WA HrnM@CKM: S3BIKC TpaTerMM noHMM aHMnTO KCT aRonyweHoMuHucmepcmeoMtfpaatleaalz,Pecnyp uKuSerlapycseK- ecmeqytledlfoeonoc...
!I !YJIK 811.111(075.8)I;I;K 81.2Aurn-(?23 CONTENTSA21A BTtàpbl:E.1;.Kal>llellcKag,B.M .t7elloceeBa,3.:.KYPOIIKHHa,H.II.M ...
tnqlv II.Tuepastanuthepresent ..................................... 73 uxIT111.comparisonsand stereotypes . . . . . . . . ...
l19g INTRODUCTIONUNIT111. ltsaDelightfulExperiencele:AdvertisingaVoyagetothelndonesianLessonA. IntensiveReading.TexttitIsl...
:jmultiplechoiceandmatching exercises,word-meaning h n Fr Idefnitionandword-buildingpracticeaswellasRussian- VJ 1â tEnglis...
Adpctives Yes,lm notworriedaboutthathesaid.t1Iwasthinkingaboutmycivilrslvallconnectedwiththeordinarypeopleorthinesinacount...
4. Giveevidencefrnmthetexttcprnvenrdisprcvethefcllcwinjstatements.1.ThenarratorandJam eshadbeencolleaguesforalongtim e.2.J...
111.ReinfcrcinjVncahulary 4. yransjatethefnllnwingsentencesintnEnglishusingthevccahularyt)fthelext.1. L00kattheWordsbelow ...
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Developing strategies
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Developing strategies

  1. 1. WA HrnM@CKM: S3BIKC TpaTerMM noHMM aHMnTO KCT aRonyweHoMuHucmepcmeoMtfpaatleaalz,Pecnyp uKuSerlapycseK- ecmeqytledlfoeonoco6u?êllpcmyeeHmoeeslcœllxyqe6HhtxaaeeoelflïnocneljuansHocmu*coepe-eHHblelzaocznpaaaslen blllu*nomo6um;peaaxqMe:npo*eccopaE.B.KapHescxo;B 2 HacTsxtlacrb2MMZHCK*BbltDaul1lAS IKOJW
  2. 2. !I !YJIK 811.111(075.8)I;I;K 81.2Aurn-(?23 CONTENTSA21A BTtàpbl:E.1;.Kal>llellcKag,B.M .t7elloceeBa,3.:.KYPOIIKHHa,H.II.M MMHOBCKMPc11c,1ke11,,1.,..tl,flc/lIaaIllloc-rpauuslxxasllcosBenopyccxororocyaapcvseuuoroneaa- ,SECTION 1. SVORK IN A PERSON SLIFE ................... . . . . . . . . . . 7%1CCI(()I(,FlI1lIkt*PCIlIC1l1HM.MaKCIIMRTRHKA;3aBCWIOIIIHZKRYCZPOZRIUWHQCKOFOS%1Karorul;CJ1OPyCCl(()iiIt1Cy2l11PCll1C1llIOiiIIOJIHTCXHHVCCKOQ ZKRXCMHH,KZHJIHZA YHJIOJIOFHXICCKHX UNIT1. AnlbitionsandOpportunities ................ .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7IltyK 21(,1ICI11(./1..l*f).4.lt111ç() l ,lttttlstttttllltltltl/f/lflf.ruaèanueatzlz/zflz/c/fbl.Bocnpouaseèeléue&ceWKlsu?uNJINn%60ûee ,lt/(?t.vll/113..,pf?,,?.t.???f7/,lv?/,ocytqecmsaenoJcaptzpc?z/calf,sluaèameabcmsa LessonA. IntensiveReading.Texttitle:MissedOpporttmities(10)LessonB.PracticeTests.Texttitles.WhatAreTheyLookingAt?(15)How !toResearchYourFamilyTree(17) i! :I LessonA.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:M rs.GarstinsHopesL. .andDisappointments(20)LessonB.PracticeTests.Texttitles.MyMother(27)BehindEveryGreatWoman(29)!1LRqlT 11.TeachingasaCareer........................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31lLessonA.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:WhyITeach?(32)LessonB.PracticeTest.Texttitle:WhatDoBabiesKmow?(37) 11 qe6 Hoco6He. Part II....... ... 39 AIIFJIH;CKH;S3L1K. CTPZTCFHHHOHHMZHXSTCKCTZ.Y . . ................................................tl2/E.B.KapileBcKa.q(HJT.1;Hozl06m.pea.E.B.KaplleBclçoii.- /essona. utensiveReading.Texttitle.AnEnglishLanguageTeacherinBath(41) jA2l 112xI. . -: M ullcx:BmttI. tuK.,2011.-255c. LessonB.PracticeTest.Texttitle:TheCityCollegeofTechnology(48) )éIISIIN 978-985-06-1949-5. f1-(JNIT 111.A TeacherThrough aChildsEyes........... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 1.$Il!JIgc:cHBropoiiqac-rbloyqe6Horonoco6llx,npeaHa3HaHellHoroaJI.%PMBHTUXjjIlrIcllplxplcMlalclloBoroBOCIIPHSTHSTCKCTOBPDJIHHHTWXCTMJIHCTHHCCKHXH . / zj jyjtensjveReading. Texttitle:Snowdrops(51) iIIlll$IpII(()l1 v(r1;12t)?1 .tçpa6oraB)I(u3H#IqenoseKaO aopoBbeHMeaH- / s practiceTest. TexttitleMyMemoriesofaBoardingSchool(58) i)l(:ëlIII.)()II1,IxIluzlt)ll.Oxsa-rlcsaerrevbl , vesson ..j6cylyljtuBaHHe,ççCnOpT,:Y KaPTM MHPa, VOPOZCKaS7KH3HIyy IIYTC- O tjonalReading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 :ihII11lICKOC( P.I.lr,,x ,,(uupy-,o.ruuecwoe yueuuexpucvuaucvsa- Kamaaxveua coaep-u.r uercitk 6: r. t jayj-oplalesxnumalorypOlt,IlJISaYJIHTOPHI>IX3aHSTHZHYPOKHROCHOBC . InPraiseOfTeachers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 .Il:!3r):t$/!cJI:. jiroplloiipleg-reasHoc-ru.Ypolcllconep-arTexcTBl,aaaaHllfnoHTeHHIO,BOC-BllcltyyluI11()11grlllt)111kll1tJIil3jr77CCCT:t. i:Ia 1gcI.plc,I.I.oI,sslcttluxyue6uwlxaaseaeuuii. sn,crlox II. I-IEALIH Axo M EolcAtzCARE ......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 ,,.1YaK811.111(075.8) Issx 81.zAura-923 UNIT 1.ToBeaDoctor ...................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 ,i1I49-5(.j.2) oHaaa-renscaBorfBslttlaiittlaxlulconap,2011 L I.i>ssonA.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:How toBeaDoctor(69) ëISBN978-985-06-19s-tl6-jjws-s j lL.%sonB.PracticeTest.Texttitle:CopingWithStress(72) iISBN978-98t IIIIit I3. ji
  3. 3. tnqlv II.Tuepastanuthepresent ..................................... 73 uxIT111.comparisonsand stereotypes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I38LessonA.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:hLettcr(74) . LessonA.lntensiveReadina.Texttitle:TravelleruTales(139)Lessona.PracticeTest.Texttitle:smallpox-EpitaphforaKiller(80) Lesson#.PracticeTest.Te7ttitle:zanzibar(145)1 OptionalReading ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147.. .(.ChallengesforHumaniT ...................................... 147illi()11s ......-............-..-....-----.------- 81UNIT 111. ThreateningR/.I , How IBeganM yShoreAdventure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148iLessonA.lntcnsiveReading.Texttitle:AidsHysteria(82) ,LessonB.PracticeTest.Texttitle:Back-chat(86)88,lLessonA.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:lfOnlyTheyCouldTalk(89) .LessonA.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:SamrdayNightinLondon(152)LessonB.PracticeTest.Texttitle:AssistedSuicide(93) t /essona. practiceTests.Texttitles.TheLondonUnderground(157)ShoppingI /(1t, il1Dublin(158)95 SECTION 111. SPORTSAND GAAIES ........................... 7 uxlT u. Fam ousNames ....................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159. I95 ,QRPjTLGoodFriendsOrYUVaIS? .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .Iart 1............................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159LessonA.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:WhereHaveAl1theFansGone?(96) t LessonA.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:Shakespeare(160)fessonB.PracticeTest.Texttitle:Surflt(100) .E., 1,:trt Il......... 163UNITIl.DifferentAttitudestoSport.SportattheInternationalLevel....... 101 i I,t.bsonW.IntensiveReading.Texttitle.MadameTussauds(164). l,k.,b..vonB.PracticeTest.Texttitle..Verm eer:A YoungW om anStandingLessonA.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:TheSportingSpirit(102) ( Itl:1Virginal(168) LessonB.PracticeTest.Texttitle:GetActive(107) I VNIT 111.Theatre ......................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170109 T111.SportasPartofaNationalCulture ..........--..........-.---.l.tbvxonA.IntensiveReading.Texttitle.DramainCambridge(171)LessonA.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:AmericansAppreciationofSports(110) . /,t,.$,,$.()nB.practiceTest.Texttitle:TheCraRofDesigningCosmme(176)LessonB.PracticeTest.Texttitle:WellSuitedforShark-flledWaters(115) t!.1NI((,TION VI.GOING PLACESAND SEEING THEW ORLD . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177D ......... 118 . 1SECTION lV. AT THE M APOFTHE W ORL ................. j !: UNIT 1.OnaLongRailwayJourney ......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177 1118 LRqIT1. svhatlstbeEarth ComingTo? ......................... . I.t.v.b()nA.IntcnsiveReading.Texttitle:TheTrans-siberianExpress(179)Lesson,/1.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:IhePopulationBomb(120) , /fu,.$.(?nB.PracticeTest.Texttitle:SlowTraintoChina(189)LessonB.PracticeTest.Texttitle:TheregsPlentyöfRoomAboardPlanetEartb(125) ., UNIIII.svhatasvonderfulsvorld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190CountriesintheModernW orld ........ 122UNIT1l. Developed andDeveloping .I,.$.$t)nz1.IntensiveReading.Texttitle..Traveler(191)Lessona.IntensiveReading.Texttitle:ProgressinSamoa(129) . lf.$,$t?nB.PracticeTest.Texttitle:AnExtractfrom aNovel(196)TheA.rtLessonB.PracticeTest.Texttitle.ProjectsAbroad(135) #(ll4lvel(196)ShouldIStayorShouldIGo?(197)4 5
  4. 4. l19g INTRODUCTIONUNIT111. ltsaDelightfulExperiencele:AdvertisingaVoyagetothelndonesianLessonA. IntensiveReading.TexttitIslands(199) : Thisbook isintended forSecond-YearUniversityiceTest. Texttitle:MakeUpYourMind(205)LessonB.PraddcollegesmdentsmajoringinEnglish(from Upper-anlntermediatetoAdvancedlevels).ltisaimedatperfect-ACHING oFCHRISTIANITY .......... 208 ingthesm dentsreadingskillsandimprovingtheirabil-SECTIONV1I.THEETHICALTEity to understand authentic English texts of diFerent208 stylisticvarietiesandgenres.UNIT1-CreationBfte ..----Reading in thisbook,asinBook 1, istreatedasaTexttitle:SixDaysofCreation(209)Lesson.z1.lntensiveReading.self-contained coursewith itsown requirem entsto theiceTest. Texttitle:HistorySetinStone(216)LessonB.Practoverallstructureandthecomposition ofeachindividualpart.AtthesametimeReadingComprehension isinte-217TheTemptationandVZlofM an. ... . .. .. ..- - -tdintothegeneralcourseofspeechpracticethroughUNITII. graeitkinGodsGarden(218)TheFall thelexical-semanticalcontentsandthechoiceofread-LessonA.lntensiveReading.Texttitles:Lingmaterials.TheseparticularlyrelatetothefollowingofMan(219).npracticeTest(227) broadareas, ortopics.Ftv/cinaPersonJçLfe,HealthLesson .andM edicalCare,SportsandGames,AttheMapofthecuristianMarriage...................-...-....230 Ivorlticf/yLife,G-oing Places ana seeing th e rror/ttUNIT111.TheEthicsofaEthicalTeachingofchristianiy.Texttitles:TheSacramentofMartimony(231)LessonA.IntensiveReading. ,Accordingtothentlmberoftopicscovered,thebookIuessonB.PracticeTest(237) contains7Sectionsconsistingofseveralunitseach. n etmitsare further subdivided into 2 lessons. A and B.240S jrjtualStAndardsOfChristiznity . . . . . . . - - * . . - - @ - - * @ - e * @ * * * @ @L A arebasedOn GPI-CPW-CIIOtlt-of-classactivitiesIJNITlv. p essonsvirtues(241)sinsandstruggle and presuppose carefulanalysis ofthe essentialele-.,4IntensiveReading.Texttitles:CristianLesson ..j.tjw textcontentsand structure. They 1ayspe-mentsowithThem(243)PracticeTests(251) Cialemphasisontextfeaturessuchaslinking,cohesion,LessonB.expressivenessand m odal-stylisticdifferentiation. The254lessons include three main stages. Reading and Com-prehension Tasks.TextFeaturesandLanguageFocus;Follow-up ActivitiesorD iscussion, each stageprovid-ingavarietyofexercisesandanalytical-comm tmicativeactivities.Lessons B focus primarily on the skills ofEquickreading and developingreading strategiessuchassynthesizing,sum ming up and comparing inform a-tion,extracting main ideas, identifyingtopic(key)sen-tences,com pletingpragraphs,etc.Specialattention in thisbook ispaidtovocabularydevelopmentandreinforcem ent.Apartfrom pre-readingvocabulary listsintended asan aid forcomprehension; therearevocabularytasksinLanguageFocusincludingl
  5. 5. :jmultiplechoiceandmatching exercises,word-meaning h n Fr Idefnitionandword-buildingpracticeaswellasRussian- VJ 1â tEnglishtranslation,aimedatimplementingnewvocabu- j E * LjFE jlaryin speech. . !ThepurposeoftheDiscussionandFollow-up stages :istodevelop thesttzdentscreativespeaking andwriting . . . .ingthemwithuwnecessarybackground , T goâmbltlnnsandoppnrtunltlesskillsbyprovidinform ation andrelevantproblematicissuesencotlraging : lIcommunicativeactivity. IAmancansucceedatalmostanythingforwhich ihehasunlimitedenthusiasm..: CharlesA<schwab. I:PARTIE. LEss0N A.INTENSIVEREABINGi: 1. ReadinjandCcmprehensinnTasks. ::1 1, 1. Tlu fcllcwinjwcrdsareessentialfcrunderstandinganddisctlssingthemainideascfthetextLearnthemeaninjandprnnunciaticncfthesewcrds.E Perm anentUnder-secretary:seniorcivilservantresponsibleforad-visingtlzeelectedM inisterandefectivelyinchargeofthedepartm ent. The crisisin 1973:theoi1crisiswhich causedtheprice ofoi1to rise Iveryquicklyapdwasresyonsibleforafallinindustrialproduction.II Ralm Sprillgs:11Placeln California famousforthewealth ofthein- l2YMiCYRIS. l: ouns 1,l amblerglgœmblo)apersonwhorisksmoneyorpossessionsoncards,1lig I?: horseraces,etc.1 Imisery (mlzgrl)greatsufferingordiscomfortcausedbybeingverypoororsickVerbs ii. Ik anticipate(œntlslpelt)thinkaboutsomethingthatisgoingtohappen 1andbereadyforitinvestglnlvest)givemoneytobusinesscompaniestogetprofit Iimiss(mls)failtouseanopportunitytodosmthpart(p(1:t)endarelationshipwithsomeone jregard (rllgcudjthinkaboutsmthinaparticularway !i.-.f I Isucceedsmb gsoksi:d)comenextaûersmbtotnketheirplaceinamsition gi I; 9i .(. .R ?
