The accepted definition comes from the 1987 United Nations Report, Our Common Future, and ‘the first of its kind to draw broad links between environmental, social and economic concerns’. Today's environmental problems, like air pollution, are largely a consequence of the unsustainable consumption of natural resources and the mismanagement of waste products. Sustainability is about environmental protection, sustained economic growth and social equity. The United Nations views economic development, social equity, and environmental protection as inseparably related goals. Silent Spring is a book written by Rachel Carson and published by Houghton Mifflin on 27 September 1962. The book is widely credited with helping launch the environmental movement. Cannibals with Forks: The 1997 Triple Bottom Line of 21st Century Business (The Conscientious Commerce Series) is where the term ‘Triple bottom line’ was fist coined as identifying the inter-relational balances of society, economy and envrionment.
Silent Spring is a book written by Rachel Carson and published by Houghton Mifflin on 27 September 1962 . The book is widely credited with helping launch the environmental movement In 1972 the UN Stockholm Conference recognised humans cause harm to the environment that may be unrecoverable. This was the first time global leader acknowledged a problem and was a turning point for policy makers. The accepted definition ‘enough for all, forever’ comes from the 1987 United Nations Report, Our Common Future, and ‘the first of its kind to draw broad links between environmental, social and economic concerns’. The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The major feature of the Kyoto Protocol is that it sets binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It was first signed in Kyoto, Japan in 1997 . The Earth Charter is an international declaration of fundamental values and principles considered useful by its supporters for building a just, sustainable, and peaceful global society in the 21st century. Created by a global consultation process, and endorsed by organizations representing millions of people, the Charter &quot;seeks to inspire in all peoples a sense of global interdependence and shared responsibility for the well-being of the human family, the greater community of life, and future generations. It was approved at a meeting in Paris, March 2000 and had taken 6 years to write. 2005 -2015 UN Decade for education for sustainable development and sets key areas that encourage lifelong learning for all, increased availability to education for girls, education on consumption patterns, across all countries and economies. 2009 Living Sustainably is Australian Government’s National Action Plan for Education for Sustainability
Internet timeline sourced from http://wwwmcc.murdoch.edu.au/ReadingRoom/VID/jfk/timeline.htm and http://www.zakon.org/robert/internet/timeline/ 1964 IBM introduces the first word processor 1969 Steve Crocker distributes the first RFC (Request For Comment) titled &quot;Host Software&quot;, an open invitation for feedback on computer handshakes. A 4 node network is later built between 4 USA state Universities. 1987 the internet reaches across US, Canada and the UK. 1997 Forty-seven country domain names registered (not ‘au’ for Australia yet)- domain name ‘business.com’ sold for US$150,000 2000 Countries filter what their populations can access over the internet 2009 Geotagging is an emerging technology
Estimated population growths worldwide http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-15517259 7 billionth person born 31 Oct 2011
Ecological sustainability : Preventing damage to major biological life cycles, maintaining ecosystems and biodiversity; Sustainable resource use : Resource use should not threaten ecological sustainability and should be within the renewable capacity; Sustainable waste management and pollution prevention : Generation of waste and release of pollution should not threaten ecological sustainability and should be within the absorption capacity of the receiving environment; Development of a sustainable society : This is concerned with social inclusion and economic development to improve the quality of life for all, both in the short and long term
In the last 200 years humans have become a major threat to the environment. Through our development we pollute the air when we burn coal, oil and gas for energy and electricity, and petrol and diesel in cars. We consume too many natural resources to make goods and provide services. These natural resources are not being replaced at the rate they are being used. We are harming wildlife and the habitats they live in. We are even harming our own health. Our current development is not sustainable. If we are to become more sustainable, we must manage the main polluting activities better than we do at the moment. These include making energy , using transport and generating waste . We can all do our bit to help, by saving energy, finding better ways to travel and recycling waste.
Coal is a non-renewable energy source. Once it is gone, it’s gone.
Other sources of renewable energy include: Solar - Only a very small percentage of solar energy is being used in Queensland, primarily for heating water. (Only 4.8% of households in Queensland use solar hot water systems). Wind - Small wind turbines are located on Coconut Island and Thursday Island. Elemental Powers' Windy Hill is on the Atherton Tableland. Geothermal The geological profile of Australia is such that there is an especially large potential for HDR technologies to be used for energy production in the eastern states of Australia. Biomass - The main source of biomass energy used in Queensland is bagasse. Queensland's 25 sugar mills are currently using bagasse as a source of heat and electricity. Hydroelectricity - Hydroelectric schemes currently only supply 2.5% of the state's electricity needs. Landfill - methane gas - ENERGEX has several sites in South East Queensland. http://www.energex.com.au/switched_on/being_green/being_green_energy_queensland.html
1) Make a list of all the new gadgets you have had in the last year. 2) List all the electrical and electronic products that you own. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WEEE_Man The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE Directive) is the European Community directive 2002/96/EC on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) which, together with the RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC, became European Law in February 2003, setting collection, recycling and recovery targets for all types of electrical goods. The directive imposes the responsibility for the disposal of waste electrical and electronic equipment on the manufacturers of such equipment. Those companies should establish an infrastructure for collecting WEEE, in such a way that &quot;Users of electrical and electronic equipment from private households should have the possibility of returning WEEE at least free of charge&quot;. Also, the companies are compelled to use the collected waste in an ecologically-friendly manner, either by ecological disposal or by reuse/refurbishment of the collected WEEE.
