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The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr
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The 2030 Communities Campaign - Doug Farr

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  • 1. The 2030 Communities Campaign: A convenient remedy Living More, Driving Less 1 A Nation of Neighborhoods 11 A Country of Corridors Planning to Drive Less The 2030 Communities Campaign:A Convenient Remedy
  • 2. Living More, Driving Less The 2030 Communities Campaign:Living More, Driving Less
  • 3. By age 25 the average American has spent one year in a car. This presents an enormous opportunity to retrofit existing automobile-dependent communities and build new sustainable corridors. The 2030 Communities Campaign:Living More, Driving Less
  • 4. By age 25 the average American has spent one year in a car. The 2030 Communities Campaign:Living More, Driving Less
  • 5. (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs overweight for 5’ 4” person) No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30% 30% of American adults are obese. Source: CDC Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults (BRFSS, 2005) The 2030 Communities Campaign:Living More, Driving Less
  • 6. “Over the next few decades, life expectancy for the average American could decline by as much as 5 years unless aggressive efforts are made to slow rising rates of obesity” National Institutes of Health Report The 2030 Communities Campaign:Living More, Driving Less
  • 7. At a time of rising gas prices, many communities are completely dependent on cars to meet daily needs. The 2030 Communities Campaign:Living More, Driving Less
  • 8. 8,150 miles 21,500 miles per capita per family per year per year US. Vehicle Miles Traveled - Year 2000 Each year the average US family drives nearly around the Earth The 2030 Communities Campaign:Living More, Driving Less
  • 9. 2000 U.S. VMT: 2,700,000,000,000 Miles One Light Year: 5,800,000,000,000 Miles 2025: 1st Year U.S. will drive a light year The 2030 Communities Campaign:Living More, Driving Less
  • 10. Roughly 40,000 Americans are killed each year in automobile accidents. A reduction in miles traveled could result in a proportionate reduction in death rates. The 2030 Communities Campaign:Living More, Driving Less
  • 11. A Nation of Neighborhoods The 2030 Communities Campaign:A Nation of Neighborhoods
  • 12. Neighborhoods are designed for walking. They support a high quality of life and offer individuals and families choices in mobility, housing, shopping, work and play. The 2030 Communities Campaign:A Nation of Neighborhoods
  • 13. Neighborhoods vary across the urban-rural transect. These include the hamlet, village, small town, and urban neighborhood. Images: Victor Dover The 2030 Communities Campaign:A Nation of Neighborhoods
  • 14. We believe that all Americans including the 100,000,000 new US citizens we anticipate by 2050, should live in neighborhoods. The 2030 Communities Campaign:A Nation of Neighborhoods
  • 15. This presents an enormous opportunity to rethink and redevelop existing sprawling communities and build thousands of new sustainable neighborhoods. The 2030 Communities Campaign:A Nation of Neighborhoods
  • 16. A Country of Corridors The 2030 Communities Campaign:A Country of Corridors
  • 17. We also believe that the neighborhoods and districts where people live and work need to be part of a transit corridor. The 2030 Communities Campaign:A Country of Corridors
  • 18. This presents an enormous opportunity to rethink existing sprawling communities to add transit and to build hundreds of new sustainable corridors. The 2030 Communities Campaign:A Country of Corridors
  • 19. Planning to Drive Less The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 20. Per capita VMT will Average dwelling size increase 5% w/ > CAFE grew 60% from 1970 - standards 2005 The current climate change dialogue focuses on technological efficiency The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 21. Climate Change “Wedges” 7 of 15 policy “wedges” must be met to limit temp. increase to 20C Source:Socolow and Pacala, Sept. 2006 The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 22. Sustainable urbanism makes progress toward 7 separate wedges The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 23. #3 A 25% reduction in building electrical use. #2 A 50% reduction in Vehicle Miles Traveled. Two key Climate Change “Wedges” The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 24. 