  6. 6. Adpctives Yes,lm notworriedaboutthathesaid.t1Iwasthinkingaboutmycivilrslvallconnectedwiththeordinarypeopleorthinesinacountrv llsther,actuallyrather-than -them ilitaryones - - -Y Ihad neverheard thathe had abrother, so naturally 1was cttrious.crazy (krelzl)notsensible IticksabouttenyearsyoungerthanmeJamessaid.çtl-lesalwaysbeenreasonable(ri:zcnabljfairandsensible Iegardedasttheblacksheepofthefamily.Asyouknow,myfatherwasaseniorcivilservantandheexpectedusbothtofollow him intoGovernmentAdverbs ice.ldid,butRickdidnt.Whenhewas17,heranawayandjoinedthej SCFVinevitably glnevltobll)unavoidablyu exhantxavy.M y tuhercouldntdo anything to preventitasRickwassharply gJc:p1I)quicklyandsuddenly jreadyatsea. w eshouldhavedonesomething tobringhim backandfind11him areasonablejob,butheneveransweredourletters.Weheardnothing2. practise the irnnunciaticn cIthe Inllowing prcier,gengraphicaland plficial untilafew yearslater, whenhesentusapostcardfrom LosAngelestosayBZmOS. l)e wasgetting married. Hehadgotajobasa:IIIIextra*andtheleading>Paulettegpo:letq actress,Paulette,hadfalleninlovewithhim.Marilyngmœrllln) Oncehehaddecidedtobecomeanactor,heshouldhavetakenitseri-JamesGraham (dselmzgrœm) ouslybuthejusthadagoodtimeandinevitablytherewasadivorce.IfPau-Alaska(gllœskc) lettehadbeenlikemywife,Margaret,shewouldnthavehadanymoretodo dali:z) withhim,buttheypartedgoodfriendsandsheeveninvestedinhiscrazy !LosAngeles(ylos œn 5P lm Springsgpcrm sprlpzj schemes.HerangmeuponedayandaskedmewhatIthoughtofinvestingaGovernmentServiceggavanontsarvlsj moneyinAlaska!Iftheyhadntfoundoi1there,hewouldhavelostal1the jmc:fcv1Inveldoz) money...çThentheyfoundoil,Isaid,internzptinghim. (iMartianlnvaders(socialSecuritygsoufslsldkjucrltl) çrh,yes.Theyhadnorighttodoso,upthereintheiceandsnow.How- g,MerchantNavylm3rtfpntnelvl) ever,theydidwellasthepriceofoi1hadgoneupsharplyafterthecrisisin1973 and Rick becam e a rich man.Anyone with any sense would have3. Readthetextanddnthetasksthatfnllnw. stoppedthere,butinsteadofthathethrew a11themoneyintoanothermad !idea.Bythattim e,hehadm anied again,and heand hiswife- M atilyn,I; M )/ opâorfuniû-c thinkhernameis-hadtwochildren.Heshouldhavehadsomeconsidera-ll tion forthem butinstead he puta11them oney into some Japanese games !?+v p.,:,.,. ,,,, ;,jlit twasaboutsixoclockonawinteraf- calledEçM artianInvaders,orsomethinglikethat... !lI - q flq$ ternoon.Everyoneelsewho had at- tçsowhereishenow?lasked,anticipatingafurthertaleofdisaster. 11; . >kk. (;.k.....Ek... . .xgq .., iEij . tL.s. tended James Graham s Egoodbye party tr h hesa millionaire. He retired fve yearsago,and lives in Palm I..t?1).!IiE u..E . > jjC z;b)..y:(.. hadgonehom e.Ihadintendedtogohom e Springs. Hebelongstothesamegolfclub asBob Hope.ltm akesyouwon-X myselfbutJam esinsisted on my staying. derwhetherwedidtherightthing,you and1.Perhapsweshouldhavebeen ltjtj j;.,). He looked rather sad and lonely, and I gam blers,likeRick. !: Iknew how hefeltbecauselhadbeeninthe içButyouhavetotakeintoaccountthatforeveryltickthereare100peo- Io4:G...tCE..: sam e position two years earlierwhen he p1ewholoseeverythingandfnishupinmisely Er.ï ,.ktV7jyj,jtjsucceeded m e as Perm anentUnder- ççNodoubthesaid,ttbutIcanthelpthinkingthatwhenIwasyoungl 1:y(j.: aSecretaly totheM inistryofSocialSecuri- believedRickhadm isseda11hisopporttmities. Andnow Iwonderwhether1 iity.Iimaginedhewaslooking forwardtohisretirementbecausehewould wastheonewhodidthat.1.havemoretimetoTendinhisgardenbutwaswonderingifhewouldfindy .. yesgatwwscga,;j jhtod0. (Fr0m Shntenoug jççltsnoteasy,afteralifetim eofserviceIsaidtocheerhim up,çtbutat ! I> . .leastyouvegotagoodpension. *Elm extra-onehircdtoactingroupscenesinamotionpicturcorstageproduction.i, 10 11 :I!I-
  7. 7. 4. Giveevidencefrnmthetexttcprnvenrdisprcvethefcllcwinjstatements.1.ThenarratorandJam eshadbeencolleaguesforalongtim e.2.Jam esdidntneedtoworryabouthisIinancialpositioninthefuture.3.Jam eshadbeeninthecivilservicea1lhislife.4.Rickhadalwaysstayedin closecontactwiththefamily.5.Rickremainedtruetohisfrstchoiceofacareer.6.Jnm eshadalwaysapprovedofhisbrothersboldundertakings.7.RickwaslivingandworkinginaneliteareainCalifornia.8.Rickscaseisratheranexceptionthanartzle.9.Jamesoftenwonderedwhetherhehadalwaysmadetherightdecisions.5. Fncusnnlhedelails91thetexllnanswerlhesequestinns.1.W hydidthenarratorstaybehindattheparty?2.W hatwasRicksErstindependentdecision?3.W hycouldntthefam ilydoanythingtobringhim back?4.How didlkickmeethisfrstwife?5.DidJamesbelievetheywould:ndoilinAlaska?6.W asinvestingmoneylnAlaskathelastofRickscrazyschem es?7.W heredidRickmoveafterhehadretired?II.Tex!FeatnresandLanjuajeFncus1.Ta tInterpretation:Inferencelzc cn reading ax/tpr.pwchavetotakeintoaccounttheattitudeofthepersonwhoistellingit,andsometimesnotaIltheinformationwecandeducekomit,isopressedclearly.Itistheninferredhnmthefactsandopinionsgiven.* Decidewhichofthefollowinginterpretationsistrue.1. Jamesblameda)hisfatherforRicksdecisiontortm away.b)himself.c)Rick.2. HethinksRicka)shouldhavestayedintheM erchantNavy.b)wouldhavebeenagoodactorifhehadmadeaneflbrt.c)owedittoPaulettetoearnmoneyasanactor.HethinksRicksinvestmentssucceededbecausehewasa)clever.b)dishonest.c)luclty4. Hisrem arkaboutRickssecondwifesuggeststhata)hehasabadmemory.b)hehasnevermether.c)hedoesntlikeher.n eimpressionwehaveofJam esattitudetowardshisbrotherintellingthestoryisthata)heisveryfondofhim.b)hewouldhavebeenasuccessfulgnmblerhimself.c)hethinkslifeistmfair.2.ExpressivenessThelanguageofthetextis,onthewhole,neutralb0thinx/y/candintheJcgrccofexpressiveness.lnotherwords,itisneitherformalnorconver-sationalin 1/.çvocabulary orstructureand itisnotemotionally colouredeitherJ@/,thetextisnotdevoidofsomefeaturesofexpressivenesswith-outwhichthenarrationwouldbelessinterestingforthereaderThesefeaturesparticularlyinclude..a)idiomsandsetphrasessuchase.g.//leblacksheep,etc;b)wtpr#.çandword-combinationsconveyingtheauthorsopinionandevaluationofthefactsandeventsbeingdescribe4 e.g.flcrazyscheme.* Go overthelistofword-com binationsbelow and pick outthosewhichaddexpressivenesstothetext.acrazy schem eafurthertaleofdisasteramadideatheblack sheeplookforwardtogoup sharplynottohaveanysensefnishupinmiseryhaveconsideration forsmbputmoneyintosmthtakesmthintoaccounttakesmth.seriouslythrow moneyintosmthmakesmbwonder13
  8. 8. 111.ReinfcrcinjVncahulary 4. yransjatethefnllnwingsentencesintnEnglishusingthevccahularyt)fthelext.1. L00kattheWordsbelow anddecideontheirmeanlnjinthelextchtmslnj lKorflarellepanbHbl;JHPCIWOPOJIHO;KPYIIHO;YHPMM6bI.1IBMHYXWCHtheCorrettO riant PZi1OSûmuX/JXd/lfllo,W 0CTaPIIIH;CblHCwHeRlclW f)NJMOCm.%2.0H,rlolxarlyii,6b1.11OmIHM113caMblxcnoco6HblxcryaeHToBByllHBepcu-actually a)atthemoment b)urgently c)infact reTe,uo,xcoxcanelmlo,ynycmuacd/z/coA oiucnocmuHnpopaGoTa.qattend a)assist b)bepresent c)enjoy sciolxuaHbpsaosslsjItnepxoM.consideration a)care b)advice c)doubt 3.Mo;oreuHHxoraaHeHacraHsa.qHaToM,qTo6blJInoutaanoez/cmo-curious a)interested b)intelligent c)strange naM,Hoouellsoropqymcx,xoraa,cKaaaqa,HTonpeanoxmTalopa6oTarsmiss a)beabsentfrom b)lonyfor c)loseachance BpexzlaMuoM6uauece.reasonable a)decent bljustéable c)wise 4.EczlH6BIJI6s1.qHaBattleMMecTe,,6s1ueI/.-- nuqetoo#lzfez/cJlloqb-sense a)creativity b)practicality c)imagination MuTaxorocopTa.5.M bIqacroaaèyMsteae-ucxHa;ITeM,rlpaBltriblloJIIIMI,Inocm-bmae.HBIKIOHH. .2. Replacetheitalicizedwerdsinthesentencesbelnw hytheireluivalentsfrcm 6.O> H113ee6PaTbeB681.11KaPTeIKHHK,KOTOPIH IRPOHIPZJIBCU,IITOyHero :thetext 6i>1n0HzaKouquakvcllap:dnuwem e.7.M 0ii3HaKOMLI;CKD aJI,IITOC;l&ld#DdlllfGfNitèem T0r0MOMCHTR,Kor-1. M r.Browntookoverafterlhadretired. x jaauxmscgcsouM .am6uMslM aenoM.aayliêe?rlnanencum,qTo: 2.Asthepricesofgashadrisendramatically theoveralleconomicsima- g avo6sm a6eayMua.avêex oTnpaslln c?BropslBTaxylormoxylonoroay.tionchangedfortheworse. 6 uo ueua6eiucuo9. OH Mlloro paa nslrazlcx HaKTH nptlauqnym pa omy3. W hendeciding onyourfnalassessm enttheteacherswilltakeyourre-vepue.aueyaauy. .centillnessintoconsideration.> , 10.OHHPaM EJIMCb,HO#JfrC#l/JJll;CAXOPOIIIHMH JIPJG SMH.4. Ifthatteenagerdoesn tstopshopliftinghe 11endup inplisononeday.jj Ecau6sIMuenpeano-r ucoseptuun noeaaxy BJloHaoH,yl61a1HHxor-5. Thecommtmity authoritiesareencouragingbusinessm entoputm oney aaHeynycmwla#5zomom Izzlzlr.i intolocalindustly (q 6.Theirmaniagewasbotmdtobreakup evenmally.) 7.Shehasalwaysbeenregardedasafailurebythemembersofherfamily. lY.FOIInW-U;Activity8.wehavealwaysthoughtoylackasourpersonalfriend. js ojyers.Do9 Any reasonableperson mustagreethatpraising children forgoodbe- *Shareyourideasabouttakingoyportunitiesthatlli j3tau ngrisksm lire?haviourisbetterthanpunishingthem forbad.you thinkitiswort10.Anyoneinterestedinthehistoryofaltisrecomm endedtoreadthisbook.LESSONB.PRACTICETESTS3. Fillintheaiprnprialehnxeswiththewprdsfrom thetexlrelatedlnthecnesinthechart Test1 Y0uarejoingtnreadanarticleahotlttheimpcrtancenlb0d#Ianjuageandaq-verb Noun Adjective/Adverb u jcjjx cjjjx rs,ctjstnmscfficers,andjBhintervieWers.Readthearb- pearanceact cjeanddcthetasksthatfnllnw.consider i!inion *?f Pnok-na>T. 1m jmiserable( IPolicel.f/icer !CCaSODretire 9 OmePeoplettlrn intonervouswreckssimplyby walking pastapoliceoflicer.Theymaybeguiltyofnothingmorethanjaywalkingbackin ,SUCCCSS1992,buttheirbodylanguagestillscream stArrestm e! !iii14 15;. f!
