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  • Speaking on a purely personal basis, and not on behalf of any of my affiliations. My views are entirely my own, and I am very thankful for NII’s support of my travel.
  • Apannate

    1. 1. Building Federations in APAN: What’s Worked? <ul><li>Nate Klingenstein </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Internet2 / Shibboleth Consortium / InCommon </li></ul><ul><li>February 2012, APAN 33, Chiang Mai </li></ul>
    2. 2. Perspectives from far away <ul><li>Personal experiences and opinions only </li></ul>
    3. 3. Federation Components <ul><li>What are some ingredients? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical knowledge and talent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consensus and leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compelling applications (Chicken) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enough users (Egg) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A business model </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ideal mix is different in each country </li></ul>
    4. 4. Federations in America and Europe <ul><li>Very different funding models </li></ul><ul><li>Different primary uses </li></ul><ul><li>Somewhat different trust structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EU Privacy Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many mature federations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearly complete coverage in some countries </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. General Lessons from America and Europe <ul><li>Consensus and mandate are important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost no federation starts with this </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Find a few good early applications </li></ul><ul><li>Every country and every situation is different </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But we are working towards convergence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch for REFEDS recommendations </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Starting Points in Asia Pacific <ul><li>Campus identity infrastructure is rare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually, there is none </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A directory, when lucky </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local infrastructure is a key part of federated identity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Campuses have limited staff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With limited time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And limited money </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Starting Points in Asia Pacific <ul><li>Few centralized organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually just an NREN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And the NREN is focused on networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But the NREN is often pretty competent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>APAN has a smaller focus than TERENA </li></ul>
    8. 8. What has worked well in APAN deployments? <ul><li>Active transfer of knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology, policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Centralized knowledge and talent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are exceptions to this rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compensate for campuses until campuses develop more skills and infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Might happen soon, might happen never </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. What has worked well in APAN deployments? <ul><li>Strong mandate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And only one strong mandate; split mandates have derailed several countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Build it, and they will come </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The “killer app” is not necessary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Critical mass” is much more important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Momentum </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Network effects </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. What has worked well in APAN deployments? <ul><li>Accommodation of special local requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Grant-based funding model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So far, at least </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. What has not worked as well for building federations? <ul><li>Cautious starts and half-interest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most federation benefits emerge at large scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chicken egg problem solved with dedication (and brute force) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reinventing wheels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We, globally, have many important failures </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. What has not worked as well for building federations? <ul><li>APAN Middleware Working Group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very wide focus can include many kinds of activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mailing list quiet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partially my fault </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accommodation of special local requirements </li></ul>
    13. 13. How do we grow now? <ul><li>Get federations started in countries where there are none; grow them where are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better coverage in Asia means a better deployment for everyone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find quick identity wins like federation with major SP’s, or certificate services </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. How do we grow now? <ul><li>Develop international links </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We have more and more shared students, shared research, shared applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They need shared identity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Innovate with the global community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And give back when you do something novel and generally useful </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. How do we grow now? <ul><li>Begin to develop international collaborations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared students, shared research, shared applications </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. My Thanks to NII <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.internet2.edu/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.incommon.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://shibboleth.net/ </li></ul>