Sentence Structure Review
Do you know nouns? <ul><li>Noun = a word that names a person, place, or thing </li></ul><ul><li>Noun = can be detected wit...
Do you know verbs? <ul><li>Verb = a word that names an action or state of being </li></ul><ul><li>Action State of Being </...
Do you know adjectives? <ul><li>Adjective = a word that describes (gives more information about) a noun </li></ul><ul><li>...
Do you know adverbs? <ul><li>Adverb = a word or phrase that gives more information about the verb </li></ul><ul><li>Adverb...
Do you know subjects? <ul><li>Subject = part of a sentence that tells who or what the sentence is about  </li></ul><ul><li...
Do you know predicates? <ul><li>Predicate = part of a sentence that tells what the subject does or is  </li></ul><ul><li>(...
✗ Not a Sentence   ✓ Correct Sentence <ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-on </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent Clause </li></...
Do you know  complete sentences? <ul><li>Capitalization – starts with a capital letter </li></ul><ul><li>End punctuation –...
Do you know fragments? <ul><ul><li>A fragment is  not a complete sentence . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A fragment usually ...
Do you know  compound sentences? <ul><li>A compound sentence is when you put two sentences together  correctly  into one s...
Do you know run-ons? <ul><ul><li>A run-on is when you have two sentences put together  incorrectly  into one sentence.  </...
Do you know run-ons? <ul><ul><li>A run-on is not a correct sentence! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fix a run-on! Insert a per...
Do you know  dependent clauses? <ul><li>A dependent clause is  not a correct sentence . </li></ul><ul><li>A dependent clau...
Do you know  dependent clauses? <ul><li>Signs of a dependent clause (conjunctions): </li></ul><ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><...
Do you know  complex sentences? <ul><li>A complex sentence is when you put a  complete sentence  together  correctly  with...
✗ Not a Sentence   ✓ Correct Sentence <ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-on </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent Clause </li></...
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>The big, strong, hairy monster. </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>The big, strong, hairy monster. </li></ul><ul><li>✗   No! It’s a fragment. </li></ul>
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>When I am sixteen years old. </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>When I am sixteen years old. </li></ul><ul><li>✗   No! It’s a dependent clause. </li></ul>
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>The girl likes mangoes. </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>The girl likes mangoes. </li></ul><ul><li>✓ Yes! It’s a complete sentence. </li></ul>
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>I’m not hungry I won’t eat anything for lunch today. </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>I’m not hungry I won’t eat anything for lunch today. </li></ul><ul><li>✗   No! It’s a run-on. </...
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>Because I like to read so much, I will take five books with me on vacation. </li></ul><ul><li>Wh...
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>Because I like to read so much, I will take five books with me on vacation. </li></ul><ul><li>✓ ...
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>Tomorrow, I will go to the mall, but I won’t buy anything. </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
Is it a sentence? <ul><li>Tomorrow, I will go to the mall, but I won’t buy anything. </li></ul><ul><li>✓ Yes! It’s a compo...
✗ Not a Sentence   ✓ Correct Sentence <ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-on </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent Clause </li></...
Good Luck on Your Test! If you still have questions, ASK!
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Sentence structure review

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Sentence structure review

  1. 1. Sentence Structure Review
  2. 2. Do you know nouns? <ul><li>Noun = a word that names a person, place, or thing </li></ul><ul><li>Noun = can be detected with 5 senses </li></ul><ul><li>Person Place Thing </li></ul><ul><li>teacher school pencil </li></ul><ul><li>boy house dog </li></ul><ul><li>doctor hospital medicine </li></ul>
  3. 3. Do you know verbs? <ul><li>Verb = a word that names an action or state of being </li></ul><ul><li>Action State of Being </li></ul><ul><li>write am </li></ul><ul><li>draw is </li></ul><ul><li>read are </li></ul><ul><li>run was </li></ul><ul><li>sing were </li></ul>
  4. 4. Do you know adjectives? <ul><li>Adjective = a word that describes (gives more information about) a noun </li></ul><ul><li>serious humorous resourceful </li></ul><ul><li>caring generous self-confident </li></ul><ul><li>creative independent studious </li></ul><ul><li>intelligent friendly hard-working </li></ul><ul><li>responsible helpful happy </li></ul><ul><li>calm gentle neat </li></ul><ul><li>cooperative ambitious curious </li></ul><ul><li>determined energetic thoughtful </li></ul>
  5. 5. Do you know adverbs? <ul><li>Adverb = a word or phrase that gives more information about the verb </li></ul><ul><li>Adverbs Adverb Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>(how or how often?) (when or where?) </li></ul><ul><li>slowly to the store </li></ul><ul><li>calmly after school </li></ul><ul><li>really during tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>always for an hour </li></ul><ul><li>fast in May </li></ul>
  6. 6. Do you know subjects? <ul><li>Subject = part of a sentence that tells who or what the sentence is about </li></ul><ul><li>(Who is? Who did something?) </li></ul><ul><li>Subject = noun + adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>The happy girl I/We </li></ul><ul><li>An angry cat She/ He/ It </li></ul><ul><li>Coach Castro They </li></ul><ul><li>My parents You </li></ul>
  7. 7. Do you know predicates? <ul><li>Predicate = part of a sentence that tells what the subject does or is </li></ul><ul><li>(What happened?) </li></ul><ul><li>Predicate = verb + adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>+ more nouns & adjectives </li></ul><ul><li>Went to the store. </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to Manila last week. </li></ul><ul><li>Is a very happy child. </li></ul><ul><li>Wants to eat some ice cream with chocolate sauce. </li></ul>
