Stereotypes by rédwane aàouine

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  • 1.  “A fixed general image, characteristic, etc. that a lot of people believe to represent a particular type of person or thing.” (Collins Cobuild Dictionary)  The term stereotype derives from the Greek words στερεός (Stereos), "firm, solid“ and τύπος (typos), "impression," hence "solid impression". 2
  • 2.  When someone claims that members of another culture all share the same, often inferior or offensive characteristics. A Stereotype is a popular belief about specific types of individuals.  Stereotypes are standardized and simplified conceptions of groups based on some prior assumptions. Another name for stereotyping is bias. 3
  • 3.       racial e.g. Red Indians in cowboy films are seen as bloodthirsty savages gender e.g. women are bad drivers age e.g. old people are said to be very forgetful religion e.g. Catholics families have a lot of children profession e.g. all lawyers are greedy These classifications can be positive or negative, such as when various nationalities are stereotyped as friendly or unfriendly. 4
  • 4.  In one perspective of the stereotyping process, there are the concepts of ingroups and outgroups. A second perspective is that of automatic and explicit or subconscious and conscious. A third method to categorizing stereotypes is general types and sub-types. 5
  • 5.  Stereotypes are often used in books to project the characters on television shows: • • Education (school, university) The media  It is also used in advertising to sell products. 7
  • 6.  Stereotypes are also passed on from adults to their children through comments made about people and places: • • • • • • • • Parents and family Friends Travel Laziness Fear Envy A sense of superiority Lack of experience of people, etc. 8
  • 7.  Stereotypes are often accepted as truths.  Stereotypes oneself. leads to mistaken belief about  Stereotyping can affect your judgments of people or individuals.  It can lead to discrimination.  It damages self-image and self-steem. 9
  • 8.  Heaven is where the police are British, the cooks are French, the mechanics are German, the lovers are Italian and it is all organised by the Swiss.  Hell is where the police are German, the cooks are English, the mechanics are French, the lovers are Swiss, and it is all organised by the Italians. 10
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