Christian Apologetics, Intelligent Design, and Evangelism PPT
Christian Apologetics: Intelligent Design and AnExamination of the Evidence By: Garrett R. Eaglin
What is Christian Apologetics?• Greek: Apologia 1 Peter 3:15• The dictionary defines Christian Apologetics as "a branch of theologydevoted to the defense of the divine origin and authority of Christianity.“•Therefore, Christian Apologetics is a type of theological study whereempirical and persuasive evidence is presented in an effort to defend specificaspects of the Christian faith.
My Personal Questions• What kind of empirical evidence is used to prove God’s existence?• What modern scientific discoveries support the claims of the Intelligent Design theory?• Why isn’t the intelligent design theory given the same credibility as the theory of evolution in schools and in the scientific community?• Why isn’t this taught in churches?
Compare/Contrast•Intelligent Design (ID)=Scientific ObservationProposed Explanation (Purposeful Designer)•Evolution=Scientific Observation ProposedExplanation (evolution from simple to complexby chance)•Creationism=Religious text Science
Five Primary Arguments for God’s Existence1. The cosmological argument from contingency (non-necessity)2. The kalam cosmological argument based on the beginning of the universe3. The moral argument based upon objective moral values and duties4. The teleological argument from fine-tuning5. The ontological argument from the possibility of God’s existence to his actuality (Complicated)
1. The cosmological argument from contingency (non-necessity)(1) Everything that exists contingently (without necessity) has a reason for its existence.(2) The universe exists contingently. Therefore:(3) The universe has a reason for its existence.(4) If the universe has a reason for its existence then that reason is God. Therefore:(5) God exists.
2. The kalam cosmological argumentbased on the beginning of the universe(1) Everything that has a beginning of its existence has a cause of its existence. (There are no counterexamples that we know of for this premise.)(2) The universe has a beginning of its existence. (red shift, big bang, etc.) Therefore:(3) The universe has a cause of its existence.(4) If the universe has a cause of its existence then that cause is God. Therefore:(5) God exists.
3. The moral argument based upon objective moral values and duties1. If God does not exist, objective moral values and duties do not exist (objective moral law giver)2. Objective moral values and duties do exist (Hitler vs. Mother Teresa; Hitler’s actions objectively, morally wrong, Mother Teresa’s actions objectively, morally right)3. Therefore, God exists.
Intelligent Design Theory•“An explanation for the existence of theuniverse in which everything in the universe ismost easily and logically explained with anintelligent cause and directed process.”
My Discovery “Several recent discoveries about the nature of theuniverse, the complexity of the cell, and the truth about the fossil record have provided empirical evidence that disproves Darwin’s Theory of Evolution.”
Evidence of God in Nature Francis Crick, one of the two main DNA molecular biologists (Watson & Crick) once said, "Biologists must constantly keep in mind that what they see was not designed, but rather evolved."--Suggesting that what scientists see obviously appears to be designed! If what we see in nature looks designed, and all the evidence points to a designer, whos to say it is not designed? The sad, sad truth is that scientists presuppose that design is not an option before they even enter a laboratory.Example…
Essential Question If the universe appears designed, why would we go against what our visual perception of the universe is telling us andattempt to eliminate the possibility of intelligentdesign? It is counterintuitive to the processes of science.
Understanding: From Darwin to Design 1809-1882 Present
Darwin’s Test “if it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed, which could not have been formed by numerous, successive, slightmodifications, my theory would absolutely break down.” – Charles Darwin, Origin of Species
DNA and Darwin• The evidence speaks of intelligent, information-bearing design. Complex DNA coding would have been necessary for even the hypothetical first ‘so-called’ simple cell(s)…Even Crick himself was quoted as saying, ‘An honest man, armed with all the knowledge available to us now, could only state that in some sense, the origin of life appears at the moment to be almost a miracle, so many are the conditions which would have had to have been satisfied to get it going.’ Crick reasoned that life could not have evolved from non-living chemicals under any conceivable earth conditions. But the idea of a creator was unacceptable, since it would go against his atheistic faith. He affirmed this when he said, ‘People like myself get along perfectly well with no religious views.’
Argument #4--Fine-Tuned Universe “If the rate of expansion one second after the Big Bang had been smaller by even one part in a hundred thousand million million, the universe would have recollapsed before it even reached its present state.”
What is the Cosmological Constant?•The Cosmological Constant is the mostfinely-tuned physical property of our universe.•It makes up for the missing matter in the universe.
Max. Deviation of Cosmological Constant 1100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 00000000000000000000000000000000000000 or: 1/10120From this observation, it is evident that there is a large amount offaith involved in believing that our universe came about by purechance.
What was the Cambrian Explosion? “The Cambrian explosion is a period of time when the major animal phyla emerged over a relatively short period of time.”
Cambrian Explosion• 540 million years ago• Often called the “Biological Big Bang”• Pre-Cambrian: some jellyfish, sponges, and worms.• Post-Cambrian: insects (compound eyes), crabs, modern starfish, sea urchins, and modern vertebrates.• Paleontologists have called this the single most spectacular phenomenon of the fossil record.
Conclusion• The theory of evolution is currently seen as a fact throughout the scientific community due to the theological implications of the other side of the argument.• A theory can never be proven true (as 2+2=4 can be proven true), just proven wrong.• The Cambrian explosion and the irreducible complexity found in biology are not well explained by Evolutionists.• DNA could not have evolved for numerous reasons.• Charles Darwin had very little knowledge about the cell; today we know that is it extremely complex.
So What?• Christians are obligated to check out theevidence for themselves and stand behind thetruth, no matter how politically incorrect oruncomfortable it may be.• We must take this knowledge and run with itwith BOLDNESS! (1st century apostlesevangelized with great boldness.)•The gospel wasn’t intended to be hidden butrather expressed, shared, explained anddefended.
Accepting God of Christianity• There are strong theological implications of Intelligent Design Theory• These contain moral implications that some hesitate to accept for obvious reasons (homosexuality, fornication, wild partying, drunkenness, greed, and other Biblical “don’ts”)• Therefore, most who have eliminated the possibility of a Creator-God are extremely resistant to theological arguments.• Back to 1 Peter 3:16—Be Gentle and Respectful!• There is no gain in winning the argument if you lose the soul!
Using Apologetics in Evangelism• The primary reason for apologetics is evangelism.• Focus on the seriousness of the “big picture”—Those who do not accept Christ will be separated from God in a real place of eternal destruction called Hell!• Focus, not on winning the argument, but winning the soul. Even with the most confrontational of non- believers.• Losing the soul in a desperate effort to win the argument will do much more harm to the kingdom than good!• Give it time!—People may not want to hear everything you want to say, when you want them to hear it.—Let The Holy Spirit work in their hearts as well as yours.
Using Apologetics in Evangelism• People want to feel LOVED, not WRONG!• Be sensitive to their current situation/mindset (death, anger at God, resentment towards Christians)• We want people to LISTEN to us/the gospel, not just HEAR us/the gospel.• Be Nice!• Be Friendly!• Be Kind!