European Imperialism- TheEuropean Imperialism- TheScramble for Africa (1870-1914)Scramble for Africa (1870-1914)Today we are going to explore theToday we are going to explore thecauses and effects of Europeancauses and effects of EuropeanImperialism in Africa.Imperialism in Africa.
Reasons for interest in AfricaReasons for interest in Africa Technology- New technology, such as steamships,Technology- New technology, such as steamships,rifles, telegraphs, railroads, improved medicinesrifles, telegraphs, railroads, improved medicinesmade it possible to enter Africa.made it possible to enter Africa. Economic motives- European industries were inEconomic motives- European industries were inneed of raw materials in order to regulate theirneed of raw materials in order to regulate theirfactories.factories. National Pride- European countries wanted to ownNational Pride- European countries wanted to ownforeign lands so they can demonstrate their power,foreign lands so they can demonstrate their power,prestige, and national superiority.prestige, and national superiority. European missionaries wanted to spread ChristianEuropean missionaries wanted to spread Christianthroughout the continent.throughout the continent.
Major Imperial Powers in AfricaMajor Imperial Powers in Africa The Europeans decided on theThe Europeans decided on thepartition of Africa in the Berlinpartition of Africa in the BerlinConference of 1884-1885.Conference of 1884-1885. Major imperial powers in AfricaMajor imperial powers in Africawere: Great Britain, France,were: Great Britain, France,Germany, Belgium, Portugal,Germany, Belgium, Portugal,and Italy.and Italy. French acquired much ofFrench acquired much ofNorthwest Africa and CentralNorthwest Africa and CentralAfrica.Africa. British acquired some of WestBritish acquired some of WestAfrica, East Africa, and SouthAfrica, East Africa, and SouthAfrica, including Suez canal.Africa, including Suez canal. Belgium conquered Congo inBelgium conquered Congo inCentral Africa.Central Africa.
Balance Sheet of EuropeanBalance Sheet of EuropeanImperialism in AfricaImperialism in Africa The Africans embodied a great deal ofThe Africans embodied a great deal ofdiversities, cultures, and political systems.diversities, cultures, and political systems. The European took over lands and markedThe European took over lands and markedborders separating and combining differentborders separating and combining differenttribes together.tribes together. This caused a negative effect on Africa!This caused a negative effect on Africa! Africans were used as cheap work forceAfricans were used as cheap work force..
How were the Africans treated?How were the Africans treated?
Positive effects and negative effectsPositive effects and negative effectson Africaon AfricaPositive effectsPositive effects Europeans introduces medicineEuropeans introduces medicineand improved nutritionand improved nutritionincreasing the life span ofincreasing the life span ofAfricans.Africans. Introduced modern technology,Introduced modern technology,transportation, communication,transportation, communication,steamships, telephones, etc.steamships, telephones, etc. Africans received education, andAfricans received education, andgreater economic opportunities.greater economic opportunities.Negative effectsNegative effects European intervention in AfricaEuropean intervention in Africaruined African values, culture,ruined African values, culture,and social relationships.and social relationships. Africans were not treated well.Africans were not treated well.They were forced to work longThey were forced to work longhours and treated harshly.hours and treated harshly. Europeans divided Africa inEuropeans divided Africa insuch a way ignoring tribal andsuch a way ignoring tribal andcultural values of the natives.cultural values of the natives.This caused tribal wars andThis caused tribal wars andclashes among the Africans.clashes among the Africans.
Let’s watch a video and think deeperLet’s watch a video and think deeperabout the context..about the context.. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OJe1W_HIWmhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OJe1W_HIWm
Multiple choice questionsMultiple choice questions ((1) Look at the graph:1) Look at the graph: Which statement is bestWhich statement is bestsupported by the data in thesupported by the data in thegraph?graph?(1) Most Europeans nations had(1) Most Europeans nations hadcolonial empires in 1870.colonial empires in 1870.(2) Europe’s high birth rate led(2) Europe’s high birth rate ledto overseas expansion.to overseas expansion.(3) European colonial empires(3) European colonial empiresincreased between 1870-1914.increased between 1870-1914.(4) By 1914, Germany controlled(4) By 1914, Germany controlledthe greatest land area.the greatest land area.
Continuation..Continuation..(2) Which period of European history do the(2) Which period of European history do theterms “Scramble of Africa” and the Berlinterms “Scramble of Africa” and the BerlinConference refer to?Conference refer to?(1) Middle Ages(1) Middle Ages(2) Protestant Reformation(2) Protestant Reformation(3) Age of Discovery(3) Age of Discovery(4) The New Imperialism(4) The New Imperialism
Homework AssignmentHomework Assignment You have now looked at a presentation andYou have now looked at a presentation andwatched a video on European Imperialismwatched a video on European Imperialismin Africa. Write a well developed essay onin Africa. Write a well developed essay onthe causes and effects of Europeanthe causes and effects of Europeanimperialism in Africa.imperialism in Africa. Make sure to refer on your textbook, theMake sure to refer on your textbook, thePowerPoint slides, and the video for furtherPowerPoint slides, and the video for furtherhelp!help!
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Constructivist learning theoryConstructivist learning theory Students are learning looking at aStudents are learning looking at apresentation and will use multiple resourcespresentation and will use multiple resourcesto conduct a research and write an essayto conduct a research and write an essay(homework).(homework). Here they are going to refer to theirHere they are going to refer to theirtextbook, slideshare presentation, and videotextbook, slideshare presentation, and videoon youtube/education.on youtube/education. Students also have a chance to interact withStudents also have a chance to interact withtheir fellow classmates in order to buildtheir fellow classmates in order to buildsome points to prepare for their essay.some points to prepare for their essay.
References:References:• Killoran, Zimmer, Jarrett.Killoran, Zimmer, Jarrett. The key toThe key tounderstanding Global History.understanding Global History. Seventh Edition.Seventh Edition.Jarrett Publishing Company. 2005.Jarrett Publishing Company. 2005.By:By:Afsana AhadAfsana Ahad