  9. 9. jlfyou fallinto thiscategory itsnota11bad news.Thepoliceofficer lllltlylanguage.0ntheotherhand,they maytry tohideitandbetoostatic.isntpayingattentiontoyottrnon-verbalcommtmication.lnfact,theyre l1yetroubleisthesethingscouldjustbesymptomsofnervesltrainednotto. tIveevenheardofreally strangeinterviewswheretheinterviewerliesEçpoliceoocersaretoldnottojudgesomebodybytheirappearance, tI1thefloorbehindthedesktoseehow thepersonreacts.TheonewhogetsSaysaCity ofLondonPolicespokesman.EtWhatisrelevantiswhether tlkejobcomesalonganddoesthesamething.theyrebreakingthe1aw ornot.HowevertheBritishpolicearemakingincreasinguseofpsychological 1. BecidewhetherthesestatementsareTruenrFalse.:,proflesofdlfferentcriminaltypes.ltswellknownthatthemajorityof . jourbodylanpzage(thewaywecommunicateourthoughtsandfeelingscrimesarecomm ittedby malestmder20,butyourealso morelikelyto be jtjjourbodiesratherthanwithwords)isofequalimportancetoal1threeWanofrenderifyouhaveashort,muscularbuildandtattoos. : roup:.Onearea ofpolice work where non-verbalcomm unication isofvital 2 vouwouldprobablybestoppedby apoliceoë cerifyou lookednervousimportanceistheinterview room.Sadly,thepolicewereunwillingto share andguilty.theirbodylanguagetipswithus. ? M ostcrim inalsarem aleandundertwenty.t 4.lfyou dontwanttobestopped by customsoë cials,walk quicklypastCustomso cer them lookingcov dent. 5. Whatwesayatajobinterviewismoreimportantthanhowwesayit.RAnyonecan be stopped and checked by Custom sandExciseoffcials, 6 w henpeoplelie, they exaggeratetheirbodylanguage.explainsaspokesperson.Kterherearenohardandfastrules.W evestoppedpeopledressedasnunsbefore.Anysignoffearisonethingwedolook 2 checkycurtlnderstandingcfessentialdetailsbyanswerinjthefnllnwinqluestinns.out or. 1 tn eirbody languagescream stEArrestm elW hatinformationdoestheirThism ightinvolvesinglingoutpeoplewhowalktlzroughtheNothingto Declaredooralittletooquickly,sweatheavily,oravoid eye-contact.How- bodylanguagegivethepoliceoë cer?2.W hy do you think thewritersaysççsadly,thepolice weremzwillingtoever,self-consciousbravadom ayalsoattractattention.Lookingunusualcan,,galsoleadtoproblemsforsmuyglers.ûç-lwo yearsago awom an cam einto Sharetheirbodylanguagetipswithus . 3.W hym ightasmugglerpassthroughcustomsdressedasanun?Gatwick withvery strikingbralded hair.A fem aleCustomsol certhought jj jsjtimportantto4. Accordingto theinform ation given inthearticle,w ytherewassom ethingoddaboutit,andtookhertooneside.Itturnedoutthat ,i shehadhundredsofgrammesofcocainehiddeninthebraids. 10OkSmartatajobinterview?, 5.W hatkindofpersondoyouthinktheinterviewerwho1ayonthefloorwasHowever,whereyou vecom efrom isasim portantasthewayyouwalk. jotadvantage would such an unconventionalinterview Içtw edotargetcertainroutes.W edontcheck llightsfrom Japan asoften as looking for?Wtechniquehaveovermorec6nventionaltechniques?onesfrom Amsterdam .(From LandmarkbySimonHaines(fBarbaraStewaro$Jobinterviewerx stc iGTirstimpressionscomeacrossin liveseconds,according to apersonneladviser.TtNfostoftheinformationtakeninthenisbasedonpeoplespreju- : 1. Readthefcllnwinçtextanddecidewhichwnrdfilsbesteachspace. !(Ii hich unfortunately,countforalot. ; :iCeSW, y. . p . ;!Apparently,wordscontributetoonlyaboutsevenpercentoftheoverall V> f/ pcnVp/r4miy Je jimpression aPCI-SOIIColnmtmicates.Tone Ofvoicem akesup 38% andtheICX iSnoll-verbalbodylanguage,clothes,andfacialexpressions. ;reatingafam ilytreecanbeanabsorbingandrewardingpmstim e,andwho ,GCYOIIWould1OOkforthesignsthatsomeonewaslying:perhapstheyare : IOOWSWhereitmight(1)...?Youmightdiscoveryouhaveroyal(2)..., ;totlchingtheirfaceornose,ortheymayavoideye-contactandfddlewitha ahereditarytitleandacoatofanns,aforgottenlegacyorevenaninfamous rCollarOrtie.WhenPeoplearelylng,theywillsometimesexaggeratetheir massmurdererinthefamily.Youllbecreatingatn)(3)...andvaluablere- 1:1 I16 17)
  10. 10. sotlrcetoshareandafascinatinginsightintoyourownlifeandtimesforfu- Income(lnkAmlthemoneythatsomeoneenrnsture(4)....Beforeyoubegin,askarotmdtoseeifanyofthe(5)...research lleirgeo)smbwhohasthelegalrighttoreceivesmbsproperty,moneyhasalreadybeendone. Mostfamilieshaveatleastone(6)...h-istorianwhose tltitlewhenthatrcrxç/ndiesrecordsmaybeabletogetyouofftoagood(7)....Olderfamilvmembers mercy (m3:sl)akindorforgivingattitudetowardssmbcangiveyouasrst-hand(8)...ofrecentfamilyhistoly thoughrJmemberto parsimony Epcuslmanl)formal,thefactofbeingextremelylmwilling(9)...sometactandalwaysbesensitivetoanyskeletonsandscandalsthat tospendmoneyyou m ayuncover.om cialdocum entssuch aso1dbirth, marriageanddeath solicitor gsollslto)alawyerwhoprepareslegaldocumentsandgivescertiscatesareaninvaluable(10)...andfamilyphotoalbumscanprovide leyaladviceatn)(11)...ofinformation.Postcardsandlettersalsooftencontainuseftzl sultor Esjurtg)amanwhowantstomarryaparticularwomanhistoricalsnippetsandeven(12)...photographsofplacesandbuildingscan titlegtaltl)annmethatdescribessmnspositionprovideadditional(13)...ofexploration.StartwithanIntemetsearchoffamilynnme.Youmaycome(14)...afnmilyhomepageprovidinga Verbsyourlinktolong-lostrelationsoroverseas(15)...ofthefamily. aCCOrd Eoko:dlagreewithsmthormatchsmth! advance (odvcunsloneselfmoveforward1.Aguide Bfollow Clead Ddirect CometmtElkAm aut)(here,ofayoungD#.$ beoëciallyintroduced2. A ancestry B lineage c pedigree D descent inupperclasssociety3. Asole Btmique conly Dsinele che-onshEtferljllovesmborsmthverymuchandwanttoprotectsmb/smth4.Aoffspring Bgenerations Cages DprJcenv : Commit(kodmlt)oneselfwithsomeonefeelorgetattachedtosomeone5. Ainaugtlral Bbeginning cintroductory Dlmit-ial- cultivate (kaltlvelt) here,makeanefforttodevelopafriendlyrela-6. A amatettr B beginner c apprentice D unskilled tionshipwithsmnbecauseyouwantsmthfrom them7. Abeginning Binitiation cstart D outset despise (dlspalzqdislikeandhavenorespectforsmb/smth: 8.Away Baccess caccount Dentrance flatter(flœtoqoneselfchooseorbelievesmthgoodaboutyourselfand9.Aexercise Bhave capply opractice yourabilities I1 l0.Afotmt Borigin croot osottrce Inspire Elnspala)givesmbthedesire,con:dencetodosmth1.i 11.Awealth B abtmdance Cprofusion Driclmess nag gnaglkeepcomplainingaboutsomeonesbehaviottrorasksome- 12. A indistinguishable B obscttre C llnknown D nameless onetodosmthinaveryannoyingway13.Acottrses Bpassages cavenues D ways outstrip (autstrlp)dosmthbetterthansmnelse iil 14 A arotmd B to c across D throughpropose gprodpauz)tosmbasksmntomanysmn15.Abranches Bportions Csections Dparts revoltgrlvzult)againstrefusetoacceptsmnsauthorityorobeynllesifke Esekrlfals) stopdoingsmthyoulikeinordertogetsmth(FromGoldExamMaximiserbysallysxrgex-vwithRichardAcklam) Sacrm oreimportânt; j,b tjjeex-sneer (snlo) show thatyouhavenorespectforsmb/smt yPART11 Pressionofyourfaceorbythewayyouspeakt yield Ljirldlstopresistingsmb/smthLESSONA.INTENSIVEREABING Adjectivesamusing (omju:zlp)fllnnyandentertaining i1. ReadingandCpmprehensipnTasks dazzling (dazllp)extremelybeautiful lexasperated glgzasporeltld) exkemelyannoyed,especially ifyou1. Thefnllnwinj wnrdsareessentialfnrunderstandinganddiscussingthemain cantdoanythingtoimprovethesituationideasnfthetextLearnthemeaningandprcnunciaticncfthesewnrds. : expuisite(ekskwlzlt)exkemelybeautifulanddelicatelymade liAblla.ç Glr Efeo)herejustd tflOS1tendingtoWorkhard IAffability gœfalbllatl)astateofbeingpleasant,friendlyandeasytoLZIIQto iDdustritmsEln ASl ..j1918 jk!i- !
  11. 11. .lemztelklplcarefulandthorough l(dosomethingwhichhissensitivenessrevoltedagainstshehadonlytopainstaking (p ,Jru:d)goodatjudgingwhatpeopleorsituationsarereallylike givehim nopeaceandevenmally,exhausted,hewouldyield.Onhersideshrewd g bdju:d)unusuallyquiet sllesetherselftocultivatethepeoplewhomightbeuseful.subdued (so :Ivegosj awomanwhohasalotofenergyandahappy lntwenty-fveyearsMrs.Garstinneverinvitedanyonetodineathervivacions gvI llotlsebecauseshelikedhim. Shegavelargedinnerpartiesatregularinter-attractivem anner vëyls.Butparsimony wasasstrong in herasambition.Shehated to spendAdverbs ur 1 Illtmey.Sheflatteredherselfthatshe couldm ake asmuch show asanyonecordiallygko:dlollqinafriendlybutpoliteanuzorma,way jseathalftheprice. )etartly (tc:t1I)sharplyandunkindly : BernardGarstinhadafairthoughnotalargepractice.Menwhohad illcen called afterhim had long outstripped him .Itwasunlikely now that2 Practisetheprenunciatinnoftheseproperandçecjraphicalnames. jierrlardGarstinwouldeverbemadeajudgeoftheHighCourt.Hehadal-ba:nodgœstln) WalterFane(wo:ltofeln) waysbeensilentathome.Hisdaughtershadneverlookeduponhim asany-BernardGarstin( dlonsllvlljanq HongKongEhopkop) thingbutasourceofincome.ithadalwaysseemedperfectlynamralthathelndianCivilian(In , , jyoulduadadogslifeinordertoprovidethem withboazdandlodging,GeoGeyDennison(dsefrldenlson) LiverpoolEllvapu:l) shernCircuitgnoröonsa:kltq Clothes,holidaysandmoneyforoddsandends.Itneveroccuzredtothem to Nort Ilsk them selveswhatwerethefeelingsofthesubdued littlem an whowentiancrBelarusian è tutearly in themorning andcam ehom eatnightonly in timeto dressfor3. GuessthemeaningcfthefnllnwingwcrdsandtrytnfindRuss (linner.Hewasastrangertothem ,butbecausehewastheirfathertheytookwnrdsrelatedtnthem. E,. itforgrantedthatheshouldloveandcherishthem . (bIJx ) domestic(dolmestlk) ItwasonherdaughtersthatMrs.Garstinsetherhopes.ByarrangingambitionEœmbœronetsl) panic(pœnlk) oodmarriagesforthem sheexpectedtomakeupfora1lthedisappoint- Ibaronetcy( , o . n gfidencegkonfldans) Perfect(paJnlûtj Il3entsofhercareer.Thereweretwo,KittyandDoris.Dorisgavenosignconkaltlvelt) standardEstœndod) ()1goodlooks,hernosewastoolongandherfgurewaslumpy,sothat cultivate( , Mrs.Garstin could hope no m ore forherthan thatshe should m arry a4. Read!hetextandd:thetasksthatfcllnw. young man who waswelloffin asuitableprofession.ButKitty wasabeauty.Shegaveprom ise ofbeing sowhen shewasstillachild,forshe ;.é-nlCVJUanjotjea??oîn Sfr lladlarge,darkeyes,liquidandvivacious,brown,curlinghairinwhich ;!there wasa reddish tint,exquisite teeth and a lovely skin.Herfeattzresrs.Garstin wasahard,cruel,m anaging, . would neverbe very good, forherchin wastoo squareandhernose,(V;)tlrë@)71771.$7.t1l.ëè@17hè.).r7(p/llhV*#1tXt)2/q)l!)l1lll--i?l)))))2pll1l!!!!l- M-!l)!!:)!)@jpi!iIplp:,)è,))g1,k:ti!Igi()ë)((()EE(),E()t.tt)tI(;è)rEl@)p2ö)i()ijyjyj4y):!i!)y$EbqqhjjLjj,ambitious,parsim oniousand Stupid w0- tjoughnotsolongasD oriss, toobig.Herbeautydependedagooddealon ;jjjr$.k).jljjj.ç.(.j.d:,,,(,.,gEry:jE)..f5:.; ;.:::y:yyjk,.:y.j:j:,jtji.:J:(:j((Jjy,):(E:jjyE:j.f(tj gjjjr..gjjjjjj. jjyg;jjgjjj!.ggjjj,jjj;jjjrg;jj,,,, .,è,)),@Eyljttj,. .)L,lklyEqEi.ëhp..,jpjyggëtljilëy...rttyjjëjjylrjrtrëj man.shewasthedaughter,oneo ve, llcryouth,andMrs.Garstinrealizedthatshemustmarryinthefirstllush ;tt?,1,.ëqtèi,,f ig ,tt1l)!r,yyy,yryj::yy,ltj,j,yjjyyyjj yuktorinu vep ool,andBem ardGarstinhadm et gherm aidenhood. W hen she cam eoutshewasdazzling.herskin wasjjji,(! ,2 y.):px:ttj,tq:(?y,,.,!yyyyrryjjjyyy jj yxyyjxwasonthexortherncircuit.Hehad ti,! Et ejj;jE(y.yIy.,,.yyjyj,y erw stillhergreatestbeauty,buthereyeswiththeirlonglashesweresostarry::lChl).l.(.bj,j)-.-îtxyyt,y,,l,j, j yjtjjjers. ayytjyetsomeltingthatitgaveyouacatchatthehearttolookintothem.VfV;is,lyjjyjty)yyigs, seem edthenayoungm anofprom seaè.E:. . j,g:.(12)62))j)(ëj:tj(jj.tgj.-jE@jjyE..!)..Ekk.:y)yj.jt. yj, ,;t.?.pk;y.t,rrlx.,t#)èkt3!ki.,$,i!.k). tpy thersaidhewould gofar.Hehadnt.Hewas shehadacharminggaietyandthedesiretoplease.Hermotherdreamed 1,, rk.tikitt,,./*tt,r,.),./,),?,,t)/..t ainstaking,industrious,andcapable,buthehad Clmutiousdreams;itwasnotagoodmarriagesheaimedatfbrherdaugh-.. -E.(.!E.,.t.ii)i.t!?j.q(,--t--ti.$Lfqïï?ï.-:.-.,.r -: ...j.,. qjë::jlt q >(LLklt+..kEq,,iG)ytitjyyjjjljjylj r jjytoadvancehimself. (Ml-s.Gastin de- ter,butabrilliantone. ......,. ,, .t-y...;::,..tt)j;-.-0.,..,.,,y;-..)y.rtp!EE.-. -jëEàEi:..,Er,,...gyy,,, glyjk422)j,lrgtrgly,ks4:,!(;jj?,ùplljô*).L)L)ï,-),))q,?r-t;-#:)$ .$t.;fl)!p-tki spisedhim.Butsherecognized,thoug,hwithbit- Itittyhadbeenbroughtupwiththeknowledgethatshewasgoingtobea ijqzèl--.-ë)-3qL)(-1kb,-ï(j.Er$,.. jyyy,gjj...,.;b.,kqtqjLLL..(.-é;-.L..Lk;L(L4.ty-.qyl)2--EETIIEtjt IE(lltliIs ,.qi y, ë,jpljy,,i.j temess,thatshe could only achieve success beautiftllwomanandshemorethansuspectedhermothersambition.ltac- Iô.t jg:..:. ,/:4,;:.L:. j::jj;;jjjgj .gjg.yjyy:.j:E;j.j4t..El,, E ..,jëi!qigt. y,)),,;..,),y:).,..y,,tljjlyq,irjtk tluoughhim,andshesetherselftodrivehim on rordedwithherowndesires.Kittywasasuccess.Shewasamusingaswellp!V,.)),)((y,tIrti;j,t);#),tipi.tsgy/)#o.. jwdesiredtogo. shenaggedhim with- :tsbeautiful,andverysoon shehadadozenmen inlovewith her.Butnone IEi.?,,y,p,,.t,k),. q ,,,s.,,-t..sk.,),, yjaowavs,, êl.k#),)):27))2(.jj:yi(qyj/j.j.ylIijjà)k(i,)>,,,,.,p,it?j,; p-ut-mercy.shediscoveredthatifshewantedhim wassuitable,andKitty,charmingandfriendlywithall,tookcaretocommit :i(...:.....:;kj-.f-,-ry...p((jydôky-(..E;à.,g,,,.,:j.j,j,,,,gr..----r--j---.-.-,,-è ( .r.E:((:.:.:gJ:!E!. ,!20 21 I.. ..11k I
