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Chapter 1: Lesson 1:
What are the structures
of plant and animals
cells?
Grade 5
Study the pictures
shown, then circle living
things with a RED marker
and non-living things with
a BLUE marker.
Any living thing.

Organism
What is this building made of?
Cement

Iron

Bricks
(Smallest building unit)

Wood
All organisms are made of
building blocks (units) called

Cells
What do cells do?
Cells help us:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

6)
7)

Grow
Breathe
Move
Reproduce (make more of its kind)
Excrete (remov...
Cells
Smallest unit of living things
that can carry out the basic
processes of life.
Cells
Unicellular

Multicellular

(1 celled
organism)

(Multi celled
organisms)
Animal Cells
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Vacuole
Mitochondrion
Animal Cell organelle functions
1) Cell membrane
- Give the cell its
shape.
- Controls what
materials enter the
cell and w...
2) Cytoplasm
- Gel like liquid mostly
made of water.
- It fills the area between
the cell membrane and
nucleus (organelles...
3) Nucleus
- Have a membrane with
pores to allow certain
substance in and out of
the nucleus.
- Controls all the cell
func...
4) Vacuole
- A membrane covered
structure used for
storage (stores
food, water and wastes).
- Some animal cells have
many ...
5) Mitochondria
- Oval, membrane
covered organelle that
breaks down food to give
energy to the cell (power
plant).
- Anima...
Plant Cell organelle functions
1) Cell Wall
- Stiff structure
outside the cell
membrane.
- It provides the cell
with stren...
2) Cell membrane
- Controls what
materials enter the
cell and what
materials leave the
cell.
3) Cytoplasm
- Gel like liquid
mostly made of
water.
- It fills the area
between the cell
membrane and
nucleus (organelles...
4) Nucleus
- Have a membrane
with pores to allow
certain substance in
and out of the
nucleus.
- Controls all the cell
func...
5) Vacuole
- 1 large central
vacuole used for
storing excess water
and providing extra
support to the plant.
6) Mitochondria
- Oval, membrane
covered organelle
that breaks down
food to give energy to
the cell (power
plant).
7) Chloroplast
- A green structure
where energy from
the sunlight is used
to make the plants
food. (Contains
chlorophyll)
Ch.1.less.1. what are the structures of plant and animals cells
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Transcript of "Ch.1.less.1. what are the structures of plant and animals cells"

  1. 1. Chapter 1: Lesson 1: What are the structures of plant and animals cells? Grade 5
  2. 2. Study the pictures shown, then circle living things with a RED marker and non-living things with a BLUE marker.
  3. 3. Any living thing. Organism
  4. 4. What is this building made of?
  5. 5. Cement Iron Bricks (Smallest building unit) Wood
  6. 6. All organisms are made of building blocks (units) called Cells
  7. 7. What do cells do? Cells help us: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) Grow Breathe Move Reproduce (make more of its kind) Excrete (remove wastes from their bodies) Respond to stimulus (feel the weather changes, etc) Feed
  8. 8. Cells Smallest unit of living things that can carry out the basic processes of life.
  9. 9. Cells Unicellular Multicellular (1 celled organism) (Multi celled organisms)
  10. 10. Animal Cells Cell membrane Cytoplasm Nucleus Vacuole Mitochondrion
  11. 11. Animal Cell organelle functions 1) Cell membrane - Give the cell its shape. - Controls what materials enter the cell and what materials leave the cell.
  12. 12. 2) Cytoplasm - Gel like liquid mostly made of water. - It fills the area between the cell membrane and nucleus (organelles float in it). - Some of the life processes take place in it.
  13. 13. 3) Nucleus - Have a membrane with pores to allow certain substance in and out of the nucleus. - Controls all the cell functions (the brain of the cell).
  14. 14. 4) Vacuole - A membrane covered structure used for storage (stores food, water and wastes). - Some animal cells have many small vacuoles and some do not have vacuoles.
  15. 15. 5) Mitochondria - Oval, membrane covered organelle that breaks down food to give energy to the cell (power plant). - Animal cells that need more energy (ex. muscle cells) have many mitochondria.
  16. 16. Plant Cell organelle functions 1) Cell Wall - Stiff structure outside the cell membrane. - It provides the cell with strength and extra support.
  17. 17. 2) Cell membrane - Controls what materials enter the cell and what materials leave the cell.
  18. 18. 3) Cytoplasm - Gel like liquid mostly made of water. - It fills the area between the cell membrane and nucleus (organelles float in it).
  19. 19. 4) Nucleus - Have a membrane with pores to allow certain substance in and out of the nucleus. - Controls all the cell functions (the brain of the cell).
  20. 20. 5) Vacuole - 1 large central vacuole used for storing excess water and providing extra support to the plant.
  21. 21. 6) Mitochondria - Oval, membrane covered organelle that breaks down food to give energy to the cell (power plant).
  22. 22. 7) Chloroplast - A green structure where energy from the sunlight is used to make the plants food. (Contains chlorophyll)
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