Right versus Left• Cabernet Sauvignon the king on the left – Cabernet ¾ of the blend in Medoc – Only 29% of plantings across region – Moderate yields, quality, tannic wines – Blackcurrent the big fruit ( when ripe ) – When not ripe tough & vegetal• Merlot the boss on the right – Medium yields – full bodied – less tannic – Matures earlier than Cabernet – Adds softness, richness & body to austere CabSab – Likes limestone – St Emilion / Pomerol
An Irish Connection• The Wine Geese• Soldiers who fled from Ireland to France after the Treaty of Limerick in 1691• Thousands more followed in 18th-19th Century• The Barton‟s and the Lynch Family VERY important Ch. Leoville-Barton and Ch. Lynch-Bages• Chateau Clark, Chateau Dillon, Chateau Margaux, Chateau Phelan-Segur, Chateau Yquem and Chateau Kirwan also connected
Leoville – Langoa BartonAll roads lead to Burgundy
Burgundy• “All roads lead to Burgundy”• If you think Bordeaux is complicated …• Many appellations• Multiple owners of the same vineyards• Northern Continental climate• Severe winters & hot summers• Much less rain than Bordeaux• Big danger is LATE FROSTS
Burgundy• Calcereous clayey soil = Chardonnay• Limey soil = Pinot Noir• Mid slopes are the best they catch the deepest layer of slope wash – they are sun traps• Shallow soils ( < 1m) but vine roots penetrate deep into the limestone bedrock.• Vine Location is VITAL in Burgundy – Steepness & Direction of slopes – Depth, drainage, heat retention & mineral content – It can vary dramatically within small areas
Burgundy• Regional ACs – Bourgogne Rouge• District ACs – Macon Chardonnay• Commune ACs – Gevrey-Chambertin / Nuits St Georges• Single Vineyard ACs – 1er Cru & Grand Cru – Chablis Les Clos Grand Cru – Domaine de la Romanee Conti „La Tache‟
Some more quotes"The First Duty of wine is to be Red...the second is to be a Burgundy" --Harry WaughThe Irish believe that fairies are extremely fond of good wine. The proofof the assertion is that in the olden days royalty would leave a keg ofwine out for them at night. Sure enough, it was always gone in themorning. - Irish Folklore“I only drink champagne when Im happy and when Im sad. Sometimes Idrink it when Im alone. When I have company I consider it obligatory. Itrifle with it if Im not in a hurry and drink it when I am, otherwise I nevertouch the stuff unless I am thirsty.” Lily Bollinger
The LoireSauvignon Blanc Sancerre, Pouilly Fume, TouraineChenin Blanc Anjou, VouvrayMelon de Bourgogne MuscadetCabernet Franc Chinon, Bourgueil
The SouthRhone Valley is broken in twoNorthern Rhone = Syrah & Viognier Cote Rotie – Condrieu – St. Joseph – Crozes Hermitage – Hermitage - CornasSouthern Rhone = Grenache & a few more Cotes du Rhone – CdR Villages – Vacqueyras – Gigondas – Chateauneuf du Papes – Lirac – Tavel
Provence & LanguedocProvence Cotes du Provence Coteaux d‟Aix en Provence Coteaux de Varois en Provence Bandol Vins de PaysLanguedoc Terrasses de Larzac Minervois – Corbieres – Fitou Coteaux de Languedoc Cotes du Roussillon
Wines to taste• White – Sauvignon Blanc – Chateau Bauduc 2011, Bordeaux, France • Pale, green tinged hue. Crisp and fresh on the nose. • Citrus and pear notes with a faint herbal nuance. Ripe and round on attack then long, clean, dry finish. • Attractive apéritif style white. – The Ned 2011, Marlborough, New Zealand • Packed with herbaceous notes, underpinned with a striking hint of citrus. • The cold nights have particularly cemented its intense flavours. Forever fresh. • A single vineyard wine • Decanter just awarded it International Trophy for „Best in Show Sauvignon Blanc” in price point.
Wines to taste• Red – Merlot ( kind of ) – Chateau Bauduc Clos de Quinze 2009, Bordeaux, France • Blend of Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon • classic Bordeaux - an elegant structure, supple tannins, a medium to full body • a whiff of cedar with ripe dark fruit. – Santa Alicia Gran Reserva Merlot, Maipo Valley, Chile • Concentrated, ripe and balanced • Lots of plum and chocolate flavours. This wine was made with the best selection of grapes and great care. • Aged in French oak for 12 months, and aged in bottle for a further 8 months before release.
What‟s in a Grape ?• White – Sauvignon Blanc• Bordeaux, Loire Valley, New Zealand, Chile• Cool climates on poor soil• Green / Herbaceous flavours• Gooseberries, green pepper, grass, passion fruit• In warmer climates less aromatic / peachey• Add oak for more body Pouilly Fume• Sancerre, Marlborough are classic regions also
What‟s in a Grape ?• Red – Merlot• Bordeaux, Chile, California, Sth of France• Two styles in Merlot• International Style – Grapes harvested as late as possible – Max possible intense purple colour – Blackberry / plum fruit & Soft velvet tannins – Toasty new oak flavours• Classic Bordeaux Style – Earlier harvest / lighter body / low alcohol – Higher acidity / more red fruit characters