2030 Architecture Challenge The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 25. The energy efficiency increases reduction standard for all new buildings shall be increased to: 60% in 2010 70% in 2015 80% in 2020 90% in 2025 Carbon-neutral in 2030 2030 Architecture Challenge The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 26. Bethel Corporate Courtyard Yannell (Zero Net) Commercial Headquarters House House Center 50% over code 55% over code 71% over code 120% over code (2003) (2007) (2006) (2009) Farr Associates building portfolio demonstrates that the 2030 standard is achievable but requires heroic dedication to overcome an unsupportive sometimes hostile regulatory and funding environment The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 27. The transportation energy used to get to and from a building can exceed the energy used in and by the building The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 28. Per Capita VMT: History and 2030 Targets 10,000 9000 8000 7000 ANNUAL 6000 PER CAPITA 5000 The Devaluation of Urbanism and Architecture VEHICLE MILES TRVL’D 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 1910 1930 1950 1970 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 YEAR The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 29. The 2030 Community Challenge Planning Transport & Land Use to Lower Per Capita VMT Starting in 2010, a sustained 2.5% annual reduction in VMT per year, would result in: 12.5% reduction by 2015 25.0% reduction by 2020 37.5% reduction by 2025 50.0% reduction by 2030 The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 30. Is it feasible to meet this standard? The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 31. Atlantic Station Atlanta, GA Residents of Atlantic Station drive 75% less than the Atlanta average The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 32. Reducing Motorized Travel in Portland (OR) 1.35 Population 1.25 Vehicle Miles Traveled 1.15 1.05 0.95 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Source: Norman Garrick The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 33. Reducing Motorized Travel in Portland (OR) Transit MAX Light Rail - 1981 Portland Streetcar - 2000 Tram - 2006 Source: Norman Garrick The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 34. Reducing Motorized Travel in Portland (OR) Walking and Biking Cyclists per Day Bikeway Miles 1991 2007 http://www.streetsblog.org/wp- content/uploads/2007/09/portland_bike_co unts.jpg Source: Norman Garrick The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 35. Reducing Motorized Travel in Portland (OR) Land use Planning and Urban Design Contain Sprawl Transit Oriented Developments Source: Norman Garrick Downtown Revitalization The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 36. Mode Shift in Cambridge, MA 1990 - 2006 PT+Walk+Bike Cars/Carpool Source: Norman Garrick 36 The 2030 Communities Campaign: The 2030 Communities Campaign: Planning to Drive Less
  • 37. Would this standard be “convenient”? The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 38. The US. Climate Change Mayors/Cities Agreed to meet the Kyoto Protocol which calls for a reduction of 5.2% of greenhouse gases compared to the year 1990*. The Climate Change Cities are not meeting these targets in large part due to a hostile regulatory and transportation funding environment. (*Note that, compared to the emissions levels that would be expected by 2010 without the Protocol, this limitation represents a 29% cut). The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 39. Current Federal Transit Funding Highways and Roads 80% Transit 17% Bike, etc. 3% Land Use Planning 0% Development Controls 0% Source: Shelley Poticha The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 40. Manufacturing Traffic 13 Vehicle Miles Traveled in the USA 11 9 7 5 USA Population 3 1 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: Norman Garrick The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 41. The Dismal Science: Creating Traffic Traffic Volume Actual Traffic Induced Traffic Predicted Traffic Road Widened Years Funding for new roads is often justified by long term projections that VMT will increase, a self-fulfilling prophesy once the road is built. Source: Norman Garrick The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 42. Current Transportation Funding Criteria Among the criteria for awarding construction funds to build new roads is a demonstrated or projected increase in VMT. The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 43. How would the 2030 Communities Campaign help the average American? The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 44. National Resilience The upcoming Transportation Bill T-4 could be based on the need to plan and invest for a future with less driving. This would not concern whether and how much individuals drive but would lower the risk of future catastrophic national threats due to the high cost of gas. The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 45. Resilient Regions Funding could be found for regional plans to plan for a future with reduced driving due to higher gas prices. The 50% VMT reduction could be a specific goal of each plan. The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 46. Resilient Communities Funding could be found for comprehensive plans to plan for a future with reduced driving due to higher gas prices. The 50% VMT reduction could be a specific goal of each plan. The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 47. “It’s the placemaking, stupid.” Think “War Room” The 2030 Communities Campaign:Planning to Drive Less
  • 48. Thank You The 2030 Communities Campaign:A Convenient Remedy

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