  12. 12. herselfwith none.W hen they proposed toher,asnonefailed to do,shere-fusedthem withtactbutdecision.Herlirstseason passed withouttheperfectsuitorpresenting himself,and the second also;butshe wasyotmg and could afford to wait.M rs.Garstintoldherfriendsthatshethoughtitapity foragirltomarrytillshewastwentp one.Butathirdyearpassed andthenafourth.Twoorthreeofheroldadm irersproposedagain,butthey werestillpenniless,oneortwoboysyoungerthanherselfproposed;aretiredIndianCiviliandidthesame:hewasffty-three.Kittystilldancedagreatdeal,shewasthoroughlyenjoy-ing herself;butstillno onewhoseposition and incomeweresatisfactoryasked herto marzy him .M rs.Garstin began to grow uneasy.ShenoticedthatKittywasbeginningtoattractmenofforty andover.Sheremindedherthatshewouldnotbeany longersopretty in ayearortwoandthatyounggirlswerecom ingouta11thetime.M rs.Garstindidnotm inceherwordsinthedomesticcircleandshewarnedherdaughtertartlythatshewouldmissherm arket.Kittyshruggedhershoulders.Shethoughtherselfasprettyasever,pret-tierperhaps,forshehadplentyoftime.Ifshewantedtomarryjusttobemarriedtherewereadozenboyswhowouldjumpatthechance.Sttrelytherightmanwouldcomealongsoonerorlater.ButMrs.Garstinjudgedthesituation m ore shrewdly:with angerin herheartforthebeautifuldaughterwho had missedherchancesshe setherstandardalittlelower.Sheturnedback to the professionalclassatwhich shehad sneered in herpride andlookedaboutforayotmglawyerorabusinessmanwhosefuttzreinspiredherwithconfdence.Kitty reached the age oftwenty-fve and was stillunm arried.M rs.Garstin wasexasperated.Sheaskedherhow much longersheexpectedherfathertosupporther.ltneverstnzck M rs.Garstinthatperhapsherownhardafrabilityhad frightenedthem en,sonsofwealthy fathersorheirstoatitle,whosevisitsshehadtoocordiallyencouraged.Sheputdown Kittysfaillzretostupidity.ThenDoriscameout.Shehadalongnosestill,andapoorfig-tlre,andshedancedbadly.lnherfrstseason shebecameengagedto Geof-frey Dennison.Hewastheonlysonofaprosperoussurgeonwhohadbeengivenabaronetcydmingthewar.Kittysheartsank.Doris,ateighteen,wasm akingquiteasuitablem ar-riage,andshewastwenty-fveandsingle.Supposingshedidntmarryatall?Thatseasontheonlypersonwhoproposedtoherwasaboyoftwenty whowasstillatOxford:shecouldntmarryaboyfiveyearsyoungerthanherself.M otherwouldbehorriblenow,andDoris,Doriswhohadalwaysbeensacri-ficed becauseshe,Kitty,wasexpected to m ake thebrilliantmatch,wouldnotfailtocrow overher.225.KittyinapanicmaniedW alterFane,apermilessyotmgdoctorwhotookjtklt()HongKong.(From ThePaintedVeilbyWgkMaugham)Giveevidencefrnm thetexttcprnvecrdisirnvethefnllnwingslatements.l.Mrs.GarstinhadmarriedBernardGarstinagainstherfatherswill.2.M rs.Garstinhaddom inatedherhusbandthroughouta11theirmarriedlife.1.M rsGarstinhadexpectedherhusbandtomakeabrilliantcareer.4.MrGarstinwascommittedtohisfamilyduties.5.MrGarstinsdaughterstreatedhim withdueconsiderationandrespect.f).M rsGarstinlovedcompanyandhadalwaysattractedpeoplebyhergener-osityandfriendliness.7.MrsGarstinhadneverhadanydoubtsaboutherelderdaughtersbrilliantfuture.8.M rsGarstinsplansconcerningherdaughtersm arriagestook an tmpre-dictableturn.II.TextFeaturesandLanguajeFccusW.ExpressivenessinFictionExpressivenessasafeatureofthelanguageofjctionisachieve4apart#om devicesofimagety(epithets,metaphors,comparisons,etc),byanabundanceofidioms,Le.wordcollocationsthemeaningofwhich isojtennotapparentandcannotbesimplydeducedkom themeaningsoftheircomponentparts.* M atchtheidiom sontheleftwith theirdefinitionson theright.crow oversmbjllmpatthechanceleadadogslifemissonesmarketyou suddenlyfeelsadordisappointedaboutsmthsm allthingsofvariouskindswithoutmuchvaluefailtouseanopportunityhaveanunhappylifefulloftmfairtreatmentoddsandends expressdelightinthedefeatofsomeonetakesmthforgranted useanopporttmityeasilyyotlrheartsinks believethatsmthwillhappenorbetherewheneveryouneedit23
  13. 13. B.Reinforcing Vocabulary1. Arrangetheaëjettivesusedtndestribepenpleinlhelextintcjrcupsrelerrinjta:a)appearancefigure eyes nose chin hair skinlumpy starry long square brown lovelyb)characterandability industriousc)socialstanding prosperousblmpy,penniless,suitable,cruel,pretty,hard,long,welloff,liquid,smpid,vivacious,m anaging,curling,exquisite,ambitious,reddish,parsimonious,lovely,brilliant,painstaking,dazzling,industrious,capable,fair,square,starry,melting,charm ing,amusing,fziendly,poor,beautiful,dark,big,silent,subdued2. Lcnkatthewcrdsdelcwanddecidewhichnfthegivenmeaningsarecnrrectinthetextaccordcalldriveevenmallyfairminceoutstriprecognizestrike2..4.a)agreea)startacareera)travela)intheenda)decenta)chewa)overtakea)admita)occtzrb)contradictb)inviteb)forceb)suddenlyb)lightb)cutb)exceedb)identifyb)surprisec)providec)namec)takec)occasionallyc)justc)utterc)revealc)findoutc)upsetGnthrnujhthetextandtnmpletethewnrd-ccmbinatinnsejuivalentinmeaninjtnthefnllnwinjRussianphrases.CcmmentnnthesimilarltynfthemeaninjinEnglishandRtlssian.Recalltheccntezlsinwhichtheseward-combinaliansareusedinthetextBo3JIaraTbHailellWlxl ...hopes...HeIIPOSBJISTBIIPH3HaKOB ...SignsaalfelfoIIO;TH ...farYXBaTMTLCJI3a.IIIaHC ...Chancea06HTbc,ycnexaIIYTeM qero-pllf6o ...successKOMIICHCHPOM TBqT0-JIH60 ...mW effpllilBHl<yfbcsIlocllpK6e ...advanceIlollçan nlleqaMlf ...ShouldersOIIYCTHTBnllalllfy ...StandardoueHllBarbclllyalmlo ...Sim ationrloqyBcTBoBan ce6JI ...uneasy6e3IKaJIOCTH ...mercyMlloroo6emalomlo HCnOBeK ...manHacllemlHKTlclypla ...titleIfpacHBasBHeIIIHOCTL ...good3anolmeHbl ...JZ CeBnallHlçe ...PanicHCTOHHHKaoxoaa ...incom eX ecu masO PTIIJI ...matchqecT0JIlO6HBbIeMeqn l ...dreamsFillintheapprcpfiatebnxeswilhthewnrdsfrtm thetextrelatedtcthecnesinthechartNoun Verb Adjective/Adverbdisappointcordialwealthdazzlesensitivepennyfail
  14. 14. ve-b Adjective/wd-e-b ,11-Fnllnw-upActiviNNounhrewd *Preparetogiveextensiveanswerstothesequestions.S- W hatismoreimportantforawom an:agood careeroragoodm ar-fright riage?satisfy -Haveyou everconsidered apossibilityofm aldngam aniageofcon-venience?stupidthorough LESSON B.PRACTICETESTSTest15. Translate lhe follnwing sentences intn Enjlish usinqthevncabulary cIthetext. Reddthetextbelcw.F0rquesticns(1-5)choosetheanswer(â-W whichyauthinkfitsbestaccnrdlnjtnthelext. ,1 ou uexoven uu xxoMy o6pamavscsaanovomsm,uolxeuavalcaonro<< ero,qw,,Konqexo,,lf-,oussmpueu6.mycmynumb,1 M u of&r ntultula yuanucaa.snucsMocsoeMycrapowiy apyry,xow pbliiaauuMa.qaosonsuosslcoxugnoc. y m otlleralways smelled of expensive French perfumes,and she2 ouuulcoraaueaaayMslsazfcsow M,xaxMuoroaenaevanxHeroxceua,u didntcook much.w hen ltry to slm marizethebasic lessonsshe jZIMaJIeeaa6oz.yoce6exaxuro-rocavuortz#z,gl,aa-y- eztl- eecll. taughtmeaboutlife,lcom eupwiththis:uppzs ..3 OuaGslzlaeauucerseuusm pe6euxoM s ceMbe11npussllclaKroMy,qTo 1.Aboveall,neverbeordinalyBceeenlo6uzluuawtexau. 2.Theworldisasercely competitiveplace:Eatfaster!aas- Ordinaryw mstheworstinsultshecouldfindforanything.lremember4.Y Hero6sm uIcyapsssleBonocblylHelxuaxIcoxca,xaKyaesoqlcu,uM llertakingmeshopping andthelook ofscornwithwhichshewouldfreeze IiMHIIIKHBKJIaCCCHacNeMaallcb#fJ#Nltïf. jlleshopassistantswhentheysuggestedthatsomedressorpairofshoeswas5 OHa6bIJIazlyxlttleîicryaeuTxoiiHaialtyzlbrrere,HpoimrreaHconaazaau verypopular-wevesoldfiftyalreadythisweek.Thatwasa11sheneeded6oabutuezlaêe.vcthlHaeeGyaymylo Kapbepy,HooHaBblmna3aMy)xM t()hear. nolfHocerbm nocBllrlu ace6JIceMbe. Kw o,,she would say, f<wefre notinterested in that.Haventyou got6 OHH qacro ccoplullcb,H0 I1ocJ1e Kav oiiCCOPBIOH CTaPaJICSCaellan 3 somethingalittlem oreunusual?Andthentheassistantwouldbringouta11 Iscesorm oxœ oe,qTo6bl3awtaèumbcdoo euny. j trangecoloursnooneelsewould buy- stuffwhich wouldhavehadto tlc s7.OHnolu n,HToBezlce6JIrnynoHnoqyqcmto6aa cd#lltleaotKo. ynq,sold ofrcheaplyatsale-tim eattheendoftheseasonbutformym other. jl!8 Y HeroHe6bIJIoapyroroucmoMnuKaêtatgfdzKPOMePa6OTblBraaeTe. Antjjatersheandlwouldarguefercelybecauselwantedtobeordinaryas-j.DTHXaellerelBaXM T3JIOHanponllm alfMe,OM/IJRI.VJMCWINJIH HCKOTO- tlesperately asmymotherwantedtobetmusual. Itt h idwhenlwenttothehairdresserwith 7pbleMeaonu. Icantstandthathair-do (sesa9 KoraaoHacHosaBeplfynacbHactlezfyIloczle6ollbm oronepepblBa,OHa jjjyjuend andcam eback with apageboy haircutstraightoutofSeventeenHecMornaèo6umbcxJcae-vl.BceHOHHMaJIH,HTooHaynycmtlaafrf/ Iuagazine),HitssoteniblyordinalyNotugly;notunsuitable.Butordi- 1,spem . llaly.Ordinarinesswassom ething you had to do everything possible to10.OH npunucu<aacBo;nposa.qco6cerBelllloiirnynocTu. Jlvoid.Onewaywastorepaintandrefurnishyourhousefrequently.Actual-11 HecxonblcoaeTHaaaa40-JIeTHH;aasolcarcèeaaaelinpebaoolcenue,H0 lymymotherthoughtthata11thehousedesignersandpainters(aswellas IoHaorxaaanaeMyHnpeanoqnaocmambcxaeaa yaltweli. rltlthesdesigners)inAmericahadorganizedthemselvesintoaspyringto ?!12.KoraaoHaysHaezlaBcio HMmery116eallocn BaoMecBollxpoimrenei, (Iiscoverherm ostrecentideas forhousesordressm aking and suddenly 1eecepèqecavarz/ch. lllllkethem popular.And itwastruethatshehad agiftforsensing what ,26 27k
  15. 15. (d and >. W hatdidIsadorafeelabouthermothersclothesonParentsDay?ldbecomefashionable(ordidlonlyimaginethis?).Shepaintewou A Aj-raid.houseinantiquegoldjustbeforeantiquegoldbecamethe furnishedthe s sadlarcolourforcurtainsandcam ets.Thensheprotestedthateverp m ostpopu c Em barrassed.hadCistolenherideas. O11C D Proud.d inkandredtowelsinthebathroom whenpinkandredwasstill Sheha pideredaMeV StrangeColour-combination.HerfearOfordinarinesscame (From successatFirstCert/cate)C0nStronglyinherClothes.Otltm ostSfftmldntyouPleaseWearSomething else?lpleadedwhenshewas ,j,st2eDayintight-fttingbulïghterspantsandabrightpinkdressingforParentster,withaMexicancape. Beadthetextbelcwabcutmenwithstrnnjwives.Fnrquestinns(1-11)chnnseSWeattw hatswrongwithwhatlm wearing? fromtheIistnfmen(A-D).Scmenfthemmayhechcsenmnrelhancnce.W hatwasntwrongwith it!tqtsjustthat1wishyoudwearsomethingmoreplain,1saidsheepish- EnilhjTvny Q> / - n ;,1 Kçsom ethingthatpeoplewontstareatY, t-five .4. M rQueenHctoriaShelooked atm eangrily anddrew herselfup to herfullheightoBornin1819 PrinceAlbert,theyoungersonoftheDukeofSaxe-co- 5feetteninches. :vw reyou ashamed ofyolzrown mother?Becauseifyou are,lsadora, , llllrg-Gotha,marnedQueenVictorialn1840andbecameherprivatesecre-Ifeelsorryforyou.lreally do. tllry.HiSposition asaforeignerinVictoriascourtrequireda greatdealof tltctfrom theroyalcoupleand initially hewasexcluded from state aFairs.fthethingsthatlsadorarem embersaboutherm otheris stl()nhispoliticalabilitiesandsocialskillsbegantoshow and eventuallyhe1. Oneo IA .thefoodshecooked. lklllnd thathewasadvisinghiswifeon m ostaspectsofherpoliticalduties. /h d llkcrenownedGreatExhibitionwasheldathissuggestionin 1851.ItwasntB. theperfumes euse .C.thewaysheate. lllltilafterhisdeath in 1861,thathiscontribution to the arts,science and::D.themagazinessheread. stpcialwelfareofBntainwasrecognised.TheQueenremainedinmourning ,smothertowant? liltherestofherlife.2 W hatdidtheshopassistantsexpectlsadoraA Somethingreallymm sual. It x gcatherinetheGreat li* gB.Stylesthey hadsoldoutof. , 11Pity poorPeter111.In marrying the Germ an PrincessSophiaAugustaC.Clothesthatwerecheap.vll11Alzhalt-zerbst(Catherinel1)thesuccessortotheTsarinaElizabethbitD .Them ostpopularclothes. .. 2t1flmorethan hecould chew.H1sfrstactaftercoronation in 1762wasto3 W henlsadorahadherhaircutinapageboyhairstylehermother jrttàr.ntoFredericktheGreata11thePrussianprovincesconqueredbyRussiaA.wasveryangry. iltlring the SevenYearsW ar.Unsurprisingly them ilitary wasunimpressedB.dislikedit. jllldhewaskilledinacoupledbyhiswifeandherloverCountOrlov.Cath- Ji bsequentlove afl-airswith differentom cersand politicianswere IC. toldhertochangeit. elnessu j14D .thoughtitwaschildish. witlelypublicised,although itissaidshewasdevoted to Peterintheearly I, ther Yeltrsoftheirmarriage. 4 Asfarasfashionandhouse-fum ishingwereconcerned,lsadorasm o jbelievedthat t: M rcelineDion IA .professionaldesignerswantedtocopyherideas. IW hentheparentsoflz-year-oldCanadian singerCelineDion sentpro-B.highlyfashionablethingswerebest. konsm anagerM rAngelila dem o tape, he liked itso much he cried.$l1()tC.shewouldneverbeinfashion. jjjeja, m uchtohisfirstwifesannoyance,hem ortgagedthefam ilyhom eto JD goldandpinkandredw ereagoodcolourcombination. :@ 29281
