Submitted by;
AESHA BRAHMBHATT
TANUSHREE SAHA
REETESH AGARWAL
CHANDRA PRAKASH MAURYA
SOMIT RANJAN DAS
AVINASH KUMAR SWAIN
...
CONTENTS








PRESENT
HISTORY OF CONGRESS IN INDIA
POST INDEPENDENCE ERA
INTRODUCTION OF UPA
HITS OF UPA
MISSES ...
Indian National Congress
•Chairperson
Sonia gandhi
•Parliamentary Chairperson
Sonia Gandhi
•Leader in Lok Sabha
Sushikumar...
UNITED PROGRESSIVE
ALLIANCE


The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) is
a coalition of left political parties in India for...
Current members















Indian National Congress (209 MPs)
Nationalist Congress Party (9 MPs)
Rashtriy...
HISTORY OF CONGRESS IN
INDIA



The pre-independence era :

 The Congress was founded by Indian and British members

of ...
The post-independence
era


The party remained in power for thirty continuous years between
independence in 1947 and its ...


After her election as party leader, a section of the party, which
objected to the choice, broke away and formed the Nat...
IDEOLOGY AND
POLICIES


Social policy



Economic policy



Foreign policy
Social policy
Social policy of the INC is officially based upon the Gandhian principle
of Sarvodaya (upliftment of all sec...
Economic
policy


Initially and for a long time, the economic policy of the
INC was centred around the public sector and ...
ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE
UPA GOVERNMENT
1) 100% of the Golden Quadrilateral was
completed by UPA (97% during UPA-1 itself).
100...
3) The Infant Mortality Rate has
reduced drastically over the
years

4) During NDA regime GDP
growth rate was only
5.9%. W...
Hits of
UPA





The achievements of successive Congress governments are
indelibly marked on the contemporary face of o...
Conti..


It is the Congress that launched extensive anti poverty , rural
development & employment programmes like
 Gram...
Conti….


These are the few schemes for empowering the women
society
 jjjIndira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana,
 Integra...
Conti…


Education Area…
 Midday Meal Scheme
 National Literacy Mission Programme



It has introduce and enacted sche...
Food security bills


The National Food Security Bill, 2013 passed by the parliament on late
Monday gives right to subsid...
Conti..
- The current food grain allocation of the states will be
protected by the central government.
- The state governm...
SCAMS OF
CONGRESS
1. Insurance Scam
2. Telecom scam (Sukh Ram)
3. HDW Submarine
4. Bitumen scam
5. Tansi land deal
6. Secu...
2G Spectrum Scam
The Spectrum Scam, also known as the 2G spectrum scam is the
largest political corruption in the history ...
Bofors scandal


The Bofors scandal was a major corruption scandal
in India in the 1980s and 1990s, initiated by Congress...
WHY CONGRESS
AGAIN?










There are many reasons why the Congress remains unique among all political parties in
I...
THANK YOU ALL…..
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Congrress rule in india

