Reeee the history of animation realPresentation Transcript
The history of animation By Rebecca Armstrong
1906 Humorous Phases of Funny Faces is a silent cartoon by J. Stuart Blackton released in 1906. The film moves at 20 frames per second. It features a cartoonist drawing faces on a chalkboard, and the faces coming to life. It is generally regarded by film historians as the first animated film Gertie the Dinosaur is a 1914 American animated short film by Winsor McCay Was named #6 of The 50 Greatest Cartoons of all time in a 1994 It was the first cartoon to feature a character with an 1914 appealing personality
Koko the Clown was an animated character created by animation pioneer Max Fleischer The series was very popular and in 1921 The character originated when Max Fleischer invented the rotoscope1921 Felix the Cat is a cartoon character created in the silent film era Felix one of the most recognized cartoon characters in film history 1923 Felix was the first character from animation to attain a level of popularity sufficient to draw movie audiences
1928 Steamboat Willie is a 1928 American animated short film directed by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks. The cartoon is considered the debut of Mickey Mouse The film is also notable for being one of the first cartoons with synchronized sound King Kong is a Pre-Code 1933 fantasy monster adventure film co-directed by Merian C. The film tells of a gigantic island-dwelling apeman creature called Kong who dies in an attempt to possess a beautiful young woman In 1991, the film was deemed "culturally, historically and aesthetically significant" by the Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry. 1933
1937 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 American animated film based on Snow White, a German fairy tale by the Brothers Grimm It was the first full-length cel-animated feature in motion picture history, as well as the first animated feature film produced in America, The first in the Walt Disney Animated Classics canon Tom and Jerry is an American series of theatrical animated cartoon films created by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Jerry has a worldwide audience that consists of children, teenagers and adults been recognized as one of the most famous and longest-lived rivalries in American cinema 1940
1992 South Park is an American animated television series created by Trey Parker and Matt Stone for the Comedy Central television network. Intended for mature audiences, the show has become famous for its crude language, surreal satirical and dark humor that lampoons a wide range of topics. In the 2004 documentary The 100 Greatest Cartoons, South Park was placed at #3 Corpse Bride, often promoted as Tim Burtons Corpse Bride, is a 2005 stop-motion- animated fantasy musical film directed by Mike Johnson and Tim Burton. The film was nominated in the 78th Academy Awards for Best Animated Feature It was shot with a battery of Canon EOS-1D Mark II digital 2005 SLRs, rather than the 35mm film cameras used for Burtons previous stop-motion film The Nightmare Before Christmas
Walter Elias "Walt" Disney (December 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966) was an Americanfilm producer, director, screenwriter, voiceactor, animator, entrepreneur, entertainer, international icon,and philanthropist, well-known for his influence in the field of entertainment during the 20th century.Disney is particularly noted as a film producerand a popular showman, as well as aninnovator in animation and theme parkdesign. He and his staff created some of theworlds most well-known fictional charactersincluding Mickey Mouse, for whom Disneyhimself provided the original voice. During hislifetime he received four honorary AcademyAwards and won twenty-two AcademyAwards from a total of fifty-ninenominations, including a record four in oneyear, giving him more awards andnominations than any other individual inhistory.The corporation is now known as The WaltDisney Company and had an annual revenueof approximately US$36 billion in the 2010financial year
Walt Disney animation Walt Disney did cell animationThe Process of Animation1. A storyboard is made, all the animators and directors come together to discuss the entire film.2. The storyboards are presented as the story3. Once the story is laid out, the dialogue is recorded. This is done before animation, so the animators know what the characters will say.4. After the dialogue is recorded, the animators can make rough sketches of just the characters. Usually these drawings are quitemessy, there is still no color, or background. Some animated films have used over 50,000 individual drawings.At most animation studios, the best animators only sketched a few animation drawings, leaving gaps in between. Later on, a personcalled an "inbetweener" would finish the scenes, by drawing in between the areas that the animator had left.5. Once the entire film has been drawn on paper, the animation drawings go to the inking department. There, the inkers copy theanimation drawings on to a clear celluloid acetate, sometimes called a Cel.6. After the outline of the characters has been made, the unfinished Cels go to the Painting Department. The painters flip the Celover, and paint the colors on the back. They paint on the back so the characters appear crisp, and have an outline.7. Before the Animation Cels get photographed a background must be added. Because a Cel is clear, and it only has the painted characteron it, if a background is made, it will show through. Usually backgrounds are painted with Tempera or Water Color paint. Although, insome Disney productions, the background was painted on glass, and combined with other glass painted backgrounds to create theillusion of extreme movement. (This technique is use in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.)8. Now all the combined elements (the Cel and the background) can be photographed. Although, the final product is not filmed with anormal projector, or camera. A special device, with a lens mounted facing down on to a table top captures each frame of the animatedfeature. Usually, the background is placed into a special mount, then covered with the Cel, then covered with a large piece of glass, thenphotographed.9. After all the drawings have been filmed, the dialogue is added. Sometimes the film is edited at this step.10. The animated film is released, and the general public may view it.
