CHANDRA PRAKASH MAURYA
SOMIT RANJAN DAS
AVINASH KUMAR SWAIN
HISTORY OF CONGRESS IN INDIA
POST INDEPENDENCE ERA
INTRODUCTION OF UPA
HITS OF UPA
MISSES OF UPA
Indian National Congress
•Leader in Lok Sabha
•Leader in Rajya Sabha
1969 (INC Indira)
24, Akbar Road, New Delhi
The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) is
a coalition of left political parties in India formed
after the 2004 general election In the UPA is Indian
National Congress, whose president Sonia Gandhi
is also the chairperson of the UPA. Subsequently
the Prime Minister of India , Manmohan Singh,
and the Council of Ministers are drawn from
members of the UPA.
Indian National Congress (209 MPs)
Nationalist Congress Party (9 MPs)
Rashtriya Lok Dal (5 MPs)
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference (3 MPs)
Indian Union Muslim League (3 MPs)
Kerala Congress (Mani) (1 MP)
Sikkim Democratic Front (1 MP)
All India United Democratic Front (1 MP)
Outside support is provided by:
Samajwadi Party (22 MPs)
Bahujan Samaj Party (21 MPs)
Rashtriya Janata Dal (4 MPs)
The total is 276 MPs which is above the requisite 275
MPs to stay in power.
HISTORY OF CONGRESS IN
The pre-independence era :
The Congress was founded by Indian and British members
of the Theosophical Society movement, most notably A.O.
Hume. Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee was the first President
of the INC. At the time of the Quit India movement, the
Congress was undoubtedly the strongest revolutionary
group in India, but the Congress disassociated itself from
the Quit India movement within a few days. The Indian
National Congress could not claim to be the sole
representative of the Indian people as other parties were
there as well notably the Hindu Mahasabha, Azad
Hind Sarkar, and Forward Bloc.
The post-independence era:
The party remained in power for thirty continuous years
between independence in 1947 and its first taste of
electoral defeat (at the national level) in 1977.
The party remained in power for thirty continuous years between
independence in 1947 and its first taste of electoral defeat (at the
national level) in 1977.
Following the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984, the Indian
National Congress party leaders nominated Rajiv Gandhi to be the
next Prime Minister. He took office by storm, winning major election
victory, and leading the Congress party by winning 411 seats out of
542, in the Indian Parliament. He helped improve the economic,
foreign and security policies of the country, during his tenure.
Afterward, former treasurer Sitaram Kesari took over the reins of the
party and oversaw the Congress support to the United
Front governments that ran from 1996 to 1998. During his tenure,
several key leaders broke away from the party, and serious infighting
broke out among those left. In 1998, Sonia Gandhi finally accepted
the post of Congress President, in a move that may have saved the
party from extinction.
After her election as party leader, a section of the party, which
objected to the choice, broke away and formed the Nationalist
Congress Party. The use of "Congress (I)" continues to denote
the party run by Indira Gandhi's successors. Sonia Gandhi's
autocratic era in power has been criticised by some, including
the ultra-nationalist right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (Indian
People's Party) and the ultra-left wing Communist Party of India
as well as other, mostly affiliated, groups on the basis that she is
a foreigner of Italian ethnicity.
Although the Congress expedited the downfall of the National
Democratic Alliance (NDA) government in 1999 by promising an
alternative, Ms. Gandhi's decision was followed by fresh
elections and the Congress party's worst-ever tally in the lower
house. The party spent the interval period forging alliances and
overseeing changes in the state and central institutions to revive
the party. It has had many electoral successes which led up to
the formation of a Congress-led government in 2004. In the next
general election in 2009 which made Manmohan Singh the
Prime Minister once again, and Congress was the first party to
get 206 seats during a coalition era of politics.
Social policy of the INC is officially based upon the Gandhian principle
of Sarvodaya (upliftment of all sections of the society.) In particular
INC emphasises upon policies to improve the lives of the
economically under privillaged and socially disprivilleged sections
of society. This includes publicising employment generation efforts
for the rural population (through schemes such as National Rural
Employment Generation Scheme) etc. The party supports the
somewhat controversial concept of family planning with birth
control but hasn't overtly supported elective abortion, which would
be controversial and dangerous as certain groups (e.g. Feminists)
could consider that to be sexist or insensitive and the INC wouldn't
have been able to survive under such pressure. The INC supports
the highly controversial 'Reservation' system (i.e. reserving jobs
and other things for underprivileged factions of society) which
could lead to an inexperienced poorer person getting a job instead
of an experienced wealthier person, though it could also be vice
Initially and for a long time, the economic policy of the
INC was centred around the public sector and aimed at
establishing a "socialistic pattern of society". However,
after the recent adoption of Economically Liberal policies
started by Manmohan Singh the then Finance Minister in
the early 1990s, the economic policy of INC has been
changed somewhat and it is now adopted free
market policies, though at the same time it is in favour of
taking a cautious approach when it comes to liberalising
the economy claiming it is to help ensure that the weaker
sectors aren't affected to hard by the changes that come
ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE
1) 100% of the Golden Quadrilateral was
completed by UPA (97% during UPA-1 itself).
100% of Phase II of NHDP completed in 2009.
NHDP Phase III involves four-laning of 12,109
km of national highways, having high density
corridor connecting state capitals, important
tourist places, economically important areas
etc. 52 % of Phase III of NHDP completed as
on Feb 2013.
