Opportunity Dividend Summit Detroit, March 2, 2010 Rules for Equity Planners to Reduce Poverty Krumholz, Opportunity Divid...
“ City” vs. “Equity” Planners <ul><li>Most city planners deal solely with the physical city, making land use plans, zoning...
<ul><li>Equity planners believe that priority attention should be citizens directed to the goal of promoting more choices ...
<ul><li>In those cities, equity planners have pressed for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More affordable housing </li></ul></ul><u...
<ul><li>In Linkage deals, subsidies or special rights granted by cities are off-set by contributions by developers for job...
Normative Rules for Planners to Reduce Poverty <ul><li>Planners should take an active role in all deliberative settings in...
Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty,  Cont’d… <ul><li>Community and economic development schemes should...
Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty,  Cont’d… <ul><li>Transit fares should be kept very low with as muc...
Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty,  Cont’d… <ul><li>Planners should work to ease rules on taxi regula...
Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty,  Cont’d… <ul><li>Planners should work with others to assure that a...
Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty,  Cont’d… <ul><li>Mega-projects should be subjected to heightened s...
Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty,  Cont’d… <ul><li>Planners should work toward regional collaboratio...
Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty,  Cont’d… <ul><li>Planners should work to provide land and resource...
Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty,  Cont’d… <ul><li>Planners should work with and strengthen neighbor...
Thank you for your attention! Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide  Norman Krumholz Professor M.C.R.P., Cornell Uni...
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Norman Krumholz_Opportunity Dividend Summit

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Norman Krumholz_Opportunity Dividend Summit

  1. 1. Opportunity Dividend Summit Detroit, March 2, 2010 Rules for Equity Planners to Reduce Poverty Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  2. 2. “ City” vs. “Equity” Planners <ul><li>Most city planners deal solely with the physical city, making land use plans, zoning ordinances, and designing streets, parks, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Equity planners are different; they are city planners who deliberately try to move resources, political participation and power toward the lower-income, disadvantaged citizens of their cities in order to create a more just and democratic society. </li></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  3. 3. <ul><li>Equity planners believe that priority attention should be citizens directed to the goal of promoting more choices for those citizens who have few. </li></ul><ul><li>Equity planning efforts have been documented in a number of cities including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boston </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleveland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chicago </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jersey City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Santa Monica… and many others! </li></ul></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  4. 4. <ul><li>In those cities, equity planners have pressed for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More affordable housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional low-income housing schemes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More transit service and lower transit fares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rent control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linkage arrangements, Community Benefits Agreements (CABs), and other programs designed to help lower-income groups. </li></ul></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  5. 5. <ul><li>In Linkage deals, subsidies or special rights granted by cities are off-set by contributions by developers for jobs, affordable housing, or neighborhood investments. Legally binding CABs are similar. </li></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  6. 6. Normative Rules for Planners to Reduce Poverty <ul><li>Planners should take an active role in all deliberative settings in pressing for egalitarian solutions and blocking ones that disproportionately benefit the already well-off. </li></ul><ul><li>Plans should be developed in open consultation with the target population. </li></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  7. 7. Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty, Cont’d… <ul><li>Community and economic development schemes should be linked to jobs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Federal subsidies for demolition (as in the Neighborhood Stabilization Program) should be used to hire deconstruction teams to take down unwanted structures. </li></ul></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  8. 8. Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty, Cont’d… <ul><li>Transit fares should be kept very low with as much service as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Planners should lobby states and federal sources for funds to reduce fares, arguing that transit-dependent riders deserve compensation for declining mobility caused by opting for an automotive civilization. </li></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  9. 9. Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty, Cont’d… <ul><li>Planners should work to ease rules on taxi regulation allowing for easier entry into the hacking or jitney business. </li></ul><ul><li>All new housing developments should provide units for households with incomes below the median. As much as possible, housing should be available through governmental, non-profit, or limited-profit providers. </li></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  10. 10. Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty, Cont’d… <ul><li>Planners should work with others to assure that all households eligible for the Earned Income Tax Credit should file for the credit. </li></ul><ul><li>Planners should use licensing, zoning, and regulatory tools to limit the location and fees charged by check-cashing and payday loan businesses. Planners should encourage legitimate banks to connect with low-income consumers in low-income neighborhoods. </li></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  11. 11. Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty, Cont’d… <ul><li>Mega-projects should be subjected to heightened scrutiny, and if public subsidies are involved, should be required to provide direct benefits to low-income people in the form of job provisions, public amenities and a living wage. </li></ul><ul><li>Zoning should not be used to further discriminatory ends. </li></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  12. 12. Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty, Cont’d… <ul><li>Planners should work toward regional collaboration seeking regional distribution plans for affordable housing and reverse commuting schemes to connect areas of high unemployment with suburban jobs. </li></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  13. 13. Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty, Cont’d… <ul><li>Planners should work to provide land and resources for community gardens and farms to help people grow nutritious food, develop important skills and build a healthier environment. </li></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  14. 14. Normative Rules for Planners Seeking to Reduce Poverty, Cont’d… <ul><li>Planners should work with and strengthen neighborhood-based community development organizations (CDCs). CDCs often speak for the poor, they build neighborhood infrastructure and housing, and their advocacy may improve public services. </li></ul>Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide
  15. 15. Thank you for your attention! Krumholz, Opportunity Divident Summit Slide Norman Krumholz Professor M.C.R.P., Cornell University, 1965 Concentrations: Equity planning, community development [email_address]
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