How Plants Survive
Types of Plants
Plants that grow on land
Plants that grow in water
Plants that are carnivorous in nature
Non- Green Plants
1. Plants in Plain
May have several branches.
They can survive in very hot climate, and may
shed most their leaves in autumn.
Example : Neem, Peepal, Gulmohar,
2.Plants on Mountains
These plants are usually tall, straight and
have a cone shape.
They are flowerless
They have cones with seeds inside them.
Leaves of these plants are needle-like
Have a waxy coating to prevent any
damage from snow.
Example: Pine, Deodar and Fir
3.Plants in Desert
They don ‘t any leaves or have very few of them.
Photosynthesis is carried out by the stems.
Most plants have thorns.
They store water in the stems, which become
Example :Cactus, date palms.
4 .Plants in area of Heavy rainfall
These plants have leaves that remain green almost
all year round, and are called evergreen trees.
Example : Rubber tree and teak tree
Smaller plants like sugarcane, rice, cotton, pepper also
5. Plants in swampy Areas
Places where the soil is very sticky and clayey are
called marshy (swampy) areas.
It becomes very difficult for plants to grow here
because air cannot reach the roots. And have
breathing roots to take in air.
Example :Mangroves with breathing roots
6 .Plants on Sea Cost
They can survive on Salty water
Prefers area of heavy rainfall
Seeds are dispersed by water
Example : coconut tree
1) Floating Plants:
These are light, spongy and float on the surface of the
Duckweed Water hyacinth
2) Fixed Plants:
Have roots which are fixed to the bottom of the pond.
Have long, hollow stem to reach the surface of the water.
Have broad and waxy coated leaves to prevent them from
rotting. Example : Lotus, Water Lily
3) Underwater Plants
These have narrow leaves without any stomata.
They breathe through the surface and keep the water clean
Example :tape grass, pond weed
Plants are carnivorous in nature.
Their leaves are modified to trap insects
• Venus fly trap has leaves that are
like boxes with hinges.
• They have long hair along the
• When an insect touches the hair,
the leaf snaps shut, trapping the
• Pitcher plant, leaves are in the form
of a container or pitcher with a lid to
cover the mouth
Non Green Plants
They do not have chlorophyll
Example : Indian pipe ,coral root
Saprophytic plants : Plants that
cannot make their own food and
absorb food from dead plants and
Tea, Coffee plant Tea and coffee are obtained.
Bamboo Plant Paper, baskets, huts, mats, furniture, walking sticks, etc.
Coconut Plant Coconut oil, coconut water, fruit to eat
Rubber Tree Juice of the tree is used to make rubber for tyre.
Used as medicines
Henna Decorating hands , dye.
Teak, Sal,Sheesham Furniture
Acacia Juice used to make gum
Cotton, Jute Make clothes,carpet,sack,rope
• We depend on Plants for food.