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How are living
things the same and
different?
Chapter 1: Lesson 2
Grade 5
Classification of Living
Things
What is classification?
It is the grouping of living
organisms according to
similar characteristics.
 A scientist called Aristotle

grouped animals according to
the way they moved
The modern classification
system was developed by:
Carolus Linnaeus
The modern classification
method consists of 7 levels:

 Kingdom
 Phylum
 Class
 Order

 Family

 Genus
 Species
•
•

Which is the
biggest
group?
Which is the
smallest
group?
Helpful way to remember the 7
levels
 King Philip Came Over For

Green Skittles.
 Kids Playing Catch On Freeway

Get Squ...
Classification of humans:
Latin or Greek name
animals
chordates
mammals
primates
great apes
Man/humans

wise

-

-

Kingdo...
The Animal kingdom is divided
into 2 groups.
Vertebrates

Invertebrates

Animals with a
backbone

Animals without a
backbo...
Invertebrates include:
Mollusks
(include many shelled animals)

Echinoderms

Snails

Star
fish

Clams

Sea
urchin
Invertebrates also include:
Arthropods
(Largest invertebrate phylum)

Spiders

Lobster

Crabs

Insects
Vertebrates include:
Mammals

Birds

Fish

Reptiles
Amphibians
Mammals
Hair or
fur
(to keep
warm)
Ex. Polar
bear

Lungs
(to breathe
in oxygen)
Ex. Whales

Give
birth to
babies.
(Parents...
Birds
Feather
s

Wings
(to help
them fly)
Penguins
have
wings but
cannot
fly.

Two
legs

Lungs
(to
breathe
oxygen
from the...
Penguin
Crocodile

Scales
Reptiles

Dry skin

Skin is
covered
with
scales
(thin flat plates
to protect the
animal)

Lungs
(reptiles that
spend lots ...
Eggs have
tough,
leathery
shells.
Fish
Live their
whole
life in
water

Gills

Skin
covered
with
scales

Most lay
eggs,
Some
give birth
Amphibians
Lay eggs
in water

Moist
skin

Young
live in
water.
Adult live
on land
Salamander

Toads

Frogs

Newt
Plant kingdom can be
classified as:

Vascular
plants

Non-Vascular
plants
Vascular plants
Have tubes or vessels

Phloem

Xylem

Transports food

Transports water
Vessels
Giant redwood trees.
Cactus.
Orchids
Non- Vascular
plants
(without vessels)

Non vascular plants grow close to the
ground to absorb water
Non-vascular plants
- They don’t have real roots. (They just look like roots)
- They have parts that look like stems but t...
When non-vascular plants
are dry they look like:

Dry sponge

Non-vascular plants are
absorb water like:

sponges
Less.2.how are living things similar and different
Less.2.how are living things similar and different
Less.2.how are living things similar and different
Less.2.how are living things similar and different
Less.2.how are living things similar and different
Less.2.how are living things similar and different
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Classification of living things

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Transcript of "Less.2.how are living things similar and different"

  1. 1. How are living things the same and different? Chapter 1: Lesson 2 Grade 5
  2. 2. Classification of Living Things
  3. 3. What is classification? It is the grouping of living organisms according to similar characteristics.
  4. 4.  A scientist called Aristotle grouped animals according to the way they moved
  5. 5. The modern classification system was developed by: Carolus Linnaeus
  6. 6. The modern classification method consists of 7 levels:  Kingdom  Phylum  Class  Order  Family  Genus  Species
  7. 7. • • Which is the biggest group? Which is the smallest group?
  8. 8. Helpful way to remember the 7 levels  King Philip Came Over For Green Skittles.  Kids Playing Catch On Freeway Get Squashed.
  9. 9. Classification of humans: Latin or Greek name animals chordates mammals primates great apes Man/humans wise - - Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species - - Animalia Chordata Mammalia Primates Hominidae Homo sapiens
  10. 10. The Animal kingdom is divided into 2 groups. Vertebrates Invertebrates Animals with a backbone Animals without a backbone
  11. 11. Invertebrates include: Mollusks (include many shelled animals) Echinoderms Snails Star fish Clams Sea urchin
  12. 12. Invertebrates also include: Arthropods (Largest invertebrate phylum) Spiders Lobster Crabs Insects
  13. 13. Vertebrates include: Mammals Birds Fish Reptiles Amphibians
  14. 14. Mammals Hair or fur (to keep warm) Ex. Polar bear Lungs (to breathe in oxygen) Ex. Whales Give birth to babies. (Parents take care of the baby, until it can live alone) Feed their babies milk.
  15. 15. Birds Feather s Wings (to help them fly) Penguins have wings but cannot fly. Two legs Lungs (to breathe oxygen from the air) Lay eggs
  16. 16. Penguin
  17. 17. Crocodile Scales
  18. 18. Reptiles Dry skin Skin is covered with scales (thin flat plates to protect the animal) Lungs (reptiles that spend lots of time in water go to the surface to breathe oxygen) Some lay eggs, some give birth.
  19. 19. Eggs have tough, leathery shells.
  20. 20. Fish Live their whole life in water Gills Skin covered with scales Most lay eggs, Some give birth
  21. 21. Amphibians Lay eggs in water Moist skin Young live in water. Adult live on land
  22. 22. Salamander Toads Frogs Newt
  23. 23. Plant kingdom can be classified as: Vascular plants Non-Vascular plants
  24. 24. Vascular plants Have tubes or vessels Phloem Xylem Transports food Transports water
  25. 25. Vessels
  26. 26. Giant redwood trees.
  27. 27. Cactus.
  28. 28. Orchids
  29. 29. Non- Vascular plants (without vessels) Non vascular plants grow close to the ground to absorb water
  30. 30. Non-vascular plants - They don’t have real roots. (They just look like roots) - They have parts that look like stems but they are not real stems. - They have leaf like structures, but they are not real leaves. The leaves, stems and roots are not real BECAUSE: They do not have VESSELS.
  31. 31. When non-vascular plants are dry they look like: Dry sponge Non-vascular plants are absorb water like: sponges
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