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Classification of living things

Classification of living things

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  • 1. How are living things the same and different? Chapter 1: Lesson 2 Grade 5
  • 2. Classification of Living Things
  • 3. What is classification? It is the grouping of living organisms according to similar characteristics.
  • 4.  A scientist called Aristotle grouped animals according to the way they moved
  • 5. The modern classification system was developed by: Carolus Linnaeus
  • 6. The modern classification method consists of 7 levels:  Kingdom  Phylum  Class  Order  Family  Genus  Species
  • 7. • • Which is the biggest group? Which is the smallest group?
  • 8. Helpful way to remember the 7 levels  King Philip Came Over For Green Skittles.  Kids Playing Catch On Freeway Get Squashed.
  • 9. Classification of humans: Latin or Greek name animals chordates mammals primates great apes Man/humans wise - - Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species - - Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
  • 10. The Animal kingdom is divided into 2 groups. Vertebrates Invertebrates Animals with a backbone Animals without a backbone
  • 11. Invertebrates include: Mollusks (include many shelled animals) Echinoderms Snails Star fish Clams Sea urchin
  • 12. Invertebrates also include: Arthropods (Largest invertebrate phylum) Spiders Lobster Crabs Insects
  • 13. Vertebrates include: Mammals Birds Fish Reptiles Amphibians
  • 14. Mammals Hair or fur (to keep warm) Ex. Polar bear Lungs (to breathe in oxygen) Ex. Whales Give birth to babies. (Parents take care of the baby, until it can live alone) Feed their babies milk.
  • 15. Birds Feather s Wings (to help them fly) Penguins have wings but cannot fly. Two legs Lungs (to breathe oxygen from the air) Lay eggs
  • 16. Penguin
  • 17. Crocodile Scales
  • 18. Reptiles Dry skin Skin is covered with scales (thin flat plates to protect the animal) Lungs (reptiles that spend lots of time in water go to the surface to breathe oxygen) Some lay eggs, some give birth.
  • 19. Eggs have tough, leathery shells.
  • 20. Fish Live their whole life in water Gills Skin covered with scales Most lay eggs, Some give birth
  • 21. Amphibians Lay eggs in water Moist skin Young live in water. Adult live on land
  • 22. Salamander Toads Frogs Newt
  • 23. Plant kingdom can be classified as: Vascular plants Non-Vascular plants
  • 24. Vascular plants Have tubes or vessels Phloem Xylem Transports food Transports water
  • 25. Vessels
  • 26. Giant redwood trees.
  • 27. Cactus.
  • 28. Orchids
  • 29. Non- Vascular plants (without vessels) Non vascular plants grow close to the ground to absorb water
  • 30. Non-vascular plants - They don’t have real roots. (They just look like roots) - They have parts that look like stems but they are not real stems. - They have leaf like structures, but they are not real leaves. The leaves, stems and roots are not real BECAUSE: They do not have VESSELS.
  • 31. When non-vascular plants are dry they look like: Dry sponge Non-vascular plants are absorb water like: sponges