Émile Cohl (January 4, 1857, Paris –January 20, 1938), born Émile EugèneJean Louis Courtet, was a Frenchcaricaturist of the largely forgottenIncoherent Movement, cartoonist, andanimator called "The Father of theAnimated Cartoon" and "The OldestParisian".By 1907, the 50-year-old ÉmileCohl, like everyone else in Paris, hadbecome aware of motion pictures.Cohl made over 250 films between1908 and 1923, working forGaumont, Éclair (including a spell inAmerica), Pathé and others.
Winsor McCay (September 26, 1869 – July26, 1934) was an American cartoonist andanimator.A prolific artist, McCays pioneering earlyanimated films far outshone the work of hiscontemporaries, and set a standard followedby Walt Disney and others in later decades.His two best-known creations are thenewspaper comic strip Little Nemo inSlumberland, which ran from 1905–1914 and1924–1927, and the animated cartoon Gertiethe Dinosaur, which he created in 1914.His comic strip work has influencedgenerations of artists, including creators suchas William Joyce, AndréLeBlanc, Moebius, Maurice Sendak, ChrisWare and Bill Watterson.
Max Fleischer (July 19, 1883 – September 11, 1972) was an Americananimator. He was a pioneer in the development of the animatedcartoon and served as the head of Fleischer Studios. He brought suchanimated characters as Betty Boop, Koko the Clown, Popeye, andSuperman to the movie screen and was responsible for a number oftechnological innovations.
Eadweard J. Muybridge (9April 1830 – 8 May 1904) wasan English photographer whospent much of his life in theUnited States. He is known forhis pioneering work on animallocomotion which used multiplecameras to capture motion, andhis zoopraxiscope, a device forprojecting motion pictures thatpre-dated the flexible perforatedfilm strip.
Ray Harryhausen (born Raymond Frederick Harryhausen on June 29, 1920 in Los Angeles, California) is an American film producer and special effects creator. He created a brand of stop-motion model animation known as "Dynamation."Among his most notable works are hisanimation on Mighty Joe Young (withpioneer Willis OBrien, which won theAcademy Award for special effects)(1949), The 7th Voyage of Sinbad(his firstcolour film) and Jason and theArgonauts, featuring a famous swordfight against seven skeleton warriors.
Stephen and Timothy Quay (born June 17, 1947 inNorristown, Pennsylvania) are American identical twin brothers betterknown as the Brothers Quay or Quay Brothers. They are influential stop-motion animators. They are the recipients of the 1998 Drama Desk Awardfor Outstanding Set Design for their work on the play The Chairs.The Quay Brothers reside and work inEngland, having moved there in 1969 to studyat the Royal College of Art, London afterstudying illustration at the PhiladelphiaCollege of Art, now the University of the Artsin Philadelphia. In England they made theirfirst short films, which no longer exist afterthe only print was irreparably damaged. Theyspent some time in the Netherlands in the1970s and then returned to England wherethey teamed up with another Royal Collegestudent, Keith Griffiths, who produced all oftheir films. The trio formed Koninck Studios in1980, which is currently based inSouthwark, south London.
Timothy William "Tim" Burton(bornAugust 25, 1958) is an American filmdirector, film producer, writer and artist.He is famous for dark, quirky-themed movies suchas Beetlejuice, Edward Scissorhands, TheNightmare Before Christmas, Ed Wood, SleepyHollow, Corpse Bride and Sweeney Todd: TheDemon Barber of Fleet Street, and for blockbusterssuch as Pee-wees Big Adventure, Batman, BatmanReturns, Planet of the Apes, Charlie and theChocolate Factory, 9 and Alice in Wonderland, hismost recent film, that was the second highest-grossing film of 2010 as well as the ninth highest-grossing film of all time.
Aardman Animations, Ltd., also known asAardman Studios, or simply as Aardman, isa British animation studio based inBristol, United Kingdom. The studio isknown for films made using stop-motionclay animation techniques, particularlythose featuring Plasticine charactersWallace and Gromit. However, itsuccessfully entered the computeranimation market with Flushed Away.
Pixar Animation Studios, is an American computeranimation film studio based in Emeryville, California.The studio has earned 26 Academy Awards, sevenGolden Globes, and three Grammy Awards, amongmany other awards and acknowledgments. Its films havemade over $6.3 billion worldwide.It is best known for itsCGI-animated feature films created with PhotoRealisticRenderMan, its own implementation of the industry-standard RenderMan image-rendering applicationprogramming interface used to generate high-qualityimages.
Terrence Vance "Terry" Gilliam (born22 November 1940) is an American-born British screenwriter, filmdirector, animator, actor and member ofthe Monty Python comedy troupe.Gilliam is also known for directingseveral films, including Brazil(1985), The Adventures of BaronMunchausen (1988), The Fisher King(1991), and 12 Monkeys (1995). Theonly "Python" not born in Britain, hetook British citizenship in 1968.
Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc., also known as Warner Bros.Pictures or simply Warner Bros. (though the name was occasionallygiven in full form as Warner Brothers during the companys earlyyears), is an American producer of film and television entertainment.One of the major film studios, it is a subsidiary of Time Warner, withits headquarters in Burbank, California and New York, New York.Warner Bros. has several subsidiary companies, including WarnerBros. Studios, Warner Bros. Pictures, Warner Bros. InteractiveEntertainment, Warner Bros. Television, Warner Bros.Animation, Warner Home Video, New Line Cinema, TheWB.com, andDC Comics. Warner owns half of The CW Television Network.