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HKBU POLS 3620 Presentation Drugs

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This is a presentation required for the HKBU GIS major core course POLS 3620, with the topic "drugs in Europe and Asia". Prepared by Chiu Chi Hon Ryan and Lau Sin Ming Rebecca

This is a presentation required for the HKBU GIS major core course POLS 3620, with the topic "drugs in Europe and Asia". Prepared by Chiu Chi Hon Ryan and Lau Sin Ming Rebecca

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business

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  • 1. 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebeccain Europe and Asia
  • 2. Introduction: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Drug Usage 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca *Cannabis is the most commonly used drug within the EU At least 45 million [18%] people having tried it at least once in their lives**There are 64,580,000 estimated illicit cannabis users in 2008 aged 15-64 years in Asia *Data from EU Commission Report, 1999 **Data from World Drug Report 2010
  • 3. Introduction: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, RyanDrug Business 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca Wholesale heroin prices are increasing during drug trafficking Current drug trade is worth 400 billion USD or 8% of all international trade.
  • 4. Introduction: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, RyanDrug Perception 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca
  • 5. Creative Wallpaper aboutCannabis could easily be foundon the Internet. But the makers are mostly the
  • 6. History of Drug use: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Introduction 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca Human drug abuse began thousands of years agoChina Cannabis 麻黃 EphedraEgypt OpiumIndiaThe Middle EastAmericas Medicinal purposes General health tonics
  • 7. History of Drug use: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Asia 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca During the 18th and 19th Century Western Asia Eastern Asia In the 11th Chinese emperors in thecentury, Persian soldiers Iran 3000 B.C.E. ate orwould smoke hashish to China As an important source brewed cannabis in tea Supply from India, Turkey and prepare for battleof global opium supply Iran South-West Asia Sumerians recorded a “joy plant” (Presumably Opium poppy)
  • 8. History of Drug use: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Europe 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca Rome The use of cannabis is mentioned as a Many derivatives are available: Examples are Morphineremedy. medical and Heroin Manufacture Germanyopium-based of many People believed that onewith harmless- preparations and tonics of the goddess soundinginhabited inside the cannabis indeed names, like Childrens Comfort and Mother Baileys Quieting SyrupDuring the 18thand 19th Century
  • 9. History of Drug use: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Europe & Asia 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, RebeccaThe drug production and consumption relationship Opium as a commodity to reshape the trade balances British total exports of Bengal opium By 1830s, By 1850s, By 1800 127 mt. 6,372 mt. 11% 17% By 1857 Of the total revenues of the British administration in India contributed by opium sales
  • 10. *Contemporary Drug use: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Asia *The 20th & 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca 21st Century Afghanistan produces of the worlds opium poppy From World drug report 2010 Myanmar accounts for 21% China: 0.25% of the world’s supply of opium Myanmar: 0.6% Laos accounted for about 4%Drug Consumption Drug Production
  • 11. *Contemporary Drug use: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Europe *The 20th & 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca 21st CenturyDrugs also became associated withparticular forms of music and life- styles 1960s Mods 1970s Punk 1980s Rap Drug Consumption
  • 12. *Contemporary Drug use:*The 20th 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca Europe & Asia & 21st Century
  • 13. 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Analysis 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca Independent establishment of drug-use customsInter-influences between cultures due to the political and military expansion and the more extensive sea travel Emergence of different drugs due to advanced technologyThe cultural revolutions of the 60s and the 70s were one of the factors led to the growth of the drug culture in Western countriesGlobalization enhance the drug business by producing global consumer and producer
  • 14. Drug policy and Penalty: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Asia 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca Shanghai Cooperation OrganizationDrug problem is seriously concerned Drugs as a regional and transnational issue This year, the first “Training Course on Drugs Analysis and Identification for Asian Countries” (亚洲国家毒品检测专题培 训班) is introduced by China’s People Public Security University Death Penalty is NOT RARE in China, Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand, Afghanistan, Viet nam, Pakistan
  • 15. Drug policy and Penalty: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Europe 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebecca The general aim of EU Policy: A balanced approach of combining demand and supply reduction Specific EU member states policy --- Netherland: 1. Soft drugs are regarded as low-risk 2. The sale of small quantities for drugs for personal use is openly tolerated3. One of first countries to introduce heroin-assisted treatment and safe injection sites
  • 16. 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Analysis 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, RebeccaThe EU policy is more balanced with greater emphasis on demand reduction Policies from punitive measures to prevention and careConsensus that prisons are not appropriate places for drug addicts.
  • 17. Drug Perception: 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, RyanEurope & Asia 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, RebeccaIn Asia: Europe:
  • 18. 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Conclusion 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, RebeccaWhether you like it or not, the drugs business has been around us for centuriesWhether you believe it or not, if we are totally drug-free, manypeople would lose the meaning of life, while more would lose their livings Compared to Asians, Europeans take drug abuse as a health issue, rather than a criminal oneDrugs somehow represent a life style in the West, while in the East they are the symbol of “Sick Man of Asia”
  • 19. 08021090 Chiu Chi Hon, Ryan Reference 10003770 Lau Sin Ming, Rebeccahttp://www.unodc.org/unodc/index.htmlhttp://blog.thegooddrugsguide.com/0754/7-countries-where-drug-lords-lord-it-over/http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/health/article-24005027-dr-christian-jessen-evidently-the-drug-laws-dont-work.dohttp://www.arbitragemagazine.com/topics/culture/worlds-drug-addicted-countries/http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/hemp/history/first12000/1.htmhttp://forums.skadi.net/showthread.php?t=16621http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/01/0121_040121_medicinalplants.htmlhttp://www.emcdda.europa.eu/html.cfm/index6790EN.htmlThe political Economy of Narcotics: Production, consumption and GlobalMarkets – Julia BuxtonAnti-drugs policies of the European Union: Transnational Decision-making andthe Politics of Expertise – Martin ElvinsThe Politics of Drugs: from production to consumption - Peadar KingDrugs in Society: Causes, concepts and control – Michael D. LymanThe Golden Triangle: inside Southeast Asia’s drug trade – Ko-Lin Chin