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Collapse of soviet union
 

Collapse of soviet union

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    Collapse of soviet union Collapse of soviet union Presentation Transcript

    • Collapse of Soviet Union By: Hayley Robinson
    • Soviet Union Before
      • Stalin in power
      • Soviet workers expected to produce goods with little in return
      • Enhanced reputation with testing of hydrogen bonds – 1953 & Sputnik I – 1957
      • People shortchanged – housing shortage was severe. The average Russian family lived in a one room apartment.
      • Stalin distrusted competitors, had little respect for communist party leaders
      • 1946 – government decreed all literary/scientific work had to conform to the political needs of the state
      • March 5, 1953 – Stalin dies
    • 1960's – 1970's
      • Nikita Khrushchev removed from office – 1964
      • Leonid Brezhnev dominant leader – 1970's
      • Brezhnev emphasized heavy industry
      • Government's central planning led to bureaucracy that discouraged efficiency & led to indifference
      • Collective farmers had no incentive to work hard
      • Communist ruling class had become corrupt
    • 1980's
      • Soviet Union had many problems
        • Declining economy
        • Rise in infant mortality rates
        • Dramatic surge in alcoholism
        • Poor working conditions
      • March 1985 – Mikhail Gorbachev new leader of Soviet Union
    • Mikhail Gorbachev
      • Preached the need for reforms. The basis being perestroika – meaning restructuring
      • First meant to restructure economic policy, but realized this would fail without political reform
      • At Communist Party conference in 1988, he established a new Soviet parliament – Congress of People's Deputies
      • He did away with a constitutional provision that guaranteed the Communist Party a “leading role” in government
      • As Communist Party being less closely tied to the Soviet Union, the first secretary (Gorbachev) had less power
      • March 1990 Gorbachev was Soviet's first and last president
    • End of the Soviet Union
      • One problem was the 92 ethnic groups and 112 different languages that released tensions once the iron grip was released.
      • 1989-1990 – calls for independence in Soviet Georgia, Latvia, Estonia, Moldavia, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, and Lithuania
      • December 1991 – Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus announced the Soviet Union had “ceased to exist”
      • Gorbachev resigned on December 25, 1991, & responsibilities were given to Boris Yeltsin, the new president of Russia
    • Soviet Union
    • Spielvogel, Jackson J. &quot;Decline of the Soviet Union.&quot; World History Modern Times . Glencoe, 2005. 657-60. Print. Wilson, Steve. &quot;Fall of the Soviet Union.&quot; Essortment Articles: Free Online Articles on Health, Science, Education & More.. 2002. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. < http://www.essortment.com/all/fallofthesovi_rkcm.htm >. &quot;Fall of The Soviet Union.&quot; The Cold War Museum . Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://www.coldwar.org/articles/90s/fall_of_the_soviet_union.asp>. Citations