Recipe for a Paper• A group of primary sources with clearly defined boundaries (chronological, authorial, thematic)• A group of scholarly secondary sources that can shed light on your primary sources – Note: For this assignment, I’m going to require that these be scholarly articles or books, rather than web pages• Examination of a class theme• A Set of Productive Questions
Class Themes, 1-2 PM Section Consumerism• •Moral panics• •Parenting styles• •Censorship• •Discrimination (race or gender)• •Change over time• •Agency in children• •Labor / leisure/ fun• •Technology• •Stereotypes• •Advertising• •Income inequality/class/privilege• •Innocence• •Adult nostalgia• •War and violence• •Propaganda/indoctrination
Class Themes, 2-3 PM Section• Moral panics• Consumer inequality• Consumption/Advertising• Propaganda and war• Innocence• Parenting styles• Children’s Agency• Place of the child in the family• Gender roles• Race/ethnicity• Child labor – play – leisure – education• Emotional labor – child performers – beauty pageants• Play• Separation of children’s culture from adult• Religion• Technology gap• Adult nostalgia• Class/privilege/money• Generational gap• Sports• Entertainment produced by adults for kids vs. kids’ self-entertainment
Initial Research Phase: The Wider Web• Find out basic facts about your starting point: Who? What? When? Where?• Is the source that is your starting point part of a bigger group of similar sources? Could any of these form a good basis for a comparative examination?• Note sources of information (ex: books listed in Wikipedia “citations” section) that are more credible; keep track of these, and try to find them later in the library• Use “snowball method”: as you find out more, use your new knowledge to fuel your search
Starting Points• Group 1: “Wall-E”• Group 2: Pokemon• Group 3: “The Cosby Show”• Group 4: Dr. James Dobson, Dare to Discipline• Group 5: Baby Einstein• Group 6: The Case of Trayvon Martin
Keeping a Research Log• Web searches: – Bookmark pages – Keep lists of leads – PDF or print key articles, in case they disappear• Library Databases: – Write down search terms you’ve exhausted – Copy and paste names and call numbers of books you might want
Discuss with Your Research Pod• At this point in your research, how do you think you could turn the primary source you were given into an 8-pp paper, to be executed with a month’s lead time? – What boundaries would you impose? – What themes would you investigate? – What other primary sources would you use for the sake of comparison or contextualization?
Research Phase 2: Finding Context in Verified Places• Secondary sources give you verified history, tell you what other people think about your primaries or your themes• Look for secondaries that are directly about your primaries, but also ones that might give you historical context or address the themes you’re investigating
How to Search for Secondary Sources• When looking for secondary sources, what search terms might you use? – What larger movements or phenomena relate to your primary sources? – What themes might you be addressing? – What bigger histories might you need to investigate in order to contextualize your primaries?
Why am I making you pick “scholarly” secondary sources?• If you’re using them for informational purposes, you know the history in them is verified (peer-reviewed)• If you’re using them for purposes of argument or theory, you know the argument is carefully considered and probably (though, admittedly, not always) interesting
Approaching UTNetCat• Search for the obvious things: names of your primary sources, names of people or companies involved with their production• Search by subject heading – If you’re unclear as to which subject headings might be appropriate, go to a source you’ve already identified, and click through its own subject headings – Cannibalize bibliographies of books you’ve already got
What’s “Scholarly”?• If the book’s publication info contains the words “university press”• If the book contains citations (footnotes or parentheticals) and a bibliography• If you investigate the book’s author(s) and find that they’re professors of some kind (or other acceptable authorities)• Gray areas: journalism, cultural criticism sometimes won’t have footnotes; you’ll have to make the call based on author’s credibility
Finding Books in the Library (Nerd Protocol)• Keep a list of interesting call numbers• Use the stack guide to identify their locations: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/about/librarymap/pcl.html• Write down the locations of books next to their call numbers• Consolidate books into sections using copy and paste• Print your list• Bring an extra tote bag• Work the stacks top to bottom• Look at the books around your target book to see if any of them might work too
Databases• Go to library homepage->research tools->find articles using databases (or this link: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/indexes/index.php)• Pick JStor or Project Muse for scholarly articles• Use the same keywords you’ve seen work in your UTNetCat search• Download articles in PDF form to avoid repeating your search• Google Scholar may get you some of the same places, but will also flood you with information; buyer beware
Writing Opinion vs. Writing Argument: How to Phrase Your Research Questions• “Are beauty pageants oversexualizing • “How does the show ‘Toddlers and young girls?” Tiaras’ handle the depiction of its• “Are we too dependent on contestants in terms of innocence technology?” and sexuality?”• “Are first-person shooter video games • “How does ‘Wall-E’ try to warn kids too violent for kids to play?” of the dangers of overdependence on technology? How are these warnings the same/different from those contained in anti-obesity campaigns? What kinds of assumptions do the producers of the movie/the campaigns make about the nature of contemporary childhood?” • “In an analysis of web sites frequented by young users of FPS games, how will these users talk about the experience of virtual ‘killing’?”
Citations• Use Chicago Style (here is a guide to putting together citations the old-fashioned way:http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/to ols_citationguide.html)• Use NoodleBib (http://www.lib.utexas.edu/citations/noodlebi b.html) to get citations done automatically