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<ul><li>Between 1870-1900:  </li></ul><ul><li>Number of American farms doubled. > 1 million new farms. </li></ul><ul><li>N...
Pacific Railway Act
Millions of Acres <ul><li>Railroads received ~ 100 million acres of Western land under Pacific Railway Act, 1862-1872.  </...
Homestead Act of 1862 <ul><li>160 acres of public land free, provided settler live on land & “improve” it for 5 years </li...
 
Where the Buffalo Roamed
Buffalo Hunt
Stinkers
Buffalo Hides
Buffalo Skulls
 
Geronimo
 
Reservation System
Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 <ul><li>Seen as a humane alternative to reservation policy by sympathetic whites </li></ul><ul...
Assimilation <ul><li>. </li></ul>
Wounded Knee
Plow that Broke the Plains
 
Sod-busting
Home on the Range
Industrialized Farming <ul><li>. </li></ul>
An Extractive Economy <ul><li>. </li></ul>
 
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U.S. History Since Reconstruction ~ Week Two Lecture

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  • (copyleft 2007) Chad David Cover. Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 1.0 Generic. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/1.0/
  • Transcript of "U.S. History Since Reconstruction ~ Week Two Lecture"

    1. 2. <ul><li>Between 1870-1900: </li></ul><ul><li>Number of American farms doubled. > 1 million new farms. </li></ul><ul><li>Number of farm acres doubled. </li></ul><ul><li>Government policies encouraged expansion. </li></ul><ul><li>Factors of development: </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad (Pacific Railway Act) </li></ul><ul><li>Homestead Act </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of Plains Indian Tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of Plains Buffalo </li></ul>
    2. 3. Pacific Railway Act
    3. 4. Millions of Acres <ul><li>Railroads received ~ 100 million acres of Western land under Pacific Railway Act, 1862-1872. </li></ul><ul><li>Railroads used land as collateral to secure loans from Wall Street banks in order to meet construction costs. </li></ul><ul><li>Railroads might go bankrupt if they could find enough settlers to buy their land. Railroad investors could lose money if railroad construction outstripped settlement. </li></ul>
    4. 5. Homestead Act of 1862 <ul><li>160 acres of public land free, provided settler live on land & “improve” it for 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>additional acres available for $1.25 per acre after 6 months’ residency </li></ul><ul><li>605 million acres available </li></ul><ul><li>land given to male head-of-household or to single or widowed women </li></ul><ul><li>only 10% of western settler received land under the act (~400,000) </li></ul><ul><li>railroads, land companies & state governments usually held the best land, which had to be purchased </li></ul>
    5. 7. Where the Buffalo Roamed
    6. 8. Buffalo Hunt
    7. 9. Stinkers
    8. 10. Buffalo Hides
    9. 11. Buffalo Skulls
    10. 13. Geronimo
    11. 15. Reservation System
    12. 16. Dawes Severalty Act of 1887 <ul><li>Seen as a humane alternative to reservation policy by sympathetic whites </li></ul><ul><li>Goal was to “assimilate” Native Americans into white culture </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans to be turned into farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed president to break up the reservations by distributing land to individual Indians, then legally “severed” from their tribes </li></ul><ul><li>160 acres per male </li></ul><ul><li>individuals could become U.S. citizens </li></ul><ul><li>60% of reservation lands lost </li></ul><ul><li>66% of allotted land lost eventually </li></ul>
    13. 17. Assimilation <ul><li>. </li></ul>
    14. 18. Wounded Knee
    15. 19. Plow that Broke the Plains
    16. 21. Sod-busting
    17. 22. Home on the Range
    18. 23. Industrialized Farming <ul><li>. </li></ul>
    19. 24. An Extractive Economy <ul><li>. </li></ul>
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