http://www.chrisjordan.com/gallery/rtn/#caps-seurat http://www.chrisjordan.com/gallery/rtn2/#gyre2 The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, also described as the Pacific Trash Vortex, is a gyre of marine litter in the central North Pacific Ocean located roughly between 135°W to 155°W and 35°N to 42°N. The patch extends over an indeterminate area, with estimates ranging very widely depending on the degree of plastic concentration used to define the affected area. The Patch is characterized by exceptionally high concentrations of pelagic plastics, chemical sludge, and other debris that have been trapped by the currents of the North Pacific Gyre. Despite its size and density, the patch is not visible from satellite photography, since it consists primarily of suspended particulates in the upper water column. Since plastics break down to ever smaller polymers, concentrations of submerged particles are not visible from space, nor do they appear as a continuous debris field. Instead, the patch is defined as an area in which the mass of plastic debris in the upper water column is significantly higher than average. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Pacific_Garbage_Patch
Sort the plastics game; refer http://bundaberg.qld.gov.au/feature/recycling and http://www.cleanup.org.au/PDF/au/cua_plastic_recycling_fact_sheet.pdf http://derm.qld.gov.au/environmental_management/waste/pdf/rethinking-waste-qld-business.pdf
http://bundaberg.qld.gov.au/feature/recycling The remainder is made up of shrink wrap, film, shopping bags and other types of plastics. The main source of plastic is crude oil, gas and coal. Some of this raw material comes from a by-product produced in petroleum refining. To help identify the different types of plastics, manufacturers stamp a Plastic Identification Code on their products. These codes are there to help identify what plastics can be sorted for recycling.
WBIT BSBSUS201A Session 1 Schools
Apply environmentally sustainable work practices Wide Bay TAFE Flexible teaching sessions BSBSUS201A This course is managed by Tracie Regan. Attendance to this class abides by the QLD TAFE Code of Practice. Session 1 Schools
<ul><li>Welcome, housekeeping & introductions </li></ul><ul><li>In this session, we will look at: </li></ul><ul><li>What is sustainability? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the principles of sustainability? </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce, Reuse and Recycle </li></ul><ul><li>Questions & Close </li></ul><ul><li>Next session </li></ul>Welcome 5 mins
5 mins Interactive Game – stand up for ‘yes’, sit for ‘no’ http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/index.html Do you think you act sustainably? Did you walk or cycle to school? Have you travelled by plane in the past year? Have you made a purchase based on ethical manufacture as a gift? Do you grow enough vegetables to also supply your neighbours? Who is the Federal minister responsible for Sustainability? What is your family’s current water, energy or waste footprint? http://prezi.com/qbtvhvwillmc/bsbsus201a-standup-for-the-environment-game/
5 mins http://www.esru.strath.ac.uk/EandE/Web_sites/99-00/bio_fuel_cells/groupproject/library/sustainableenergy/text.htm Sustainable development issues therefore include:
5 mins Energy sources – it’s only smog Simple weather conditions brought about 900 deaths each day in London during 8 & 9 Dec 1952 due to smog. The unusual cold winter of 1952 – 1953 caused additional coal combustion and many people travelled only by car, which caused the occurrence of a combination of black soot, sticky particles of tar and gaseous sulphur dioxide. This resulted in the heaviest winter smog episode known and is estimated to have killed more than 12,000 people while it lasted .
5 mins Energy sources – concept of finite resources http://www.energex.com.au/switched_on/being_green/being_green_energy_queensland.html So where does the electricity for QLD come from?
5 mins Renewable energy Did you know that by participating in online course you can help save 3.6 metric tons of CO2 ? If this course is held with just 10 students three times a year we will have saved almost 40 trees, and offset the carbon produced by the emissions from 5 metric tons of burned coal
5 mins Waste The WEEE man is made up of the same amount of electronic stuff that YOU will use and throw away from the day you are born until the day you die. How much do you think you’ve thrown away already?
5 mins Waste Queensland litter laws Under Queensland’s litter laws, authorised officers can issue a range of offences and penalties: • on-the-spot fines for individuals ranging from $200 to $1,600 for various littering offences • authorised officers can issue an infringement notice to the registered owner of a vehicle from which a littering offence was observed • authorised officer’s can issue a clean up direction notice for illegal dumping of waste.
5 mins Waste If none of these impacts were purposeful, is ignorance or naivety an excuse? Time for the Green Police
5 mins <ul><li>Australia produces more than 1.3 million tonnes of plastic every year, including: </li></ul><ul><li>50,000 tonnes of soft drink bottles; </li></ul><ul><li>30,000 tonnes of milk bottles </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 tonnes plus of detergent and shampoo bottles. </li></ul>
5 mins Can we recycle plastics? http://www.ted.com/talks/mike_biddle.html Recap today’s session
5 mins To think about before the next session: If there is a WEEEE Directive in the European community, and recycling all plastic waste is possible, what is Australia doing?
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