THE GREAT WAR: THEWORLD IN UPHEAVAL
La Belle Époque - 1871 - 1914     Absence of armed conflict     Increasing power of popularly elected legislatures.    ...
CAUSES AND ORIGINS OF THE WAR   Short term cause – Assassination of Archduke    Franz FerdinandFranz Ferdinand and his wi...
LONG TERM CAUSES OF WORLDWAR I   Long term causes are much more complex       National rivalries       Imperialism    ...
LONG TERM CAUSES OF WORLDWAR I    Alliance System        Triple Alliance (Central Powers ) –         Germany, Austria-Hu...
MARCH TO WAR   Crisis in the Balkans     Serbia     Bosnia – Herzegovina
MARCH TO WAR   Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand      Gavrilo Princip      Black Hand                          ...
AUSTRIA – HUNGARY ISSUES  ULTIMATUM TO SERBIA- Demands were impossible for Serbia to meet- Austria-Hungary declared war on...
CHAIN REACTIONAustria-Hungary and Germany            Vs.      Serbia and Russia
MARCH TO WAR   Schlieffin Plan       Had been created in 1905       Take France, then Russia   Rape of Belgium       ...
REACTION TO WAR - EXCITEMENT
NEW TECHNOLOGIES   Trench warfare
TRENCH FOOT
NO MAN’S LAND
NEW TECHNOLOGIES   Poisonous gas   Tanks   Airplanes   Submarine
BATTLE OF VERDUN – FEBRUARY1916
BATTLE OF THE SOMME – JULY 1916
THE EASTERN FRONT
ON THE HOMEFRONT…   Total War       Mass conscription       Government controlled economies       Wage & price control...
PROPAGANDA
WOMEN AND WAR Women performed the jobs of men at home Women served as nurses on the battlefield At the war’s end, women ex...
WIDENING THE WAR   The Ottoman Empire   Italy   Middle East   Japan   United States
AMERICA JOINS THE WAR   Lusitania
AMERICA JOINS THE WAR   Lusitania
AMERICA JOINS THE WAR   The Zimmerman Telegram
1918 OFFENSIVES   German Offensive     Treaty of Brest – Litovsk with Russia     Moved troops to Western Front   Secon...
HUMAN COST   Military & Civilian Deaths: 15 million   Wounded: 20 million   Germany – 2 million   Russia – 1.7 million...
PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE Georges    Clemenceau David   Lloyd George Victorio   Orlando Woodrow     Wilson     Fourteen ...
THE REORDERING OF EUROPE Treaty      of Versailles   Germany blamed for the war   Territorial loss   Military reductio...
IMPACT OF WAR AND PEACE   Weak peace settlement – led to WWII   Bolshevik Revolution   Destroyed Empires   New Map of ...
The Great War
The Great War
The Great War
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The Great War

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The Great War

  1. 1. THE GREAT WAR: THEWORLD IN UPHEAVAL
  2. 2. La Belle Époque - 1871 - 1914  Absence of armed conflict  Increasing power of popularly elected legislatures.  Increasing involvement of government in social legislation.  Improved health and leisure .
  3. 3. CAUSES AND ORIGINS OF THE WAR Short term cause – Assassination of Archduke Franz FerdinandFranz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie enter their car one final time unaware they are minutes from dying
  4. 4. LONG TERM CAUSES OF WORLDWAR I Long term causes are much more complex  National rivalries  Imperialism  Military Arms Race  Economic Rivalries  Domestic Problems
  5. 5. LONG TERM CAUSES OF WORLDWAR I  Alliance System  Triple Alliance (Central Powers ) – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy (later left and became neutral, then joined the Allies)  Triple Entente (Allied Powers) – Britain, France, Russia  Nationalism
  6. 6. MARCH TO WAR Crisis in the Balkans  Serbia  Bosnia – Herzegovina
  7. 7. MARCH TO WAR Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand  Gavrilo Princip  Black Hand Franz Ferdinand and family  Produces a Chain Reaction Gavrilo Princip Gavrilo Princip being apprehended
  8. 8. AUSTRIA – HUNGARY ISSUES ULTIMATUM TO SERBIA- Demands were impossible for Serbia to meet- Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia- This sets off a chain reaction
  9. 9. CHAIN REACTIONAustria-Hungary and Germany Vs. Serbia and Russia
  10. 10. MARCH TO WAR Schlieffin Plan  Had been created in 1905  Take France, then Russia Rape of Belgium  Belgium was neutral  Germany invades  Great Britain enters WWI Battle of the Marne
  11. 11. REACTION TO WAR - EXCITEMENT
  12. 12. NEW TECHNOLOGIES Trench warfare
  13. 13. TRENCH FOOT
  14. 14. NO MAN’S LAND
  15. 15. NEW TECHNOLOGIES Poisonous gas Tanks Airplanes Submarine
  16. 16. BATTLE OF VERDUN – FEBRUARY1916
  17. 17. BATTLE OF THE SOMME – JULY 1916
  18. 18. THE EASTERN FRONT
  19. 19. ON THE HOMEFRONT… Total War  Mass conscription  Government controlled economies  Wage & price controls, work hours, full employment  Limited & restricted freedoms.
  20. 20. PROPAGANDA
  21. 21. WOMEN AND WAR Women performed the jobs of men at home Women served as nurses on the battlefield At the war’s end, women expected more equality with men In some places, gained the right to vote
  22. 22. WIDENING THE WAR The Ottoman Empire Italy Middle East Japan United States
  23. 23. AMERICA JOINS THE WAR Lusitania
  24. 24. AMERICA JOINS THE WAR Lusitania
  25. 25. AMERICA JOINS THE WAR The Zimmerman Telegram
  26. 26. 1918 OFFENSIVES German Offensive  Treaty of Brest – Litovsk with Russia  Moved troops to Western Front Second Battle of the Marne The Hundred Days German defeat – November 1918  Government collapse  Weimar Republic
  27. 27. HUMAN COST Military & Civilian Deaths: 15 million Wounded: 20 million Germany – 2 million Russia – 1.7 million France – 1.4 million Great Britain – 1 million U.S. – 126k
  28. 28. PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE Georges Clemenceau David Lloyd George Victorio Orlando Woodrow Wilson  Fourteen Points George, Orlando, Clemenceau, Wilson
  29. 29. THE REORDERING OF EUROPE Treaty of Versailles  Germany blamed for the war  Territorial loss  Military reduction  Saddled with reparations payments League of Nations  America didn’t join Redrawing the Map of Europe
  30. 30. IMPACT OF WAR AND PEACE Weak peace settlement – led to WWII Bolshevik Revolution Destroyed Empires New Map of Europe Age of Anxiety

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