Operating System Software

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Slideshow about Mac OS, Windows, and Linux.

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Operating System Software

  1. 1. OPERATING SYSTEM SOFTWARE By: Reese Daniel, Jason Lee, Jonathan Zak
  2. 2. Operating System Software Basic Definition  The software on a computer that manages all the activity that occurs.  Supplies user with a graphical interface with which to interact with the computer.
  3. 3. Examples  Two main foundations:  DOS (Windows)  Unix (Linux and Mac OS X) Sources: stocklogos.com wikipedia.org apple.com
  4. 4. History of Windows  1975- Bill Gates and Paul Allen (co- founders of Microsoft) team up to create a partnership called Microsoft.  1980- Steve Ballamer joins. IBM proposes they create an operating system for IBM PCs. Microsoft creates “Ms-DOS”.  Fun Fact: Ms-DOS stands for Microsoft Disk Operating System.
  5. 5. History of Windows  1981- IBM PCs with Ms-DOS released to public.  1982-1985- Microsoft works on Interface Manager. Chooses name Windows instead due to ‘boxes’ or ‘windows’.  1983- Windows is announced.  1987- Upgraded version of Windows: Windows 2.0. * *Source: toastytech.com
  6. 6. History of Windows  1990- Microsoft releases Windows 3.0 and 3.1 two years later. Upgraded graphics performance and icons. 10 million combined copies sold.  1993- Windows NT released.  1995- Windows 95: email, internet, games and software. Sells 5 million in 5 weeks.  1998-2000– Windows 98, Windows 2000, and Windows ME released. Speed/graphics.
  7. 7. History of Windows  2001- Windows XP released.  2006- Windows Vista released: stronger security.  2012- Windows 8 most modern version. Windows 8. Source: pcadvisor.co.uk
  8. 8. Mac OS Overview  Created by Apple, based on Unix.  Runs on Apple Macintosh computers only.  GUI similar to Windows, but there are some differences.  Known for being named after cats.
  9. 9. History of Mac OS “System Software” 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1991 System 1 System 2 System 3 System 4 System 6 System 7 - First OS to use GUI instead of a command line. - First OS to have treed- directories. - Too large to fit on floppy disk. - Drag and drop. System 2.0 desktop and file system. Image source: businessinsider.com
  10. 10. History of Mac OS “Mac OS” 1997 1999 Mac OS 8 Mac OS 9 - First OS to use “Mac OS” name. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2005 2007 2009 Mac OS X Puma (10.1) Jaguar (10.2) Panther (10.3) Tiger (10.4) Leopard (10.5) Snow Leopard (10.6) - Cheetah - New, modern look. - Dock. - Speed. - Drivers. - Known by codename. - Faster. - New graphics. -Time Machine. Mac OS X. Source: thenextweb.com
  11. 11. History of Mac OS Today and Tomorrow 2011 2012 Fall 2013 What’s Next Lion (10.7) Mountai n Lion (10.8) Mavericks (10.9) - OS 11 - No CD. -AutoSave/ Versions - iCloud. - New name. - Performance/ battery life. - OS 10.10 - Something completely different? < Mac OS X Mavericks. Source: pcmag.com iCloud. > Source: apple.com
  12. 12. History of Linux  Began in 1991 by computer science student Linus Torvalds.  Linux has become a free, open source, worldwide operating system.  Linux competes to become one of the best operating systems.  Companies take advantage of Linux’s security and cheap licensing costs.
  13. 13. History of Linux  1985- Free Software Foundation established.  September 1991- Linux version 0.01 is created and put on the Internet.  October 1992- First version of Linux. 10MB of space on disk was recommended.  1993- Version 1.0 of Slackware is released.
  14. 14. History of Linux  March 1994- Linux Kernel 1.0 released. First issue of Linux Journal published. V1.0 of Suse Linux released. First version of Red Hat Linux. Caldera Linux distributor is founded.  1998- The Open Source Initiative is founded. Google search runs Linux. Penguin Computing the first hardware company to only produce Linux systems.  1999- Linux kernel v.2.2 is released.
  15. 15. History of Linux  2004- First version of Ubuntu Linux is released. ^ Source: linux.org < Source: ubuntu.com
  16. 16. Quiz Time!
  17. 17. Quiz Time! 1) Who were the two founders of Microsoft? A) Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak B) Bill Gates and Paul Allen C) Bill Gates and Linus Torvalds
  18. 18. Quiz Time! 1) Who were the two founders of Microsoft? A) Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak B) Bill Gates and Paul Allen C) Bill Gates and Linus Torvalds
  19. 19. Quiz Time! 2) What does MS-DOS stand for? A) Microsoft Dull Operating System B) Microsoft Directory Operating System C) Microsoft Disk Operating System
  20. 20. Quiz Time! 2) What does MS-DOS stand for? A) Microsoft Dull Operating System B) Microsoft Directory Operating System C) Microsoft Disk Operating System
  21. 21. Quiz Time! 3) Which company created Mac OS? A) Microsoft B) Apple C) System Software
  22. 22. Quiz Time! 3) Which company created Mac OS? A) Microsoft B) Apple C) System Software
  23. 23. Quiz Time! 4) Mac OS X versions are known for being named after...? A) Cats B) Zoo animals C) Sports teams
  24. 24. Quiz Time! 4) Mac OS X versions are known for being named after...? A) Cats B) Zoo animals C) Sports teams
  25. 25. Quiz Time! 5) What was the main objective of creating Linux? A) Make as much money as possible B) Make a secure operating system C) Make a budget-free operating system.
  26. 26. Quiz Time! 5) What was the main objective of creating Linux? A) Make as much money as possible B) Make a secure operating system C) Make a budget-free operating system.
  27. 27. Quiz Time! 6) When was the first release of the Linux operating system? A) September 1991 B) June 2012 C) March 2000
  28. 28. Quiz Time! 6) When was the first release of the Linux operating system? A) September 1991 B) June 2012 C) March 2000
  29. 29. Conclusion  It’s what you see: GUI.  It’s what you don’t see: manager of all the activity behind the scenes.  Different versions, distributions, and ‘brands’ of operating systems.
  30. 30. Thank you for your time!
  31. 31. Bibliography Microsoft research: “A History of Windows Highlights from the First 25 Years” http://windows.microsoft.com/en-CA/windows/history Mac OS research: “The Evolution of Mac OS, From 1984 to Mountain Lion” http://mashable.com/2012/02/17/mac-os-timeline/ “Apple OS History” http://www.computerhope.com/history/macos.htm “Apple Mac OS X: a history in pictures” http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/apple/8635180/Apple-Mac- OS-X-a-history-in-pictures.html Linux research: “Linux History and Resources” http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/techcareersskills/p/Linux.htm “What Is Linux: An Overview of the Linux Operating System” http://www.linux.com/learn/new-user-guides/376-linux-is- everywhere-an-overview-of-the-linux-operating-system “Linux Timeline” http://www.linuxjournal.com/article/9065

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