2) India presently has an installed power
capacity of 2.11 lakh MW but only 4,780 MW
from this is coming from our nuclear power
plants, 2.5% of the installed capacity. We
are now working towards increasing this to
63,000 MW by the year 2032.
3) The Infant Mortality Rate has
reduced drastically over the
4) During NDA regime GDP
growth rate was only
5.9%. Whereas UPA
government raised it to
8.3% during their 1st Term
and during UPA 2nd Term,
when the whole world was
facing global economical
meltdown, they maintained
a GDP growth rate of
6.8%, significantly higher
than the average GDP
growth rate during the
The achievements of successive Congress governments are
indelibly marked on the contemporary face of our country.
These are the few schemes that congress has launched for the
development of the indian society.
Congress achieved the Green Revolution and the White
Revolution bringing new prosperity to our kisans.
THEY LAUNCH DIFFERENT SCHEMES ,EG, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas
Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (:
Agriculture Development Scheme) is a State Plan Scheme of Additional
Central Assistance launched in August 2007 as a part of the 11th Five Year
Plan by the Government of India. Launched under the aegis of the National
Development Council, it seeks to achieve 4% annual growth in agriculture .
It is the Congress that launched extensive anti poverty , rural
development & employment programmes like
Gramin Bhandaran Yojna ,
Integrated Rural Development Program
Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana
Mahatma National Rural Employment Guarantee Act Gandhi
It refers to the world's largest welfare program
○ This act was introduced with the aim of improving the
purchasing power of semi- or unskilled rural people of India. It
was enacted by legislation on 25 August 2005. The scheme
provides a legal guarantee for at least 100 days of paid
employment in every financial year to adult members .
The outlay for the scheme was 4000 billion (US$61 billion) in
These are the few schemes for empowering the women
jjjIndira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana,
Integrated Child Development Services
Janani Suraksha Yojana
Sabla or Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
In May 1998, India test its nuclear weapons under congress
governanance & launched missiles like Agni & Satellites like
Midday Meal Scheme
National Literacy Mission Programme
It has introduce and enacted schemes to provide
health security & upliftment of the standard of
Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana, Central Government Health
Scheme, Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana, Indira Awaas
Food security bills
The National Food Security Bill, 2013 passed by the parliament on late
Monday gives right to subsidised food grain to 67 percent of India's 1.2
billion people and provides for penalty for non-compliance by public
servants. The bill's salient features include:
- Seventy five percent of rural and 50 percent of the urban population
entitled to five kg food grains per month at Rs 3, Rs 2, Re 1 per kg for rice,
wheat and coarse grains, respectively.
- The work of identification of eligible households has been left to the
- Pregnant women and lactating mothers entitled to nutritious meals and
maternity benefit of at least Rs 6,000 for six months.
- The central government will provide funds to states in case of short supply
- The current food grain allocation of the states will be
protected by the central government.
- The state governments will provide food security allowance to
the beneficiaries in case of non-supply of foodgrain .
Public distribution system to be reformed.
- The eldest woman in the household, 18 years or above, will
be the head of the household for the issue of the ration card.
- There will be state and district level redress mechanisms.
2G Spectrum Scam
The Spectrum Scam, also known as the 2G spectrum scam is the
largest political corruption in the history of modern India. The
corruption led to a loss of $40 billion to the Government of India.
The 2G scam led to Raja's resignation.
In the scam, the telecom bandwidth-spectrum was grossly
undervalued and was offered to a chosen few with vested
interests. An FIR filed by the Central Bureau of Investigation
claims that the allocation of 2G Bandwidth was not done as per
market prices. This resulted in a scam worth Rs. 200,000,000,000
A. Raja has submitted his resignation on November 14, 2010.
Reports for a further criminal investigation and action on Raja has
been filed by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) and the
Central Burea of Investigation .
The Bofors scandal was a major corruption scandal
in India in the 1980s and 1990s, initiated by Congress
politicians and implicating the prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi
and several others who were accused of receiving
kickbacks from Bofors AB for winning a bid to supply
India's 155 mm field howitzer.
The Swedish company paid 640 million (US$9.8 million) in
kickbacks to top Indian politicians and key defence officials .
When this news was carried by the Indian media, the Rajiv
Gandhi-led government promptly denied the report. The
scale of the corruption was far worse than any that India had
There are many reasons why the Congress remains unique among all political parties in
India.The Congress is the only all-India party in the country, the only national political force
with a presence in each and every region of this vast country. Whether in power or out, the
Congress is a visible and tangible political force in villages, towns and cities all across India.
The Congress is the only political party that derives its strength and support from, and
appeals to, each and every section of our variegated society. It is the only political party that
has provided for reservations in its organization for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, 0BCs
minorities and women.
The Congress is the only party whose philosophy on governance is rooted in democratic
values, combining sustainable economic growth with social justice, and marrying economic
liberalization to social liberalism. The Congress way is the way of dialogue, not discord. The
Congress way is the way of accommodation, not acrimony.
The Congress is the only party whose philosophy of governance is based on a strong centre
working purposefully with strong states and with empowered local self-government
institutions. Rajniti Se Lok Niti, Gram Sabha Se Lok Sabha remains its objective.
The Congress has always been a party of youth. It respects age and seniority but youthful
energy and dynamism has always been its hallmark. In 1989, it was Rajiv Gandhi who
reduced the voting age to 18. It was Rajiv Gandhi who declared Swami Vivekanandas birth
anniversary on January 12th as National Youth Day. It was also he who expanded the
network of Nehru Yuvak Kendras to cover all the districts of the country.