  16. 16. IdhadsevenFrench- tdlkllL1JElnTeachingasaCareef Eherdebutalbllm .By the age of18,Dion hafinancebefore Angelilpaid forEnglish lessonsto help herspeaking hitalbum s,hemajorpopmarkets.Thenitwastimetogether j jwcanjwvertellwheremakeanimpressionont ,: ; Ateacheraffectsetem ty,losesomeweighttosqueezeintoa11thosecutezlt- usjnjuencestopsteethfixedandforhertothenewMrsAngelil,26yearshisjunior,andthet1eChanelnumbers. Enter Henr.vprooksAdamsmostsuccessfulsingerintheworld.i D.MrLizTaylorFlf PARTI h marriage of form er tnzck driver Larry Fortensky to ElizabethT e: 1 neverhadmuchchanceofsuccess.However,thecouplewasopti- gEssoN A. INTENSIVEREABINGTayor h rseventh husband,even signedaprenuptialagree-m istic.Fortunatey e) hichleftlum verylittleinthecaseordivorce.Accordingtoinsid- jneajingandcnmprehensinnTasksy mentw . itwasntTaylorwhocausedthebreakdownoftheirfour-yearmar-I llgebutFortenskywhowentoutonthetownwhilehiswifewasrecover- 1.n efcljcwingwnrds areessentialfnrunderstandingand discussingthe mainrl i. m a hip-replacem entoperation.consequently:the m ano ge was ideascjthetextLearnthemeaninqandprcnunciatinncfthesewcrds.ing ro E: Oh andaboutthatprenup:heattem ptedtohaveltovertunwdto sue Iover. , Nounsor3m illionpounds. hauenge gt-falcndsj anew ordimculttaskthattestssmbsabilitycFrom zFjrxçfCertscateFirstbySophieKingsley) dstrength( ZZfellowship (felcujkplanawardofmoneytoagraduatestudenttocon-w hichhusband: tinuetheirstudiesordoresearch !Inudge gnads)aslightpush1 A eventuallytooktheroleofiv uencinghiswife? pace gpels)thespeedatwhichsmthhappens Iromotion Epramoujanqamovetoamoreimgortantjoborrankp2 wasmucholderthanhiswife? reqection lrlflek-fanlcarefulthought,idea,oplnionresearch ErIsa:tJ)serioussttzdyofasubjecttodiscovernew facts3 wasofamuchlowersocialstattzsthanhiswife? u gspa:k)averysmallbllrningpiece,asmallflashoflight spar4 causedgreatsorrow tohiswifewhenhedied? Verbsdemn (kondem)expressverystrongdisapprovalofsmth/smbcon5 didnotsundbyhiswifewhensheneededit? germinate (dsa:mlneltqstarttogrowswitch (swltjl tosmthchangeormakesmthchangefrom onething I6 wasm tlrderedbyhiswife? toanotherAdjectives7 hadadevotedwife? ; .convinced (konvlnstlcertainthatsmthistnze,iswifeimproveherlooks? major(meldsz)importantorverylarge.g lwlpedh1r 9 wasnothappilymarriedtohiswifk? 2. Learntheprcnuncialinncfthefcllnwingprcpernames.t -- l b ivinghermoney? George(d5o:d5) Vicky(vlkll10 helpedhiswifescareer y g Itjurhg uawardglhc:vzdjJulieE 5icorigins? PeterBeidlerEpi:tobeldlo) !11 wasofaristocrat31301
  17. 17. 13 CnmparelheprnnunciatinnnIthefnllnwinginternaticnalwnrdswiththeirRus- IteachbecauseIliketolenrn. Oneofthemajordiscoveriesofmypro-sianequivalents. jrssitlnallifeisthatlteachbestnotwhatIknoW,butwhatlwantto leanz.w llen lwantedtoknow moreabouttheroleoftheIndianculhlreinAm eri-academicgIœkodemlk) doctoralgdoktxgl) thesubject,takingstudentswithmeona trelta) joldrnalgdsa:nolj $11literatlzre,ltaughtacourseonadministratorgadmlmsb ldouzol mechanicgmlkœnlkj 1tlOfdiscovery.bulldozerg u (j to I Iteachbecauseteachinggivesmemanynectarstotgste,manywoo scalendar(kœlondo) nectargnekta),jej.anduave,m any :nebookstoread,andm any ivory towersandreal-dissertation(dlsoitegan) poet(paulq wdlIdexperiencestodiscover.Teachinggivesmepaceandvarietyandchal- Ilk.ltp,eandtheopporttmitytokeepxonlenrning. !JJ 9ZOCJ Ihavenotm entionedthemostimportantreasonswhy lteach. il tudent Vicky wasan energeticyotmg.. d . .,,,. .4.:) h do Iteach?A fkiendaskedm ethe. w t,1)MCSVicky.Myfirstdoctoras ,i:))rh,tq,t.i.yg,tiytqljjijti.r,.,ti.;,.,t.(()))!));,jjljigjgjikqyy y jjoworkedatadissertationonàlittle-known14-thcenttlrypoet. ..:Ig.j.:.....j;. ,.;..r..,..L,:jq:j1:y:,I(jy.:::::: Ef1(j:àyt.tjiijj.).j.jj(Eyty: rjj j 1:411.qlrr!ls,1i;;1i/pgy.jj .,.gjj .jj,yj, .jyrygjy:,,yjys j..L-;;ù- .,. ; tjsljjjyjjyttu question when 1told him Ididnt Ayltjwhilestillinpaduateschoolshewroteartlclesanusenttuem ou Koli # ,.,, E wantatmiversityadministrativeposition.He lk.rll.lledjournals.shedidita11herself,withonly anoccasionalsmileor,) *; waspuzzledthatIdidnotwanttotgstepup Iet-rom me.ButIwastherewhenshefnishedherdissertation,whensherq .(....-.E!q...;,,,,Eg. l1;IkldL.1q(4; b.; towardmoneyandpower. twordthatthearticlesw ereaccepted, whenshehandedajobandwonax E.;;;..!,, jjgrjdk),. ..:.tsk,E:jEE.:E::::E.:!:EëkE:k:....., $;: !ji$,y. ,,v One thing iscertain- Idontteach be-4 tt.llowship to spendayearatHarvardworking on abook developing ideas I-. r?t:hiE )kv causeteachingiseasyforme. Teachingisthe sjlehadgerm inatedasmy sttzdent.iîiïùt . tdim cultofallthewaysIhaveattempt- . ThereisJulie.Herkidsweregrowingupandshewantedtositinoneofmyq! - edtoearnmy living:bulldozermechanic, t.l:tssestoseeifshewmscollegematerial.Iwastherewhenshecamein,weep-! carpentery.um versity administrator, writer. illg.toapologizebecausesheknew shehadfailedherfirsttest,eventhoughshe ! Form e,itsared-eye,sweaty-palm ,sinking- Il:1dstudiedfortwoweeks.ItdoesnotmatterthatIlatertoldhershehadgotteni stom achprofession.Red-eye,becauseIneverfeelreadytoteach,nom atter ! 1,I) orthatonthenexttestshegotaB.ltdoesnotm atterthatin theendsher?i how lateatnightIstay up toprepare. Sweatp palm,because1nm always (lecldedagainstcollegeafterall.ltdoesmatterthatIwastherewhensheasked. !û nervousbeforeIenteraclassroom,sttrethatIwillbefoundoutforthefool ThereisGeorge,who startedoutin engineering,then switchedtoEng-@lnm sinking-stomach,becauseIusually walk outanhourlaterconvinced lishbecausehedecided heliked peoplebetterthan things.Hestayed foraj @j thatIwasevenmoreboringthanusual.Illastersdegreeandnow teacheshigh-schoolEnglish. EE! W hy,then,dolteach? These are the realreasonswhy lteach these people who grow and jI lteachbecause1likethepaceoftheacadem iccalendar. Jtme,July and tllangeinm ypresence.Beingateacherisbeingthere,beingpresentatthej tugustallowmetomixreiection,researchandwriting,a11inyredientsin t.leatioqy,gomheontjtohueyjloauytboeygtienasotuoysbgrewathej.agjvememoneyandpower.But ;y recipeforteaching.Itisnotthatsllmm ersarelesseffort.Itlsthatthey A p 9ularediflkrenteflbrt. IItlreadygetpaidfordoingthethingslenjoymost:readingbooks,talking11teach because teaching is builton change. Even when the material withpeople,m akingdiscoveriesandaskingquestions.lteachisthesam e,Ichange,and,moreimportant,my studentschange. Andlalreadyhavepowertonudge,tofansparks,toasktroublingques- ii1teach because Ilikethe freedom to makemy own m istakes,to leam 1itns,to praisean attempted answer,to condemn hiding from thetruth,tomy0wn lessons,tostimulatemyselfandm ystudents.Asateacher,Iam my slltsgestbooks,topointoutapath.W hatotherpowermatters?0Wnboss.lf,asin arecentsemester,Iwantfreshm en tolearnhow towrite Teachingalsoofrerssomething else:itofferslove.Notonlytheloveof ;by Puttingtogethertheirown textbook,well,whoistosayImaynot?The lellrningandofbooksandideas,butalsotheloveateachérfeelsforthatrarecoursem aybeacolossalfailure,butwecanlearnfrom colossalfailures.Sttldentwhowalksintothelifeofateacherandbeginstobreathe. IIteach because Ilike to ask questions,questions thatstudentsmust 1teachbecause,beingaroundpeoplewhoarebeginningtobreathe,Ioc- .stzuggle to answer.The world isfullofrightanswersto bad questions. tilsionally lindm yselfcatchingmybreathwiththem . Teaching,Isom etimesbrtzshupagainstgoodquestions.(From ReaaersDigest)Ej( :j 32 j 33lit
  18. 18. ;4 Giveevidencefrcmthetexttnprcvenrdisprcvethefcllnwingstatemenls. latterincludes..a)compoundwords,mainlyatliectives,someofwhich* ,befoundinadictionaryasf/lc!yareGcreatedbytheauthorwillnot1. TeachingwasnotthefirstjobforPeterBeidler. .ltimselftoexpresshisideavividlyandprecisely,eg.a)1*dJ/.F-#JRl,2. peterisveryselfcritical.,, tapyorg b)repeatedinvertedctm-vfrlzc/itm3,egf<AtMdoIteach ;0 me3. Heisaveryindependentperson.hesEnglishtoUniversitysmdents. talaëective+nouncollocations.eg.anfv/r.ptowerandidiomaticex-4. Peterteac5.Helikestoteachnew courses. llressiolls,eg.collegematerial.6.HesupervisedVickysdoctoraldissertationatHarvard.i tersdegreeinEnglish. :7. GeorgegothsmaslfforlettingJulieleavecollege. * Gooverthetextand pick outexam plesofthegiven threetypesof8. Peterblam eshimseidfortalkingwithpeople,readingbooks,m akingdiscover- expressive vocabulary.Think ofyour own sentenceswith these9. Petergetspaiesandaskingquestions. words.10.Peterwouldntgiveupteachingevenifhewereofferedahigherposition.11.Ateachersjobresemblestheworkofasculptor. ttReinforcingF/cc:lf/sr.p5. Readthetextagainfccussingcnmcredetailsnastaanswerthesequesticns. . 1. Matchtheuefiniticnscntherightwit:theihrasalyerbscntheIeftk1.W hy wasPeterBeidleraskedthereason forhishavingchosen thecareer . keepondoing walkforwardtoahigherlevelfateacher? brushup beginonesProfessionallifeO2.Whydoeshefndteachingthemostdiëcultjobofall? stayup continuetodosmth3.W hatwasVickysdissertationon? startout form almity4.W hywasJulieweepingwhen shecamein? decideagainst improvebysm dy5.W hydidGeorgedecidetogiveupengineering? walk out nottogotobednOttoCh00SeSmtistepup6 Rereadthetextandidentifytheke#sentencesineachparagraph.B#dninjthis ttogether leave, Punuwillsum ll;thereascnsandargumentstheauthcrjivesfcrteachinj. jutout show ,Y po2. MatchthewnrdsfrnmthetwncnlumnstnmakeccrreclcnllncatinnsfrnmthetextIl. TextFeaturesandLanquaqeFncus jRecallthetcntexlsinwhichthesecnllncatinnsareuse . .W.Evaluating theS/J/dandtheLanguage#.//1ldTa t bAdjective,noun+nouna. Verb+ noun .-il aB /aD college Poet(aThetitleofthetextisaclearindicationofitstopicandsubject-matteras fan discoveries highschool discoverywellasthekindofproblemsitisconcernedwith. ke acourse academic lifelnaSomeofthespecscfeaturesofthetextalsoemergefromthetitleand jaand anidea leamed English.h textiswrittenasahrstpersonnarrationandis ilttre little-known jollrnalstheformatofthefcx/./e teach afalaidouttzxananawcrtotheunderlyingquestionGl#W#doyouteach?On k major materialjinish sparsthewhole,thetextiswritten inaliteraryN/ylc.Atthesametimethev0- in afelldwship professional sttzdentWbularyofthetextvariesfrom stylisticallyFlcl/frtz/tmdconversational . jevelop atest real quçstionsctz ttoformalandJo.//ywordssuchas,eg.condemn,##Z&Gtmdfrom emo- be dissertation troubling experiencetionallyneutralwordstovcr.pexpressiveandcolourfulA/t/I?JAN/JO?.The et ajob rari calendar34 35j .: j
