence is about
      • (Who is? Who did something?)
      • Subject = noun + adjectives
      • The happy girl I/We
      • An angry cat She/ He/ It
      • Coach Castro They
      • My parents You
    • Do you know predicates?
      • Predicate = part of a sentence that tells what the subject does or is
      • (What happened?)
      • Predicate = verb + adverbs
      • + more nouns & adjectives
      • Went to the store.
      • Moved to Manila last week.
      • Is a very happy child.
      • Wants to eat some ice cream with chocolate sauce.
    • ✗ Not a Sentence ✓ Correct Sentence
      • Fragment
      • Run-on
      • Dependent Clause
      • Complete Sentence
      • Compound Sentence
      • Complex Sentence
    • Do you know complete sentences?
      • Capitalization – starts with a capital letter
      • End punctuation – period/ full stop . ? !
      • Has a subject & a predicate
      • Expresses a complete thought
          • I slept.
          • She is hungry.
          • He doesn’t want to do his homework.
    • Do you know fragments?
        • A fragment is not a complete sentence .
        • A fragment usually is missing the subject or the predicate.
            • The best pizza in New York City.
            • Walking in the park one day after school.
        • Or, it could look like a sentence but have a conjunction added, which makes it a dependent clause.
            • When I saw the most beautiful animal ever.
    • Do you know compound sentences?
      • A compound sentence is when you put two sentences together correctly into one sentence with the proper connector.
      • Subject + Predicate + Connector + Subject + Predicate
      • Two options:
        • a comma + a conjunction
        • The house caught on fire , so the cat ran away.
        • a semi-colon
            • The house caught on fire ; the cat ran away.
    • Do you know run-ons?
        • A run-on is when you have two sentences put together incorrectly into one sentence.
        • Something important is missing - proper punctuation or connector!
        • Subject + Predicate + Subject + Predicate
        • It was raining I rode in a taxi.
      • There was a lot of traffic , I was late to school.
    • Do you know run-ons?
        • A run-on is not a correct sentence!
        • Fix a run-on! Insert a period + a capital letter.
        • The house caught on fire the cat ran away.
        • The house caught on fire . T he cat ran away.
    • Do you know dependent clauses?
      • A dependent clause is not a correct sentence .
      • A dependent clause is one complete sentence with a conjunction added .
      • Conjunction + Subject + Predicate
      • When I am older.
      • Because I like chocolate.
      • After I woke up.
    • Do you know dependent clauses?
      • Signs of a dependent clause (conjunctions):
      • When
      • Because
      • But
      • Although
      • Though
      • After
      • As
      • Since
      • If
    • Do you know complex sentences?
      • A complex sentence is when you put a complete sentence together correctly with a dependent clause .
      • Conjunction + Subject + Predicate + comma + Subject + Predicate
      • When I saw my test score , I jumped with joy.
      • If you study , you can get a good grade.
      • Because I ate too much , I have a stomachache.
    • ✗ Not a Sentence ✓ Correct Sentence
      • Fragment
      • Run-on
      • Dependent Clause
      • Complete Sentence
      • Compound Sentence
      • Complex Sentence
    • Is it a sentence?
      • The big, strong, hairy monster.
      • What is it?
    • Is it a sentence?
      • The big, strong, hairy monster.
      • ✗ No! It’s a fragment.
    • Is it a sentence?
      • When I am sixteen years old.
      • What is it?
    • Is it a sentence?
      • When I am sixteen years old.
      • ✗ No! It’s a dependent clause.
    • Is it a sentence?
      • The girl likes mangoes.
      • What is it?
    • Is it a sentence?
      • The girl likes mangoes.
      • ✓ Yes! It’s a complete sentence.
    • Is it a sentence?
      • I’m not hungry I won’t eat anything for lunch today.
      • What is it?
    • Is it a sentence?
      • I’m not hungry I won’t eat anything for lunch today.
      • ✗ No! It’s a run-on.
    • Is it a sentence?
      • Because I like to read so much, I will take five books with me on vacation.
      • What is it?
    • Is it a sentence?
      • Because I like to read so much, I will take five books with me on vacation.
      • ✓ Yes! It’s a complex sentence.
    • Is it a sentence?
      • Tomorrow, I will go to the mall, but I won’t buy anything.
      • What is it?
    • Is it a sentence?
      • Tomorrow, I will go to the mall, but I won’t buy anything.
      • ✓ Yes! It’s a compound sentence.
    • ✗ Not a Sentence ✓ Correct Sentence
      • Fragment
      • Run-on
      • Dependent Clause
      • Complete Sentence
      • Compound Sentence
      • Complex Sentence
    • Good Luck on Your Test! If you still have questions, ASK!