Off Ball Officiating
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Off Ball Officiating






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  • Imagine a game where only fouls where allowed to be called on ball!
  • Trail has primary on ball coverage BUT if the defender is 10 feet back. So you find your next competitive matchup while keeping the ball in your peripheral. If you’ve every officiated 1 person then you will completely understand this concept.
  • Just because these are “Off Ball” calls DOES NOT mean that we forget about the ball! It is imperative that we know the status of the ball when making any call!
  • Examples: 1) Calling a technical foul on a defensive player or coach when the offensive player is 4 feet from the basket all alone on a fast break. ** Disallow the goal! 2) Calling an illegal screen when their teammate is in the act of shooting. ** - We must know if the ball is out of their hands in order to allow or disallow the basket. 3) Blowing our whistle for a timeout when a player does not have player control!
  • Imagine a game where only fouls where allowed to be called on ball!

Off Ball Officiating Off Ball Officiating Presentation Transcript

  • “ Off Ball” Officiating
  • REMEMBER : Officials don’t let Officials ball watch!!
  • Off Ball - Importance
    • The game CAN NOT be officiated properly without it!
    • 10 Players….2 or 3 Officials
    • 1 official will always be officiating on ball - that leaves up to 9 players for the other official(s).
    • Prevents Rough Play
    • Freedom of movement.
  • “ Off Ball”
    • You can be “on ball” AND “off ball” at the same time!
    • You need strong “off ball” officiating from all 3 officials not just the Center!
    • Must communicate well so that everyone knows what happened.
      • Say “OFFENSE” or “ILLEGAL” and point the opposite direction.
      • You must be strong with your signals!
      • Let partners know immediately what you have and how play will resume.
    • No strength/confidence in signals means coaches, players, or partners will have no confidence in the call.
  • “ Off Ball”
    • Evaluator:
      • Expected to get “On Ball” calls. Everyone in the gym sees these fouls.
      • Difference b/w a good official and a mediocre official is “Off Ball” officiating.
    • Self-Evaluation:
      • How often do get surprised by something in your primary?
      • When watching yourself on video, force yourself to NOT watch the ball and see what you missed.
  • Signs (What to look for)
    • Man-to-Man Defense
      • Illegal Screens
      • Rough Post Play
      • Holding Cutters
    • Zone Defense
      • Bumping Cutters
      • Jumping in front of moving players (w/o the ball)
      • Sandwiching a post player
  • Signs (What to look for)
    • 1. Small Player vs Big Player
      • Small pushing/holding in the post
    • 2. Big player guarding a Small Player
      • Big holding small on the on the perimeter
    • 3. Happens with Pick & Rolls
  • Types of “Off Ball” Calls
    • Illegal Screens
      • Video 1
      • Video 2
    • Rough Post Play
      • Video 1
      • Video 2
    • Bumping the Cutter
  • Types of “Off Ball” Calls (Continued)
    • Baiting/Retaliation/Cheap Shots
    • During Throw-Ins – Holding or Offense Pushing Off
    • Rebounding
  • Types of “Off Ball” Calls (Continued)
    • Players in Back Court during fastbreak w/ ball in frontcourt
    • Pass and Crash
    • Shooter’s landing
    • Other:
      • Bench Decorum
      • Scoreboard/Clock Awareness
  • Status of the Ball
    • Must know the status of the ball when making an off ball call!
    • Why:
      • Allow or disallow a made goal.
      • Throw-In Spot
      • Player or Team Control
      • Live Ball or Dead Ball
  • Status of the Ball
      • Examples:
        • Technical foul right before a wide open layup.
        • Illegal Screen when ball is in the air on a shot.
        • Granting a timeout when there is no player control.
        • Calling a foul off ball during a throw-in but before the official hands the ball to the thrower.
  • Off Ball - Review
    • Look for signs
    • Good “Off Ball” coverage will reduce rough play and problems in your games.
    • Know the status of the ball
    • Strong Signals & Good Communication
    • Strong off-ball officiating indicates that an official is “tuned” into the game.