Basidiomycota
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Basidiomycota

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Bio1 Sampaguita 2013

Bio1 Sampaguita 2013

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Basidiomycota Basidiomycota Presentation Transcript

    • Kristine Larissa B. Yu
    • Lilibeth Klarysse D.Domingo
    • Katrina A. Abenojar
    • David Marco M. Magpantay
    • Kyle Maxinne R. Romero
    • Kryzsa Mae P. Cabeguin
    • Basidiomycetes – Club Fungi
    • Saprophytes- feed on dead / decaying organic matter
    • Parasites- live on within a host who is its food source
    • Has a basidium – produced in basidiocarps
    • Basidiospores/ sporidia
    • - born outside the basidium
    • - usually uninucleate and 4 in number, rarely binucleate
    • Septate Mycellium- with binucleate cells forming clamp connections
    • Chitinous cell walls
    • All basidiomycetes are composed of masses of hyphae.
    • The perfect stage is when the basidium bears basidiospores.
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  • CLAMP CONNECTION
    • SMUTS
      • belong to the order Ustilaginales
      • able to complete their life cycle with only a single host
      • spread to infest the whole plant from an initial infection spot
    corn smut ( Ustilago myadis )
    • RUSTS
      • belong to the order Uredinales
      • complicated life cycles which involve the infection of two different plant species
      • five spore stages
    stem rust (Puccinia graminis) on wheat stem and leaves
    • MUSHROOMS
      • spore-bearing fruit bodies of fungi
      • basidiospores produced on the gills
    • OTHER EXAMPLES:
      • Puffballs
      • Stinkhorns
      • Jelly Fungi
    • ADVANTAGES
    • edible Basidiomycetes
    • Ex. pizza mushrooms ( Agaricus bisporus )
    • shiitake mushrooms ( Lentinula edodes )
    • Basidiomycota extract
    • -Used to make Active Hexose Correlated Compound (AHCC)
    • -Have a toxic effect on cancer cells
    • -Prevents Trypanothione
    • -Does not harm our PMBCs or Peripheral Blood Mononuclear cells
    • -Fights other hard-to-fight diseases
    • Ex. Leishmaniasis
    • -PSK (Basidiomycete-derived protein bound polysaccharide
    • - Medecine to stop Liver metatesis of cancer
    356 357
    • DISADVANTAGES
    • Dimorphic form can cause diseases or infections on
      • -Plants
      • -Animals
      • -Other fungi
    356 357 Ex. Cryptococcus neoformans Ustilago maydis
  • Unknown author. Mushrooms. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mushrooms Unknown author. The Rusts and Smuts. Retrieved from http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/wong/BOT135/2009/Lec ture07/Lect08.htm Kendrick, B. The Fifth Kingdom. Waterloo, Ontario: Mycologue Publications, 1985. Simpson, B.B., and M.C. Ogrorzaly. Economic Botany: Plants in Our World. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1986. Moore-Landecker, E. (1972). Fundamentals of the Fungi. New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall. Gupta, J.S. (1981). Textbook of Fungi. New Delhi, India: Dhawan Printing Works. Unknown Author. Evolution of Fungi. Retrieved from h ighered.mcgraw- hill.com/sites/dl/free/0072919345/63796/co23.pdf