Revolutions and National States
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Revolutions and National States

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Revolutions and National States Revolutions and National States Presentation Transcript

  • REVOLUTIONS ANDNATIONAL STATES IN THEATLANTIC WORLDChapter 29
  • EUROPE IN THE 18TH CENTURY: BACKGROUND TO REVOLUTION Paradigm Shifts Population growth Agricultural Revolution Class Divisions Global War
  • BRITISH IN NORTH AMERICA Salutary neglect Hanoverian Dynasty Impact of the 7 Years War  French and Indian War King George III King George III Stamp Act of 1765 De facto democracy
  • AMERICAN REVOLUTION Enlightenment thinking John Locke John Locke:  All people are created equal and independent  Property proceeds government  Revolution is not only right, but in some cases necessary
  • ENLIGHTENED DESPOTISM /ABSOLUTISMNatural RightsReform from AboveFredrick the Great (Frederick II, Prussia)Joseph II (Austria)
  • FRENCH REVOLUTION The American example  Successful overthrow of “tyranny” Enlightenment ideas  Locke Outdated social order  Nobility  Middle class  Peasantry Decline of monarchy’s absolute power  Louis XVI is unpopular  The nobility has regained power
  • FRENCH REVOLUTION Jacques Necker  Director of General Finances  Pro- common people Meeting of the Estates General  1789  First Estate – Clergy  Second Estate – Nobility  Third Estate – Everyone else  Each estate only gets one vote
  • FRENCH REVOLUTION National Assembly 1789 Tennis Court Oath The Great Fear Storming of the Bastille  July 14, 1789 August Decrees Women’s March on Versailles The Bastille Reforms Declaration of Rights of Man & of the Citizen
  • FRENCH REVOLUTION 1791 – Constitution  Legislative Assembly The Radical Republic  Paris Commune  September Massacres National Convention Committee on Public Safety  Jacobins Robespierre  Maximillen Robespierre  The Reign of Terror The Directory - 1799
  • NAPOLEON BONAPART First Consul Napoleonic Code 1804 Nationalism Failed Campaigns  Great Britain  The Continental System  Russia Congress of Vienna Waterloo