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So, What's Critical Thinking, Anyway?
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So, What's Critical Thinking, Anyway?


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A Presentation on Critical thinking. I gave this presentation during a conference in Oujda, Morocco. (April, 2012.)

A Presentation on Critical thinking. I gave this presentation during a conference in Oujda, Morocco. (April, 2012.)

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  • 1. …So, What’s Critical Thinking, Anyway? by: Abdelmjid Seghir
  • 2. Plan April 12th, What is Critical Thinking? What do educators think of critical thinking? Why Critical Thinking? How to integrate critical thinking in the ESL/EFL classroom.
  • 3. Bla bla bluu?
  • 4. What is critical thinking? Critical thinking “Disciplined, self-directed thinking . . . ” “ (Thinking) . . . which exemplifies the perfections of thinking. . .”* “The intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information.” “Critical thinking is the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it.”
  • 5. What do educators think?  “I think critical thinking is really important because it teaches us how to think, judge and express ourselves and our opinions. It's about understanding and not memorizing. One way of teaching this is stories.” (Nadeen, Damascus, Syria)  “We need to think critically to find new solutions that benefit all of humanity and not just a select few.” (Darleana, California, USA)  “I never understood why we felt we only share critical thinking with gifted and talented. All children must learn to take on a problem and find a solution. I work hard in developing Bloom's Taxonomy.” (Robert, Oklahoma, USA)  "There is a need today for us teachers to provide opportunities in the classroom to see students express themselves...away from "saying what we want as teachers". We have to motivate them to THINK, and to do it , critically. This comes after having observed, analyzed and evaluated "information" we teachers offer them to work with. It is important to bear in mind that whatever they say, it is the result of their own knowledge, beliefs, experience in the topic...." and their final output is the result of their critical thinking..( whether we like it or not ) it is the gift that we are after… that student has spoken "his/her" mind." (Hildegard M. Chile)
  • 6. Critical thinking in everyday language “Thinking outside the box” “Thinking about thinking” “Unlimited thinking” “Divergent thinking”
  • 7. The 8 elements of thought:  Point of view  Purpose  Questions at issue  Implications and consequences  Information  Interpretation and Inference  Concepts  Assumptions *The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking: Concepts and Tools, 5 ed. The Foundation for Critical Thinking, 2008.
  • 8. The 8 elements of thought Point of view • Frames of reference • Perspectives • Orientations Purpose What are the goals and objectives? Questions at issue What questions should be asked? Implications and consequences What does this imply? What are its consequences?
  • 9. Information What is the main piece of information given? Interpretation and Inference How do I interpret the piece of information? Concepts What concepts are present in this piece of information? Assumptions What are the assumptions I should make? April 12th, 2012
  • 10. Why Critical Thinking?  “The unexamined life is not worth living.” Socrates  “I think, therefore I am.” Descartes
  • 11. How to integrate critical thinking in the EFL classroom. Fact or opinion Logic puzzle Chess Picture dominoes
  • 12. Problem solving Discussions, games, projects…
  • 13. Group work and hands on activities
  • 14. Experiential learning
  • 15. In a nutshell April 12th, 2012 ☀“Critical thinking is the exact opposite of uncritical thinking, which is the exact synonym of being stupid!” Abdelmjid Seghir
  • 16. 13 July April 12th, 2012
  • 17. Abdelmjid Seghir @AmSeghir