• Pronounce THE as / / before a consonantsound: the vase• Pronounce THE as / / before a vowelsound: the interesting vase
Indefinite• A and An are indefinite articles. We often usethem before a singular noun the first time wemention it.
• THE is a definite article. We use it before asingular noun after the first mention. THEmakes a noun specific – it is known andunderstood by the speaker and listener• Example: Bill owns a car and a motorbike. Thecar is blue and the motorbike is red.
• The Zero article means that no article is used.No article is needed:1) before uncountable nouns (general reference)Coffee is vey popular drink.2) Before plural nouns (general reference)Dogs are much friendlier than cats.
• A proper noun is the name of a particularperson, place, or thing. A proper noun beginswith a capital letter.• The ZERO article is often used before propernouns: Naran, YouTube, Mongolia
• Some words make a non specific or unique. Ifthe noun is specific or unique, we use thedefinite article THE.Examples:What is on the desk? What is the mostinteresting places?
nouns that are uniqueExample: the sun, the Earth, etcthe names of newspapersExample: the Mongol Messengercinemas , theatres - the Rex, Opera and BalletTheatertheatres museums/artgalleries- the Louvreships the Titanicorganisations the United Nations
• the names of rivers (the Thames),• groups of islands (the Bahamas),• mountain ranges (the Alps),• deserts (the Sahara),• oceans (the Atlantic),• canals (the Panama canal),• countries when they include words such asStates, Kingdom, Republic (the United States ofAmerica),
• names or nouns with of (the Houses ofParliament), and in geographical terms such asthe Antarctic/Arctic/ equator, the North ofGermany, the North/East/South/West.• the names of musical instruments and dances(the guitar, the salsa).• the names of families (the Jones) andnationalities ending in -sh, -ch or -ese• (the Chinese). Other nationalities can be usedwith or without the (the Egyptians/Egyptians).
• titles (the Ambassador, the President) but notwith titles including a proper name (PrinceCharles).• adjectives/adverbs in the superlative form(the best film I have ever seen) but when mostis followed by a nouninstead of an adjective it doesnt take the.Most people enjoy going to the theatre.
• the words day, morning, afternoon andevening.It was early in the morning and the sun wasstarting to rise.
• BUT: at night, at noon, at midnight, byday/night historical periods/events (the lastIce Age, the Vietnam War).• BUT: World War II• station, cinema, theatre, library, shop, coast,sea(side), beach, city, country(side), jungle,world, ground, weather.They went to the cinema.