Gender and Energy

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Gender and Energy, Daphné Barbotte
Southeast Asia & Pacific Regional Secretariat
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP), ICRECC, Suva, Fiji, 7 December 2010

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Gender and Energy

  1. 1. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Gender and Energy Daphné B b D h é Barbotte Southeast Asia & Pacific Regional Secretariat Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP)ICRECC, Suva, Fiji, 7 December 2010Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Absolute poverty = lack of basic human needs 1.7 billion people “live” in absolute poverty worldwide 1
  2. 2. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Part of the population living below the poverty line per countryGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Millennium Development GoalsLinkages toMDGs 2
  3. 3. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010Energypoverty • 1.8 billion people rely on traditional biomass fuels • pollution from these fuels kills about 2.5m women and children each year • kerosene expenditure totals to $38b/year or $50/year/householdGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Breaking the vicious cycleEnergypoverty 3
  4. 4. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Breaking the vicious cycleEnergypovertyGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Lighting as a first stepEnergyladder 4
  5. 5. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010DevelopmentbenefitsGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010MDG linkages toenergy 5
  6. 6. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010MDG linkages toenergyGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Pacific Energy and Gender Network (PEG)Gender and Connect, inform and mobilize peopleEnergy in thePacific and organizations committed to achieving gender equality in energy use. 6
  7. 7. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Appropriate Technology for Community and Environment (APACE) - Micro hydroelectric project  Village developments  Significant impact on womenAPACE microhydroelectricprojectGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Appropriate Technology for Community and Environment (APACE) - Micro hydroelectric project Aim: connect houses, kitchens and church over three separate electrical circuits. A fourth circuit is fed to the 600-student Beulah PSS.APACE microhydroelectric Village development since the electricity supply was connectedproject - Old houses repaired and up-graded. - Street lighting installed. - School kitchen facilities upgraded upgraded. - Purchase of 3 domestic water heaters for families with children. - Start of a fish freezer business.` - Establishment of a rice farm. - Clinic electric power connected. - Church improvements. - All houses and kitchens connected light. - New income-generating activities using electricity: sewing, craft. 7
  8. 8. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Appropriate Technology for Community and Environment (APACE) - Micro hydroelectric project Siginificant impact on Bulelevata women • project policy supportAPACE micro • female project managementhydroelectric • female role modeling at varying levelsproject • specific women’s awareness and training workshops • visits by women to other villages • management committee positions for women • a new village institution for women • technical team leadership by women • logistical project support teams being given equal status to technical project teamsGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Pacific Micro Energy Service Companies (PMESCOs) AIM: create a marketPMESCOs demand for solar home systems 8
  9. 9. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Pacific Micro Energy Service Companies (PMESCOs) KEYS TO SUCCESS:  local knowledgePMESCOs  in-country championGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Pacific Micro Energy Service Companies (PMESCOs)  AIM: create a market demand for solar home systems  METHODOLOGY: find an existing entrepreneur that could learn to incorporate clean energy technologies into his business, conduct community consultations & teach appropriate people about maintenancePMESCOs  KEY TO SUCCESS: have local knowledge & an in- country champion who knows how to inspire p p y p p people and make clean energy to a prospering business 9
  10. 10. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Pacific Micro Energy Service Companies (PMESCOs)PMESCOsGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Pacific Micro Energy Service Companies (PMESCOs)PMESCOs 10
  11. 11. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Pacific Micro Energy Service Companies (PMESCOs)PMESCOsGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Pacific Renewable Energy & Microfinance (PREM) Aim: to assist in the development of innovative & PREM sustainable microfinance for renewable energy and energy efficiency loan ff l products in Fiji, Vanuatu and Samoa. 11
  12. 12. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Pacific Renewable Energy & • Aim: to assist in the development of Microfinance (PREM) innovative & sustainable microfinance for RE and EE l f d loan products in Fiji, d Vanuatu and Samoa • Project outputs:  Baseline survey of microfinance  Development of training materials & training on basic awareness on RE & EE  Environmental risk & needs assessment • Project Partners: – Foundation for Development Cooperation (FDC) & MFIs in Vanuatu, Fiji, SamoaGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Primary lessons from the Pacific region Women &  Draw on the cultural standing of women energy in the Pacific  Involve and empower women within clean energy projects to deliver sustainability and benefit the whole community. These concepts can work in your country 12
  13. 13. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership  an international partnership established at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in JohannesburgREEEP is …  working primarily in developing countries and in countries in transitionGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 REEEP is facilitating the development of market conditions for the accelerated uptake of renewableCore themes energy and energy efficient technologies through:  structuring policy and regulatory initiatives for clean energy, and  facilitating financing for clean energy projects Unique role of bringing the private sector to the table 13
  14. 14. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010REEEP partners- businesses- G8 countries- developing countries- NGOs REEEP Partners include 45 governments – • all the G7 countries and South Africa, Brazil, Mexico ) • States and key agencies from China and India (NDRC, IREDA ) • Development Banks and other International Organisations Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010REEEP Regional REEEP Regional Office  REEEP International  North America SecretariatSecretariats and REEEP Regional Office local partners Latin America &  REEEP Regional Office  Caribbean East Asia REEEP Local Focal Point support the MEDREP REEEP Regional Officeglobal REEEP Local Focal Point  ECOWAS ‐ ECREEE South Asiapartnership’sactivities REEEP Regional Office South East Asia & Pacific REEEP Regional Office  Africa 14
  15. 15. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 REEEP’s goals: i increase th sustainability of d the t i bilit f demand and supply side d d l id of energy systems  reduce market barriers and financial obstacles for renewables and energy efficiency systems  establish on-the-ground project activities that are targeting policy improvements and innovative finance mechanisms  improve energy access for the poor through reliable and clean energy services  replicate success across the developed and developing worldGender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 REEEP is contributing to breaking the vicious cycle 15
  16. 16. 1/11/2011Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010Gender and Energy, ICRECCSuva, Fiji, 7 December 2010 Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Partnership Southeast Asia and Pacific Regional SecretariatThank you 18 Kavanagh St Southbank VIC 3006 Melbourne T: +61 3 9929 4100 www.reeep.org daphne.barbotte@reeep.org www.reegle.info 16

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