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Urban Transport Planning

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Preamble
 Transportation planning is an integral part of overall
urban planning and needs systematic approach.
 Travel d...
Transport Planning
LEVEL 4
Planning, design, operation
of single facility
LEVEL 3
Coordination of single mode
network/syst...
Transport Planning Module
• Developing a transport policy – issues to be
considered and options
• Set up vision, goals and...
Transport Planning Process
• Traditional way – model based, susceptible to
manipulation, may not be suitable for fast
grow...
The Traditional Way
Four Step Model:
1. Trip generation, based on production and
attraction factors
2. Trip distribution –...
Contemporary Planning
Private modes dominate

Public modes dominate
Low mobility
cities

Continued
motorization

Rapid mot...
Vision
The transport vision statement should be in line with the
following:
Definition of sustainable transport system –‘...
Goals and Objectives
The Plan – Basic Steps
1. Mobilization of human and material resources and
reconnaissance survey of the city
2. Primary an...
The Plan – Basic Steps (contd.)
8. Identifying and prioritizing improvements (includes one or
more options for each infras...
Integrated Land Use and Transport
Strategy - Objectives
The objectives of an integrated land use and transport
development...
Public Transit Strategy
The objectives of this strategy would be the following:
• More space allocation for public transit...
Role of Para Transit
Para transit is normally expected to fulfill a need
that neither public transport or personal vehicl...
Emphasis on Non Motorized Transit
(NMT)
GOALS:
1. Presence of NMT Track: All JnNURM cities to have NMT
tracks on all major...
Climate Change – Adaptation
Strategies
1) Information sharing and awareness for the need to adapt are
important components...
Climate Change – Adaptation
Strategies (contd.)
5) Planning with resilient design standards, technologies,
materials for i...
Comprehensive Mobility Plan (CMP)
a strategic planning approach
In accordance with the objectives of NUTP, a CMP
includes ...
Institutional and Capacity Building
Measures
o Establishing a central nodal authority (UMTA) responsible for
all transport...
Financing of Plan/Projects
• Cost estimates of the identified projects and potential funding
resources need to be identifi...
Thanks!
Urban Transportation Planning
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Urban Transportation Planning

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  • Transcript of "Urban Transportation Planning"

