Public Participation

1,612 views
1,473 views

Published on

Public Participation

Published in: Education, Technology, Real Estate
0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,612
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
153
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Public participation is a political principle or practice, and may also recognised as a right (right to public participation). The terms public participation may be used interchangeably with the concept or practice of stakeholder engagement and/or popular participation.Generally public participation seeks and facilitates the involvement of those potentially affected by or interested in a decision.
  • The principle of public participation holds that those who are affected by a decision have a right to be involved in the decision-making process. Public participation implies that the public's contribution will influence the decision.Public participation is part of “people centred” or "human centric" principles, which have emerged in Western culture over the last thirty years, and has had some bearings of education, business, public policy and international relief and development programs.Public participation may be regarded as a way of empowerment and as vital part of democratic governance.
  • An Overall Change StrategyThis is usually a long-term plan that embodies our vision and reflects where we are, where we want to go and how we can get there.A CampaignThis is a medium-term plan with activities aimed at influencing the policy environment and public opinion. The activities are intended to achieve some of your advocacy strategyObjectives.
  • Tactics, Actions, or ActivitiesThese are usually short-term activities within a larger change strategy, designed for a specific moment and opportunity. They could include research and media work to shape the campaign and capture the attention of people in power in relation to issue. These activities are often referred to as strategies as well.Impact AssessmentThis involves monitoring your impact so we can change our strategy, campaign, and activities as necessary.
  • If a community plans for a citizen participation event, say a public educational session, but fails to encourage participation, the event will not likely draw a large crowd.Likewise, encouraging people to participate without developing opportunities for their involvement will likely increase public confusion and lead to less participation.Many citizens do not possess the skills necessary to act effectively on their own—they need training.A series of educational sessions prior to the start of the comprehensive planning effort can provide orientation, build trust and develop a common level of understanding among the roader public related to planning and public involvement topics. This capacity building will help prepare citizens for the more rigorous and diffrent public involvement methods.
  • First, the audience. Whom we are trying to reach? What are common traits and characteristics does the audience share?2. Next, message. What is the message we want to send to our target audience? When crafting our message, be direct. know our audience. Be respectful intone and content. Be informative and communicate value. Be creative in delivering your message—make it interesting and easy to look at.The primary purpose of this method is to create public awareness. A secondary purpose is to provide education.
  • Direct mail works best when you have a simple message and an easily identifiable target audience. It doesn’t work well with complicated messages and diverse target audiences.Direct mail requires little time commitment by Citizens. direct mail can reach or engage a large number of people. Direct mail requires a moderate to high resource commitment by local governments , depending on the number of people targeted and the material delivered.
  • News releases and mass media promote public awareness and education via media outlets in an effort to keep the public informed without relying entirely on the initiative of reporters to get the word out.Always put the information in its proper context—make the meaning of the message clear by giving adequate background information. Be concise. Send a few short messages, rather than a big, complex message.
  • News releases and use of mass media works best to announce developments and decisions.News releases and use of mass media require little time commitment by citizens.News releases and use of mass media can reach or engage a large number of people. News releases and use of mass media require a low resource commitment by local governments.
  • Shopping centers, vacant storefronts, fairs, libraries and municipal centers are all good places for displays and exhibits.Another effective way to convey a message to the public is by setting up a booth staffed by individuals knowledgeable about the topic or issue. Staffed displays and exhibits give the public an opportunity to ask specific questions and share their concerns or reactions regarding the information presented.
  • Characteristics1. Displays and exhibits are most effective when used in coordination with other citizen participation techniques, such as open houses, visioning processes, or charettes.2. They are often set up in a place that the public is at for other purposes so that people don’t have to go out of their way to participate.
  • 1. Purpose – What the public is involved to do and when.2. People – People involved in participation.3. Methods – The methods or tools used to engage the public.4. Evaluation – Procedures for documenting and evaluating participation activities.
  • Participation is challenging, but is necessary to help planners make better decisions and a more thoughtful community plan. The Public Participation Plan can make the most effective use of limited public budgets and the public’s valuable participation time. The Four Cornerstones provide the framework to pack the PPP with necessary information, so local planning officials can engage the public effectively to reach desired outcomes. The PPP must also include provisions to identify whether public participation is reaching desired goals by documenting and evaluating activities. In summary, participation conducted concurrently to the planning process, with a broad array of relevant stakeholders, using a variety of methods to achieve various tasks, and by evaluating the results, participation can be both functional for planning and meaningful to the public.
  • Public Participation