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Congrress rule in india

  1. 1. Submitted by; AESHA BRAHMBHATT TANUSHREE SAHA REETESH AGARWAL CHANDRA PRAKASH MAURYA SOMIT RANJAN DAS AVINASH KUMAR SWAIN MITALI BARMAN BITOPAN NATH RUPAM DAS DIVYA KHUNT
  2. 2. CONTENTS        PRESENT HISTORY OF CONGRESS IN INDIA POST INDEPENDENCE ERA INTRODUCTION OF UPA HITS OF UPA MISSES OF UPA CONCLUSION
  3. 3. Indian National Congress •Chairperson Sonia gandhi •Parliamentary Chairperson Sonia Gandhi •Leader in Lok Sabha Sushikumar sindhe •Leader in Rajya Sabha Manmohan singh (prime minister) •Founded 1969 (INC Indira) 1885 (historical) •Headquarters 24, Akbar Road, New Delhi •Newspaper Congress Sandesh
  4. 4. UNITED PROGRESSIVE ALLIANCE  The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) is a coalition of left political parties in India formed after the 2004 general election In the UPA is Indian National Congress, whose president Sonia Gandhi is also the chairperson of the UPA. Subsequently the Prime Minister of India , Manmohan Singh, and the Council of Ministers are drawn from members of the UPA.
  5. 5. Current members              Indian National Congress (209 MPs) Nationalist Congress Party (9 MPs) Rashtriya Lok Dal (5 MPs) Jammu & Kashmir National Conference (3 MPs) Indian Union Muslim League (3 MPs) Kerala Congress (Mani) (1 MP) Sikkim Democratic Front (1 MP) All India United Democratic Front (1 MP) Outside support is provided by: Samajwadi Party (22 MPs) Bahujan Samaj Party (21 MPs) Rashtriya Janata Dal (4 MPs) The total is 276 MPs which is above the requisite 275 MPs to stay in power.[11]
  6. 6. HISTORY OF CONGRESS IN INDIA  The pre-independence era :  The Congress was founded by Indian and British members of the Theosophical Society movement, most notably A.O. Hume. Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee was the first President of the INC. At the time of the Quit India movement, the Congress was undoubtedly the strongest revolutionary group in India, but the Congress disassociated itself from the Quit India movement within a few days. The Indian National Congress could not claim to be the sole representative of the Indian people as other parties were there as well notably the Hindu Mahasabha, Azad Hind Sarkar, and Forward Bloc.  The post-independence era:  The party remained in power for thirty continuous years between independence in 1947 and its first taste of electoral defeat (at the national level) in 1977.
  7. 7. The post-independence era  The party remained in power for thirty continuous years between independence in 1947 and its first taste of electoral defeat (at the national level) in 1977.  Following the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984, the Indian National Congress party leaders nominated Rajiv Gandhi to be the next Prime Minister. He took office by storm, winning major election victory, and leading the Congress party by winning 411 seats out of 542, in the Indian Parliament. He helped improve the economic, foreign and security policies of the country, during his tenure.  Afterward, former treasurer Sitaram Kesari took over the reins of the party and oversaw the Congress support to the United Front governments that ran from 1996 to 1998. During his tenure, several key leaders broke away from the party, and serious infighting broke out among those left. In 1998, Sonia Gandhi finally accepted the post of Congress President, in a move that may have saved the party from extinction.
  8. 8.  After her election as party leader, a section of the party, which objected to the choice, broke away and formed the Nationalist Congress Party. The use of "Congress (I)" continues to denote the party run by Indira Gandhi's successors. Sonia Gandhi's autocratic era in power has been criticised by some, including the ultra-nationalist right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (Indian People's Party) and the ultra-left wing Communist Party of India as well as other, mostly affiliated, groups on the basis that she is a foreigner of Italian ethnicity.  Although the Congress expedited the downfall of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government in 1999 by promising an alternative, Ms. Gandhi's decision was followed by fresh elections and the Congress party's worst-ever tally in the lower house. The party spent the interval period forging alliances and overseeing changes in the state and central institutions to revive the party. It has had many electoral successes which led up to the formation of a Congress-led government in 2004. In the next general election in 2009 which made Manmohan Singh the Prime Minister once again, and Congress was the first party to get 206 seats during a coalition era of politics.
  9. 9. IDEOLOGY AND POLICIES  Social policy  Economic policy  Foreign policy
