Sentence structure review

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  • 1. Sentence Structure Review
  • 2. Do you know nouns?
    • Noun = a word that names a person, place, or thing
    • Noun = can be detected with 5 senses
    • Person Place Thing
    • teacher school pencil
    • boy house dog
    • doctor hospital medicine
  • 3. Do you know verbs?
    • Verb = a word that names an action or state of being
    • Action State of Being
    • write am
    • draw is
    • read are
    • run was
    • sing were
  • 4. Do you know adjectives?
    • Adjective = a word that describes (gives more information about) a noun
    • serious humorous resourceful
    • caring generous self-confident
    • creative independent studious
    • intelligent friendly hard-working
    • responsible helpful happy
    • calm gentle neat
    • cooperative ambitious curious
    • determined energetic thoughtful
  • 5. Do you know adverbs?
    • Adverb = a word or phrase that gives more information about the verb
    • Adverbs Adverb Phrases
    • (how or how often?) (when or where?)
    • slowly to the store
    • calmly after school
    • really during tutorials
    • always for an hour
    • fast in May
  • 6. Do you know subjects?
    • Subject = part of a sentence that tells who or what the sentence is about
    • (Who is? Who did something?)
    • Subject = noun + adjectives
    • The happy girl I/We
    • An angry cat She/ He/ It
    • Coach Castro They
    • My parents You
  • 7. Do you know predicates?
    • Predicate = part of a sentence that tells what the subject does or is
    • (What happened?)
    • Predicate = verb + adverbs
    • + more nouns & adjectives
    • Went to the store.
    • Moved to Manila last week.
    • Is a very happy child.
    • Wants to eat some ice cream with chocolate sauce.
  • 8. ✗ Not a Sentence ✓ Correct Sentence
    • Fragment
    • Run-on
    • Dependent Clause
    • Complete Sentence
    • Compound Sentence
    • Complex Sentence
  • 9. Do you know complete sentences?
    • Capitalization – starts with a capital letter
    • End punctuation – period/ full stop . ? !
    • Has a subject & a predicate
    • Expresses a complete thought
        • I slept.
        • She is hungry.
        • He doesn’t want to do his homework.
  • 10. Do you know fragments?
      • A fragment is not a complete sentence .
      • A fragment usually is missing the subject or the predicate.
          • The best pizza in New York City.
          • Walking in the park one day after school.
      • Or, it could look like a sentence but have a conjunction added, which makes it a dependent clause.
          • When I saw the most beautiful animal ever.
  • 11. Do you know compound sentences?
    • A compound sentence is when you put two sentences together correctly into one sentence with the proper connector.
    • Subject + Predicate + Connector + Subject + Predicate
    • Two options:
      • a comma + a conjunction
      • The house caught on fire , so the cat ran away.
      • a semi-colon
          • The house caught on fire ; the cat ran away.
  • 12. Do you know run-ons?
      • A run-on is when you have two sentences put together incorrectly into one sentence.
      • Something important is missing - proper punctuation or connector!
      • Subject + Predicate + Subject + Predicate
      • It was raining I rode in a taxi.
    • There was a lot of traffic , I was late to school.
  • 13. Do you know run-ons?
      • A run-on is not a correct sentence!
      • Fix a run-on! Insert a period + a capital letter.
      • The house caught on fire the cat ran away.
      • The house caught on fire . T he cat ran away.
  • 14. Do you know dependent clauses?
    • A dependent clause is not a correct sentence .
    • A dependent clause is one complete sentence with a conjunction added .
    • Conjunction + Subject + Predicate
    • When I am older.
    • Because I like chocolate.
    • After I woke up.
  • 15. Do you know dependent clauses?
    • Signs of a dependent clause (conjunctions):
    • When
    • Because
    • But
    • Although
    • Though
    • After
    • As
    • Since
    • If
  • 16. Do you know complex sentences?
    • A complex sentence is when you put a complete sentence together correctly with a dependent clause .
    • Conjunction + Subject + Predicate + comma + Subject + Predicate
    • When I saw my test score , I jumped with joy.
    • If you study , you can get a good grade.
    • Because I ate too much , I have a stomachache.
  • 17. ✗ Not a Sentence ✓ Correct Sentence
    • Fragment
    • Run-on
    • Dependent Clause
    • Complete Sentence
    • Compound Sentence
    • Complex Sentence
  • 18. Is it a sentence?
    • The big, strong, hairy monster.
    • What is it?
  • 19. Is it a sentence?
    • The big, strong, hairy monster.
    • ✗ No! It’s a fragment.
  • 20. Is it a sentence?
    • When I am sixteen years old.
    • What is it?
  • 21. Is it a sentence?
    • When I am sixteen years old.
    • ✗ No! It’s a dependent clause.
  • 22. Is it a sentence?
    • The girl likes mangoes.
    • What is it?
  • 23. Is it a sentence?
    • The girl likes mangoes.
    • ✓ Yes! It’s a complete sentence.
  • 24. Is it a sentence?
    • I’m not hungry I won’t eat anything for lunch today.
    • What is it?
  • 25. Is it a sentence?
    • I’m not hungry I won’t eat anything for lunch today.
    • ✗ No! It’s a run-on.
  • 26. Is it a sentence?
    • Because I like to read so much, I will take five books with me on vacation.
    • What is it?
  • 27. Is it a sentence?
    • Because I like to read so much, I will take five books with me on vacation.
    • ✓ Yes! It’s a complex sentence.
  • 28. Is it a sentence?
    • Tomorrow, I will go to the mall, but I won’t buy anything.
    • What is it?
  • 29. Is it a sentence?
    • Tomorrow, I will go to the mall, but I won’t buy anything.
    • ✓ Yes! It’s a compound sentence.
  • 30. ✗ Not a Sentence ✓ Correct Sentence
    • Fragment
    • Run-on
    • Dependent Clause
    • Complete Sentence
    • Compound Sentence
    • Complex Sentence
  • 31. Good Luck on Your Test! If you still have questions, ASK!