    1. 1. Urban Transport Planning  
    2. 2. Preamble  Transportation planning is an integral part of overall urban planning and needs systematic approach.  Travel demand estimation is an important part of comprehensive transportation planning process.  However, planning does not end by predicting travel demand.  The ultimate aim of urban transport planning is to generate alternatives for improving transportation system to meet future demand and selecting the best alternative after proper evaluation.
    3. 3. Transport Planning LEVEL 4 Planning, design, operation of single facility LEVEL 3 Coordination of single mode network/system LEVEL 2 Integration of multimodal network/system Intersection Plaza Urban Streets Urban Streets Transit Network o r Transit Auto Highway Pedestrian Economy LEVEL 1 City Transport Balance Housing Social Conditions City Transport Environment
    4. 4. Transport Planning Module • Developing a transport policy – issues to be considered and options • Set up vision, goals and strategies for cities towards achieving a livable atmosphere • Understand the nuances of comprehensive mobility planning studies; criteria for planning (service level benchmarks) and TDM as a strategy for improved mobility in cities
    5. 5. Transport Planning Process • Traditional way – model based, susceptible to manipulation, may not be suitable for fast growing cities with resource constraints • Contemporary way – strategic planning approach based on professional understanding and public participation
    6. 6. The Traditional Way Four Step Model: 1. Trip generation, based on production and attraction factors 2. Trip distribution – growth factor models and synthetic (gravity) models 3. Modal split – choice of mode 4. Trip assignment – which route? (leading to future capacity analysis of roads)
    7. 7. Contemporary Planning Private modes dominate Public modes dominate Low mobility cities Continued motorization Rapid motorization Low road + public investment Slow motorization Moderate roadbuildings Mass transit investment Transit Oriented Development Unrestrained motorization Continued motorization Restrained private cars Invest in alternatives Spectrum of City Types between Car and Transit Cities High mobility cities Model shows intended or potential transport development paths for developing cities
    8. 8. Vision The transport vision statement should be in line with the following: Definition of sustainable transport system –‘a transport system where every individual or traveler category in a city is able to fulfill their mobility needs in a quick, affordable, safe, reliable, comfortable, energy efficient and environmentally benign manner’ The key focus area of NUTP- ‘people should occupy centerstage in our cities and all plans would be for their common benefit and well being’ The objectives of the National Mission on Sustainable Habitat i.e. promote energy efficiency and reduce emissions from transport sector
    9. 9. Goals and Objectives
    10. 10. The Plan – Basic Steps 1. Mobilization of human and material resources and reconnaissance survey of the city 2. Primary and secondary surveys 3. Travel demand modeling (CUBE 4.1 model was used) 4. Preparation of short term strategies 5. Preparation of alternative transport plans and land use plans 6. Development of transport vision and strategy (citizens groups adequately involved) 7. Development of project evaluation and screening framework (provides a sound for evaluating the impacts of plan proposals; includes public involvement)
    11. 11. The Plan – Basic Steps (contd.) 8. Identifying and prioritizing improvements (includes one or more options for each infrastructure project and assessment of cost, revenue, etc., for each option; phasing of projects suggested) 9. Recommendations of institutional set-up 10. Economic evaluation of CMP proposals 11. Preparation of Draft Mobility Plan 12. Stakeholder participation (citizen groups involved to disseminate plan proposals and solicit their concerns and suggestions) 13. Revision of the Plan to include stakeholder concerns/suggestions
    12. 12. Integrated Land Use and Transport Strategy - Objectives The objectives of an integrated land use and transport development strategy are to: • Promote balanced spatial growth • Minimize land requirements for transport • Promote transit oriented growth • Reduce the need to travel • Encourage walkable/cyclable neighbourhoods
    13. 13. Public Transit Strategy The objectives of this strategy would be the following: • More space allocation for public transit on roads • Public transit to serve the entire population • Promoting public transit connectivity to the urban poor that is affordable • Design of public transit infrastructure to cater to the needs of the vulnerable users like women, children, senior citizens and the physically challenged • Intermodal stations to facilitate seamless transfers • Integration of IPT and NMT modes
    14. 14. Role of Para Transit Para transit is normally expected to fulfill a need that neither public transport or personal vehicles are able to fulfill. Para transit would not normally be used for regular commute trips to work or school. However, when the quality of public transport deteriorates, para-transit tends to substitute for public transport. Unfortunately, this has started happening in many Indian cities. NUTP 2006 seek to restore para-transit to its normal role by persuading the improvement of public transport.
    15. 15. Emphasis on Non Motorized Transit (NMT) GOALS: 1. Presence of NMT Track: All JnNURM cities to have NMT tracks on all major roads within a year. 2. NMT Coverage (% network covered): At least 25% network with in a year. The width of pedestrian path and cycle track can be combined if the roads are too narrow 3. Encroachment on NMT roads by Vehicle parking (%): Target should be to have not more than 30% of NMV roads encroached i.e. LoS of 3 within 1 year. 4. NMT parking facilities at Interchanges (%): Create NMT parking near all major bus stops, terminals and railway stations with in a year.
    16. 16. Climate Change – Adaptation Strategies 1) Information sharing and awareness for the need to adapt are important components to improve the capacity of the citizens and the decision makers to adapt. 2) To take into account the future climate change impacts, there is need to gather data, study vulnerabilities, with strong focus on different stakeholders. 3) Robust decision making is required that would involve prediction of different scenarios under different combinations of climate change and socio-economic impacts, and planning to reduce vulnerabilities of the systems. 4) Identification of high risk areas.
    17. 17. Climate Change – Adaptation Strategies (contd.) 5) Planning with resilient design standards, technologies, materials for infrastructure construction. 6) Planning with sufficient redundancy to allow for alternatives ways for mobility. 7) Improved drainage systems. 8) Urban planning with focus on high risk areas. 9) Compact urban planning minimizing the need for road infrastructure. 10)Regular maintenance of all infrastructures.
    18. 18. Comprehensive Mobility Plan (CMP) a strategic planning approach In accordance with the objectives of NUTP, a CMP includes the following major outcomes: • Long-term visions and goals, • A preferred form of urban growth • List of proposed urban transport measures and • Priority projects, based on Alternative Analysis • Project sheets • Indicative costing • Implementation schedules (short, medium and long term)
    19. 19. Institutional and Capacity Building Measures o Establishing a central nodal authority (UMTA) responsible for all transport initiatives and planning for million plus cities o Modifying the enabling legislations and establish fare policies and fare regulators o Assessments of demand, route rationalization, contracting, performance monitoring of projects o Capacity building of urban development, urban design, transport planning, PPP procedures, demand management, traffic engineering, police training, road user education, etc need to be conducted for planning bodies (institutional and individual capacity building) and citizens, as applicable
    20. 20. Financing of Plan/Projects • Cost estimates of the identified projects and potential funding resources need to be identified. • The key sources of funds usually include the local government through user charges, central and state governments, private sector and multilateral funding. • Other innovative mechanism can also be included. It can also include involvement of private sector in implementation and management. • Financing high cost mass transit systems may need setting up Special Purpose Vehicles (SPV) where government pays for infrastructure but users (direct and indirect beneficiaries) must pay for the rolling stock and operations
    21. 21. Thanks!
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