  10. 10. Social policy Social policy of the INC is officially based upon the Gandhian principle of Sarvodaya (upliftment of all sections of the society.) In particular INC emphasises upon policies to improve the lives of the economically under privillaged and socially disprivilleged sections of society. This includes publicising employment generation efforts for the rural population (through schemes such as National Rural Employment Generation Scheme) etc. The party supports the somewhat controversial concept of family planning with birth control but hasn't overtly supported elective abortion, which would be controversial and dangerous as certain groups (e.g. Feminists) could consider that to be sexist or insensitive and the INC wouldn't have been able to survive under such pressure. The INC supports the highly controversial 'Reservation' system (i.e. reserving jobs and other things for underprivileged factions of society) which could lead to an inexperienced poorer person getting a job instead of an experienced wealthier person, though it could also be vice versa.
  11. 11. Economic policy  Initially and for a long time, the economic policy of the INC was centred around the public sector and aimed at establishing a "socialistic pattern of society". However, after the recent adoption of Economically Liberal policies started by Manmohan Singh the then Finance Minister in the early 1990s, the economic policy of INC has been changed somewhat and it is now adopted free market policies, though at the same time it is in favour of taking a cautious approach when it comes to liberalising the economy claiming it is to help ensure that the weaker sectors aren't affected to hard by the changes that come with liberalisation.
  12. 12. ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE UPA GOVERNMENT 1) 100% of the Golden Quadrilateral was completed by UPA (97% during UPA-1 itself). 100% of Phase II of NHDP completed in 2009. NHDP Phase III involves four-laning of 12,109 km of national highways, having high density corridor connecting state capitals, important tourist places, economically important areas etc. 52 % of Phase III of NHDP completed as on Feb 2013. 2) India presently has an installed power capacity of 2.11 lakh MW but only 4,780 MW from this is coming from our nuclear power plants, 2.5% of the installed capacity. We are now working towards increasing this to 63,000 MW by the year 2032.
  13. 13. 3) The Infant Mortality Rate has reduced drastically over the years 4) During NDA regime GDP growth rate was only 5.9%. Whereas UPA government raised it to 8.3% during their 1st Term and during UPA 2nd Term, when the whole world was facing global economical meltdown, they maintained a GDP growth rate of 6.8%, significantly higher than the average GDP growth rate during the NDA regime
  14. 14. Hits of UPA    The achievements of successive Congress governments are indelibly marked on the contemporary face of our country. These are the few schemes that congress has launched for the development of the indian society. Congress achieved the Green Revolution and the White Revolution bringing new prosperity to our kisans.  THEY LAUNCH DIFFERENT SCHEMES ,EG, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas YoJANA  Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (: ) (National Agriculture Development Scheme) is a State Plan Scheme of Additional Central Assistance launched in August 2007 as a part of the 11th Five Year Plan by the Government of India. Launched under the aegis of the National Development Council, it seeks to achieve 4% annual growth in agriculture .
  15. 15. Conti..  It is the Congress that launched extensive anti poverty , rural development & employment programmes like  Gramin Bhandaran Yojna ,  Integrated Rural Development Program  Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana  Mahatma National Rural Employment Guarantee Act Gandhi  It refers to the world's largest welfare program ○ This act was introduced with the aim of improving the purchasing power of semi- or unskilled rural people of India. It was enacted by legislation on 25 August 2005. The scheme provides a legal guarantee for at least 100 days of paid employment in every financial year to adult members . The outlay for the scheme was 4000 billion (US$61 billion) in FY 2010–11.
  16. 16. Conti….  These are the few schemes for empowering the women society  jjjIndira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana,  Integrated Child Development Services  Janani Suraksha Yojana  Sabla or Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls.  SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY  In May 1998, India test its nuclear weapons under congress governanance & launched missiles like Agni & Satellites like INSAT.
  17. 17. Conti…  Education Area…  Midday Meal Scheme  National Literacy Mission Programme  It has introduce and enacted schemes to provide health security & upliftment of the standard of living.  Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana, Central Government Health Scheme, Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana, Indira Awaas Yojana