    1. 1. PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING PRESENTED BY: Piter Biswas SPA Bhopal
    2. 2. DEFINITION • Political principle or practice, and may also recognised as a right. • Practice of stakeholder engagement and popular participation. • Seeks and facilitates the involvement of those potentially affected by or interested in a decision.
    3. 3. •The people affected by a decision have a right to be involved in the decision-making process. •The public's contribution will influence the decision. •Part of “people centred” or "human centric" principles. •Way of empowerment and as vital part of democratic governance.
    4. 4. ADVOCACY PLANNING Advocacy planning is about the development of. • An Overall Change Strategy  long-term plan that embodies vision and reflects where we are, where we want to go and how we can get there. • A Campaign  medium-term plan with activities aimed at influencing the policy environment and public opinion.
    5. 5. • Tactics, Actions, or Activities  short-term activities within a larger change strategy, designed for a specific moment and opportunity. Advocacy planning is a continual process. If some groups have not been involved in the initial stages of planning, they can be included later when plans are being reviewed and modified.
    6. 6. METHODS FOR INVOLVING CITIZENS • Citizens must be given the opportunity and encouragement to participate. • Many citizens do not possess the skills necessary to act effectively on their own.
    7. 7. Commonly used Methods • Direct Mail • News releases and mass media. • Displays and exhibits. • Open houses. • Public hearing. • Opinion survey. • Citizen advisory committee.
    8. 8. Direct Mail Description: Two basic components- 1. An audience 2. A message Purpose- 1. Awareness 2. Education
    9. 9. Characteristics- • Direct mail works best when you have a simple message and an easily identifiable target audience. • Direct mail requires little time commitment by citizens. • Direct mail can reach or engage a large number of people. • Requires a moderate to high resource commitment by local governments
    10. 10. Use in the planning process- Direct mail can be used throughout the planning process, but will be most effective early in the process when a large number of people can be reached. An effective early message is key to improving awareness of the planning project
    11. 11. News releases and mass media Description: • It promotes public awareness and education via media outlets. • Craft the message that you wish to communicate and determine the best media to convey the message. • Be concise. Purpose- 1. Awareness 2. Education 3. Reaches to larger population.
    12. 12. Characteristics- • Works best to announce developments and decisions. • Require little time commitment by citizens. • Can reach or engage a large number of people. • Require a low resource commitment by local governments.
    13. 13. Use in the planning process- News releases and use of mass media is appropriate throughout the planning process. In fact, it may be one of the most effective ways to keep the project in the public eye.
    14. 14. Displays and exhibits Description: • Shopping centres , vacant storefronts, fairs, libraries and municipal centres are all good places for displays and exhibits. • Setting up a booth staffed by individuals knowledgeable about the topic or issue. Purpose- • Awareness • Education
    15. 15. Characteristics- • Most effective when used in coordination with other citizen participation techniques, such as open houses, visioning processes, or charities. • Purposes so that people don’t have to go out of their way to participate. Use in the planning process- They can be used in the plan review stage to provide information to citizens regarding opportunities to participate in that process.
    16. 16. Open houses Description: Two main objectives of an open house: • To expose citizens to information and ideas that support the planning effort. • To provide citizens with an opportunity to ask questions, express concerns, and react to information and ideas. Purpose- • Obtain Public feedback. • Awareness • Education
    17. 17. Characteristics- • Provide citizens an opportunity to ask questions and voice their hopes and concerns directly to elected officials. • Require a moderate time commitment from citizens. • Potential to reach a moderate number of people in the community. • Use in the planning process Identification and visioning step, the strategy formulation step, and the plan review step of the comprehensive planning process.
    18. 18. Public hearings Description- • A summary of why the hearing is being held. • Alternative solutions , including any recommended or preferred solutions to an issue or issues. • Public comments that react to, support, or oppose the solutions being considered. These comments become part of the official record of the hearing.
    19. 19. Purpose- • Present public with recommended courses of action. • Opportunity for public comment. Characteristics- • Perfect setting for confrontation and conflict. • Involving citizens in the devlopment of proposals.
    20. 20. Use in the planning process- • A public hearing is part of the minimum legal requirement for comprehensive planning and citizen participation. • Any public hearing is greatly improved with proper planning, education
    21. 21. Opinion surveys Description- • The knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, opini ons, behaviour and other attributes of citizens surveys can be conducted orally. Purposes- • Public input • Opportunity for every household to be involved.
    22. 22. Characteristics- • Opinion surveys have the advantage of systematically describing the views of a large number of citizens. • The citizen time commitment associated with opinion surveys is moderate. Use in the planning process- • Opinion surveys can be used very effectively during the issue identification and visioning step of comprehensive planning.
    23. 23. PURPOSES OF CITIZEN PARTICIPATION
    24. 24. PURPOSES OF CITIZEN INVOLVEMENT
    25. 25. IMPORTANCE OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION • Opportunities for mutual education of everyone involved. • Decision makers, in a relatively short amount of time, often can get additional information, technical expertise, creativity . • Taking part in effective public participation encourages civic and community responsibility in meaningful ways.
    26. 26. FOUR CORNERSTONES OF THE P.P.P.
    27. 27. PUBLIC POLICY • In few countries public participation has become a central principle of public policy making. • Large-scale consultations, focus group research, online discussion forums, or deliberative citizens' juries. • A tool, intended to inform planning, organising or funding of activities. • In the USA proposed rules are subject to public comment for a specified period of time. • Statutes or agency policies may mandate
    28. 28. MERITS OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION • Improve qualities of decision. • Minimizing cost and delays • Increase ease of implementation. • Avoiding worst case of conflictation.
    29. 29. Thank You

    ×