Past participle (regular and irregular verbs)


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Past participle (regular and irregular verbs)

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Past participle (regular and irregular verbs)

  1. 1. Past Participle : Regular and Irregular Verbs By : Sofea, Doreen & Jeremy
  2. 2. • Verbs have different forms. • The different forms a verb can take include the base form, the way it is listed in the dictionary;  The form for past tense, used alone for simple past tense  The past participle, used with auxiliary verbs and modals for different tenses  The present participle, used for progressive and perfect tenses  The –s form, used for the third person singular pronoun case
  3. 3. • Here is a table of the different forms of some common verbs. • Notice that some are regular, and therefore follow rules • Whereas others are irregulars, and their conjugations do not follow a set pattern
  4. 4. Base Form Past Tense Past Participle Present Participle -s Form Talk Talked Talked Talking Talks Have Had Having Having Has Listen Listened Listened Listening Listens Engage Engaged Engaged Engaging Engages Speak Spoke Spoken Speaking Speaks Rise Rose Risen Rising Rises Run Ran Ran Running Runs Eat Ate Eaten Eating Eats
  5. 5. • Regular verbs are verbs that form their past and past participle forms by adding d or ed to the base form. • When forming the past and past participle of regular verbs, do not make common mistake of leaving off the -d or –ed ending. • Pay particular attention to the forms of the verbs ask, attack, drown, prejudice, risk, suppose, and use. Example : Nonstandard : We use to live in Bakersfield. Standard : We used to live in Bakersfield.
  6. 6. • For irregular verbs, there is no formula to predict how an irregular verb will form its past-tense and past-participle forms • There are over 250 irregular verbs in English. Although they do not follow a formula • We use irregular verbs a lot when speaking, less when writing
  7. 7. Some of the examples are: • break, broke, broken • cut, cut, cut • run, ran, run • meet, met, met • come, came, come • repay, repaid, repaid • swim, swam, swum
  8. 8. How to form past participle of regular verbs?
  9. 9. • For verbs ending in e, add d
  10. 10. • For one-syllable verbs ending in a vowel plus a consonant other than w, x, or y, double the last consonant and add ed.
  11. 11. • For some verbs ending in a vowel plus w, add ed.
  12. 12. • For verbs ending in a vowel plus x, add ed.
  13. 13. • For some verbs ending in a vowel plus y, add ed.
  14. 14. • For two-syllable verbs ending in a vowel plus a consonant other than w, x, or y, double the last consonant and add ed when the stress is on the last syllable.
  15. 15. • For verbs ending in a consonant plus y, change the y to i and add ed.
  16. 16. • For verbs ending in ic, change the c to ck and add ed.
  17. 17. • But you should note the following points: 1. Some verbs can be both regular and irregular, for example: learn, learned, learned learn, learnt, learnt
  18. 18. • Some verbs change their meaning depending on whether they are regular or irregular, for example "to hang":
  19. 19. Exercises A. Most of the following sentences contain errors in the use of past or past participle forms of verbs. If a verb form is incorect, give the correct form. Examples : 1. Weren’t these parts over two months ago? Answer : ordered order
  20. 20. 1. Oh, no, you were suppose to answer questions on both sides of the test! Answer : supposed 2. You use to work for Mr. Hall’s lawn service. Answer : used 3. Hadn’t she check the gas sausage? Answer : checked 4. Before arriving in Santa Fe, the wagon train had survive every sort of hardship. Answer : survived
  21. 21. B. Change the verbs in brackets into past tense. Some are regular and some are irregular. Yesterday (to be) a busy day. I (wake) up at 6 a.m, (have) breakfast quickly and then I (go) to work. I (finish) at noon and then (eat) some lunch. Afterwards, I (drive) to Desa Ilmu and (buy) a pink paint and then (paint) my bedroom. After cleaning all the mess, I (feel) tired so I (eat) dinner quickly, (yawn) and (go) to bed! was woke had went finished ate drove bought painted felt ate yawned went
  22. 22. End Of Slide! Thank You For Your Attention! 
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