Colonialism in Zimbabwe

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Colonialism in Zimbabwe

  1. 1. Colonialism In Zimbabwe
  2. 2. Origins• Cecile Rhodes – Works w/ investors – British South Africa Co. (BSA)
  3. 3. Why Zimbabwe?• Heard of Mutapa & Rozwi Empires’ wealth• Believe modern mining will find more minerals
  4. 4. Zimbabwean Response• Ndebele King Lobengula objects – He’s tricked – Intentional incorrect translation – Thought he was allowing a few prospectors but actual document allowed BSA to do “anything necessary” to obtain natural resources
  5. 5. BSA’s Miners• Found Shona miners had been thorough• Few new minerals found• Vandalized historical sights looking for gold
  6. 6. King Lobengla’s Response• Tries all possible diplomacy vs. BSA• BSA initiates combat & wins – Maxin guns – Artillery – Mounted troops
  7. 7. Result• King Lobengula is killed• Land is divided among whites• Livestock was stolen from local people and given to colonists• Govt. Segregation & Oppression
  8. 8. Reaction to Oppression• 1896-1987 Zimbabwean uprising – Worked hard but BSA had reinforcements from other African colonies – Became a British Protectorate
  9. 9. • British regularly used military action vs. African Authorities to maintain power – Kill / discredit all powerful Africans
  10. 10. Effects of African Opp. To Colonialism• 1953 Britain combines colonies2 colonies of Rhodesia + Nyasaland (now Malawi) = Federation of Rhodesia
  11. 11. Land Distribution 1965
  12. 12. • Mozambique became indep. – Provided ZANU guerillas w/ a way to enter Rhodesia – African Nationalists vs. Ian Smith’s white minority govt. that had declared indep. From UK – ZANU led by Robert Mugabe & ZAPU Joshua Nkoma
  13. 13. Results• Nkoma= led coalition • Mugabe wins 1980 govt. election
  14. 14. Concerns w/ Independence• Land Ownership=Biggest Problem – How to redistribute the land fairly? – Does land belong to colonists whose ancestors took it away? – Does land belong to local families who haven’t owned land for generations?
  15. 15. Problems w/ Land Redistribution• Causes stress – Agriculture – Economy – Inflation

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