GENRE - Lacey’s Repertoire ofElementsLacey considers the repertoire of elements that work incombination to suggest a media text belongs to aparticular genre or mix of genres.He provides a useful framework to follow when analysinggenre. Lacey breaks a text down into these five areas toidentify the elements in each: Setting Character Narrative Iconography StyleLacey does not see genres as fixed but as dynamic and Nick Laceychanging over time.
GENRE - Lacey’s Repertoire ofElements Narrative: This refers to the story structure as well as the specific narrative devices, which genres employ (car chases, gunfights, weddings, etc.). Characters: Narrative is usually developed through characters and their functions (hero, villain etc). Some characters are so closely associated with a genre that they become generic types. For example, in horror movies, the ‘final girl,’ who maintains her personal dignity, usually defeats the psychopath. Nick Lacey
GENRE - Lacey’s Repertoire ofElements Setting: Some genres have a distinct location but this can be subject to change, for example horror films have moved from the gothic to the suburban. Genres can also be associated with time periods like the gangster films set during prohibition in America but successful films have updated this. Iconography: Films contain visual and audio images, which become instantly recognisable and associated with the genre. Eg: Gangster films feature the iconic ‘Tommy’ gun spraying bullets in the hands of a man in a sharp suit usually standing on the running board of a car. Nick Lacey
GENRE - Lacey’s Repertoire ofElements Style: Iconography refers to the objects but style describes the way they are presented. Camera angles, editing, lighting and the use of colour all contribute to the style of a film.Now analyse your production work usingLacey’s theoretical framework: What elements can you identify that establish a particular genre? (Go through the 5 areas) Are there overlapping/mixed genres? Is it difficult to categorise your work by genre? Do you challenge genre conventions? Nick Lacey
Genre is about repetition & difference – Stephen Neale Particular features which are characteristic of a genre are not normally unique to it; it is their relative prominence, combination and functions which are distinctive (Neale, 1980) ‘Genres are instances of repetition and difference‘ (Neale, 1980) ‘Difference is absolutely essential to the economy of genre (Neale, 1980) - Mere Stephen Neale repetition would not attract an audience.Now apply this to your own work - Whatelements can be seen as repetition of genreconventions and what can be seen asdifference?