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Overpopulation and Euthanasia in pets (companion animals)

Overpopulation and Euthanasia in pets (companion animals)

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  • 1. Pet Overpopulation and Euthanasia
  • 2. Overpopulation Statistics <ul><li>Over 70 million feral cats in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>600 + million feral dogs World-wide </li></ul><ul><li>20% of people who adopted a dog from an animal shelter will give up the pet to another shelter </li></ul><ul><li>65% of owners obtain their pet at free or low costs </li></ul>http://www.wildlife-traps.com/dog.html
  • 3. Statistics, continued <ul><li>6-8 million cats and dogs enter animal shelters each year </li></ul><ul><li>3-4 million are humanely euthanized </li></ul><ul><li>30 years ago 17 million were euthanized </li></ul>http://www.cyprusvillagelink.com/images/Cat%20population%20growth.jpg
  • 4. Contributing Factors <ul><li>Owner Neglect </li></ul><ul><li>Pet abandonment </li></ul><ul><li>Population Growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 cat, 3 litters/year, 4-5 kittens/litter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 7 years 1 cat can produce 420,000 kittens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 dog within 6 years can contribute 67,000 pups (Idausa.org) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Education! </li></ul>http://www.askspikeonline.com/2009/01/12/spike-says-spay-or-neuter-your-dog/
  • 5. Contributing Factors, continued <ul><li>Irresponsible Breeding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Backyard Breeders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Puppy Mills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Choosing not to adopt </li></ul><ul><li>Disposable Pets </li></ul>http://www.dogtipper.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/chaseutleyPETA72-588x774.jpg http://canine-world.com/images/puppymill15.jpg
  • 6. Spay and Neuter <ul><li>75% of pets in the U.S. are altered </li></ul><ul><li>Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost procedures available </li></ul><ul><li>Short recovery time </li></ul><ul><li>Less health issues </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies show less likely to bite owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less scent marking and mounting </li></ul></ul>http://btwactually.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/BobBarker.jpg
  • 7. Spay and Neuter Alternatives <ul><li>Suprelorin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GnRH agonist implant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Richard FayrerHosken (CNN) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Female sterilization vaccine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different cultural views </li></ul>http://www.virbac.es/p-virbacespubes/images/content/Productos/Animales_de_compania/AC_Suprelorin_large.jpg
  • 8. Spay and Neuter Legislation <ul><li>Only 30 states require adopted animals to be altered </li></ul><ul><li>New York City mandates all pets sold from pet stores to be spayed/neutered </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island requires all cats to be altered, unless breeding license is obtained </li></ul>
  • 9. Euthanasia “ The term euthanasia is derived from the Greek terms eu meaning good and thanatos meaning death. A “good death” would be one that occurs with minimal pain and distress” (AVMA).
  • 10. Euthanasia “ It is our responsibility as veterinarians and human beings to ensure that if an animal’s life is to be taken, it is done with the highest degree of respect, and with an emphasis on making the death as painless and distress free as possible” (AVMA).
  • 11. Types of Euthanasia <ul><li>Inhalant </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Inhalant Pharmaceutical Agents </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Different euthanasia techniques preferred for various species </li></ul><ul><li>Some forms aesthetically displeasing for companion animals </li></ul>http://www.animallawcoalition.com/gas-chambers/article/1391 http://www.shopmania.com/garden-outdoors/p-cash-special-captive-bolt-stunner-gun-22-caliber-standard-19235316
  • 12. No Kill Shelters <ul><li>Adoptable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No behavioral defects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 weeks of age or older </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasonably healthy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unadoptable/Non-rehabilitatable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsuitable temperament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive health issues </li></ul></ul>http://nathanwinograd.com/newsite/wp-content/uploads/2008/12/nokill-advocacycenter_logo.gif
  • 13. “ One way to think about the meaning of no-kill is to apply the same standard to an animal shelter as you would to your own pet. Would you put your cat down if he had a broken bone? What if your dog had kennel cough or separation anxiety? I don't think most people would take their pet's lives for these conditions” (Abolitionistapproach.com)
  • 14. Resources 600million.org . Web. 01 Sept. 2011. <http://www.600million.org/>. &quot;AnimalKind.org: Pet Overpopulation: The Facts.&quot; ANIMALKIND . Web. 01 Sept. 2011. <http://www.animalkind.org/pet_overpopulation.html>. &quot;AVMA Guidelines on Euthanasia.&quot; June 2007. Web. 1 Sept. 2011. <http://www.avma.org/issues/animal_welfare/euthanasia.pdf>. &quot;Feral Cats: Frequently Asked Questions : The Humane Society of the United States.&quot; The Humane Society of the United States : The Humane Society of the United States . Web. 01 Sept. 2011. <http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/feral_cats/qa/feral_cat_FAQs.html>. &quot;No Kill Now! Defining No-Kill.&quot; Web. 1 Sept. 2011. <http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/links/p11/no-kill.pdf>. &quot;Pet Overpopulation : The Humane Society of the United States.&quot; The Humane Society of the United States : The Humane Society of the United States . Web. 01 Sept. 2011. <http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/pet_overpopulation/>. &quot;Pet Overpopulation.&quot; American Humane Association | Home . Web. 01 Sept. 2011. <http://www.americanhumane.org/animals/adoption-pet-care/issues-information/pet-overpopulation.html>. Pet Statistics . 2011. Web. 01 Sept. 2011. <http://www.aspca.org/about-us/faq/pet-statistics.aspx>. &quot;Spaying Alternative on the Horizon for Pet Owners - CNN.&quot; Featured Articles from CNN . 28 Aug. 1998. Web. 01 Sept. 2011. <http://articles.cnn.com/1998-08-28/tech/9808_28_t_t_dog.spay.shot_1_spay-neutering-pet-owners?_s=PM:TECH>.
  • 15. Questions? Comments?

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