Gender Inequity; Defining and Overcoming Obstacles.

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A Presentation dealing with the problems related to Gender Inequity in education. I gave this presentation during a conference under the theme of Gender Equity in Marrakech. (January, 2013.)

A Presentation dealing with the problems related to Gender Inequity in education. I gave this presentation during a conference under the theme of Gender Equity in Marrakech. (January, 2013.)

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  • 1. ABDELMJID SEGHIR EFL TEACHER MATE’s 33rd National Conference in Marrakech 28th to 31 January, 2013 Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 13/07/2013 0
  • 2. PLAN: Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 13/07/2013 1
  • 3. Equity Vs. Equality  The “Shoes Experiment” Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 13/07/2013 2
  • 4. Equity Vs. Equality •All Learners, with no distinction, have access to the same resources. •Learners spend the same amount of time at school. •Teachers employ the same methods and approaches in teaching male and female students. •The number of girls equals the number of boys in all classes. •All students are treated the same way and are subject to the same rewards/punishments. School “A” Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 13/07/2013 3
  • 5. 13/07/2013Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 4 • There is a special interest in Multiple Intelligences. • Subjects are taught in a variety of ways. • Teachers vary their activities because boys and girls learn differently. • Teachers use gender-neutral language. • Learning is personalized. School “B”
  • 6. Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 13/07/2013 5
  • 7. Instances Of Gender Inequity In Education.  Sexist language in the classroom.  Teaching different sexes in the same way.  More girls drop out of schools (Just because they’re girls). Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 13/07/2013 6
  • 8. Why Does Inequity Still Prevail? Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 13/07/2013 7 Boys and girls learn differently Socio- economic factors Governmental policies: Infrastructures Teacher training Inequity
  • 9. Boys and Girls learn differently  Girls tend to prefer cooperation instead of competition. They work with others and build on others ideas.  Girls seems to value understanding over grades.  Girls thrive in cooperative learning situations.  Girls tend to wait longer before answering a question. They spend more time thinking about an answer and how they want to respond before raising their hand. Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 13/07/2013 8
  • 10.  Teachers are more likely to engage boys in conversation in the classroom.  Teachers are more likely to ask boys higher level questions than girls.  When disciplined, boys are treated more harshly than girls.  Women typically aren’t encouraged by their families and the community.  Stereotypes about girls and boys in schools are well known and believed by many. Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 13/07/2013 9
  • 11. Socio-economic factors Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 13/07/2013 10  Girls are bad at math  Men Can’t be nurses  Girls WILL end up as housewives.  “Papa lit le journal” and “ Maman prépare le Couscous” The classroom is a mirror of society: Stereotypes and prejudices
  • 12. Teacher Training  Integrating Educational Equity courses in pre-service and in-service trainings.  Conferencing on the issue. 13/07/2013Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 11
  • 13. REAL INEQUITY 13/07/2013Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 12 Our students DIE on their way to school.
  • 14. Suggestions for Teachers:  Allow wait time.  Give encouragement.  Monitor interruptions.  Monitor student interactions.  Pay attention to your students’ different needs , learning styles and Multiple Intelligences.  Be creative  Use gender-neutral language.  Avoid stereotypes. 13/07/2013Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 13
  • 15. Thank you.  Email: am.seghir@gmail.com  Twitter: AmSeghir  Facebook: Abdelmjid Seghir 13/07/2013Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 14
  • 16. References  Stefanelli, R. “Gender Equity : Is there Gender Equity in your classroom?”  Henes, R. “Creating Gender Equity In Your Teaching.” (1994)  Hill, J. “Equity Vs. Equality?”  http://crookedtimber.org/2009/05/05/more-on-equity- and-equality-in-education/  http://crookedtimber.org/2009/03/31/educational- equity-and-educational-equality/  http://www.differencebetween.net/language/difference -between-equity-and-equality/ 13/07/2013Abdelmjid Seghir (am.seghir@gmail.com) 15