Artifical Intelligence


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Artifical Intelligence

  1. 1. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE   (AI)  By: Magid Yonis & Steven Cornelius November 27, 2009 1 2 3 4
  2. 2. Table Of Contents <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Brief History </li></ul><ul><li>Types of AI </li></ul><ul><li>Asimo’s Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>How Asimo Works </li></ul><ul><li>Asimo’s History </li></ul>
  3. 3. Table of Contents Cont… <ul><li>Asimo In Development </li></ul><ul><li>Asimo Coming to life </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definition <ul><li>The ability of a computer or other machine to perform those activities that are normally thought to require intelligence. </li></ul><ul><li>Artificial intelligence  ( AI ) is the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science which aims to create it. Textbooks define the field as &quot;the study and design of intelligent agents, &quot;where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions which maximize its chances of success. </li></ul>
  5. 5. History <ul><li>The field was established at Dartmouth College in 1956 and given its name by a man named John McCarthy </li></ul><ul><li>Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and Blaise Pascal created the calculators. It could think but not on its own. </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur Samuel’s checker playing program learned to improve its own playing ability </li></ul><ul><li>Deep Blue program defeated world chess champion Gary Kasparov in 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Movies have been made about it. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of AI <ul><li>Robots </li></ul><ul><li>Video games </li></ul><ul><li>Security Devices </li></ul><ul><li>GPS </li></ul><ul><li>Vechicles </li></ul><ul><li>Mars rover/NASA </li></ul><ul><li>Etc… </li></ul>
  7. 7. Asimo’s Purpose <ul><li>Honda created Asimo to help around the house, to help the elderly and disabled. </li></ul><ul><li>The idea was to make him as friendly looking as possible </li></ul>
  8. 8. How Asimo Works <ul><li>Has 34 degrees of freedom for walking </li></ul><ul><li>3 degrees of freedom in his neck </li></ul><ul><li>Speed sensors </li></ul><ul><li>A gyroscope sensor </li></ul><ul><li>Has a six axis floor sensor </li></ul><ul><li>He uses video cameras mounted in his head. Stereoscopic and algorithm vision allow him to see. </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled by 4 microprocessors </li></ul>
  9. 9. Clips <ul><li>Asimo avoiding an individual </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Asimo Exercising </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  10. 10. Asimo’s History <ul><li>Asimo - Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility </li></ul><ul><li>1986 - Static walking </li></ul><ul><li>1987 - Dynamic walking </li></ul><ul><li>1991 - Walking like a pro </li></ul><ul><li>1993 - A more human-looking robot </li></ul><ul><li>1997 – ASIMO </li></ul><ul><li>2005 - Better, Faster, Stronger </li></ul>
  11. 11. Asimo In Development <ul><li>E0 - Honda’s first two legged robot took it’s first steps in 1986 </li></ul>15
  12. 12. <ul><li>E1 - The first robot to achieve fast stable walking </li></ul>5
  13. 13. <ul><li>E2 - achieved fast stable walking in the Human environment </li></ul>6
  14. 14. <ul><li>E3 - More compact and had a more refined finish </li></ul>7
  15. 15. <ul><li>E4 - The first robot to achieve fast stable walking on uneven surfaces, slopes and steps </li></ul>8
  16. 16. <ul><li>E5 - More improvements to motion </li></ul>9
  17. 17. Asimo Coming to Life <ul><li>P1 - Honda’s first Humanoid bipedal walking robot. It stood 6’2 and weighed 386lbs </li></ul>10
  18. 18. <ul><li>P2 - Received a face lift and skin to cover his insides </li></ul>11
  19. 19. <ul><li>P3 - Got a lot better looking and was also in better shape than it’s predecessors. Standing 5”2 and weighing 287lbs, it was almost human like </li></ul>12
  20. 20. <ul><li>In current form Asimo stands 4ft 3 inches tall and weighs a svelte 119 lbs </li></ul>13
  21. 21. <ul><li>Asimo at a charging station. Powered by 51.8 volt lithium Ion battery, the running time is an hour. </li></ul>14
  22. 22. References <ul><li> (1) </li></ul><ul><li> (2) </li></ul><ul><li> (3) </li></ul><ul><li> (4) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  23. 23. Refences Cont… <ul><li> (4) </li></ul><ul><li> (5) </li></ul><ul><li> (6) </li></ul><ul><li> (7) </li></ul><ul><li> (8) </li></ul><ul><li> (9) </li></ul><ul><li> (10) </li></ul><ul><li> (11) </li></ul><ul><li> (12) </li></ul><ul><li> (13) </li></ul><ul><li> (14) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Refences Cont… <ul><li> (15) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Buchanan, Bruce G. &quot;A (Very) Brief History of Artificial Intelligence.&quot; AI Magazine 26.4 (2005):53-52. </li></ul><ul><li>Spector, L. &quot;Evolution of artificial intelligence.&quot; Artificial intelligence 170.18 (2006):1251-1253. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  25. 25. Conclusion <ul><li>AI is still a growing field with a bright future ahead of it. Asimo is only the step in the robotics evolution of AI. As years come to pass, more advanced life forms will come about. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Thank You <ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul>
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