1. UNIted nations
Msc evs part 1
SIES (Nerul) College of arts, science
2. UNITED NATIONS
• The United Nations (UN) is a unique international
organization of 192 sovereign states established in
• Its goal is to maintain international peace and security,
to develop friendly relations among nations, and to
promote social progress, a better living standard and
• Its member states are bound together by the principles
of the UN Charter.
• One of the central mandates of the United Nations is
the promotion of economic and social development.
3. WHAT IS UNDP
• UN's global development network.
• Currently present in 177 countries.
• UNDP emanated from the merging of the United
Nations Expanded Programme of Technical
Assistance(1949) and the United Nations Special
• Established on 22nd Nov 1965 by the General Assembly
of the United Nations.
• Headquarters are located in New York.
• Offices in Geneva, Brussels, Copenhagen, Tokyo, and
• UNDP links and coordinates global and
national efforts to achieve the goals and
national development priorities laid out by
• 4 point working plan:
Crisis prevention and recovery
Environment and Energy
5. DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE
• UNDP supports national democratic transitions
Providing policy advice and technical support.
Improving institutional and individual capacity
Educating populations about and advocating for
Promoting negotiation and dialogue.
Sharing successful experiences from other
countries and locations.
6. POVERTY REDUCTION
• UNDP helps countries develop strategies to
combat poverty by
Expanding access to economic opportunities and
Linking poverty programs with countries’ larger
goals and policies,
Ensuring a greater voice for the poor.
• UNDP also works at the macro level to reform
trade, foreign investment, and ensure the poorest
of the poor benefit from globalization.
7. CRISIS PREVENTION AND RECOVERY
• UNDP works to reduce the risk of armed conflicts or disasters, and
promote early recovery after crisis have occurred.
• UNDP risk reduction programs include
 Efforts to control small arms proliferation,
 Strategies to reduce the impact of natural disasters,
 Programs to encourage use of diplomacy and prevent violence.
• Recovery programs include
 Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants,
 Programs to reintegrate displaced persons,
restoration of basic services,
 Transitional justice systems for countries recovering from warfare.
8. ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
• UNDP works with countries to strengthen their
capacity to address global environmental issues
by providing innovative policy advice and linking
partners through environmentally sensitive
development projects that help poor people
build sustainable livelihoods.
• UNDP seeks to address environmental issues in
order to improve developing countries’ abilities
to develop sustainably, increase human
development and reduce poverty.
9. • UNDP’s environmental strategy focuses on
Effective water governance including access
to water supply and sanitation.
Access to sustainable energy services.
Sustainable land management to
combat desertification and land degradation.
Conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
Policies to control emissions of harmful pollutants
and ozone-depleting substances.
• UNDP's Equator Initiative office biennially offers
the Equator Prize.
10. UNDP - INDIA
11. MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
• In 2000, the members of the United Nations set the international
agenda for the beginning of the new century.
• The Millennium Development Goals extract and refine those
elements of the Millennium Declaration which are related to
• The goals are time-bound, starting in 1990 and to be achieved by
• The first seven goals stress the responsibility of developing
countries to undertake policy reforms and enhance good
• Goal eight focuses on the responsibility of developed nations to
relieve debt, increase aid and give developing countries better
access to its technologies and markets.
• The Millennium Development Goals include 21 targets for the eight
goals. One goal is normally defined by one or two targets.
12. MGD w.r.t INDIA
1.Halve, between 1990 and 2015, proportion of population below national poverty
2.Halve, between 1990 and 2015, proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
3.Ensure that by 2015 children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to
complete a full course of primary education.
4.Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by
2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015.
5.Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate.
6.Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio.
7.Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.
13. 8.Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria
and other major diseases.
9.Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country
policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental
10.Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable
access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
11.By 2020, to have achieved, a significant improvement in the lives of
at least 100 million slum dwellers.
12.In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits
of new technologies, especially information and communication
14. INDIA STATS - 2012
• 0.62 - Gender Inequality Index.
• 10.7% - Proportion of Seats Held by Women in
• 0.33 - Human Development Index for SC.
• 0.27 - Human Development Index for ST.
• 21.02% - Proportion of Land Area Covered by
• 1.37 - CO Emission Per Capital (Metric Tons).
• 62.8% - Adult Literacy Rate.
15. INDIA – UNDP
• Project Title: “Strengthening Institutional Structures to Implement
the Biological Diversity Act”
• Project Duration: 2009 – 2012.
• Project States: Jharkhand & Madhya Pradesh.
• Responsible Party : The project is headed by the Member Secretary
of the State Biodiversity Board.
• Objective : Strengthening the institutional capacities at various
levels and brings in behavioral changes to manage natural resources
in an integrated, participatory and sustainable manner.
• Launch Workshop: Project Launch Workshop in Jharkhand was
organized on 15th September, 2009 at the ATI Conference Hall.
• Project District : In Jharkhand initially two districts have been
selected i.e., Hazaribag & Latehar.
16. PROJECT ACTIVITIES
1. Awareness Generation
2. Documentation on Biodiversity.
3. Publication on Biodiversity.
4. Preparation of People’s Biodiversity Register in selected
panchayat through MCs.
5. Capacity Building – Meetings/Workshops, Exposures, Trainings
6. Selection of Biodiversity Heritage Site (BHS).
7. Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS).
8. Conservation of Rare, Endangered & Threatened Species.
9. Conservation of Biodiversity.
10. Bio-resources based livelihood trainings.
11. Regular conducting special studies.
12. Development of Repository.
17. OTHER PROJECTS
• A2J Programme in North India
• Sustainable Fishing Programme in South India.
• Sustainable energy projects.