Substate region geo-codes for the U.S.- 2007

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This earlier paper is setting the foundation for substate region codes with the setting of State geo-codes. The 2011 version also here shows the current development.

This earlier paper is setting the foundation for substate region codes with the setting of State geo-codes. The 2011 version also here shows the current development.

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  • 1. Sub-State Region Geo-codes for the United States By Tom (Thomas J.) Christoffel December 27, 2007 Introduction Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) Codes are used for data processing inthe U.S. The system began its official life with the first FIPS publication on November 1, 1968.FIPS PUB 5-2 includes codes for States, the District of Columbia and outlying areas. FIPS PUB6-4 covers counties and equivalent entities. More information can be found on-line athttp://www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs/index.htm. The objectives of these standards: “...are to improve the utilization of data resources ofthe Federal Government and to avoid unnecessary duplication and incompatibilities in thecollection, processing, and dissemination of data.” FIPS codes are geocodes, however they areassigned based on alphabetic name and not the geographic relationship between States orCounties within a State. This feature makes it easy to find data about a named locality in a list, however it makesit difficult to easily compare adjoining jurisdictions. Often, these may be unknown to theresearcher. In the Commonwealth of Virginia, the numbered system of Planning Districts was usedto aggregate local data in State reports. It was my assumption that these were FIPS Codes. Sometime in the 1980’s I was informed that wasn’t the case, it was simply a data sorting benefitderived from the Virginia system which, by Executive Order 16 in 1973, required that StateAgencies use the Planning District geography in development of any sub-state districts. The A-95 Intergovernmental Review process learned that many states did not have acomplete system Census Region States Number - Region Name Number for North-South Geo-code - State (FIPS Code)1 - Northeast 01 – Maine (23) 02 - New Hampshire (33) 03 - Vermont (50) 04 - Massachusetts (25) 05 - Rhode Island (44) 06 - Connecticut (9) 07 - New York (36) 08 - New Jersey (34) 09 – Pennsylvania (42)2 - South 10 – Delaware (10) 11 - Maryland (24) 12 - District of Columbia (11) 13 – Virginia (51) 14 - West Virginia (54) 15 - North Carolina (37) 16 - South Carolina (45) 17 – Georgia (13) 18 - Florida (12) 19 - Kentucky (21)
  • 2. 20 - Tennessee (47) 21 - Alabama (1) 22 - Mississippi (28) 23 - Arkansas (5) 24 - Louisiana (22) 25 – Oklahoma (40) 26 - Texas (48)3 - Midwest 27 - Michigan (26) 28 – Ohio (39) 29 – Indiana (18) 30 - Illinois (17) 31 - Wisconsin (55) 32 – Minnesota (27) 33 - North Dakota (38) 34 - South Dakota (46) 35 - Iowa (19) 36 - Nebraska (31) 37 - Missouri (29) 38 - Kansas (20)4 - West 39 - Montana (30) 40 - Wyoming (56) 41 - Idaho (16) 42 – Nevada (32) 43 - Utah (49) 44 - Colorado (8) 45 - New Mexico (35) 46 - Arizona (4) 47 - Alaska (2) 48 - Washington (53) 49 - Oregon (41) 50 - California (6) 51 - Hawaii (15)sub-stateregiongeo-codesfortheu-s-110802011502-phpapp02.doc Created on 12/28/2007 5:10:00 a12/p12 Created by TomChristoffel