  18. 18. Food security bills  The National Food Security Bill, 2013 passed by the parliament on late Monday gives right to subsidised food grain to 67 percent of India's 1.2 billion people and provides for penalty for non-compliance by public servants. The bill's salient features include: - Seventy five percent of rural and 50 percent of the urban population entitled to five kg food grains per month at Rs 3, Rs 2, Re 1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains, respectively. - The work of identification of eligible households has been left to the states. - Pregnant women and lactating mothers entitled to nutritious meals and maternity benefit of at least Rs 6,000 for six months. - The central government will provide funds to states in case of short supply of foodgrain.
  19. 19. Conti.. - The current food grain allocation of the states will be protected by the central government. - The state governments will provide food security allowance to the beneficiaries in case of non-supply of foodgrain .  Public distribution system to be reformed. - The eldest woman in the household, 18 years or above, will be the head of the household for the issue of the ration card. - There will be state and district level redress mechanisms.
  20. 20. SCAMS OF CONGRESS 1. Insurance Scam 2. Telecom scam (Sukh Ram) 3. HDW Submarine 4. Bitumen scam 5. Tansi land deal 6. Securities Scam 7. JMM Bribery Scandal 8. Kitts case 9. Urea scam 10. CRB Scam 11. Anantnag transport scam 12. 1971 Nagarwala scandal 13. Fooder scam 14. Churhat lottery scam 15. Bofors Scandal (1990) 16. Animal Husbandry Case (1990) 17. Bombay Stock Exchange Fraud 18. Hawala scandal (1993) 19. Bangalore-Mysore Corridor (1995 ) 20. Sukh Ram (1996) 21. Fodder Scam in Bihar 22. Kerala SNC Lavalin power scandal(97) 23. Home Trade 24. Ketan Parekh Scandal, 25. Barak Missile Deal Scandal, 26. Tehelka Scandal (2001) 27. UTI Scam 28. Taj corridor case (2002–2003) 29. Telgi scandal (2003) 30. DSQ Software 31. IPO Scam- karvy 32. Oil-for-food programme scam (Natwar) (05) 33. Human Trafficking Scam (Babubhai Katara) 34. Cash-for-votes scandal 35. Satyam scandal 36. 2G Spectrum- 2008 37. Madhu Koda, laundering money Rs. 4000 Cr 38. NREGA Scam 39. CWG 40. Adarsh
  21. 21. 2G Spectrum Scam The Spectrum Scam, also known as the 2G spectrum scam is the largest political corruption in the history of modern India. The corruption led to a loss of $40 billion to the Government of India. The 2G scam led to Raja's resignation. In the scam, the telecom bandwidth-spectrum was grossly undervalued and was offered to a chosen few with vested interests. An FIR filed by the Central Bureau of Investigation claims that the allocation of 2G Bandwidth was not done as per market prices. This resulted in a scam worth Rs. 200,000,000,000 (US$ 4,540,000,000). A. Raja has submitted his resignation on November 14, 2010. Reports for a further criminal investigation and action on Raja has been filed by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) and the Central Burea of Investigation .
  22. 22. Bofors scandal  The Bofors scandal was a major corruption scandal in India in the 1980s and 1990s, initiated by Congress politicians and implicating the prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi and several others who were accused of receiving kickbacks from Bofors AB for winning a bid to supply India's 155 mm field howitzer.  The Swedish company paid 640 million (US$9.8 million) in kickbacks to top Indian politicians and key defence officials .  When this news was carried by the Indian media, the Rajiv Gandhi-led government promptly denied the report. The scale of the corruption was far worse than any that India had seen before.
  23. 23. WHY CONGRESS AGAIN?      There are many reasons why the Congress remains unique among all political parties in India.The Congress is the only all-India party in the country, the only national political force with a presence in each and every region of this vast country. Whether in power or out, the Congress is a visible and tangible political force in villages, towns and cities all across India. The Congress is the only political party that derives its strength and support from, and appeals to, each and every section of our variegated society. It is the only political party that has provided for reservations in its organization for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, 0BCs minorities and women. The Congress is the only party whose philosophy on governance is rooted in democratic values, combining sustainable economic growth with social justice, and marrying economic liberalization to social liberalism. The Congress way is the way of dialogue, not discord. The Congress way is the way of accommodation, not acrimony. The Congress is the only party whose philosophy of governance is based on a strong centre working purposefully with strong states and with empowered local self-government institutions. Rajniti Se Lok Niti, Gram Sabha Se Lok Sabha remains its objective. The Congress has always been a party of youth. It respects age and seniority but youthful energy and dynamism has always been its hallmark. In 1989, it was Rajiv Gandhi who reduced the voting age to 18. It was Rajiv Gandhi who declared Swami Vivekanandas birth anniversary on January 12th as National Youth Day. It was also he who expanded the network of Nehru Yuvak Kendras to cover all the districts of the country.
  24. 24. THANK YOU ALL…..
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