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Class IV Food- Basic Need
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Class IV Food- Basic Need

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Class IV Food- Basic Need, www.learnroots.com

Class IV Food- Basic Need, www.learnroots.com

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  • 1. FOOD-Our Basic Need www.reflectivelearn.com
  • 2. Nutrients present in the Food  All living beings need food.  Food gives us energy for doing activities and help us to grow.  Nutrients are substances in our food that are required by our body to keep it healthy and grow strong.  Food items mainly contain five types of nutrients .They are 1. Starch or Carbohydrates 2. Fats 3. Proteins 4. Vitamins 5. Minerals www.reflectivelearn.com
  • 3. Carbohydrates  Food items like fruits, vegetables, cereals and bread gives us a lot of energy. They contain carbohydrates.  Food items rich in carbohydrates are called energy- giving foods  Potatoes,Bananas,Yam etc. contain a lot of starch.  Jaggery, sugar, honey, dates contain carbohydrates that are sweet. Form of food Available in Time required to give energy Sugar Sugar, Jaggery, Fruits Immediately Starch materials Rice,Bread,Potatoes Retain energy for some hours www.reflectivelearn.com
  • 4. Fats  Food items like oil,nut,ghee and butter gives us more energy than food items rich in carbohydrates. These food items contain fats.  Fats give energy and heat to our body.  Our body need very little fat and extra fat is stored in body for later use. www.reflectivelearn.com
  • 5. Proteins  Proteins are body building substances.  They are needed by our body for building muscles, growth and repair. Food item rich in proteins 1 Milk, cheese, pulses, black gram, yellow gram ,Soya 2 Egg, Fish, meat www.reflectivelearn.com
  • 6. Vitamins & Minerals  Vitamins and Minerals protect us from diseases and keep us fit and healthy. They are called protective foods.  Food items like fresh fruits and vegetables, milk, egg and peanuts are rich in vitamins and minerals.  Shortage of vitamins will reduce resistance power of our body. www.reflectivelearn.com
  • 7. Vitamins & Minerals Mineral Function Food items Iron Helps in formation of blood Leafy vegetables, jaggery ragi, beetroot, apple and carrot . Calcium Helps in formation of bones and teeth Milk, curd, almond and cheese. • Calcium,iron,potassium,iodine and sodium are examples of minerals. www.reflectivelearn.com
  • 8. Roughage and water  Food items like cereals, fresh vegetables , fruits and salads cannot be digested by the body.  The part of the plant food that cannot be digested is called roughage. It helps to remove waste materials from our body.  Water is necessary for proper digestion, for eliminating waste material from our body and for proper utilisation of the nutrients.  Our body contains 2/3 of water.  Our body needs at least three litres of water every day. www.reflectivelearn.com
  • 9. Balanced Diet  A diet that has all the nutrients in the right amount, roughage and water is called balanced diet. www.reflectivelearn.com
  • 10. Preservation of food Preservation of food is a method to prevent food from getting spoilt.  Drying : Removing water content of food. Drying gapes to get raisins.  Pickling : Mixing fruits and vegetables with salt and oil. Ex. Mixing mango, lime with oil and salt.  Refrigeration : Keeping food in fridge to preserve for short time.  Deep Freezing : Keep food in freezer to preserve for longer time. Ex. Keeping meat and fish in freezer.  Canning and bottling : Storing food in cans and bottle. Ex. Bottling of sauces and jams. www.reflectivelearn.com
  • 11. Rest, Posture and exercise  Our body need rest for proper functioning. We need 6- 8 hours of sleep in a day.  Posture refers to body position. Incorrect postures over a long period of time can lead to pain in joints and muscles. www.reflectivelearn.com