  8. 8. ✗ Not a Sentence ✓ Correct Sentence <ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-on </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Compound Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Complex Sentence </li></ul>
  9. 9. Do you know complete sentences? <ul><li>Capitalization – starts with a capital letter </li></ul><ul><li>End punctuation – period/ full stop . ? ! </li></ul><ul><li>Has a subject & a predicate </li></ul><ul><li>Expresses a complete thought </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I slept. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She is hungry. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He doesn’t want to do his homework. </li></ul></ul></ul>✓
  10. 10. Do you know fragments? <ul><ul><li>A fragment is not a complete sentence . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A fragment usually is missing the subject or the predicate. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The best pizza in New York City. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Walking in the park one day after school. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or, it could look like a sentence but have a conjunction added, which makes it a dependent clause. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When I saw the most beautiful animal ever. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>✗
  11. 11. Do you know compound sentences? <ul><li>A compound sentence is when you put two sentences together correctly into one sentence with the proper connector. </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Predicate + Connector + Subject + Predicate </li></ul><ul><li>Two options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a comma + a conjunction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The house caught on fire , so the cat ran away. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a semi-colon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The house caught on fire ; the cat ran away. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>✓
  12. 12. Do you know run-ons? <ul><ul><li>A run-on is when you have two sentences put together incorrectly into one sentence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Something important is missing - proper punctuation or connector! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject + Predicate + Subject + Predicate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It was raining I rode in a taxi. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There was a lot of traffic , I was late to school. </li></ul>✗
  13. 13. Do you know run-ons? <ul><ul><li>A run-on is not a correct sentence! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fix a run-on! Insert a period + a capital letter. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The house caught on fire the cat ran away. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The house caught on fire . T he cat ran away. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Do you know dependent clauses? <ul><li>A dependent clause is not a correct sentence . </li></ul><ul><li>A dependent clause is one complete sentence with a conjunction added . </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunction + Subject + Predicate </li></ul><ul><li>When I am older. </li></ul><ul><li>Because I like chocolate. </li></ul><ul><li>After I woke up. </li></ul>✗
  15. 15. Do you know dependent clauses? <ul><li>Signs of a dependent clause (conjunctions): </li></ul><ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><li>Because </li></ul><ul><li>But </li></ul><ul><li>Although </li></ul><ul><li>Though </li></ul><ul><li>After </li></ul><ul><li>As </li></ul><ul><li>Since </li></ul><ul><li>If </li></ul>
  16. 16. Do you know complex sentences? <ul><li>A complex sentence is when you put a complete sentence together correctly with a dependent clause . </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunction + Subject + Predicate + comma + Subject + Predicate </li></ul><ul><li>When I saw my test score , I jumped with joy. </li></ul><ul><li>If you study , you can get a good grade. </li></ul><ul><li>Because I ate too much , I have a stomachache. </li></ul>✓
  17. 17. ✗ Not a Sentence ✓ Correct Sentence <ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-on </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Compound Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Complex Sentence </li></ul>
  18. 18. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>The big, strong, hairy monster. </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>The big, strong, hairy monster. </li></ul><ul><li>✗ No! It’s a fragment. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>When I am sixteen years old. </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>When I am sixteen years old. </li></ul><ul><li>✗ No! It’s a dependent clause. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>The girl likes mangoes. </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>The girl likes mangoes. </li></ul><ul><li>✓ Yes! It’s a complete sentence. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>I’m not hungry I won’t eat anything for lunch today. </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>I’m not hungry I won’t eat anything for lunch today. </li></ul><ul><li>✗ No! It’s a run-on. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>Because I like to read so much, I will take five books with me on vacation. </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
  27. 27. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>Because I like to read so much, I will take five books with me on vacation. </li></ul><ul><li>✓ Yes! It’s a complex sentence. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>Tomorrow, I will go to the mall, but I won’t buy anything. </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
  29. 29. Is it a sentence? <ul><li>Tomorrow, I will go to the mall, but I won’t buy anything. </li></ul><ul><li>✓ Yes! It’s a compound sentence. </li></ul>
  30. 30. ✗ Not a Sentence ✓ Correct Sentence <ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-on </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Compound Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Complex Sentence </li></ul>
  31. 31. Good Luck on Your Test! If you still have questions, ASK!
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