African-American History ~ Great DepressionPresentation Transcript
The Great Depression
New Deal for Blacks? FDR attracted support from African Americans, FDR’s Democratic coalition relied upon support of ranking Southern Democrats who chaired key committees. Franklin Roosevelt remained tight-lipped about civil rights, but Eleanor did not. First New Deal administered locally & racially.
Good for northern blacks.
Bad for southern blacks.
New Deal Realignment
The Black Cabinet
New Deal Programs Programs that discriminated against African Americans outright: AAA NRA / Social Security Act HOLC & FHA WPA (initially) CCC (in the South) Programs that supported some African Americans FERA WPA NYA PWA
WPA Art Palmer Hayden The Janitor Who Paintsabout 1937oil Black writers like Richard Wright, Jacob Lawrence n & Zora Neale Hurston, artists like Palmer Hayden, photographers like Gordon Parks, even African American actors received WPA support to continue their artistic pursuits
Black Resistance NAACP Unemployment Councils STFU CPUSA & ILD JCNR / NNC “Don’t Buy Where You Can’t Work” BSCP CIO Anti-lynching Campaigns
Southern Tenant Farmer’s Union
Black Heroes of the 1930s Joe Louis Jesse Owens Paul Robeson Marian Anderson