Regional Community-Theses. 2008


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Explores the regional history which lead to the "Regional Community" theses, the first being, "Community precedes cooperation."

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Regional Community-Theses. 2008

  1. 1. Tom Christoffel, AICP Regional Intelligence – Regional Communities, LLC March 28, 2008 Regional Community in the Northern Shenandoah Valley
  2. 2. Theses <ul><li>1. Community precedes cooperation. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Community is how life solves problems. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Security is the primary purpose of community. </li></ul><ul><li>4. The Shenandoah Valley is a region where “regional community” is emerging. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Regional community is enhanced through geographic DNA – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D efined by counties – the first region of consequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>N amed in a way that is understood and used by the public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A ligned - organizations use Counties to build their service areas in order to tap bridging social capital </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Theses - Continued <ul><li>6. The Shenandoah Valley is an intentional regional community composed of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who never left </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who left and came back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who have come here and intend to make a living here, regardless of the fact that they may be worth more elsewhere. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Challenges <ul><li>The Shenandoah Valley is coming under intense pressure from the expansion of the Washington, D.C. – Baltimore MSA </li></ul><ul><li>106,000 population – 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>185,282 in 2000 – 33,800 – 18% over 60 </li></ul><ul><li>264,000 in 2030 projected – 30% population over 60 - 78,500 </li></ul><ul><li>How will the community respond to the challenges – including meeting the needs of a aging population? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Community will solve these problems – in some way <ul><li>Make the geography visible – there are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– Boundaries of consequence – Nation, State, County, City, Town </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Boundaries of convenience – region, market, area - commutershed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Natural areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Watersheds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Species ranges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* Airsheds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Political boundaries do not match the natural areas </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Shenandoah Valley visibility – from above - boundaries?
  7. 7. Settlement Pattern – A quick look at government formation - Boundaries of Consequence
  8. 8. 1738 - Frederick County – As it was settled, more counties were chartered.
  9. 9. Since 1866 – There were 12 Counties
  10. 10. Here’s the family tree of Intentional Communities
  11. 11. As of 1910 – the NSV had 20 local governments.
  12. 12. Valley Vision - 2050 <ul><li>Better paying jobs – less need to commute. </li></ul><ul><li>Better choice of good and services. </li></ul><ul><li>Look and feel of the Valley – same as today – small town, small city, rural countryside </li></ul><ul><li>Like Northern Virginia? </li></ul><ul><li>NO! - That’s the negative vision – </li></ul><ul><li>How do we grow? That’s the challenge. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding geographic context a good start. </li></ul>
  13. 13. How shall we deal with the issues?
  14. 14. NSV subject to East-West Pressures – in addition to North-South
  15. 15. Income pushes commuting. <ul><li>Exurban growth is driven by metro housing cost. We get commuters & gentry. 1999 AGI total and married couple AGI shows the economic shadow: </li></ul><ul><li>NSV - $3.0 Billion - $45,102 Median Married Couples </li></ul><ul><li>NV - $60 billion - $76,761 Median Married Couples </li></ul><ul><li>R-R - $2.8 billion - $53,808 Median Married Couples </li></ul><ul><li>RADCO - $4.3 billion - $59,867 Median Married Couples </li></ul><ul><li>VA - $143 billion - $53,745 Median Married Couples </li></ul>
  16. 16. Cooperation seems needed – will “regionalism” do the job? <ul><li>re·gion·al·ism n. </li></ul><ul><li>1. a. Political division of an area into partially autonomous regions. </li></ul><ul><li>b. Advocacy of such a political system. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Loyalty to the interests of a particular region. </li></ul><ul><li>3. A feature, such as an expression, a pronunciation, or a custom, that is characteristic of a geographic area. </li></ul><ul><li>4. The use of regional characteristics, as of locale, custom, or speech, in literature or art. </li></ul><ul><li>5. A policy whereby the interests of a nation in world affairs are defined in terms of particular countries or regions. </li></ul><ul><li>The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition </li></ul><ul><li>On line at - </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cooperation is a no brainer – True or False ? <ul><li>We learned it in Kindergarten. </li></ul><ul><li>Everybody know it’s the right thing…yet </li></ul><ul><li>It is hard to do in real life and appears rare in the world. Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Too many boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too many stovepipes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I’ve got to protect my turf. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Is competition the problem? <ul><li>Competition in nature, in sports and in business strengthens each side and leads to better outcomes, ethics aside? </li></ul><ul><li>Politics is competitive, but from the standpoint of the citizen, governance is not. </li></ul><ul><li>I think citizens expect that all levels of government are cooperating on behalf of efficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>If they don’t, why not? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Boundaries & Stovepipes <ul><li>“ We need boundaries.” - Edith Wiener </li></ul><ul><li>“ To solve problems we must cross boundaries.” Jessica Lipnack. </li></ul><ul><li>Local governments were designed to be local and they are good at it. </li></ul><ul><li>Local boundaries exist in organizations too – CIA, FBI, DIA – separated by mission stovepipes extreme example. </li></ul><ul><li>Shenandoah Valley – level playing field – everyone is poor. </li></ul><ul><li>Use half – shoestrings – pull in the same direction. </li></ul><ul><li>That’s regional community. </li></ul>
  20. 20. What leads to regions that work? My formula: DNA <ul><li>Have D efined state standard geographic service regions based on county government boundaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Regions have a common local N ame. </li></ul><ul><li>There is A lignment of service area boundaries between single purpose multi-jurisdiction organizations – emergency services, economic development, aging, transportation, technology, community college with in the region. </li></ul>
  21. 21. 1968 -Virginia Planning District Regions                                                                                               
  22. 22. This is the scale for Water Resources Planning
  23. 23. This is the scale for region to region planning in the multi-state region.
  24. 24. One last look from above to remind ourselves about boundaries.
  25. 25. Contact Information: <ul><li>Tom Christoffel, AICP, Editor, Regional Community Development News </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Intelligence – Regional Communities, LLC </li></ul><ul><li>Box 1444 </li></ul><ul><li>Front Royal, Virginia (VA), USA 22630 </li></ul><ul><li>E-mail: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Phone: 1- 540-635-8582 </li></ul><ul><li>Blog: </li></ul><ul><li>Web: </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Community Networkers & RCDNews: </li></ul>