The Eiffel Tower was built for the International Exhibition of Paris of 1889 commemorating the centenary of the French Revolution. The Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII of England, opened the tower.
Born on 15 December 1832 in Côte d'Or, France, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel never imagined that he was destined to create some of the world's greatest structures that exist generations into the future. Upon his graduation from the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures in 1855, Eiffel became interested in the construction of metal structures, particularly railways and bridges.
You can get to the Eiffel Tower from one of three Metro stops: Trocadero, Bir Hakeim, or Ecole Militaire. Bir Hakeim is probably the closest but Trocadero located next to the Palais du Chaillot would be the most easiest walk.
The Eiffel Tower is about the only tourist site in Paris that does not participate in the Museum Card.