Surface WaterSurface Water
Stream StagesStream Stages
 ________:________:

RapidsRapids

WaterfallsWaterfalls

Fast-moving waterFast-moving water...
Important DefinitionsImportant Definitions
 ____________ – a stream and all its____________ – a stream and all its
tribut...
________ – the bends and curves________ – the bends and curves
of a streamof a stream
Meanders
Oxbow
lake
deposition
erosion
____________ – deposit formed when a____________ – deposit formed when a
stream spreads out onto a less steep areastream s...
_____ – where a stream empties_____ – where a stream empties
into a larger body of waterinto a larger body of water
Delta
____________ – when an old age stream____________ – when an old age stream
downcuts to “make it new again”downcuts to “mak...
Stream LoadStream Load
 A stream can carry its load in threeA stream can carry its load in three
different ways:different...
Stream DischargeStream Discharge
 Discharge is the amount of water thatDischarge is the amount of water that
flows past a...
Surface Water Review
solution, suspension, bed load
land area drained by a river system
divide
Surface Water Review (continued)
in the center
along the sides and bottom because of the
friction with the channel
a bend ...
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Surface Water

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Surface Water

  1. 1. Surface WaterSurface Water
  2. 2. Stream StagesStream Stages  ________:________:  RapidsRapids  WaterfallsWaterfalls  Fast-moving waterFast-moving water  Steep slopeSteep slope  _______:_______:  Broad floodplainBroad floodplain  MeandersMeanders  Oxbow lakesOxbow lakes  Meander ScarsMeander Scars Youthful Old
  3. 3. Important DefinitionsImportant Definitions  ____________ – a stream and all its____________ – a stream and all its tributariestributaries  ________ – a smaller stream that empties________ – a smaller stream that empties into a larger streaminto a larger stream  _________ – the land area drained by a_________ – the land area drained by a river systemriver system  ______ – a high point that separates river______ – a high point that separates river systemssystems River System Tributary Watershed Divide
  4. 4. ________ – the bends and curves________ – the bends and curves of a streamof a stream Meanders
  5. 5. Oxbow lake deposition erosion
  6. 6. ____________ – deposit formed when a____________ – deposit formed when a stream spreads out onto a less steep areastream spreads out onto a less steep area Alluvial Fan
  7. 7. _____ – where a stream empties_____ – where a stream empties into a larger body of waterinto a larger body of water Delta
  8. 8. ____________ – when an old age stream____________ – when an old age stream downcuts to “make it new again”downcuts to “make it new again” Rejuvenation
  9. 9. Stream LoadStream Load  A stream can carry its load in threeA stream can carry its load in three different ways:different ways:  1.________ – material is dissolved1.________ – material is dissolved  2.__________ – particles are held up by2.__________ – particles are held up by stream’s moving waterstream’s moving water  3._________ – material pushed or rolled3._________ – material pushed or rolled along the stream’s channelalong the stream’s channel solution suspension bed load
  10. 10. Stream DischargeStream Discharge  Discharge is the amount of water thatDischarge is the amount of water that flows past a point in a certain amount offlows past a point in a certain amount of time.time.  Discharge is dependent upon velocity,Discharge is dependent upon velocity, depth, and width of the stream.depth, and width of the stream.  Discharge = _______ x _____ x _____Discharge = _______ x _____ x _____velocity depth width
  11. 11. Surface Water Review solution, suspension, bed load land area drained by a river system divide
  12. 12. Surface Water Review (continued) in the center along the sides and bottom because of the friction with the channel a bend or curve in the stream Maximum on the outside of the meander and minimum on the inside inside of meanders channel
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