Nov 27, 2009
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) By: Magid Yonis & Steven Cornelius November 27, 2009 1 2 3 4
Table Of Contents
Table of Contents Cont…
Definition The ability of a computer or other machine to perform those activities that are normally thought to require intelligence.
Artificial intelligence ( AI ) is the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science which aims to create it. Textbooks define the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents, "where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions which maximize its chances of success.
History The field was established at Dartmouth College in 1956 and given its name by a man named John McCarthy Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and Blaise Pascal created the calculators. It could think but not on its own. Arthur Samuel’s checker playing program learned to improve its own playing ability Deep Blue program defeated world chess champion Gary Kasparov in 1997
Movies have been made about it.
Types of AI
Asimo’s Purpose Honda created Asimo to help around the house, to help the elderly and disabled.
The idea was to make him as friendly looking as possible
How Asimo Works Has 34 degrees of freedom for walking 3 degrees of freedom in his neck Has a six axis floor sensor He uses video cameras mounted in his head. Stereoscopic and algorithm vision allow him to see.
Controlled by 4 microprocessors
Clips Asimo avoiding an individual http://world.honda.com/HDTV/ASIMO/200712-avoiding-person-detour/index.html
Asimo’s History Asimo - Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility 1991 - Walking like a pro 1993 - A more human-looking robot
2005 - Better, Faster, Stronger
Asimo In Development 15
E0 - Honda’s first two legged robot took it’s first steps in 1986
E1 - The first robot to achieve fast stable walking
E2 - achieved fast stable walking in the Human environment
E3 - More compact and had a more refined finish
E4 - The first robot to achieve fast stable walking on uneven surfaces, slopes and steps
E5 - More improvements to motion
Asimo Coming to Life 10
P1 - Honda’s first Humanoid bipedal walking robot. It stood 6’2 and weighed 386lbs
P2 - Received a face lift and skin to cover his insides
P3 - Got a lot better looking and was also in better shape than it’s predecessors. Standing 5”2 and weighing 287lbs, it was almost human like
In current form Asimo stands 4ft 3 inches tall and weighs a svelte 119 lbs
Asimo at a charging station. Powered by 51.8 volt lithium Ion battery, the running time is an hour.
References http://dspace.mit.edu/bitstream/handle/1721.1/36896/16-410Fall-2003/NR/rdonlyres/Global/D/D4C2BEF2-11DA-4AC6-9690-BD58ED39B6EF/0/chp_rover1_400.jpg (1) http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/asimo-1a.jpg (2) http://www.solarnavigator.net/images/terminator_robot.jpg (3) http://www.gryllus.net/Blender/Project_Images/starwars.jpg (4) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence
Refences Cont… http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/29_E1.jpg (4) http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/28_E2.jpg (5) http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/27_E3.jpg (6) http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/26_E4.jpg (7) http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/25_E5.jpg (8) http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/23_P1.jpg (9) http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/22_P2.jpg (10) http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/21_P3.jpg (11) http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/IMG_7567--ASIMO_and_Anthony_Daniels.jpg (12) http://asimo.honda.com/ASIMO_DCTM/News/images/highres/IMG_7567--ASIMO_and_Anthony_Daniels.jpg (13)
Refences Cont… http://www.techtakeaway.com/images/asimo/big/e0.jpg (15) http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/artificial+intelligence Buchanan, Bruce G. "A (Very) Brief History of Artificial Intelligence." AI Magazine 26.4 (2005):53-52. Spector, L. "Evolution of artificial intelligence." Artificial intelligence 170.18 (2006):1251-1253. http://science.howstuffworks.com/asimo.htm http://science.howstuffworks.com/asimo1.htm http://science.howstuffworks.com/asimo3.htm http://science.howstuffworks.com/asimo4.htm
AI is still a growing field with a bright future ahead of it. Asimo is only the step in the robotics evolution of AI. As years come to pass, more advanced life forms will come about.