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Mo at cec conference eu policy assessment Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Assessment of EU Policy Developments & Global Trends Clean Energy Council: National Conference Adelaide, 3 May 2010 Dr. Marianne Moscoso-Osterkorn REEEP Director General
  • 2. Agenda
    • Overall European Union energy policy
    • EU Renewable Energy regimes
    • Global Renewable Energy assessment
    • REEEP’s global activities
  • 3. EU energy market is driven by a number of interlinked policies Competitiveness
    • Renewable energy
    • Energy efficiency
    • Nuclear
    • Research and innovation
    • Emission trading
    • International Dialogue
    • European stock management (oil/gas)
    • Refining capacity and energy storage
    • Diversification
    • Internal Market
    • Interconnections (Trans - European n etworks)
    • European electricity and gas network
    • Research and innovation
      • Clean coal
      • Carbon sequestration
      • Alternative fuels
      • Energy efficiency
      • Nuclear
    Sustainable Development Security of supply
  • 4. EU energy security can only be achieved through reducing the 70% dependency on energy imports Source: EUROSTAT
  • 5. EU-27 ENERGY MIX Source: EUROSTAT 2004 2030 (BaU) Sustainable development cannot be achieved through “business as usual”
  • 6. EU-27 INVESTMENT NEEDS through 2030: € 1 .79 trillion EU future energy investments must build on low carbon solutions Source: EUROSTAT
  • 7. The key driver for a low carbon future is the 20-20-20 target Source: European Comission
  • 8. The EU Renewables Directive is the central policy instrument for promoting RE development
    • Mandatory national targets , and National Action plans (with sector targets)
      • share of renewables in gross final energy consumption
      • share of renewables in transport
    • New rules (means of cooperation) relating to
      • statistical transfers between Member States
      • joint projects between Member States and with third countries
    • Targeted support schemes
    • New requirements relating to
      • administrative procedures (national, regional, and local coordination)
      • information and training
      • guarantees of origin
      • access to and operation of electricity and gas grids
    • Sustainability criteria for biofuels and other bio-liquids (10%)
  • 9. Shared responsibility among European Member States reflect the differing RE capacity in each country Source: European Comission
  • 10. Feed-in tariffs are the main regulatory driver for RE in EU Certificate systems Feed-In tariffs Quota obligation Fiscal incentives Tenders AT, BG, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FR, GR, HU IT, IE, LT, LU, PT UK, SI, SK NL UK DK, FR, IE BE, IT, SE, RO, PL, UK BG, FI, SI, MT BG Source: OPTRES
  • 11. Thanks to FIT, Germany overachieved its 2010 RES target (12.5%) in 2007
    • German Feed-in Law (EEG) is
      • Purchase price guarantee
      • Grid access guarantee
      • Purchase obligation, priority for feed-in
    • Grid operator buys at predefined rates
    • National equalization fund
    • Every power customer pays
    • Law is reviewed every four years
    • Federal law
    • Annual decrease incentivizes early action
    • Guaranteed for 20 years
    During 2010 the current government has reduced the feed-in tariffs for solar by 16%
  • 12. ROCs, which form the basis for UK’s RE support, are supplemented by PV FIT
    • Since 1.4. 2010 – Feed in tariff for PV
    • Overall goal to address 7 million households
    • Registration under the micro generation Scheme is obligatory
    • Over 25 years
    • The Renewable Obligation Certificate (ROC) – annual obligation for suppliers
    • In case of non compliance: payment into the buy-out fund (2010: 36,99 Pound / MWh)
    • Buy-out fund redistributes for suppliers who meet compliance (2009: 18,61 Pound / ROC)
  • 13. Overinflated FITs can cause unexpected growth, as seen in Spain
    • 436 Royal Decree 2004
    • Overall goal 400MW by 2010 – in 2007 already 344MW were installed
    • 0.44cent/KWh over 25 years
    • Tariff annually adjusted – compensation of inflation
    • Priority access to the grid
    • Cost transferred to all consumers via the grid tariff
    • 616 Royal Decree 2007
    • Overall goal 500 MW by 2010
    • 0.32cent/KWh for ground systems 0.34cent/kWh for roof systems
    • Quarterly adjusted feed in tariff
    • Project must be registered in public registry – currently 392 projects
    • Costs transferred to all customers via grid tariff
  • 14. Global renewable production is expected to double every decade
  • 15. Wind and solar are already well positioned in mainstream utility portfolios Source: emerging energy consulting
  • 16. Wind accounts with 157 GW installed capacity for 1.3% of global electricity production in 2009
  • 17. Solar is the unlimited energy potential – PV, Solar Thermal and CSP will play a critical role in future energy mix
  • 18. In the US alone nearly 3000 MW of CSP are linked to the grid Source: JRC Scientific and Technical Reports
  • 19. Global PV market is still Europe driven - with 18GW installed capacity in 2009, PV accounts currently only for 0.1% of global electricity production.