  19. 19. ; 3. ReplacetheitalicizedwpldslnlheIpllowingsenlencesbytheirequlvalentsllam 11 Fcjlcw-upâctjvitythetexti * Doyou agreewith PeterBeidleraboutthechallengesand rewards,j 1.whatshelikedaboutherjobwasworkingforherselfandmakingher ftjjeteachingprofession?Shareyourviewsontheproblem.o1 owndecisions..Jj 2.Weweresurprisedtoseesuchextremelkbigwatermelonsgrowinginmyi.j Gfannysgarden. LESSON B.PRACTICETESTjL 3:Shefotmd the cotmtryside she wasdriving acrossasfascinating asthe sjxjarajraphshgve heenremcvedfrcm theadicledelow.Fcrthenumberedt1tainsorthesea.Asshestoppedhercartoenjoyitanideaforanew arts(1-Mchncsewhichnflheparajraghs(A-G)fitshestThereiscneexlrai mount . pnovelbegantogrowtnhermind. yaragraihpudcnctneedtnuse.4.Hewasconsideredtobeastrictparentcombining fatherlylovewithfinn :discipline. , JPJQo& J)*& > V.5.Veryoftenm anypeoplem ovefrom onecitytoanotherinsearchforbetter ,jobsandcareeradvancement. hatbabiesandtoddlersknow andwhentheyknow itarequestions6.M y friend said shehadgotfed up with thedullroutineofwashing and thathavelongfascinatedparents,forwhom nearly everythingababycookingforherbigfamily. (l(,esseemsfraughtwithmeaning.Theywonderwhetherthatiedglingat-7.ldidntacceptthelroffkratoncebecauselwasscaredoftakingresponsi- tttlllptatspeechorthatearnestimitationofdaddysfimnyfacemeanstheirbility. , lllbyactuallytmderstandsmorethanthechildcarehandbookssay.4.TranslatetheInllcwinjsenlencesusingthevocabnlarycfthetext ll .1.M zlorHeer0 apyabx ueèoyMetavrtu,noqeMy OH orxaaallcx OT M MMHH- . ScientistsnOW believethatnewbornsOnly afew hourso1d can distin-CTPaTHBHOFO n0CTa. OHM CHHTWIH,IITO M MHHHCTPaTHBHM JIO.1IXI- hltlishthehum anface.Eventhesetinybabiesseem topreferlookingatpic-HOcTb-CmynelebKaJde#.YKJlellbraM HBJIRCTH. CIIYS0ffacesswith theirfeaturesin properalignm eùt.Twelve hoursafterllirth,infantscanpick outtheirmothersvoice from othervoices,possibly2.M HeHpaBHercllDrapa6oTa,noeroMy qToylca.M ce6exoaaun.JIMoryco- ûcmtenRblefW #ZA#TIYHMTbCSHaHMX. IICCK SCthatstheonethey heard mostinutero.By 5m onthsthey may beeepm ambr//zzco ggaw aevacaoùo. 1llletoaddandSubtractsm allnttmbersintheirheads.Andat6monthsthey3.YqellsleHacroHe3Hal0TPeallblloroMHPaHAKHBYTB . jttjwywant.z, :;l10CapableOfm anipulatingacomputertogettheresueolïKocmu .4.MBIynukc.nHeTonbxoHarlo6eaax,Ho11naolzlorfm -j., .5.OH.u10611/omxpueamb#.rIJzre6xzz-pe.HxoraaozlHMTaJIxypcnoH0- .BoMynpeaMely,ouyeaeKtvt3artgtlllcryaeueroBnatltlptlzyomKpumuû. Takethequestion ofhow wellbabiesrem emberthings.Untilredently,6.HlloraaMHeIcaxerrcyl,qToBMecTecHHMH.$IomKpblqam lft-yx cmpanu- tllt,viewsofSwisspsychologistJeanPiagetprevailed.Hebelievedthatun-14.1,Jlculm u. tiItheirsecondbirthday babiessensesweretoouncoordinatedforthem to7 Kom aoHanonyquaauaeecmue,HToyaoqepMpoam c,csm ,oHaoqezls tlevelop m em ories.Thatm eantthey coulclntpicturetheirabsentm others,.. jjeywoujdst ;o6paaosauacs. 1(1example;oriftheysaw someonehideatoyunderapillow t j!8 HHoraanpoèeuolcenuenoczl-wzcJenpHxoaurIcTeM,KroMeHsttleBcero lfptkforitbecauseforthem itwouldnolongerexist. jerooem aer. I. i9.OHc.qHlllxoMHel7elllHreplbllbllii,HTO6b1HaqaTbHTO-TOHOBOe.Bce,HTO j.LeMyHy-llo,3r0He6onbttloiimoanoKcocropbHbl. Aju babieslong-term m em oly too,isbetterthan conventionalwisdom10.#eTH.11106STnepeKamqambc.acoaHoroBHaaaerezlbHocruHaapyroi. jjjysheld.PsychologistN ancy M yersplacedagroup oflo-month-oldsina11 HuoraaHplœoHMeTI>MpxecTBo,qT061,1omKpumolc-pêllzp:Heaoceroii- tjrtrkroomwithobjectsthatemitteddifferentnoises;shethenusedspecial /1HOentmellelllleapyra. (.zyjuerastolilm theirindividualreactions.Tw0yearslater,DrM yersrepeat- C36 3,. i,.2
  20. 20. ,CdtbCCxperiment.testingtheoriginalgroupaswellasacontrolgroupwho .I1.Notonlyisthatunderstandingpossible,say researchers,itislikely.Thehadneverbeenintheroom. Theoriginalgroupwasntfrightenedofthedark ,View,dom inantforcentttries,thatbabiesarecapableofonlylimitedin-OOm,TXPOXSDrMyers,Yndtheyreachedforobjectswithgreateralacrity teIlectualactivityhasbeenlargelydiscreditedbyaspateofrecentsttzd-thanthoseWhohadntseenthem before. Thereason?DrM yerssaysthefrst 2 ies.Thenew thinking isthatinfantspossessan array ofskillsfarmoreU OUPrem em beredtheirexperiences. sophisticatedthanadultseverdreamedpossible.(.Itdoesnttakeformalteachingtodevelopchildrensintellecm alabilities.4 lfyouPayattentiontotheirprogressthroughtheearlystagesandcanbethekind ofparentwhochangesasthey doysayschildpsychiatristStan-A group ofs-m onth-old babieswere shown one M ickey M ouse doll, IeyGreenspan,eyouwillbepromotingawiserandhappierchild.Hereswhich wasthen placed behind the screen;next, they were shown another whatDrGreenspanhasfotmdworksbest.M ickeyM. ousedoll,whichwasplacedbehind thescreenaswell. W hen the I3. Perhapsthem oststartlinginformationaboutinfantsabilitiesisthenewscreen wasremoved,itsometim esrevealedthecorrectnumberofM ickey evidencesuggestingthatthey can dosimplearithmetic. ln herresearch,M ouses- two- and sometim esan incorrectnumberofdolls, such asone KarenW ynn, apsycholpgist,relied on awell-known phenomenon:in-dollplusonedolltoequaltwodolls. r fants,likeadults,looklöngeratnew orunexpectedeventsthanatroutinei orfamiliarones.lnthiswaytheyrevealwhattheyexpect(orknow).5 l 1.:. These skillsarentlimited to gifted babies;every norm albaby hasa1-Waysbeen naturally capable ofsurprisingintellectualfeats.NowadaysInherstudy,babieslistenedto anumberofvowel-consonantcombina-adultsarebetteratfndingouthow tomeasurewhatinfantscando.tions, such asooh,ah, baaandga.W hen onesoundwasreplacedby anew , j? sutm ostexpertstakeadim view ofform alisedcoursesforinfants,par-one,atoybearinaboxwas1itupandmadetodance. Soonthebabieslooked 1 thosethatclaim toteach readingandm aths.Thereisntashredticularytowardsthebeareverytimetheyheardasoundtheydidntracognize. oj-independentscientifcevideneethattheseprogramm eywork.Interestingly,babiesignored subtlevariationsin theirnativelanguages .(;.vetnewresearchindicatesthatbabiesdorememberand,giventhemeans,(bothSwedishandAmericaninfantswerestudied),butregisteredsimilar willseekoutwhattheywant. lnarecentexperim ent,mothersreadtheir1: ritionsin a foreign languageas tnew . They already recognized which i jj jdsarhymetwiceaday fortwoweeks.Thebabieswereva a 3- to6-mont-osolmdstheywouldneedforspeech intheirnativetongue. then givenafve-minute Etrainingsessionwith specially equippeddum -Canadultsenhanceababyslearning?Actuallythey probably do auto-mies,inwhichtheylearnedthattheirsucldngactionscausedacomputer!j matically. Expertsbelieve thatgramm ar and speech are facilited through torecitevariousrhymes.They consistently showed apreferencefortheq im otherese...thehigh-pitchedspeechthatmanyofusadoptaroundinfants tkmiliarrhymebym anipulatingthecomplztertoreciteit... . becauseitholdsthebabysinterestinawaythatadultspeech doesnot.,(From GoldExamMaximiser)6Thebestteachingtoolisthewnrm andlovingrelationship aparentdevel- PABT 11opswiththechild.Almosta11ababyslearningtakesplaceinthecontextof Jrelatingtoanotherperson.Throughalectionategive-and-take,babieslenrn- LESSONA. INTENSIVEREABINGandtheadultswholovethem lenrnhow nmazingtheirchildrenreallyare.A Othernew studiesshow thatlongbeforeachild sayshisfirstword,he : 1-B02diB13B100mpr0h0DSi0nTaSkS*.hears and tmderstandsplenty. Research conductedby spiech scientist 1 ccwerthejcjjcwjngjislscfwcrdsandstudytheirdefinitinns.PatriciaKuhn hasshownthatan 8-month-old whohearstheword iball -willlook overataballintheroom. Even 6-m onth-oldscan distinguish Nnunsbetweenamlmberofspokensoundsto:ndthosethatarem eaningful,Dr background (bœkgraund) eventsinthepastthatexplainwhysmthKulm hasfound. hashappened38 : 39ï+
  21. 21. idence (ewdons)facts,objectsorsignsthatmakeyoubelievethat 2.TheInllnwingwnrdsareessential1nrunderstandinganddiscussinqthemaineVthexistsoristnle ideasnfthetext.Learnthemeaningandprnnunciatinnnfthesewnrds.SnAfluency gfluonsl)abilitytospeakalanguageverywell Ajljleyglabljalargechttrchwheremonksandnunsusedtolive;rehearsal(rllha:sllpractisingaplayoraconcertbeforeapublicper- xp jejltjj:jArmooomini-adate(aparticularmlmberofyearsafterç IOrm ance .thebirthofchrist), ,site(salt)aplacewheresmt.hhashappenedorisusedforsmth , lendolgrandandimpressivebeauty Au-pair(Ioupea)ayoungwomanwhostayswithafamilyinaforeign splendour(sp ,tc:glt)aresultthatyôutrytoachieve ! Cotmtrytolenrnthelanguageandlookafterthechildren;target( I I I . :,ESP(,iespi)Englishforspecifcpurposes,Verbs . ssc gbilbilisil)BritishBroadcastCorporation; !conquer(kopko)takecontolofacotmtryorcityanditspeoplebyforth rjasynjalgltefujteâchingEnglishasaforeig,nlanguage.chat(tfœt)talkinformally : ,erect(Ilrektqbuildsmth I 3. Makesure#nuktlcw theircnunciatinnnfthesewnrdsdenntingnatinnalities,occur(oka:)happen,existorbefoundsomewhere : janjuajesandnamesnfthecilies. htsmthistrue !presume (prlzju:m)supposetasoak (souklputsmthinliquid,becomecompletelywet Bathgbc:oj Oxford(oksfod)wander (wonda)walkslowlyarotmdortoaplace,withoutanypar- salisbery(lso:lzblrlq Yorkgjo:kqticularpurposeordirection Bournemouth(bommool Austrian(o:strlonl Aqectives Stockholm Estokhoum) Scandinavian(,skœndlnelvlon)accessibleEoklsesoblqsmththatcanbereached,entered,used Cambridge(kelmbrldsq Htmgarian(hapgeorlon)amateur(œmoo)notdoingsmthasyourjob,butonlyforpleasure :à Stonehenge(stounhends) Spaniard(spœnjadl !barasq shy,awkwardorashamedespeciallyinan Copenhagen(jkaupnlhelganj Japanesegldsœponi:z) iembarrassed (Imawkwardsituation , venice(venls) swedeEswirdq ihostile Ehostalllverytmfriendlyoragressive,readytoargueorfght : incredibleglnlkredlbl)smththatisvelydi/culttobelieve 4. practisetheprnnunciatinnnfthefnllnwinginternaticnalwcrdsandcnmparethem imedieval(jmedlli:vllconnectedwiththeMiddleAges . withtheirRussianequivalents. !predominant(prldomlnant)mostobviousornoticeable , , ireputable(repjuobl)respectedforbeinghonestorfordoinggoodwork. authentic(o:oentlk)(adj) nationality(,nœJonmlltlq(n)royalgrolol)connectedorbelongingtothequeenorking au-pair(,oupea)(n) magnet(mœgnot)(n)varied (voarld)consistingorincludingmanydifferentkindsofthings commercial(kolma:jblq(adj) maximum (lmœkslmom)(n) d)thesystem formakinginformationavaila- company(kAmpom)(n) organiser(o:golnalzoj(n) j!,worldwide glw a:ld w aIble,anywhereintheworld dramaticsgdromœtlksj(n) qualiscation(jkwollfllkel-fan)(n) j:.intrigueglnltrirgl(n)Adverbsj .fabulously (fœbujlosllqextremelywell,impressively :dsEonwodzjforwards 5. ReadthetexlcarefullyanddcthetasksthatIcllcw. .OnWarparticularly (poltlkjulolllmorethanusualtIy(pa:monontll)lastingforalongtime,orexistinga11thetime SSJJ;V D nâua-y Fbcv,jrn& fJ ;Permanenpurely (pjtléll)completely lsingly (slpgll)alone . ThisisoneofthearticlesfromNickMcLiversseriesaboutpeoplewhoworkineverpdly (sopouzodll)accordingtowhatisgenerallythoughtor dayjobsinvariouspartsofBritain.OnthisoccasionhevisitsJulianGobdard,ateachersupposebelieved OfEnglishtoforeignstudentsinBath,westernEngland.4140 I. I
  22. 22. i. tIrirl Illcdievalabbeyweredesignedbytwoarchitectsanderectedwithinathirtp,1:!: . ye:trperiod.ButdontforgetthatBathisalsoalivingcity-goodpubs,one)( q .?z (,lthebestcentresforshoppinginthearea.tti.tjkli ,) , E NM SoyoureinthebusinessofteachingEnglishtoforeignstudents.Ist1#i;;-t))itCg;;#,;(r).k,.,:,4,.tit.#,$, .--. jyF 1lathaparticularlygoodplacetobedoingthis?/l)t..l,.:1!r1jt)/).)))E.atytzj4 Ltb,ey; ktt osesitiy.TEFL(thatsTeachingEnglishasaForeignLanguage)isa-j.).j-:-...... .(.jlljljjj.)>t.,j;.1.. .è;.. ...-1g .... . . .. -:1 ,,,,4;.)tjjj,j.iiC!): i..1t j .y,y, verybigbusinedsinBritainandmostlargetownsandcitieshaveatleastoneb,,j, ,ft, )rtr.l .E, : ),),i Ejjj ,llatnjjguursa.gveschoot.Butcertaincitiesseem toattractforeignstudentsmorethanic, , ( ,. any go tothesouth coast,Botmzemouth,Brightonand soon- or,.. .): : i :jj! . x, ,j, ofcourse,toLondon,orelsetothemajortouristcentreslikéOxford,Cam-.) ;8. bridge,Salisbuly YorkandBath.NM Canyoutellm ealittleabouttheschoolyouwork at?JG sttre.w ere a fairly sm allschool,atleast,we are in thewinter-probablyamaximum offiftystudentsatanyonetime.Butthenwegetmuchath isoneofthem ostbeautifulcitiesinBritain,ifnotin Europe.ltis biggerinthesumm er.Then,m anyofouradultstudentsliketocomeovertoacitywith a long histoly TheRom ans,who conquered much ofthe, England and learn English while they are on holiday,and we also havelandintheyearsafter43AD,soon discovered thehotwaterspringsonthegroupsofteenagepupilswhocomeforsttzdytrips.Wedohaveoccasionalsite(whichtheynamedAouESULIS)and,lookingforsomecomfortinthis l ,.groupsofteenagersatthetimesoftheyear- lnfact,Im teachingappupofcold,hostileandinhospitableisland,builttheirbathshere.Itwasthesesam e und , Austriankidsatthemom ent-buttheycom emainlyinthesum mers.hotspringswhich madeBath oneofthemostfashionablecitiesin Engd Therichandfamous:including NM Andyotlradultstudents-tellm eaboutthem . .from theearlyseventeenthcenturyonwar s.hecitytosoakthemselvesm thesup- JO W ell...averymixedbag,really.Theycome9om a1lovertheworld,membersoftheroyalfam ily,cam eto t riving waters.w ith therich cametheirm oney,and by the but1supposethatthepredom inantnationalitiesatmy schoolareScandinavi-posedly health-gld afrord to employ two architects,afatherand son called : an,ltalianandJapanese.Someofthem arepaidtocom eoverbytheircompa-1750sBath coud to design the fabulously elegantcity thathasbecom eam agnetfor nies,Som earelivingherealready - working in localcompanies,orasau-w oo ,uristsfrom al1overtheworld. : Pairs.Som estudentswantspecializedEnglish- medical,technical,comm er-toIrecentlywenttoBath tom eetJulian Goddard,a35-year-o1d English Cialandsoon-andm anyofthecompanystudentswantone-to-oneclasses.languageteacherwholiveswithhiswifeJane(alsoateacherofEnglish)and lPresllmedthatJulianmustspeakseverallanguages.Iaskedhim ifthis jItheiryoungdaughterM iranda.ImetJuilainforapotofteaintheworld-fa- werethecase-andwassurprisedbytheanswer. 1mousPttmp Room s,builtoutsidetheAbbey. JG No.....ldont,actually.Ihavesom eFrenchandalittleSwedish,but INM Thisisfantastic,isntit?Somuchsplendotm è: itsnotreallynecessary. .iillfeeltheatm osphere ...In the eighteenth century NM ltsnot?JG Yes,you can stsomeofthemostfashionablepeoplein thelandusedto com eheretothe JG No.First,wedontgetthatmanybeginnersanymore.Theteaching iPumpRooms. ofEnglishinschoolsworldwidehasimprovedsomuchthatm ostofourstu-jAsmuchas1foundthewholecityamazing,Ididnoticethevisitors,in E dents- eventheyoungones- haveenoughofthelanguagetocommunicate fgroupsandsingly?wanderingaroundjuststaringatthebuildings.Itoccurred toacertainextent.Andsecondly,ifyoureteachingaclasswithacoupleoftomethatBath;llkeVeniceandotherbeautifulcities,wasalittlelikeamu- Swedes,anltalian,aSpaniard,aJapanese:aRussian andaHtmgarian,thensellm .An incredible placetovisit- butwasntitsomewhatdepressing to quency in one ortwo languagesisntgolng to be ofmuch use!Anyway,1 Juliandoes? i whatevidencethereistendsto suggestthatmoststudentslearn moreefli-livetherepermanenty, asJG W ell,yes,lsupposethereissom ething in that.You can understand cientlywhenstudyingplzrely inthetargetlanguage.Iwhyvisitorscome-itsnotjustthebeautyofthebuildings,itsmorethe NM Doyouarrangeanythingforyourstudentsapartfrom lessons? ;finda . JG Oh yes. M ostreputable language schools have a fullsocialpro- htmityofstyle.M ostgreatcitiesgrew overhundredsofyearsandyoumixmreofarchitectttre.InthecentreofBath,a11thebuildingsapartfrom the gramm e. Particularly forthe teenagersin thesumm ers- we have discos,42 43
