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Collapse of Soviet Union By: Hayley Robinson
Soviet Union Before <ul><li>Stalin in power
Soviet workers expected to produce goods with little in return
Enhanced reputation with testing of hydrogen bonds – 1953 & Sputnik I – 1957
People shortchanged – housing shortage was severe. The average Russian family lived in a one room apartment.
Stalin distrusted competitors, had little respect for communist party leaders
1946 – government decreed all literary/scientific work had to conform to the political needs of the state
March 5, 1953 – Stalin dies </li></ul>
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Collapse of soviet union

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Transcript of "Collapse of soviet union"

  1. 1. Collapse of Soviet Union By: Hayley Robinson
  2. 2. Soviet Union Before <ul><li>Stalin in power
  3. 3. Soviet workers expected to produce goods with little in return
  4. 4. Enhanced reputation with testing of hydrogen bonds – 1953 & Sputnik I – 1957
  5. 5. People shortchanged – housing shortage was severe. The average Russian family lived in a one room apartment.
  6. 6. Stalin distrusted competitors, had little respect for communist party leaders
  7. 7. 1946 – government decreed all literary/scientific work had to conform to the political needs of the state
  8. 8. March 5, 1953 – Stalin dies </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1960's – 1970's <ul><li>Nikita Khrushchev removed from office – 1964
  10. 10. Leonid Brezhnev dominant leader – 1970's
  11. 11. Brezhnev emphasized heavy industry
  12. 12. Government's central planning led to bureaucracy that discouraged efficiency & led to indifference
  13. 13. Collective farmers had no incentive to work hard
  14. 14. Communist ruling class had become corrupt </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1980's <ul><li>Soviet Union had many problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Declining economy
  16. 16. Rise in infant mortality rates
  17. 17. Dramatic surge in alcoholism
  18. 18. Poor working conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>March 1985 – Mikhail Gorbachev new leader of Soviet Union </li></ul>
  19. 19. Mikhail Gorbachev <ul><li>Preached the need for reforms. The basis being perestroika – meaning restructuring
  20. 20. First meant to restructure economic policy, but realized this would fail without political reform
  21. 21. At Communist Party conference in 1988, he established a new Soviet parliament – Congress of People's Deputies
  22. 22. He did away with a constitutional provision that guaranteed the Communist Party a “leading role” in government
  23. 23. As Communist Party being less closely tied to the Soviet Union, the first secretary (Gorbachev) had less power
  24. 24. March 1990 Gorbachev was Soviet's first and last president </li></ul>
  25. 25. End of the Soviet Union <ul><li>One problem was the 92 ethnic groups and 112 different languages that released tensions once the iron grip was released.
  26. 26. 1989-1990 – calls for independence in Soviet Georgia, Latvia, Estonia, Moldavia, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, and Lithuania
  27. 27. December 1991 – Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus announced the Soviet Union had “ceased to exist”
  28. 28. Gorbachev resigned on December 25, 1991, & responsibilities were given to Boris Yeltsin, the new president of Russia </li></ul>
  29. 29. Soviet Union
  30. 30. Spielvogel, Jackson J. &quot;Decline of the Soviet Union.&quot; World History Modern Times . Glencoe, 2005. 657-60. Print. Wilson, Steve. &quot;Fall of the Soviet Union.&quot; Essortment Articles: Free Online Articles on Health, Science, Education & More.. 2002. Web. 15 Apr. 2010. < http://www.essortment.com/all/fallofthesovi_rkcm.htm >. &quot;Fall of The Soviet Union.&quot; The Cold War Museum . Web. 15 Apr. 2010. <http://www.coldwar.org/articles/90s/fall_of_the_soviet_union.asp>. Citations
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