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powerpoint.8

  1. 1. Chinese Revolution
  2. 2. Nationalists • Overthrew last Qing emperor in 1911 • Led by Sun Yixian – Chinese need unity, not freedom • “Three Principles of the People” – End to foreign control – Democracy – Economic security • Local warlords seized power - civil war
  3. 3. May Fourth Movement Protests erupted throughout China against how China had been treated by Europe After World War I, China expected to get back the lands that Germany had controlled, but instead the Treaty of Versailles gave those lands to Japan.
  4. 4. Communists • One of founders: Mao Zedong • Changed Marx’s ideas - peasants, not workers, would rise up
  5. 5. First United Front • Alliance between Nationalists and Communists against warlords • Nationalists led by Jiang Jieshi
  6. 6. Shanghai Massacre • Jiang’s troops turned on Communists and killed them in streets • Communists never forgave Nationalists
  7. 7. Nationalist Republic of China • Jiang became president of new government in 1928 • Reforms only felt in cities, peasant s still suffered
  8. 8. The Long March Nationalists surrounded Communists and cut off supplies 100,000 fled and marched 6,000 miles to northern China
  9. 9. Second United Front Jiang’s men forced him to ally with Communists against real threat: Japan
  10. 10. Japan Invades • End of 1937 - Japan controlled most coastal cities and industrial areas • Massive bombings, star vation, atrocitie s killed millions of Chinese
  11. 11. War of Resistance • Communists fought Japan in the north - Mao used guerilla tactics • Nationalists dominated south and got aid from allies – Most aid ended up in hands of corrupt officers – Jiang used aid to build up army to fight Communists, and let America fight Japan
  12. 12. Civil War • Nationalists outnumbered Communists 3 to 1, and had aid from U.S. • But Nationalists faced: – Little popular support – Economy collapsing – Corrupt officials – Soldiers deserting to Communists – Less disciplined troops – Communists had popularity - gave land to poor
  13. 13. People’s Republic of China • Mao gained control of entire country and Nationalists fled to Taiwan • China became a Communist country in 1949

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