What is the difference between knowledge and belief?

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What is the difference between knowledge and belief? A comparison between knowledge and belief.

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  • One simple, and useful, framework for distinguishing knowledge from belief is the following: (1) A belief is an opinion in the absence of supporting empirical evidence; it’s a matter of faith, not reason (it can’t be proved or disproved). (2) Knowledge is an opinion also—a working hypothesis—but it’s one for which substantial, public (or potentially public), cogent, empirical evidence exists to support it; that is, knowledge is a conclusion warranted by a preponderance of evidence and experience. (3) Knowledge in the sense of infallible apprehension or grasp of reality—what is ontologically “true”—is probably not possible. Instead, knowledge seems always to be contingent: new evidence as it becomes available may further support it or may disprove it. (See PRAGMATIC RATIONALISM: AN INTRODUCTION by Frank Robert Vivelo, Verlaine Publishing, 2013, from which the above is taken.)
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What is the difference between knowledge and belief?

  1. 1. What is the difference between knowledge and belief? ROSE AUNAETITRAKUL EMILIO SOLOMON ZAINAB YAQUB
  2. 2. What is knowledge? “Justified true belief” Ways of Knowing (WoK)  Emotion  Reason  Perception  Language Plato’s Theory of Knowledge  K= JTB  J= Justifiable  T= Truth  B= Belief
  3. 3. What is truth? Distinguishes knowledge from belief Objective requirement for knowledge “If you believe something is true, does not make it true.”
  4. 4. Second-Hand Knowledge Cultural Tradition School The internet Expert Opinion The news media
  5. 5. Limitations of Knowledge Commonsense  Example: The mental map Relativism  Example: Culture Certainty  Example: The belief- knowledge continuum
  6. 6. What is belief? Subjective requirement for knowledge Belief-Knowledge Continuum
  7. 7. Kinds of Belief A vague belief  Example: Eating fish helps you concentrate A well-supported belief  Example: I believe that my teacher gave me too much homework because it took me five hours to finish it all. A belief that is beyond reasonable doubt  Example: On September 11, 2001, the World Trade Center collapsed.
  8. 8. How is belief justified? “Someone told me” “I saw it” “I worked it out” “It’s intuitively obvious”
  9. 9. Limitations of Belief The role of judgment  Example: “The real world” The danger of gullibility  Example: Yahoo! Articles, eHow.com, Stanley Milgram Experiment The danger of skepticism  Example: Science/Theories

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