  23. 23. WWM 1SCC.AndWlmtZbotltX0tO IIW CX0t1tatlghtSllglish fOrlong? guageStudentsthan Others.JV WO 1IAW CIIAt,O111yablmtSiXyearsyand1reallyfellintoitbymis- . /.Nota11adultstiidentswhocomeovertolearnspecializedEnglishwanttzkc.YOl1mZXbeSWPZSC/ btltlUSCIItobemallagefOfaWineShOP!Then tohaveclassesinagroup.in languageinSeveralCitiesabroadt11cSMOPC10Sedd0W11,llostmyjob,andlgottemporalysllmmerworkatthe 8.JulianhadtaughtEnglishasafpreglallgtlageSCh00lhereasasoclalorganiser-organisingtheactivitiesforthe beforehegothispresentjobinBath.YCIXV WS.1WaSSO intrigtlcdby thebusinessthatlWentandtook aTEFL 9.Julianandhiswifesharethesam einterestsandhobbies.11) JtllianiSConvincedthatSPCW ZgEnglishasmuchasP0SSib1eisthemostQtlzliécatiollySpentayearteachinginStocc olm ,oneinCopenhagen,afew , .DOZt11SillZSmzlltoWllinltalyandthencamebackheretoBath. effectivewaytogetagoodcommandofit.NM SOyQtliteaVariedbackground.AndWhataboutyourSociallifehereinBath? 7. IdentifythefealurescrfactsthatarenntmentinnedinthetextJG Oh,theressomuch to doylspendquitealotoftim ewithm ystu- jdentsintheevenings,thentheresanexcellenttheatre,agoodnightlife,and t * W CCityOfBathis amazng.abigindustrialcentre.beautifulcountrysideto visitattheweekend.Jane and Iarealso keen on jjvjngcity., t aamateurdrnmatics-infactlvegottogototherehearsalthisevening.Also, (upressingtolivetherepermanently.weverecentlyboughtahouse,so Im spending a1otoftimepaintmg and xjygyauractsAmericansttzdènts.madecorating.NM W ell,thanksJulian.Onelastthing.lknow thatm ostofmy readers . TheschoolJulianteachesinis fairlysm allinthewinter.wonthavetheopporttmitytocome overto Britain foran English cotlrse, muchbiggerinthesum mer.andthatm anyofthem arekeentoimprovetheirEnglish,H aveyou gotany asinglesexschool.adviceforthem? L forbothadultsandteenagepupils. !: JG W ell....Ithink them ainthingtodoistotryandfindauthenticEng- foradvancedstudentsonly.i , .lishasnearastheycantohome,ifthatspossible.Thatmay mean listening)ë. ..?. totheradio,theBBC W orld Service,forinstance.Andtakeevery opportu- . Apartfrom classesJulianarran- discos. . nityyou cantopractisespeaking thelanguage.lknow thatwhen liravel ges THPS.abroadIm morethanhappytochattopeoplewhocanspeakalittleEnglish. Fireworks. .l, : sportsactivities.j Themainthingis:don tfeelembm assed!l . . Quizes. p(AMagazineArticlefrom Anglia) 1 * O lian thinks thatto improve listentotheBBC programm es. t12 OdiseSpeakinfthelanguage. 46: GiveevidencefrnmthetexltcircvewhetherthefnllnwinjstatementsareTrue . theirEnglishthelearnersshou pChatWith people wh0 know Only a inrFalse. .jlittleEnglish.j1. ThehotspringsofBathhadbeenpopularwiththerichandfamoussince gotoBritainasoftenaspossible.thedaystheywerediscoveredandup totheearlyseventeenth. 2.Thehealth-givingeffectofthehotspringsofBathisbutamythspread g ckx gujjanccjjardsirnfilealcnjthefcllcwinjguidelines: ibythecitizenstoattracttourists. ! -. i3. ThecityofBathowesitsbeautyandelegancetoRomanarchitectswho : . maritalstattzs *presentjobhadbuilttheirbathsnearthehotsprings. @ educationalbackgrotmd *prçviousjob4.BathresemblesVeniceasithasanincrediblemlmberofmusellmsand ) . languages . overseasexperiencehistoricsights. . hobbies#!44 451.i .
  24. 24. Il.TextFeaturesandLanjuajeFacus 1. FjndmcreexamplesnfiarentheticalwnrdsandcnllcluialphrasesinthesecnndpadcfthetextW.TheLanguageofDescription. 2- Matchthewnrdsandwnrd-cnmbinalinnscntheleltwiththeirdefiniticnsnnIb?zhaveprobablynoticeathatthetextabounasinagectives.uostof . therightthem qccxrinthepartdepictingthecj/yofBath,i.e.intheyescrè/fvetlketoone evelywhereintheworldpartofthetext.Notethatsomeatljectives(e.g.*incrediblec//y,!ldonotonlvdescribe , flVerymixedbag tlzelanguagewhichyouaimtoachievethenounbutalsoconveythenarrator%evaluationoftheLlacesand . l1k1CI1Cy Startdoingsmththeirhisloly.In otherwords, fre-çcz#/zvea4ectiveshavean-expressive lllixtttre thesituationthatexistsespeciallyasitaffectsapar-function.InsuchcasesaWectivescanbeintens#ed,bvas/ma-zadverb,lltrcesible ticularpersoneg.fabulousyelegant. - - . leintrigued combinationThereareattributivephrasesofanotherypcinthetext,particularlv h lltllinto inadditiontosuchasnoun+nouncombinations, eg languageschool.F/,enounattri- l1ethecase becomeveryinterestedbuteinsuchcombinationshasthefunctionofspeceingtheseconanoun, llpartfrom afreecommandofthelanguagethusmakingtheinformationmoreprecise.Noticethatsomeoftheadjec- ttlrgetlanguage easytoreach/gotintotive+nouncombinationshaveasimilarfunction,e.g.temporarywork. worldwide betweenonlytwopeople agroupofpeoplethataredifferentfrom eachother*Gooverthetextandpickoutword-combinationsofthegiventhree s yranslatethefnllnwingsenlencesinlnEnglishusingthevncabularycfthetexttypestofillinthechartbelow. -l.Iiozlbttl#lHcnBo6o2IbmllxropoaosPM BHBaJIHCBemeqenuecomenaem ,H()ï )AttributivePhrases Mb1BHZHM BHHXCâWlaeHMeRPMITCKU PHbIXCTHJIG .2.BueHrpeMHuclcaBce3aaHHl,KpoMeTex,KoTopblepacnozfoxceHslBTpo-l oescriptive specirying uuxoM rfpem fecn e,6sInucnpoehm upoaanu unocmpoenu nocneBezlM-r .l I ive IcoiiOreuecerseuuogsogusl.g neutra express1 3 Aueren,iM llucxaxopotuoauaIov,uToryM -oauo113zlyumllx-eczaèax(adv)+adj+noun (adv).+adj+notm .noun+noun adj+noun noKynoKBueHTperopoaa.E 4.M nozo rlN#tVzI#ltlJ PD HBLX HJIJHOHaJIbHOCTG HPHe3)Kai0T B AHIWHIOalonghistory anincredibleplace targetlanguage authenticEnglishtjcgoeoxawxuêax cnequaasus= I(erIe#:MeaHuHH-agoodpub fabulouslyelegant amateurdramatics teenagepupils ZXSX3XXOHl1SNNZrIICKHX,TeXHMYIeCKHX,KOMMePKIeCKHX.5.O6meH3BeCTHO,qTOO6yqeHHeHHOCTPaHHOMYS3MKySBJISCTCS60JIee3$-: SelomuellblM,eclm OHOHPOBOAHTCSHal43yqaeMoMAahlrd.B. TheLanguageofconversation 6. ropoa oqeHsyèo6nopacnoaox en,TalcqToIyaaMoxcuo èo6pam bcn 113nlo6o;rouxylcrpaHsl.Thesecondpartofthe/ax/isanfazerpfewwhichisavarietyofconversa- . 7.OHMuoroneTnpopa6oTa.qBrypllceruqecicosfarellercTBe,npelxaeqeMna-tionandassuch,posessesanumberoftypicalfeaturesofspoken.lan- : vaacgomKapbepyBxauecaserlpoieccuouanslloronepesoaxluxa.guage,e.g.. 8.HocneToro,xaxollyttle.q113tlupMbl,oHouycTpolucsHacpe-uennyma)hesitationfeatures,e.g.well...,no... pa6omysxauecTsecoquanbnoeopa6omnuKaBoauoM143Kozmemxei.b)parentheticalwtprl.çandphrases,e.g.1dontactualöq... ; 9.qw 6sIssIrlocoBeeroBazlHHezloselky naqunamujekyva-vvlzasAaslx?-c)colloquialismsandidioms,gg.am aef/bag,... IIpeyxaescero,crapaiiTecbIcaxMoxcuo6onsmerosopun cnocumwlv u. :.R3blKa.46 47> ,
  25. 25. 111.FnII0w-Upâctivity Miscellaneousll1eplayingofmusicalinstrumentsorsotmdreproducerswithintheCollege*Preparetotalkabouttheci1 ofBath ; (jjilsgroundsisprohibited,exceptforoKcialorapprovedpurposes.Smok-lrlg isprohibited,exceptin theStudentsCommonRoom ,theDiningRoom-comparingitwithotherbigcities; qsm oking PermitteditsroleasacenterofTEFLbusiness. PXCCPt12.00-14.00daily)andinotherareaswhere-pointingöutNtglysaredisplayed.Fees .LESSON B. PRACTICETEST . (jsreachyearbytheEducationcommittee,anddetailsoffeesareleesarerlxeReadthearliclehelnw.Fnrcuesticnsf1-51chnnsetlleantwprIâ-nlullAlebunu tllenn0tavailableuntiltheendoftheSllmmerterm.Sttldentsaxmlvinetothethinkfitsbestacccrdinjta-thetext - ---- ------M (llegewhowishtogainsomeideaoffeelevelsmayconiacAtAV Uollege,wllichwillbepleasedtogivedetailsoffeesbeingchargedinthecurrentyear.Ci C&Z6JJCJCJNPJ: . AtPresentmostfull-timestudentsundereighteen(nineteeninthecaseofsttz- % % SlentsattendingGcsEandFoundationcourses)donothavetopaycoursefees.G eneralInform ation jtj ou doifyou wantto ask thestaffintheCollegeOë ceaI. W hatshou yCollegehours questionat20.00onaFriday evening?Thecollegeisopen forclassesfrom 09.00-21.00from M ondaytoFriday. A. W aittmtil08.45on Saturday.Dulingtenn tim e,theEnquiry Desk,Ext. 102 isopen each weekday from B.W aituntil08.45onM onday.08.45-18.45(19.00forthefirstmonthoftheAutumnandSpringterms), C.Dialextension230onthetelephone.andaRerthatuntilthecloseofclassesaseniormemberoftheacadem icstaffy D.G0totheEnquiryDeskunlessitistheSmnmerterm . isondutyintheO/ ce,Ext.230. 2. studentswithbicyclesorm otor-cyclesReports A.CanparktheirbikesatthesideoftheCollegeroads. beissuedattheendofeachterm.B2121Rotallowedtoparkbikesanywhereinthegrounds.Reportsonstudents progressmay C. shouldpurchaseparkingticketsfrom theCityauthorities.Parking . o. mustapplytotheCollegeOl ceforpermits. Forsafety reasons,novehicle maybeparked on theroadFayswithin the 3 onaweekdaythelirstareaoftheCollegùtoopenisCollegeGrotmds.Seasonticketsforthecarparksm ay beboughtfrom the A theEnquilyDesk.Cityauthorities. s jw cussrooms.. tThere isa speed lim itof 10 kph on al1roadways within tlze College c. theDiningRoom .groupds.Permitsforparkingmotor-cycles,scooterjandbicycles,attherid- D. theStudentsComm onRoom .ersrisk,maybeobtpinedfrom theCollegeEnquiryOlce. (untswhoareintheCollegeDiningRoom at15.004. Stu !DiningRoom A. arenotallowedtosm oke.TheCollegeDiningRoom isopen atthefollowingtim es: B.canhavesom ethingtoeatordrink.08.30- 11.15TeaCoffeeSnacks C.areallowedtoplaym usicalinstnzm ents.11.30-13.30Ltmches D.shouldnotbethereatall. l14.45- 15.45TeaCoffeeSnacks 5 w hatinformationisgivenaboutfees?16.30- 18.30Eveningmeals x. Therearenofeesforclasses.Accomm odation B.Fulldetailsareavailable9om theEnquiryDesk.C.FulldetailsareavailablebyphonefromtheEducationCommittee. lStudentsseekingaccommodationshouldcontacttheAccommodationandjW elfareOm cer,telephone69371/4Ext.54,whoisalsoavailableforconsul- DFeesforthecom ingyeararenotyetknown. i. Itation aboutstudentwelfareproblem s.(From usuccessatnrstcertncate)j j48 E 49
