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Tenses

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  • 1. TENSES (Positive pattern) PAST PRESENT FUTURE Pattern Adverb Pattern Adverb Pattern adverb Non auxiliary (ada kata kerja) S + Verb1 + … S + will/shall + Verb1 + … Non auxiliary (ada kata kerja) She writes … She will/shall write … S + Verb2 + … always, (Bentuk umum) She wrote … yesterday, Ket. u/ Subjek she, he, it ; setelah verb + akhiran usually, tomorrow, … ago, s/es/ies sometimes, S + going to + Verb1 + … the day after Auxiliary (tidak ada kata kerja) last …, often, She going to write … tomorrow, S + (was/were) + … just now, SIMPLE Auxiliary (tidak ada kata kerja) seldom, (untuk kegiatan yang akan dilakukan dalam waktu next …, He was born ... this … S + (am, is, are) + … hardly, dekat) soon, later, (morning, I am sick scarcely, tonight Auxiliary did/didn’t (u/ kalimat negative atau year, week, rarely, every interrogative) afternoon) Auxiliary do/does … Secara khusus Subject I, will -> Shall S + did + not + verb1 + … (u. kalimat negative / interrogative) Secara umum, baik will & shall -> sama saja Did + S + verb1 + … ? S + (do/does) + not + verb1 + … (Do/does) + S + verb1 + … ? now, at 8.00 S + (was/were) + (Verb1-ing) … S + (am, is, are) + (Verb1-ing) … at this tomorrow I was writing … I am writing … moment, at morning, S + will/shall + be + (Verb1- ing) … this time, at this time CONTINUOUS when, while She will/shall be write … I, she, he, it : was I : am look! hear! next week, We, you, they : were she, he, it : is watch out! be tomorrow we, you, they : are careful!, stop! morning at quit! 10.00 S + (have/has) + Verb3 + … by the end She has written … of may, by S + had + Verb3 +… S + will/shall + have + Verb3 + … just, already, the end of She had written … She will/shall have written … PERFECT before, after she, he, it : has ever, never, this month, I, we, you, they : have yet before the Ciri : tidak ada durasi waktu Ciri : tidak ada durasi waktu end of this Ciri : tidak ada durasi waktu month S + (have/has) + been + (Verb1- ing) … She has been writing … S + (had) + been + (Verb1- ing) + … S + will/shall + have + been + Verb1-ing … PERFECT She had been writing … She will/shall have been writing … for … until. for she, he, it : has for, since CONTINUOUS for … by, I, we, you, they : have Ciri : ada durasi waktu Ciri : ada durasi waktu Ciri : ada durasi waktu © Aidia Propitious 1
  • 2. TENSES (- Negative pattern) PAST PRESENT FUTURE Pattern Adverb Pattern Adverb Pattern adverb Non auxiliary (ada kata kerja) Non auxiliary (ada kata kerja) always, yesterday, S + did not + Verb1 + … S + (do/does) not + Verb1 + … usually, tomorrow, … ago, She did not write She does not write … sometimes, S + (will/shall) not + Verb1 + … the day after last …, often, She will/shall not write … tomorrow, just now, SIMPLE Auxiliary (tidak ada kata kerja) Auxiliary (tidak ada kata kerja) seldom, (Bentuk umum) next …, this … S + (was/were) not + … S + (am, is, are) not + … hardly, soon, later, (morning, He was not born ... I am not sick scarcely, tonight year, week, rarely, every afternoon) … now, at 8.00 S + (was/were) not + (Verb1-ing) … S + (am, is, are) not + (Verb1-ing) … at this tomorrow I was not writing … I am not writing … moment, at morning, S + (will/shall) not + be + (Verb1- ing) … this time, at this time CONTINUOUS when, while She will/shall not be write … I, she, he, it : was I : am look! hear! next week, We, you, they : were she, he, it : is watch out! be tomorrow we, you, they : are careful!, stop! morning at quit! 10.00 S + (have/has) not + Verb3 + … by the end She has not written … of may, by S + had not + Verb3 +… S + (will/shall) not + have + Verb3 + … just, already, the end of She had not written … She will/shall not have written … PERFECT before, after she, he, it : has ever, never, this month, I, we, you, they : have yet before the Ciri : tidak ada durasi waktu Ciri : tidak ada durasi waktu end of this Ciri : tidak ada durasi waktu month S + (have/has) not + been + (Verb1- ing) … She has not been writing … S + (had) not + been + (Verb1- ing) + … S + (will/shall) not + have + been + Verb1-ing PERFECT She had not been writing … She (will/shall) not have been writing for … until. for she, he, it : has for, since CONTINUOUS for … by, I, we, you, they : have Ciri : ada durasi waktu Ciri : ada durasi waktu Ciri : ada durasi waktu © Aidia Propitious 2
  • 3. TENSES (? Interogative pattern) PAST PRESENT FUTURE Pattern Adverb Pattern Adverb Pattern adverb Non auxiliary (ada kata kerja) always, yesterday, Do/does + S + Verb1 + …? usually, tomorrow, Did + S + Verb1 + … ? … ago, Does she write …? sometimes, Will/shall + S + Verb1 + … ? the day after Did she write …? last …, often, Will/shall She write …? tomorrow, just now, SIMPLE Auxiliary (tidak ada kata kerja) seldom, (Bentuk umum) next …, Auxiliary (tidak ada kata kerja) this … (Is, am, are) + S + …? hardly, soon, later, (was/were) + S + …? (morning, Is he born ... ? scarcely, tonight Was he born ... ? year, week, rarely, every afternoon) … now, at 8.00 Was/were + S + (Verb1-ing) … ? Am, is, are + S + (Verb1-ing) …? at this tomorrow Was she writing Are you writing …? moment, at morning, …? Will/shall + S + (Verb1-ing) + … ? this time, at this time CONTINUOUS when, while Will she writing …? I : am look! hear! next week, I, she, he, it : was she, he, it : is watch out! be tomorrow We, you, they : were we, you, they : are careful!, stop! morning at quit! 10.00 S + (have/has) not + Verb3 + …? by the end She has not written … ? of may, by Had + S + Verb3 +…? Will/shall + S + Verb3 + … ? just, already, the end of Had she written …? Will she written … ? PERFECT before, after she, he, it : has ever, never, this month, I, we, you, they : have yet before the Ciri : tidak ada durasi waktu Ciri : tidak ada durasi waktu end of this Ciri : tidak ada durasi waktu month Have/has + S + been + (Verb1- ing) … ? Has she been writing …? Had + S + been + (Verb1- ing) + … ? Will/shall + S + been + Verb1-ing … ? PERFECT Had she been writing …? Will she been writing … ? for … until. for she, he, it : has for, since CONTINUOUS for … by, I, we, you, they : have Ciri : ada durasi waktu Ciri : ada durasi waktu Ciri : ada durasi waktu © Aidia Propitious 3