Reported speech
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    Reported speech Reported speech Presentation Transcript

    • Reported speech
    • REPORTED SPEECH• How we report another person’s words;• How we restate what someone said* restate - express again, say again, state a new
    • Quoted Speech v. Reported speechQuoted speech =Teacher said, “I like birthdays.”Reported speech =Teacher said she liked birthdays..Uses the exact word of the speakerDoesn’t use the exact word of the speakerDirect speechIndirect speech
    • Quoted Speech v. Reported speechQuoted speech =Uses quotation marks “ ”.Reported speech =Doesn’t use quotation marks.
    • Quoted Speech v. Reported speechQuoted speech =Teacher said, “I like birthdays.”“I like birthdays” , teacher said.“I like birthdays” , said teacher.Reported speech =Teacher said she liked birthdays.
    • SAY v TELL• Both say and tell reporting verbs.• We often use tell if we name the speakerand the listener.She told us that she is over 30.
    • SAY v TELLWe can use say to name the listener, too, butit’s not as common:• She said to us she is over 30.[okay]• She told us she is over 30.[More natural]
    • SAY v TELL If you use say to name the speaker and thelistener use to.Don’t use to after tell.• She said to us that she is over 30.• She told us that she is over 30.
    • SAY v TELL Summary of reported statements.• Who? + SAID + (that)…She said that she is over 30.• Who? + TOLD + Whom? + (that) …She told us she is over 30.
    • REPORTED QUESTION 1• Uses ‘ask’Direct question =“Where is the birthday cake? “, she asked.Reported question =She asked me where the birthday cake was.
    • Direct question begins:* an auxiliary (be, do, have)* a modal verb (can, may, etc),then the reported question is introduced withif or whether.Direct question =He asked, “Is teacher there?”Reported question =He asked me if/whether teacher was there.REPORTED QUESTION 2
    • Report John’s questions.1. Have you travelled abroad?2. Who is your favourite actor?3. Have you got any pets?4. Can you drive?5. Where do you live?6. When did you move here?John asked if/whether I had travelled abroad.John asked who my favourite actor was.John asked if/whether I had got some pets.John asked if/whether I could drive.John asked where I lived.John asked when I had moved here.
    • Reported commands• Uses verbs ask or tell +sb+(not) to infinitiveDirect order Reported orderBe quiet! She asked us to be quiet.Direct order Reported orderDon’t talk! She told us not to talk.
    • Read the list of introduction and turn them intoreported speech•Pay the telephone bill •Water the plants •Cut the grass X•Call your grandmother to wish her ahappy birthday •Iron clothes X•Buy groceries They told her to pay the telephone bill.They told her not to cut the grass.They told her to call your grandmother towish her a happy birthday.They told her not to iron clothesThey told her buy groceriesThey told her to water the plants.
    • We learned that reported speech is indirectspeech, meaning it doesn’t use the exact wordsof the speaker.So if we don’t use the, exact words, whichwords do we use? Which words stay same andwhich words change? How do they change?We’ll begin to understand the answers. Tothese questions in this lesson. As we talk aboutmost logical changes first: changes to referencewords*reference = words that are use to talk about a certain person orthing, not by the name
    • Our focusWhat are reference words?How do we need to change in the reportedspeech?Reference words= words that are use to talk about a certainperson or thing, not by the name
    • I have a spring birthday. Mybirthday is in March. I don’tlike to tell people how old Iam . I keeps my age to myself.Example of reference words
    • Example of reference wordsTeacher has a spring birthday.Her birthday is in March. Shedoesn’t like to tell peoplehow old she is. She keeps herage to herself.
    • Types of reference wordso Pronoun (Who?, Whom?)I, you, me, him, myself….o Possessive adjectives ( Whose?)My, your, his, our….
    • Changing pronounsExample:• “I made the cake myself,” Emma said.Emma said she made the cake herself
    • Changing possessive adjectives• Example:• “The cake is for my Mom,” Emma said.Emma said the cake was for her Mom.
    • Exercise 1Complete the changes for each reportedstatement.o “My birthday is in May,” said Bileg.o Bileg said ______birthday was in May.his(Whose?)
    • o 1. Tom said, “It’s my mother’s birthday , soI’m taking her out to dinner.”o Tom told us it was ____ mother’s birthday ,so _____ was taking her out to dinner.o 2. Steve and Lisa said “, We’ll bring some wineto the party.”o Steve and Lisa said _____would bring somewine to the party.hishethey
    • o 3. “I bought a present for my cousin,” Annasaid.o Anna said _______ had bought a present for_____cousin.sheher
    • Careful!• 4. We’ll buy you a plane ticket for yourbirthday so you can visit us, said mygrandparents.• _____ grandparents told ____that ______would buy ____a plane ticket for ___birthday so ____ could visit _____.My me theymyI themme
    • Okay so we’ve talked about changing pronounsand possessive adjectives.There is another group of reference words that weneed to address.Those are words that refer to time and place.Let’s talk about those now.
    • OTHERREFERENCE WORDSTime and Place
    • Changing time and place words• Much time can pass between whenwords are said and when words arereported. The place where words arespoken and place where words arereported can also be different. That’swhy reference words for time and placechange in reported speech.
    • Changing Time Words• Example:• “There’s a big party tonight,” said Julie[Saturday]Julie said there was a big party last night.[Sunday]Julie said there was a big party that night.[a few weeks later]
    • Changing Place WordsExample:• “The party will be here in my home,”said Mike.Mike said that the party would bethere in his home.
    • Common Changes in Reported SpeechTIME“today” that day/yesterday“tomorrow” the next day/ thefollowing day“yesterday” the day before“now” then/at that moment/at that time
    • Common Changes in Reported Speech• PLACE“here” there“this” that“these” thoseNote: There, that, and those in quoted speech mustoften change to here, this, and these.
    • Exercise 2Complete the changes for eachreported statement.
    • • “I can bring the cake there to your house,”said Jack.• Jack said that he could bring the cake _____to my house.hereExample
    • • “I’ll buy balloons tomorrow,” said Wendy.• Wendy said she would buy balloons_____________ .• [a week later]the next dayAlso: following day
    • 2. My friends said, “This restaurant is a greatplace to celebrate your birthday.”My friends said ______ restaurant was a greatplace to celebrate my birthday.that
    • • 3. “I didn’t see you at the party yesterday,”Drake said.• Drake said he hadn’t seen me at the party________ .[a week later]the day before
    • • 4. “We need to get ready now,” my husbandtold me.• My husband told me that we had to getready ________________.at that momentAlso: then or right then
    • Report John’s questions.1. Have you travelled abroad?2. Who is your favourite actor?3. Have you got any pets?4. Can you drive?5. Where do you live?6. When did you move here?John asked if/whether I had travelled abroad.John asked who my favourite actor was.John asked if/whether I had got some pets.John asked if/whether I could drive.John asked where I lived.John asked when I had moved here.