  26. 26. - , t-Beadthelextcarefullyanddnthetasksthalfcllnw.EIF(Iqa â TeacherThroujha ChlldsEyesWnowéron eartofteachingistheartofassistingdiscovery. y zes/jeNorrisMarkVanDtlrd:(ltlay M iss W ebster Was going toA teacheraffectseternity;he can nevertell tjr yowing y,. sllow them thesnow opsg jyEwherehisinlluencestops. rg jt ,:III(lle little three-cornered garden out- .,k: ?,HenrySrtm/rzL , jjouse,where 55 k tt,qI(lt-lhe school-keepers , ,E,z,jj) ytjjy . :ijggjj,lllt-ywerentallowedtogo.Al1through ;:, l èt,tLESSON A.INTENSIVEREADING 1116.winter,MissW ebstersaid,thesnow- , ,&fië)j,,) r),),.t,,j:l.è(l#t,I,shadbeenasleepunderthegrotmd, ,yjqys..k..y,t;,.,k,, ,., :j,.)Lj,6.L,,,i Tasks b,,tltw theywereup,growinginthe t:t !.pg L->.èt ë1.ReadinjandComprehenscn : yttk..,s,lt, r ëj,len.He tried to thirlk what they h,tIQ .yl1tt1. Thefnllnwingwnrdsareessentialfcrunderstandinjanddisctlssinjthemain wtjtlldIooklike, buta11he could im ag-ideascfthetextLearnthemeaningan1prcnunciaticnnfthesewnrds. . jjyk.wasoneqakeoffalling snow,bitterly gailandwhite,andnothinglikeaNouns fltdwer.tery gsemotrl)anareaoflandusedforburyingdeadpeople Itwasavelycoldmorning.Heleanedagainstthekitchentable,feelingcemefuneralgtqu:narol)areligiousceremonyforburyingadeadperson lllt.llctrdedgeagainsthischest,eatinghisbreakfastslowly.knight(naltqamanofhighsocialrank(informertimes) : Ilurryupysaidtheboysmother,ççoryouwillnevergettoschoollpetal(petal)adelicatecolouredpartofaflower IIisfathercarileinandflledtheroom withbigness.Hestoodinfrontofslkip gsklpqaquicklightsteppingandjumpingmovement tjkç.jirebecauseitwascoldintheyard,anda11theboycouldseewasafaintsnap (snœp)here,asuddenloudsotmdmadebysmth.closing ljglltateachsideofhisfatherswldebody.snowdrop Esnoudropqasmallwhiteflowerthatappearsinearlyspring ..jt,sacoldwind,saidthefather.fçlcantrem emberacolderM arch. Ispeargsplo)aweaponwithalongwoodenhandleandasharpmeGlpoint jahemanturnedarolmdandfacedthem smilingbecausehewasmuchVerbs yVI3ttnerandthecoldM archwassafelylockedoutsidethehouse.bury (berl)putsmnwhodiedintoagrave FheMeredithboyisbeingburiedthisafternoon,hisfatherwassaying jclap Eklœp)applaud tiilismother.14Im sorrylshantbeabletogo.lworkedforhisfatherfortwotrap (trœp)getpartofyolzrbodycrushedbetweentwoobjects #,l:tl:thalfyears,upattherollingmill.A niceman,CharlieMeredith,very ttIhearhesverycutup,andhiswifetoo.Thiswastheironlyboy. i$ltl1t. .Adjectives.. ,, kedhjsmother. lgnt)(olduse)brave ll0W01dwashe? asgallantggœ, ,, jssthersaid.tt-fwentylastJanualy Sillylittlefool.That..rwents hhoarse Eho:sqrough(aboutvoice)mlngtp)verysmall ltkttwastoopowerfulforhim -well,togoatthatspeedonawet,dark Iminiature (iraculousgmllrœkjulosqmarvellous,surprising I1lh,llt.Overseventy,thepolicesaid,straightintothebackofastationary :m fullverysad,sonowful tIllt.1(.Aterriblemess. imournful(mo:n jsturdy (sto:dl)physicallystrongandhealthy IIewasanice-lookingboy,too,saidhismother. ;tinged (tlndsdlwithasmallamotmtofcololzraddedtosmth A1ltheMeredithsare,saidhisfather.GThatonewasveryfriendly 1wltllthatyoungteacherupattheschool,W ebber,isit?Somethinglikethat2. Makesureynuknnwtheprnnunciatinncfthefnllnwingprnpernames. Iluthismothercoughedandlookedsharplyattheboy.I ()h?saidhisfather.<tofcourse.1shouldhaveremembered.Comeon,Edmtmdgedmond) MissLewis(mlslu:lsl ,j)j)eute., i WebsterEmlswebstal $-try0uCharlieMeridith(tJc:llmerldlo) M ss5150
  27. 27. AStheywentintotheclassroom , M issLewiscamein and sentthechil-, %ltilltlley hadfinished,the otherchildrenwentdown to thegarden gatedren intootherclassrooms. wlstkll(lpenedoutontotheroad.ltWasabiggatewithironbarsandyottrJUstbefore theplaytime M issLewis told a1lthe children from M iss lleatlcotlldalm ostpokethrough. Som ewherealongway offtheboy couldW ebstersclassthatthey couldgobacktotheirownroom afterplay. ltplllIllensinging.Theysangsoftly,m oum fully.ThewordscaniedgentlyonThechildrencheeredandclappedwhentheysaw M issW ebster. Shewas $llcltirovertheschoolwall,buttheboycouldnothearwhatthey said.dressedinablackfrock,withoutanyjewellelybutshesmiledatthem hold- Itsafuneral,saidEdmtmd.ltMyfathersthereandmyUncleJim.ltsing herfngertoherlipsforthem tobequiet. Thebandageshehad on one $11,()ywhowaskilledonamotor-bike.fllger,Where she had trapped itin the cupboard door and hadntcried, Iheboy nodded.Funeralsoften passed theschoolon theirway to thelookedverywhiteapdclean.Shegavethem somecrayonsandabigsheetofg $rllletcly atthe top ofthevalley.A1lthem en woreblack suits,and theypaperforeachchildandtheycoulddraw whatevertheyliked. wlylkedslowly.Som etim esthey sang.VShallwebegoingtoseethesnow dropsthisafternoon?heaskedM iss lIesquatteddown to look atthesnowdrops. Hefelta slow,sad disap-W ebsterbeforehewenthom e. jpfpilltlzzent. HelookedaroundforM issW ebstertoexplainthesesimpleflow-f6YeS,Shesaid,itifM issLewiswillallow us,wellgotoseethem this: rlstohim,butshehadgonedowntothegateandwasstaringthrouqh,look-afternoon. theroad. Herback wasashard asa stone.He ttlnzed agaln to theî iiltl.W henhewaseatinghislunchhism otherasked, tçW asM issW ebsterin Nllllwdrops,concentrating,willing them to ttun m arvellousin frontofhisschoolthism orning? ryes. Theyhungdown theirfour-petalled headsin frontofhim ,thewhitehE<Yes,hesaid,tubutshecamelate. Shedidntarriveuntilplaytime.tillgedwithminutegreen,thelittlegreenballsturdilyholdingthepetals,theE4poorgirlsaidhism other. jvyishleavesstandingup likeminiahlrespears.Theboy begantoseetheirHethoughtaboutthisforalongtim e. . tkagility.Hesaw them blow inasuddengustofthecoldM archwind,shake,- Attwo oclockM issW ebsterm arkedtheregisterandthen begantotell lllld straighten gallantly. He imagined them standing a1lnightin the darkthem astozy Itwasagood stozy abouta dragon who guarded ahoard of grtrden,holdingbravelytotheirspecksofwhiteness.Heputoutafngertotreasure in hisdenunderground,wherethesnowdropssleptal1throughthe ttltlchthenearestllower, knowing now whatsnowdropswere.Heliftedhiswinter.From timeto timeM issW ebsterturned herheadto look atthebig litcetotellM issW ebster,butshewasstandingrightatthegate,holdingtheclockinthehall.Shecouldseeitthroughthetophalfoftheclassroom door, ironbarswithherhands.Hershouldersweresbaking.which had fottrpanesofglassin it. Hervoice seemed to behoarserthan Afterawhiletheycouldnthearthesinginganym ore,butM issW ebsterusual,whichwas:newhen shereadthedragonsbits,butnotgood forthe rontinuedtocry aloudinthemidstofthefrightenedchildren.knightorthe princess.Sheshutherbook with a snap and stood up. She.ncsg-sng/js,,) Itcompletedthestoly (FromI hadn ,l tçN ow wellgoto seethesnowdropsshesaid. ttIwantthegirlstogoitlytothecloakroomandputonthellcoats.Whentheyareready,1511 4.AnswertheluestinnsjivingevidenceIrnmthetexttnsuppnrtpurideas. èl que ràjcomealong with theboys.Everybody mustwearacoat. lfyou havedil -. I w hatdoyousupposewastheageoftheboy andthepupilsinhisclass? 1ltywithbuttons,pleasestandin frontand111fastenthem foryou. 1*ojdtheboysparentsdiscusseverythingopenlyinhispresence? 1cuHestoodupwith asudden lighteningoftheheart. Hehadknowna1lthe (J whatevidenceisthereinthestorythatthiswasnotanonnalschoolday ktim ethatM issW ebsterwouldnotforget andatlastshewastakingthem to forM issW ebster? 5)jseethemiraculousiowers,paleandfraglleasthefallingsnow. Helookedat 4 uow farisittnletosaythatM issW ebster,whateverherfeelings,stilldidM issW ebsterwith gratim de.Her eyeswerebrightasfrost, andshewas herjobasateacher? makingsurethatthegirlswalkednicelythrough thedoor.j uow didtheboyshow hislongingtoseethesnowdrops?They al1walkedbeautifully throughtheplayground, intworowshold- inghands,andheheldEdmundshandandtheygavealittleskiptogether 5 Exjanjjjesestatementsusinçquntatinnand/crreference. $everythreesteps. ltdidntiakelongtogettothegarden. Thqchildrenbent .-.down,fottratatim etolookatthelittleclumpofsnowdropsandM issW eb- 1.Theim ageoftheflowerjwasfaintintheboysm ipd.stertold them whatto look at. Heand Edmundwouldbethe lastto look. 2.Itwasanunusuallycoldday.rI! jj.,) jI53 j52 .r.
  28. 28. 3.TheMeredithboywasntaveryskillfuldriver. f /, ccmbinetheadjectives/verbscntheleftwithadverbspntherighttorejrnduce4.TheboythoughtM issW ebsterwasastrong-willedperson. , lhewcrd-cnmhinatinnsfrcm thetextWhiledninjthisrecalltheccntextsInwhith5.Theboydidntquitelik.ethewayM issW ebsterreadastorytotheclass. lhesewcrd-ccmblnatinnsperfnrm àmarkelexpressivefunctinn.6.ThechildrenfeltdismayedwhenM issW ebsterstartedsobbing. jve Advepslirbzlkr/fcl/e/Adject7. Afterwatchingthefowersforafew minutestheboywasabletoseeand sing safelyaam irethevitalityandstrengthoftheiowers. jyojtj u tterlyk:lcëtrried sharply.IITextFeaturesandLanguajeFocus : Straighten gentlyIocked gallantlya4.ExpressiveM eansin Fiction frail mournfullylExpressivenessofaliterarytextcanbeachievedalongsidewithother C. ?zdsimileisanopressivedevicefrequentlyusedindescrètivefax/.ç,means,by introducing unpredictableword-com binations in which the e.g.ashardasnails;aswhiteasasheet.faedsemanticrelationsbetweenthewordsaredeliberatelybroken.Suchunusualcombinationscreateaspec/cstylisticdevke,thepurposeof ,whichistoattractthereadersattentiontoaparticulardetailorevent. 2 nnd4jnstancesnIsimilesintrnducedW as...asnrllikeinthetextoneofthesedevicesistheso-calledmetaphoric(ordisplaced)epi- ,thet.Itisakindofepithetinwhichthesyntacticalnnkgbetweentheworidonotcoinciaewiththeirsemanticrelantlons. Therefore,ametaphoricepi- 7t ILReinforcngVocabularythetaoesnotaeterminethewordwithwhichitisconnectedsyntacticalb.-Hefeltaslow,saddisanpointment. 1- GBnvefthetexlagainandmakeaIistnfwcrdsandphraseswhichareusedhye.g. Wi&J##tua/&lrp/cameN/rlhim .W/W #andhe lheztlthor.Thisactuallymeansfeltsad,wheretheepithetsy/tlwandsadareconnectedwiththenoun a)toshow how theboyperceivedthematerialworldaroundhim onadisappointm entsyntactically,butaresemantically related tothesub- coldday inM arch;jectofthesentenceWe.describingtheemotionalstateoftheboy.Such b)todescribesnowdrops.anepithetisexpressivebecauseitisnottypicallyusedinthelanguageintheseword-combinations,theyareGinventedbytheauthor 2. AmnnjthemcsttpicalcnmdinatinnsinEnjlisharecl-phrasesIike,e.g.abuachè1 0llIaW8rs,:herdp/w0lv8s.FindsuchphrasesinthetextandjivetheirRussianI equivalents.q 1. Decidewhichnftheadjectivesinthefnllnwingwnrd-cnmbinatinnsexiressthe!authnrsatlitudetnthenbjeclsdescribed. a stujytjejejnjtjcnscftheadjectivesfrajile,frailandfaintandnctethedifler-.. @greyishleaves . littleclllm p enceintheirmeaning.fragilellower (tingedwith)minutegreen pague (ujjcate,crisp;easilybrokenordamaged,notstiong;four-petalledheads suddengust(ofwind) zt weakandverydelicateasifeasytobebroken(esp.ofano1dfratmiraculousiower slow,saddisappoin% ent baby); IpersonoraIfaint notclear,blurred,e.g.afaintpicture/shape/image/writing,etc.2.Notethatadverbsarefrequentlyusedincombinationwitha4ectives andverbstointens# thequalityofanobjectorpersonortodescribea , 4. usecnecfthesewnrdstnfillthegapsinthesentencesbelcw. Icertainactionwithmoreaccuracy andprecision. ;lfrail;straightengallantly. ,! 1W eChilds...armscouldbarelyholdtheparcel.c.g.bittery ,,2.Theparcelwasm arked...,-GGl-landlewithcare .i- i55 154 ,, - 1
  29. 29. 3.Thesotmdofthecarwasgetting...inthedistance. k --- - --Verbs Nouns Adjectives Adverbs4. Therewereafew ...pencillinesonthepage. , . ..-.- i5.Hisbodywas...afteralongillness. play6.Mostpeoplefrstseetheislandasa...blurthroughthemistyrain. .- - I7 Hewaslisteningtomewitha...smileonhislips. 1 Straight I-.. .- j8. M rsHardinMherselfwasthin and ...,butherson wasasturdy sixteen stwdy jear-old. - lywhite j (5. ChnnsetheapprnpriatedefiniticnsfnrthefnllcwingihrasalverdscntheIeft ---comealong sitwithyourkneesbent !. TranslatethesentencesintnEnglishusinjthevncahularynfthetextintheitali- lbeup moveorbendyolzrbodyinaparticulardirection cizedpads...1*1.*poketlzrough movedownwards . .,fi jbm ard lCH DCRCJKRMMU6bIJIHOqellbMaJICHbKHWYxpynMl4e,HOBâHRMJIORWItWI,benddown stretchones nger.( uro6slnonlo6osaerscxHxKpacow i. ,starethrough beawake/rise :. 2.HoHH-He6onsmHer= sahle-HsoTHble,xoeropblellBzlrlltlrrcrlBiylxoauaMHleanthrough pushsm ththroughaspace/opening.143cesepllo;qacrHHcnallHll.putout(ahnger) lookatsmthsteadily q ,, 3.Heoolcuèannuûatlp*laBeTpapacicaqazlBepttlHHblcocell. tsquatdown gosom eFherewithsomeone j. 4.EMyW MWEMWIOrlallblm ;IBePBIO,HOOHJlallteHeBCKPHKHN .5 CBllaerenbonHcannpoHcltlecTBHe,HeynycerHsMeabqaûlauxaeTaaei.6. Findfnurjrcupsnfsynnnymsamnnjthefcllnwinjwnrds. jjrtafly).6.0HaMHnaxèo6paxaesymxa,KoTopax14MyxHHeo6aaHT(u.7.7.newu6ezaauenpunpbtolcKyzmxonblloMaBope,Hac.qalltzlaEcbMlll4yraMujump healthy-looking m inute poke skip , ovaslxa.sturdy hop tiny robust push 8 ousslme.q143xoMuaTbl,cuasuoxzltml@,aBepblo.9.OTKpHxaronocyHerocraaxpuwlbut.l0 KpoBan mtq Hero 6sIna cnultlxoM KopoTxa,H ero HorH mopnaau B7. FillinlheaiprnprialebnxeswiththewnrdsIrnmthetextrelatedlnthennesinthe npoxoae. 2chart l1. Erooruy6smopxeaa80,ou6sm xpynKuM ,1Ia ezlcna6oerw oposse... I12.OHanunayx acnopaccmpoenaCBOHM nposazloM HaaxaaMeue.!Verbs Nouns Adjectives Adverbs 13.HepaapettlaireMaJIINHKY btcoebleambr0JIoBy 143OKHRBarolla- DT0:( ,onacuo.big 14 uocaeaoxçm uaaesueocvazmcszmmscma6ste(aexczz/ae)cneaslasw-bitter . MOGHJIBHBIXHJHH.. 15 M bl681.,114pa7wleeuyèecnoMyBsl3aoposzleiouonocneczloucuoîioneplull- . disappoint , . . :j.( fragile 111. Fcllcw-upActivities .gentle *Preparetodiscussthefollowintpointsin class.f ï -,ligbten - w oulditbecorrecttotlunkthatwhentheboysaw theweaknessofhisteacher,theadultwoylddidntseem sosecttreandsolidtohim asitdidmiracle .before?56 57. !.j i

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