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# Ch.12.less.12.how does light travel and interact with matter

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### Ch.12.less.12.how does light travel and interact with matter

1. 1. How does light travel and interact with matter? Chapter 12: Lesson 3:
2. 2. Distance traveled by light from sun to earth =90 million miles
3. 3. What is light made up of? Electric waves Magnetic waves
4. 4. Light can travel through vacuum. Speed of light in vacuum is faster than its speed in solid, liquid or gas.
5. 5. Distance between one peak and the next in a wave. To calculate the speed of a wave: Speed = Wavelength x frequency
6. 6. Types of materials Transparent Translucent Opaque Allow most light to pass through them. Allow some light to pass through them. No light can pass through them.
7. 7. Determine what is transparent, translucent and opaque.
8. 8. When light does not pass through opaque objects it forms SHADOWS.
9. 9. Position of the SHADOW depends upon the position of the light source. Example:
10. 10. Draw the sunlight rays falling on the objects.
11. 11. Determine the position of the sun in the following pictures.
12. 12. To change the size of the shadow, move closer or away from the light source.
13. 13. How do we see objects? Light hits the objects and scatters (we see objects).
14. 14. Law of reflection: Angle of incoming light = angle of reflected light
15. 15. How can we see images in mirrors?
16. 16. Draw the light rays that helps the girl see her image.
17. 17. The image in a mirror is clear because most of the light is reflected off the mirror’s smooth surface.
18. 18. Look at the spoon in the glass of water. Is the spoon broken?
19. 19. The spoon is not broken. When light enters a different medium it bends and when it is leaving it bends to the opposite side again.
20. 20. Bending of light while passing from on substance to another is called REFRACTION.
21. 21. Draw the light rays to explain what is happening.
22. 22. WaterAir Air Draw the light rays to explain what is Refraction.
23. 23. Sunlight is white light, when it passes through a rain drop it is divided into 7 colors.
24. 24. When white light passes through a prism it comes out as a spectrum (7 colors of rainbow)
25. 25. The colors of the spectrum.
26. 26. Each color has a different wavelength.
27. 27. Red light has long wavelength. Violet light has Short wavelength. The way we see colored objects depends on the color that is reflected.
28. 28. Example: The leaf is green so it absorbs all light and green light is reflected.
29. 29. The apple is red so it absorbs all light and red light is reflected.
30. 30. Predict what light is reflected for you to see the color.
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