  • 20. With an average growth rate of more than 20% during recent years, SWHs corresponds to 0.6 % of global electricity generation in 2009 Newly installed capacity in 2008 Growth rate 2006-2008 Main driver: Building codes and incentive schemes
  • 21. Total global wave potential is around 500 to 900 TWh/year – to exploit this potential, targeted support is required Source: Scottish Development International
  • 22. Wind and PV equipment show significant cost reductions Price development PV modules Total wind energy costs per unit of electricity produced by turbine size
  • 23. Change of FITs have a major market impact Czech Republic Spain Dynamic of growth in installed capacity (solar) 2000 MW 414 MW
  • 24. Governments play a critical in renewable energy development
    • Regulatory power
    • - policies and regulatory regimes ( type, duration, transparency, conflicting rules )
    • - institutional support and capacity allocated
    • - international voice
    • Customer Power
    • - public procurement rules
    • - public sector is in many countries biggest energy consumer
    • Ownership power
    • - 80% of utilities are public owned – where government are shareholders
    • - define investment strategy and assign management
  • 25. REEEP is a vehicle to provide necessary support for RE and EE market acceleration
    • REEEP acts as a market facilitator by reducing market barriers for renewables and energy efficiency systems through focus on:
        • policy/regulation development and improvement
        • finance and business models
    • REEEP is driven by a bottom-up approach to meet the real needs on the ground
    • REEEP works with governments as well as with the private sector
    • REEEP is committed to the achievement of MDGs and aims to improve access to sustainable clean energy for the poor
    • REEEP is unique in combining the benefits of renewables and energy efficiency
  • 26. Well-established regional and global network – 320 partners and 3000 associates
    • REEEP Partners include 45 governments –
    • all the G7 countries and 2 “BASIC” countries and Mexico (SA, Brazil, Mexico )
    • States and key agencies from China and India ( NDRC, IREDA )
    • Development Banks and other International Organisations
  • 27. REEEPs international activities are based on a solid governance and regional structure – CEC is our Australian partner Programme Board Matthew Kennedy Finance Committee James Cameron Governing Board Peter Betts International Secretariat Marianne Moscoso - Osterkorn , Director General Meeting of Partners / General Assembly Peter Betts 2 Auditors International Steering Committee RS East Asia CREIA RS Latin America & the Caribbean OAS RS SE Asia-Pacific Australia CEC RS South Asia TERI RS Southern Africa SANERI Regional SC Regional SC Regional SC Regional SC Focal Point Northern Africa MEDREP Focal Point West Africa ECOWAS Georg Baier, Ludovic Lacrosse Regional SC Programme Board Matthew Kennedy Finance Committee James Cameron Governing Board Peter Betts International Secretariat Marianne Moscoso - Osterkorn , Director General Meeting of Partners / General Assembly Peter Betts 2 Auditors International Steering Committee RS East Asia CREIA RS Latin America OAS RS SE Asia & Pacific Australian CEC RS South Asia AEI at TERI RS Southern Africa SANERI Regional SC Regional SC Regional SC Regional SC Focal Point Northern Africa MEDREP Focal Point West Africa ECOWAS Regional SC and Caribbean
  • 28. REEEP projects are all amplified by targeted services Strategic Activities SERN REIL EEC Energy Efficiency Training Programmes Utility Programme Regional Projects Regulatory and Policy Issues Finance and Business Added Value of REEEP: Replication Implementation Leverage Services Information Gateway “reegle" Publications Toolkits Strategic Events
  • 29. REEEP is currently implementing 65 projects in 29 countries – 6 in the Pacific region Projects covering more than one country are listed in all covered regions
  • 30. Projects in Southeast Asia and Pacific - Overview Implementing Partner Project Ministry of Lands, Survey, Natural Resources & Environment (MLSNRE) Clean energy policy and regulation in Tonga The Foundation for Development Cooperation Developing a framework for clean energy microfinance in the Pacific Global Sustainable Energy Solutions Establishment of the Pacific Islands Sustainable Energy Industry Association & Certification Scheme Greenlight Technology Group Hotel sector energy efficiency in Fiji Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC) Energy efficiency policy instruments in Pacific Island countries Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC) Establish Pacific micro energy service companies ( PMESCOs )
  • 31. Future Vision of REEEP
    • Focus on EE and Combined EE and RE interventions – such building sector, transport and agriculture
    • - training programs for architects
    • - sector specific business models on EE and RE such as hotels, SME’s ( metal melting )
    • Focus on regulatory regimes – tariff, access to grid, decentralized grid solutions and smart grid
    • - certificate system in India
    • - Regulation for geothermal in Mexico
    • Work less with NGOs more with regulators, implementing authorities and finance authorities
    • Develop regional and technology specific programs
    • – such as a roll out program for SWH in SA
    • Attract energy experts – change of expertise towards technology and deployment
    • Act as an implementing body for other organization's program
    • - move away from a donor driven organization to a self sustaining entity
  • 32. REEEP International Secretariat Vienna International Centre Room D1738 Vienna, Austria [email_address] +43 1 26026 3425 www.reeep.org www.reegle.info
  • 33. Success story: reegle – clean energy search engine
    • www.reegle.info is an unrivaled tool to find best information on RE and EE
    • all information comes from selected, high-quality sources and can be visualized on a world-map
    • offers the latest news and events (including a frequently updated Clean Energy Blog)
    • connects stakeholders through the reegle Actors Catalogue – one of the largest global database on relevant RE & EE stakeholders
    Languages reegle actually covers sources in English, Spanish and French Visitor numbers Visitor numbers are constantly growing with an average of about 65.000 users/month . Sources More than 370 high quality sources included => more than 220.000 documents can be found via reegle Actors More than 1700 stakeholders and actors included as of 1.4.2010